350: 379 Computers and Literature: Short Bibliography
Bibliography and surveys (see web site for more information)
Gardner, Howard. The Mind's New Science: A History of the Cognitive Revolu tion. Although
the human mind is turning out to seem less and less like a digital computer, computer and artificial
intelligence modelling and simulation have been necessary to recent develop ments in cognitive
psychology. Gardner traces connections between computing, cognitive psychol ogy, and
philosophy, psychology, information theory, linguistics, anthropology, mathematics, and theories
of perception and representation.|
Heim, Michael. Electric Language: A Philosophical Study of Word Processing. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1987. A deep analysis of word processing using the language theories of Wittgenstein, Eric Holbrook, and Martin Heidegger.
Ellul, Jacques. The Technological Society. 1964. The book that is the starting point for much criticism of modern technology and its negative impact on human culture and society.
Hardison, O. B. Disappearing Through the Skylight : Culture and Technology in the Twentieth Century. New York : Viking, 1989. Profound queries into the arrival of modernism and technology in the twentieth century and the apparent result: the disappearance of traditional ideas of nature, history, language, art, and human selfidentity. Highly recom mended.
Hofstadter, Douglas. G”del, Escher, Bach. A stimulating, fascinating, but demanding book on selfreferential loops in the mathematician G”del, the painter Escher, and the composer Johann Sebastian Bach, with fascinating implications for mathematical logic, DNA, music, art, computer programming, and artificial intelligence. The author later said: "In essence, GEB was one extended flash having to do with Kurt G”del's famous incompleteness theorem, the human brain, and the mystery of consciousness. It is well described on its cover as 'a metaphorical fugue of minds and machines.'" A stimulating, fascinating, but demanding book on selfreferential loops in the mathematician Goedel, the painter Escher, and the composer J. S. Bach, with implications for mathematical logic, DNA, music, art, computer programming, and AI. Impressive bibliography.
Landow, George and Paul Delany, eds. The Digital Word. MIT 1993 $39.95. A collection of essays on text projects, electronic texts, text retrieval, text software, text corpora, text editing, electronic conferences, scholarly research, electronic publishing, critical analysis, and electronic reading.
Landow, George P., ed. Hyper/Text/Theory. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1994.
Landow, George P. Hypertext : the Convergence of Contemporary Critical Theory and Technology. Johns Hopkins Univ. Pr. 1992. $45.00. ISBN 0801842808. Bibliography. Parallels between postmodern deconstruction in literary theory as practiced by Jacques Derrida and Roland Barthes and he decentered, readerly, and antihierarchial structure of recent computer hyper texts.
Landow, George P. Hypertext: The Convergence of Contemporary Criticial Theory and Technology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins, 1992.
Muller, Herbert J. The Children of Frankenstein: A Primer of Modern Technology and Human Values. Indiana, 1970. A humanist approach to problems of technology in society and culture that acknowledges its starting point in previous works by Lewis Mumford and Jacques Ellul.
Nelson, Ted. Computer Lib/ Dream Machines. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Press, rev. ed., 1987. A reissue with some revisions of the classic 1974 doubledecker that intro duced the notion of hypertext.
Nichols, Peter The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (1979). Enlarged by John Clute and Peter Nicholls (New York: St. Martin's Griffin, 1993, update 1995). Informative articles on such subjects as automation, computers, communications, cybernetics, cyborgs, linguistics, intelligence, and technology.
McCorduck, Pamela. Machines Who Think. 1979. Subtitle: "A Per sonal Inquiry into the History and Prospects of Artificial Intelligence." Delightfully written, full of enthusiasm for the potentialities of artificial intelligence, with eyewitness accounts of actual events as well as a fine survey of AI in literature and mythology from its flowerings to the 1960s and 1970s. Bibliography.
Minsky, Marvin. The Society of Mind. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1988. Structured as a mosaic of selfcontained pages, suggesting how the biological brain might operate locally but be transformed when it functions globally as mind.
McLuhan, Marshall. The Gutenberg Galaxy. Technological optimism that electronic information will be open, auditory, parallel, social, and global, replacing print information in books that has been closed, visual, serial, individual, and restrictive. An influential book.
Mitchell, William J. City of Bits: Space, Place, and the Infobahn. Cambridge: MIT, 1995.
Penrose. Roger. Shadows of the Mind: A Search for the Missing Science of Con sciousness. Oxford: Oxford Univ. 1994.
Penrose, Roger. The Emperor's New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and he Laws of Physics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989. A distinguished scientist, Pen rose moves mindbody inquiries that oppose the "strong AI" position to the high ground of the philosophy of science, cosmology, and quantum mechanics to explore what may be the natural limits of our physicial knowledge of human consciousness.
Roszak, Theodore. The Cult of Information. 1986. Subtitled "The Folklore of Computers and the True Art of Thinking," this debunking book by the author of The Making of a Counter Culture notes that we may be facing an information glut, the menace of hidden agendas in computer literacy programs, and dangerous databanks that can curtail our civil liberties. One of the best antidotes to overly optimistic books about the future of computing.
Sanders, Barry. A is for Ox: Violence, Electronic Media, and th e Silencing of the Writ ten Word, New York: Pantheon, 1994.
Tuman, Myron C., ed. Literacy Online : The Promise (and Peril) of Reading and Writing with Computers. Univ. of Pittsburgh Pr. 1992 $34.95. ISBN 0822937018. An outstand ing collection of essays on the nature of literary texts, teaching English, and critical thought, addressing the impact of computers and computing technology upon standards of public literacy.
Tuman, Myron C. Word Perfect: Literacy in the Computer Age. Univ. of Pittsburgh Pr. 1992. ISBN 1822937352. The place of the computer in the rivalry between print literacy and online literacy, and the consequences therefrom for college instruction in literature, reading, and writing.
Turkle, Sherry. The Second Self. Simon & Schuster, 1985. A remarkable and original book which applies six years of sociological and psychological research, as well as the prin ciples of Piaget and Freud, to the question of what children, adolescents, adult beginners, and professionals feel about computers and what they feel about themselves while using computers. The result, the notion of a "second self" or an extension of identity, is an important contribution to our understanding of what computer technology means to human personality and culture.