Rutgers University

Chemistry Department

73 Warren Street


New Jersey  07102



Tel:  973-353-5317

Fax: 973-353-1264


Maps & Directions






1996-present         Rutgers University

Spring 2006           Visiting Professor, Royal Institute of Technology, Center of                                 Molecular Devices, Stockholm

1994-1995             Postdoctoral Fellow          University of Texas at Austin

1994                       Ph.D.                                   University of Chicago

1989 Laurea in Chimica                               Universitą degli Studi di Pisa


2006 Kavli Frontiers of Sciences Fellow

1997     Distinguished Service Award, New York Italian Consulate

1995     Naval Research Laboratory, 1995 Alan Berman Research Publications Award

My synthetic group designs and studies rigid molecular linkers  for the functionalization of semiconductor nanoparticles (TiO2 ZrOand ZnO) with dyes, chromophores and redox active groups.








The linker design is used  to control the distance, aggregation, binding and electronic properties of the dyes to the semiconductor surface.


Examples of linkers include tripods and rigid-rod molecules


The systems that we are  investigating range from simple molecules to complex supramolecular assemblies.


 The nanoparticle-linker-donor systems allow fundamental studies of dye-nanoparticle electronic interactions as well as more practical applications for photovoltaics (solar cells), sensors and other devices.

Elena Galoppini

Representation of a  tripodal linker carrying a  Ru-polypyridyl complex and bound to the surface of a  TiO2 nanoparticle  through three COOH groups.

The TiO2 nanoparticles are typically ~20 nm in diameter. On each nanoparticle there are hundreds of dyes bound.

Photoexcitation of the chromophore (in this case the Ru complex) results in electron injection in the semiconductor.






Funding for this research is provided by grants from 





Department Of Energy-BES                     National Science Foundation-NIRT

                                                  (Nanoscale Interdisciplinary Research Team)