Edward Gibbon (1737-1794)
Last revised 19 May 1999
- H. M. Beatty, "Bibliography of Gibbon's History, Minor and
Miscellaneous Works, and Letters; and of the Controversial
Replies to the History," in The History of the Decline and
Fall of the Roman Empire, ed. J. B. Bury (London: Methuen,
1909-14), 7:348-64. Available only in this edition of
Bury's edition and in the AMS reprint (1974) of Bury.
- J. E. Norton, A Bibliography of the Works of Edward
Gibbon (Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press, 1940). 266 pp.
Lithographically reprinted in 1970.
- Shelby T. McCloy, Gibbon's Antagonism to Christianity
(Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press, and London: Williams
and Norgate, 1933). 375 pp. Reprinted in Burt Franklin Research
and Source Work Series (New York: Burt Franklin, n.d.). Many of
the polemical works listed and discussed here are also included
in Gibboniana: The Life and Times of Seven Major British
Writers . . . Gibbon, 17 vols. (New York and
London: Garland, 1974).
- Francesco Cordasco, Edward Gibbon: A Handlist of Critical
Notices and Studies (Brooklyn: Long Island Univ. Press),
1950. 8 pp.
- Patricia B. Craddock, Edward Gibbon: A Reference Guide
(Boston: G. K. Hall, 1987). 476 pp. An in-progress Supplement
to that guide is available on-line:
No complete works exists.
- Memoirs of My Life, ed. G. A. Bonnard (London: Nelson,
1966). Still the best composite edition of the Memoirs,
with extensive notes. Another excellently annotated edition of
the Memoirs, despite the editor's avowed hostility to
Gibbon, is that of G. B. Hill, The Life of Edward Gibbon
. . . by Himself (London: Methuen, 1900).
- The Autobiographies of Edward Gibbon, ed. Sir John
Murray (London: John Murray, 1896). Contains the texts of all six
drafts of the Memoirs.
- History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire,
ed. J. B. Bury, 7 vols. (London: Methuen, 1896-1900). New
editions of various volumes and the whole work until 1928.
Reprint of the 1909-14 version, New York: AMS, 1974. Textually
superseded by the edition of David Womersley, 3 vols. (London:
Penguin, 1997). Womersley's edition also provides information
about Gibbon's sources and an extensive introduction, as well as
a reprint of Gibbon's Vindication of Chapters XV and XVI.
- The English Essays of Edward Gibbon, ed. Patricia B.
Craddock (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972). Includes all of
Gibbon's miscellaneous writings in English, including the
Vindication and the anonymously-published Critical
Observations on the Sixth Book of Vergil's "Aeneid." Does not
include any of Gibbon's journals or letters, or his two major
works in English, the Autobiography and the
- The Miscellaneous Works of Edward Gibbon, ed. John
Lord Sheffield, 2 vols. (London: Strahan, 1796). Includes works
in English and French and a version of the memoirs, all heavily
edited. The expanded version, in 5 vols. octavo, includes some
works formerly published in the original French in English
translation only, as well as Gibbon's first work, his Essai
sur l'étude de la littérature, in both French
and English. It was published by John Murray in 1815 [dated
1814], along with a quarto volume containing most of the added
material, for the benefit of the owners of the 1796
Letters and Journals
- The Private Letters of Edward Gibbon, ed. Rowland E.
Prothero, 2 vols. (London: John Murray, 1896).
- The Letters of Edward Gibbon, ed. J. E. Norton, 3
vols. (London: Cassell, and New York: Macmillan, 1956).
- Gibbon's Journal to January 28, 1763, ed. D. M. Low
(London: Chatto and Widnus, 1929).
- Le Journal de Gibbon a Lausanne, ed. Georges A.
Bonnard (Lausanne: Libraire de l'universite, Rouge et Cie, 1945).
- Miscellanea Gibboniana, ed. G. R. de Beer, G. A.
Bonnard, and Louis Junod (Lausanne: F. Rouge, Libraire de
l'université, 1952). Includes "Journal d'un Voyage"
(Gibbon's travel journal of his youthful tour of Switzerland),
"Le sejour de Gibbon a Paris du 28 Janvier au 9 Mai 1763"
(self-explanatory), and "La lettre de Gibbon sur le Gouvernment
de Berne" (anonymous political argument criticizing the
government, written either before 1758 or in 1763-64).
- Gibbon's Journey from Geneva to Rome, ed. Georges A.
Bonnard (London and New York: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1961).
- J. Cotter Morison, Gibbon, English Men of Letters
Series (London and New York: Harper & Bros., 1878). 184 pp.
- John M. Robertson, Gibbon, Life Stories of Famous Men
(London: Watts & Co., 1925). 122 pp.
- G. M. Young, Gibbon (London: Davies, 1932). 188 pp.
- R. B. Mowat, Gibbon (London: Arthur Barker, 1936). 283
- D. M. Low, Edward Gibbon 1737-1794 (London: Chatto
& Windus, 1937). 384 pp.
- Michael Joyce, Edward Gibbon (London and New York:
Longmans, 1953). 183 pp.
- E. J. Oliver, Gibbon and Rome (London and New York:
Sheed and Ward, 1958). 198 pp.
- Gavin R. de Beer, Gibbon and His World (New York:
Viking, 1968). 144 pp.
- Richard N. Parkinson, Edward Gibbon (New York: Twayne,
1973). 169 pp.
- Patricia B. Craddock, Young Edward Gibbon: Gentleman of
Letters (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1982). 360 pp.
- Patricia B. Craddock, Edward Gibbon, Luminous
Historian (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1989). 432
- Geoffrey Keynes, The Library of Edward Gibbon: A Catalogue
of His Books (London: Cape, 1940). Photographic reprint from
copy with additions in longhand in St. Paul's Bibliographies, no.
2 (Godalming, Surrey: Foxbury Enterprises, 1980).
- Lynn White, ed., The Transformation of the Roman World:
Gibbon's Problem after Two Centuries (Berkeley: Univ. of
California Press, 1966). 323 pp. Contents:
- Mortimer Chambers, "The Crisis of the Third Century."
- G. E. von Grunebaum, "Islam: the Problem of Changing
- C. Warren Hollister, "Twilight in the West."
- Albert Hoxie, "Mutations in Art."
- Gerhart B. Ladner, "The Impact of Christianity."
- Miriam Lichtheim, "Autonomy versus Unity in the Christian
- Andrew Lossky, "Gibbon and the Enlightenment."
- Jeffrey B. Russell, "Celt and Teuton."
- Speros Vyronis, Jr., "Hellas Resurgent."
- Lynn White, Jr., "The Temple of Jupiter Revisited."
- G. W. Bowersock, John Clive, and Stephen Graubard, eds.,
Edward Gibbon and the Decline and Fall of the Roman
Empire, special issue of Daedalus 105: (Summer 1976).
253 pp. Also published as a discrete volume (Cambridge, Mass.:
Harvard Univ. Press, 1977). Contents:
- G. W. Bowersock, "Gibbon on Civil War and Rebellion in the
Decline of the Roman Empire."
- Reuben A. Brower, "With Gibbon in Puerto Rico."
- Peter R. L. Brown, "Gibbon's Views on Culture and Society in
the Fifth and Sixth Centuries."
- Martine W. Brownley, "Gibbon: the Formation of Mind and
- Peter Burke, "Tradition and Experience: The Idea of Decline
from Bruni to Gibbon.
- John Clive, "Gibbon's Humor."
- François Furet, "Civilization and Barbarism in
- Giuseppe Giarrizzo, "Towards the Decline and Fall:
Gibbon's Other Historical Interests."
- Stephen R. Graubard, "Edward Gibbon: Contraria Sunt
- Frank Haskell, "Gibbon and the History of Art."
- David Jordan, "Edward Gibbon: the Historian of the Roman
- Bernard Lewis, "Gibbon on Muhammad."
- Frank E. Manuel, "Edward Gibbon: Historien-Philosophe."
- Arnaldo Momigliano, "Gibbon from an Italian Point of View."
- J. G. A. Pocock, "Between Machiavelli and Hume: Gibbon as
Civic Humanist and Philosophical Historian."
- Steven Runciman, "Gibbon and Byzantium."
- Robert Shackleton, "The Impact of French Literature on
- Jean Starobinski, "From the Decline of Erudition to the
Decline of Nations: Gibbon's Response to French Thought."
- Pierre Ducrey et al., eds., Gibbon et Rome à la
lumière de l'historiographie moderne,
Université de Lausanne publications de la Faculté
des lettres 22 (Geneva: Librairie Droz, 1977). 245 pp. Contents:
- E. Badian, "Gibbon on War."
- Michel Baridon, "Le Style d'une pensée: politique et
esthetique dans le Decline and Fall."
- G. W. Bowersock, "Gibbon and Julian."
- André Chastagnol, "Gibbon et la Gaule du Ve
- Ernest Giddey, "Gibbon à Lausanne."
- J. F. Gilliam, "Gibbon and the Roman Army."
- Arnaldo Momigliano, "Eighteenth-Century Prelude to Mr.
- François Paschoud, "Gibbon et les sources historiques
pour la period de 363 à 410."
- Johannes Straub, "Gibbons Konstantin-Bild."
- Ronald Syme, "How Gibbon Came to History."
- Rosamond McKitterick and Roland Quinault, eds., Edward
Gibbon and Empire (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 1997).
351 pp. Contents:
- Jeremy Black, "Gibbon and International Relations."
- T. S. Brown, "Gibbon, Hodgkin, and the Invaders of Italy."
- Anthony Bryer, "Gibbon and the Later Byzantine Empires.
- Averil Cameron, "Gibbon and Justinian."
- Peter Ghosh, "The Conception of Gibbon's History."
- Howard Johnston, "Gibbon and the Middle Period of the
- John Matthews, "Gibbon and the Later Roman Empire: Causes and
- Rosamond McKitterick, "Gibbon and the Early Middle Ages in
- Roland Quinault, "Winston Churchill and Gibbon."
- John Robertson, "Gibbon's Roman Empire as a Universal
Monarchy: The Decline and Fall and the Imperial Idea in
Early Modern Europe."
- Jonathan Shepard, "Byzantine Soldiers, Missionaries, and
Diplomacy under Gibbon's Eyes."
- David Womersley, "Gibbon and the 'Watchmen of the Holy City':
Revision and Religion in the Decline and Fall."
- Ian Wood, "Gibbon and the Merovingians."
- David Womersley, ed., with John Burrows and John Pocock,
Edward Gibbon: Bicentenary Essays, Studies on Voltaire
and the Eighteenth Century 355 (Oxford: the Voltaire
Foundation, 1997). 429 pp.
- Guido Abbatista, "Establishing the 'Order of Time and Place':
'Rational Geography,' French Erudition and the Emplacement of
History in Gibbon's Mind."
- Nigel Aston, "A 'Disorderly Squadron'? A Fresh Look at
Clerical Responses to The Decline and Fall"
- W. B. Carnochan, "Gibbon's Feelings."
- Peter Ghosh, "Gibbon's Timeless Verity: Nature and
Neo-Classicism in the Late Enlightenment."
- Girolamo Imbruglia, "My Ecclesiastical History': Gibbon
between Hume and Raynal."
- Rolando Minuti, "Gibbon and the Asiatic Barbarians: Notes on
the French Sources of The Decline and Fall."
- Kate O'Brien, "Gibbon's Prospects: Rhetoric, Fame and the
Closing Chapters of The Decline and Fall."
- Claude Rawson, "Gibbon, Swift and Irony."
- John Robertson, "Gibbon and Giannone."
- Pat Rogers, "Gibbon and the Decline and Growth of the Club."
- Edoardo Tortarolo, "Natural Freedom in The Decline and
- Hugh Trevor-Roper, "Gibbon's Last Project
- Paul Turnbull, "'Une marionnette infidele': The Fashioning of
Edward Gibbon's Reputation as the English Voltaire."
- David Womersley, "Gibbon's Memoirs: Autobiography in
Time of Revolution."
- David Wootton, "Gibbon, Irony, and Faith in Gibbon's
Decline and Fall."
- Brian Young, "Gibbon, Newman, and the Religious Accuracy of
Articles and Monographs
- Wilhelm Dilthey [using pseud. Wilhelm Hoffner],
Westermanns Illustriert Deutsche Monatschefte 221 (Nov.
- Jacob Bernays, "Edward Gibbons Geschichtswerk, Ein Versuch zu
einer Wurdigung," in Gesammelte Abhandlungen (Berlin:
Wilhelm Hertz, 1885), 2:206-54.
- W. E. H. Lecky, "Edward Gibbon," in Historians and
Essayists (New York: Doubleday and McClure Co., 1899), pp.
- A. H. T. Clarke, "The Genius of Gibbon," Nineteenth
Century and After 68 (Sept.-Dec. 1910): 512-21, 672-85,
- J. B. Black, "Gibbon," in The Art of History: A Study of
Four Great Historians of the Eighteenth Century (London:
Methuen, 1926), pp. 143-83.
- Giorgio Falco, "La Crisi del medio evo illuministico nella
'Decline and Fall' di E. Gibbon," in La polemica sul medio
evo (Turin: Biblioteca della Societa storica subalpina, no.
143, 1933; repr. Naples: Guida editori, 1974), pp. 191-255.
- C. N. Cochrane, "The Mind of Edward Gibbon," University of
Toronto Quarterly 12 (December 1942, January 1943): 1-17,
- Lewis P. Curtis, "Gibbon's 'Paradise Lost,'" in The Age of
Johnson: Essays presented to Chauncey B. Tinker, ed. F. W.
Hilles (New Haven and London: Yale Univ. Press, 1949), pp. 73-90.
- Per Fuglum, Edward Gibbon: His View of Life and Conception
of History (Oxford: Blackwell, and Oslo: Academisk Forlag,
1953). 183 pp.
- Giuseppe Giarrizzo, Edward Gibbon e la cultura europea
(Naples: Istitute italiano per gli studi storici, 1954). 537 pp.
- Arnaldo Momigliano, "Gibbon's Contribution to Historical
Method," Historia (Wiesbaden) 2 (1954): 450-63.
- Arnold J. Toynbee, "A Critique of Gibbon's General
Observations on the Fall of the Empire in the West," in A
Study of History (London, New York, and Toronto: Oxford Univ.
Press, 1954), 9:741-57.
- C. V. Wedgwood, Edward Gibbon, Writers and Their Work,
No. 66 (London, New York, and Toronto: Longman's, Green, 1955).
- W. R. Keast, "The Element of Art in Gibbon's History,"
ELH 23 (1956): 153-62.
- George Sarton, "The Missing Factor in Gibbon's Concept of
History," Harvard Library Bulletin 11, no. 3 (Autumn
- Harold L. Bond, The Literary Art of Edward Gibbon
(Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1960). 167 pp.
- Gerald J. Gruman, "'Balance' and 'Excess' as Gibbon's
Explanation of the Decline and Fall," History and Theory 1
- Joseph Ward Swain, Edward Gibbon the Historian
(London: Macmillan, and New York: St. Martin's, 1966). 173 pp.
- Hugh R. Trevor-Roper, "The Idea of the Decline and Fall of
the Roman Empire," in The Age of Enlightenment: Studies
presented to Theodore Besterman, ed. W. H. Barber et al.
(Edinburgh and London: Oliver & Boyd, 1967), pp. 413-30.
- Leo B. Braudy, "Gibbon: Public History and the Shaping Self,"
in Narrative Form in History and Fiction (Princeton:
Princeton Univ. Press, 1970), pp. 213-68.
- David P. Jordan, Gibbon and His Roman Empire (Urbana
and London: Univ. of Illinois Press, 1971). 245 pp.
- Karl Christ, "Edward Gibbon," in Von Gibbon zu
Rostovtzeff (Darmstad: Wissenschaftliche Buchgeselleschaft,
1972), pp. 8-25.
- Bryce Lyon, The Origins of the Middle Ages: Pirenne's
Challenge to Gibbon (New York: W. W. Norton, 1972). 96 pp.
- Carlo Gentile, Pietro Giannone, Edward Gibbon e il
Triregno (Livorno: Univ. of Bastogi, 1976). 58 pp.
- Michel Baridon, Edward Gibbon et le Mythe de Rome
(Paris: Editions Honore Champion, 1977). 942 pp.
- J. G. A. Pocock, "Gibbon's Decline and Fall and the
World View of the Late Enlightenment," Eighteenth-Century
Studies 10, no. 3 (Spring 1977): 287-303.
- J. A. W. Bennett, Essays on Gibbon (Cambridge:
privately printed, 1980). 86 pp.
- Lionel Gossman, The Empire Unpossess'd (Cambridge:
Cambridge Univ. Press, 1981). 168 pp.
- John W. Burrow, Gibbon, Past Masters Series (Oxford:
Oxford Univ. Press, 1985). 119 pp.
- Jeffrey Smitten, "Impartiality in Robertson's History of
America," Eighteenth-Century Studies 19, no. 1 (Fall
- Martine Watson Brownley, "Clarendon, Gibbon, and the Art of
Historical Portraiture," English Language Notes 24, no. 1
(Sept. 1986): 49-58.
- William Epstein, "Professing Gibbon: The Autobiographical
Profession of Literary Study," The Eighteenth Century: Theory
and Interpretation 27, no. 2 (Spring 1986): 115-40.
- Michel Baridon, "On the Relation of Ideology to Form in
Johnson's Style," in Fresh Reflections on Samuel Johnson:
Essays in Criticism, ed. Prem Nath (Troy: Whitston, 1987),
- W. B. Carnochan, Gibbon's Solitude: The Inward World of
the Historian (Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1987). 225 pp.
- Patricia Craddock, "'Immortal Affectation': Responses to
Gibbon's Style," The Age of Johnson: A Scholarly Annual 1
- Jaroslav Pelikan, The Excellent Empire: The Fall of Rome
and the Triumph of the Church (San Francisco: Harper &
Row, 1987). 133 pp.
- Karen Mollica Risch, "Edward Gibbon's Narrative Techniques:
The Structures of The History of the Decline and Fall of the
Roman Empire," DAI 47, no. 8 (Feb 1987): 3050A.
- Paul Turnbull, "'Buffeted for Ancestral Sins': Some Neglected
Aspects of Gibbon's Roman Conversion," Eighteenth-Century
Life 11, no. 1 (Feb. 1987): 18-35.
- David J. Womersley, "Lord Bolingbroke and Eighteenth-Century
Historiography," The Eighteenth Century: Theory and
Interpretation 28, no. 3 (Fall 1987): 217-34.
- Anthony Burgess, "Mr. Gibbon and the Huns," New York Times
Book Review (28 Feb. 1988): 1, 36-37.
- Patricia Craddock, "Gibbon's Choice of Lausanne, 1783-94,"
Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 18 (1988): 359-73.
- Robert Adams Day, "Gibbon and the Language of History,"
Etudes Anglaises 41, no. 2 (April-June 1988): 155-64.
- Charles Issawi, "Another Source for Pride and
Prejudice," Persuasions: Journal of the Jane Austen
Society of North America 10 (16 Dec. 1988): 43.
- Cora Lee Nollendorfs, "Schiller and Edward Gibbon's 'Essay on
the Study of Literature,'" in Friedrich von Schiller and the
Drama of Human Existence, ed. Alexej Ugrinsky and Wolfgang
Wittkowski, Contributions to the Study of World Literature 25
(New York: Greenwood, 1988), pp. 109-117.
- J. J. Peereboom, "Delen van Gibbon," Maatstaf
[Netherlands] 36, no. 9-10 (Sept.-Oct. 1988): 198-205.
- David J. Womersley, "Gibbon's Apostasy," British Journal
for Eighteenth-Century Studies 11, no. 1 (Spring 1988):
- Glen W. Bowersock, Gibbon's Historical Imagination:
Presented at the Stanford Humanities Center, May 8, 1987 on the
Occasion of the 250th Anniversary of Edward Gibbon's Birth
(Stanford: Stanford Humanities Center, 1988). 17 pp.
- Roy Porter, Gibbon, Historians on Historians (London:
Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1988). 187 pp.
- David Womersley, The Transformation of "The Decline and
Fall of the Roman Empire," Cambridge Studies in
Eighteenth-Century Literature and Thought 1 (Cambridge: Cambridge
Univ. Press, 1988). 318 pp.
- Joseph H. Gardner, "'To Cease upon the Midnight': Keats and
Gibbon," English Language Notes 26, no. 4 (June 1989):
- Thomas Jemielity, "Gibbon among the Aeolists: Islamic
Credulity and Pagan Fanaticism in The Decline and Fall,"
Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 19 (1989): 165-83.
- Leon B. Litvack, "Theodora Phranza: or, Neale's Fears
Realized," Victorian Review 15, no. 2 (Fall 1989): 1-14.
- Clinton Machann, "Edward Gibbon's Memoirs of My Life
and the Genre of Autobiography in Victorian England," Prose
Studies 12, no. 1 (May 1989): 25-43.
- Frank Palmeri, "History as Monument: Gibbon's Decline and
Fall," Studies in Eighteenth-Century Culture 19
- Catherine N. Parke, "Edward Gibbon by Edward Gibbon,"
Modern Language Quarterly 50, no. 1 (March 1989): 23-37.
- David J. Womersley, "A Complex Allusion in Gibbon's Memoirs,"
Notes and Queries 36 (234), no. 1 (March 1989): 68-70.
- Peter William Cosgrove, "Textual Republic: Edward Gibbon and
the Problem of Historical Narrative in the Enlightenment,"
DAI 51, no. 3 (Sept. 1990): 860A.
- Ernest Giddey, "Gibbon, Byron, and the Idea of Revolution,"
The Byron Journal 18 (1990): 50-60.
- Richard Hamilton, "Gibbon's Use of Sources in the Portrait of
Hypatia," English Language Notes 28, no. 2 (Dec. 1990):
- J. F. Johnston, Jr., "Decadence Revisited," Modern Age
33, no. 1 (Spring 1990): 23-32.
- Cora Lee Nollendorfs, "Edward Gibbons Essai sur
l'étude de la littérature als Quelle von Schillers
Begriff 'sentimentalisch,'" Jahrbuch der deutschen
Schillergesellschaft 34 (1990): 280-88.
- Frank Palmeri, Satire in Narrative: Petronius, Swift,
Gibbon, Melville, and Pynchon (Austin: Univ. of Texas Press,
1990). 183 pp.
- Frank Palmeri, "The Satiric Footnotes of Swift and Gibbon,"
The Eighteenth Century: Theory and Interpretation 31, no.
3 (Autumn 1990): 245-62.
- Timtohy Peters, "A History of Images: Christianity and
Historiography in the Later Decline and Fall of the Roman
Empire," SEL: Studies in English Literature, 1500-1900
30, no. 3 (Summer 1990): 503-15.
- David Womersley, "From Polybianism to Perfectibilism: The
Influence on Gibbon of 'Le Chevalier de Chastellux,'" British
Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies 13, no. 1 (Spring
- Peter W. Cosgrove, "Undermining the Text: Edward Gibbon,
Alexander Pope, and the Anti-Authenticating Footnote," in
Annotation and Its Texts, ed. Stephen A. Barney (New York:
Oxford Univ. Press, 1991), pp. 130-51.
- John H. Pearson, "Reading the Writing in the Drafts of Edward
Gibbon's Memoirs," Biography 14, no. 3 (Summer 1991):
- David Sorensen, "Carlyle, Gibbon, and the 'Miraculous Thing
of History,'" The Carlyle Annual 12 (1991): 33-43.
- David Goslee, "Newman, Gibbon, and New-Testament
Christianity," in Critical Essays on John Henry Newman,
ed. Ed Block, Jr., English Literary Studies Mongraph Series No.
55 (Victoria, B.C.: Dept. of English, Univ. of Victoria, 1992),
- Timothy Gordon Douglad Herron, "The Rhetoric of
Contradiction: Readings in the Study of Dryden, Pope, and
Gibbon," DAI 52, no. 11 (May 1992): 3938A. Queen's
- Myron C. Noonkester, "Mr. Gibbon, Revd. Fuller, and the
Apocalypse," Notes and Queries 39 (237), no. 4 (Dec.
- E. A. Synan, "Boethius, Valla, and Gibbon: Roman Culture and
Scholasticism," Modern Schoolman 69 (March-May 1992):
- Edward Adams, "Epic History and the Novel: Gibbon, Ruskin,
Adams, and the Decline and Fall of Country-House Civilization,"
DAI 54, no. 12 (June 1994): 4446A. Yale University
- S. P. Foster, "Edward Gibbon and the Anti-miracle Man --
Hume's 'Of Miracles' at Work in the Decline and Fall of the
Roman Empire," Modern Schoolman 71 (March 1994):
- John Gawthorp, "Edward Gibbon's Autobiographical Intentions:
A Bicentennial View," Durham University Journal 86, no. 1
(Jan. 1994): 67-71.
- Richard Hamilton, "Notes toward the Nachleben of the
'Historian of Rome': Gibbon at Bloomsbury," Classical and
Modern Literature 14, no. 3 (Spring 1994): 207-39.
- R. Kaveney, "The History of the Decline and Fall of the
Roman Empire," New Statesman & Society 7 (16 Dec.
- Brian Norman, "Gibbon at Lausanne," in Selected
Proceedings from the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century
Studies/Travaux choisis de la Société Canadienne
d'Etude du Dix-huitième Siècle, ed. D. W.
Nichol and Margarete Smith (Edmonton: Academic, 1994), pp.
- Ruud Teeuwen, "Coming Home: Edward Gibbon's Essai sur
l'étude de la littérature and the 'Quality of
Foreignness,'" Orbis Litterarum: International Review of
Literary Studies [Denmark] 49 (1994): 84-98 and 252 (errata).
- David Womersley, "Introduction," in The History of the
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, 3 vols. (London: Allan
Lane and Penguin, 1994), pp. xi-cviii.
- Patricia B. Craddock, "History's Stories, Historians'
Accounts: or, Why Take Edward Gibbon's Word?" in The Past as
Prologue: Essays to Celebrate the Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of
ASECS, ed. Carla H. Hay and Syndy M. Conger, AMS Studies in
the Eighteenth Century 28 (New York: AMS, 1995), pp. 281-301.
- Rodney Stenning Edgecombe, "Gibbon's History of the
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," Explicator 53,
no. 2 (Winter 1995): 79-81.
- Myron C. Noonkester, "Memoranda, Memories and Gibbon's
Memories," English Language Notes 32, no. 4 (June
- Peter Cosgrove, "The Circulation of Genres in Gibbon's
Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," ELH 63, no.
1 (Spring 1996): 109-38.
- Pedro Lastra, "Borges, Gibbon y El Koran," Acta
Literaria (Chile) 21 (1996): 123-25.
- David Womersley, "Gibbon and Classical Example: The Age of
Justinian in The Decline and Fall," British Journal for
Eighteenth-Century Studies 19, no. 1 (Spring 1996):17-31.
- C. Kelly, "A Grand Tour: Reading Gibbon's 'Decline and
Fall,'" Greece & Rome 44, no. 1 (April 1997): 39-58.
- Patricia B. Craddock, "The Heroic Imagination and Edward
Gibbon," in The Historical Imagination in Early Modern
Britain, ed. David Harris Sacks and Don Kelley (Cambridge:
Cambridge Univ. Press for the Woodrow Wilson International Center
for Scholars, 1997), pp. 343-59.
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