The era following Charles II's restoration to the throne is known, therefore, as the Restoration. The term sometimes extends until 1688 or 1689 (when Charles II's brother, James II, was expelled from England in the Glorious Revolution), and sometimes through 1700, when the eighteenth century begins.
The most important Restoration authors in most accounts are John Bunyan, Aphra Behn, William Congreve, and John Dryden. Although John Milton's Paradise Lost appeared in 1667, it is usually studied along with works of the Renaissance.
Note: This guide is still in the early stages of development.
Three question marks mean I have to write more on the subject. Bear with me.