|The Basics: "Restricted Access;" Off-Campus Links; Finding Books: IRIS; Book Delivery; Finding Articles; Becoming an 'Expert' User Citing Your Sources|
|Getting Started: Basic Resources||Finding Books: Library Catalogs||Finding Articles: Indexes|
|Primary Sources: Newspapers Other Primary Sources||Maps||Other Resources|
|RUL Home Page||RUL Indexes||Ask a Librarian|
Many of the resources listed in the sections below are marked Restricted Access. You should have no problem connecting to these from any networked computer on campus. However, by contract, remote access to the Rutgers University Library's indexes, electronic journals, and electronic reserve articles is available only to current Rutgers students, faculty and staff. In order to use these from off-campus, you must log in with your Rutgers NetID. For instructions see the Libraries' Remote Access to Library Resources.
Once you have gone to a Rutgers Libraries page and logged in with your NetID [your pegasus username and password] you can use the "Off-Campus Link" provided for each Rutgers-restricted resource below to connect to that database or article. These links will not work from a networked computer on-campus. Use the link embedded in the citation to access these resources on campus.
IRIS: Find Books
IRIS is the online catalog for all the Rutgers University Libraries except the Newark and Camden Law Libraries. Use IRIS to find out if the Rutgers Libraries have the specific books or journals that you need, or to locate books on topics that you're researching. Show Me How
Getting Books From Other Rutgers Libraries
If a book that you need is not available (not owned/checked out) at the Dana Library, but is available from another Rutgers Library, you can request delivery of that book to Dana by bringing up the record for the book in IRIS and clicking on tbe Deliver/Recall button. Show Me
Book Not Available/Not Owned by the Rutgers Libraries?
The fastest way to get a copy of a book that is not owned or not available (checked out/on Reserve/missing etc.) at the Rutgers Libraries is to request it through E-Z Borrow. E-Z Borrow books are normally received within about five working days. Tell Me More
If a book is not owned by the Rutgers Libraries and is not available via E-Z Borrow, you can place an Interlibrary Loan request. Tell Me More
Finding Articles plus
Historical Abstracts is the most comprehensive index to world history (excluding that of the U.S. and Canada) from 1450 to the present. Historical Abstracts indexes over 2,000 history and history-related journals worldwide, as well as book reviews and dissertations. Indexing begins with 1955.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.
While Historical Abstacts will cover much of the basic literature relating to African historical studies, indexes that focus specifically on African Studies may considerably expand your research base. You'll find links to these in the Finding Articles section below.
Becoming an 'Expert' User
Want to maximize your use of Library resources? Check out Searchpath, the Libraries' interactive tutorial.
Citing Your Sources
You will probably be asked to use Chicago/Turabian style when citing the sources that you use in your research papers. The Chicago Manual of Style and Turabian's Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations are both available at the Dana Library Reference Desk. The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison also has a nice introduction to Chicago/Turabian Documentation that will give you the basic information you need to create bibliographic citations.
The above site does not, however, cover citing online resources. The Library of Congress has a guide on How to Cite Electronic Sources that show Turabian-style examples; the Bedford/St. Martin's site also offers useful information on Using Chicago Style to Cite and Document Sources
Not sure when you need to cite something? Check out the Plagiarism Guide
Getting Started: Basic Resources
There are two major multi-volume surveys of African history:
- The Cambridge History of Africa. J.D. Fage and Roland Oliver, eds. New York, Cambridge University Press, 1975-1986. 8 volumes
Each volume consists of articles by (primarily Western) scholars accompanied by extensive bibliographies. Vol. 6: From 1870 to 1905. Vol. 7: From 1905 to 1940. Vol. 8: From c.1940 to 1975. Dana Call Number: Ref. DT20 .C28
- General History of Africa. UNESCO International Scientific Committee for the Drafting of a General History of Africa. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1981-1993
Each volume consists of articles by (primarily non-Western) scholars accompanied by extensive bibliographies. Vol 6: Africa in the Nineteenth Century Until the 1880s. Vol. 7: Africa Under Colonial Domination, 1880-1935. Vol 8: Africa Since 1935 [Dana copy on order]
Dana Call Number: DT20 .G45 1981
Africa South of the Sahara: The Colonial Period
Very nice collection of annotated scholarly links relating to African colonial history. Compiled by Karen Fund, Stanford University. Part of her excellent African History on the Internet site.
The History of Colonial Africa: Selected Bibliography
Compiled by George P. Landow (Brown Unversity). Part of the African Postcolonial Literature in English site.
Schmitz, Christopher. Bibliography: Britain and the Scramble for Africa, 1865-1904
Africa: Suggested Readings
"Includes both major nationalist texts, and analytical treatment of nationalism in Africa." Bibliography compiled by M. Crawford Young (University of Wisconsin, Madison). A Nationalism Project bibliography.
Cooper, Frederick. A Bibliography on Africa, 1940-2005
Bibliography accompanying Cooper's Africa Since 1940: The Past of the Present (New York, Cambridge University Press, 2002).
Colonial Nigeria: Selected Bibliography
Short bibliography from the African Postcolonial Literature in English site.
Select Bibliography on the History of Botswana
Compiled by Neil Parsons (University of Botswana).
Karlstrom, Mikael. Buganda: A Select Bibliography with Bibliographical Essay 1996
For published bibliographies relating to specific African countries or regions, do a subject keyword search in IRIS, the Rutgers online catalog. For example:
west africa bibliography
The Journal of Colonialism and Colonial History publishes an extensive annual bibliography on colonialism and imperialism.
- Bibliography: 1999 Off-Campus Access Restricted Access
- Bibliography: 2000 Off-Campus Access Restricted Access
- Bibliography: 2001 Off-Campus Access Restricted Access
- Bibliography: 2002 Off-Campus Access Restricted Access
- Bibliography: 2003 Off-Campus Access Restricted Access
- Bibliography: 2004 Off-Campus Access Restricted Access
Cooper, Frederick. "Conflict and Connection: Rethinking Colonial African History," The American Historical Review 99(5), December 1994, 1516-1545.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access
Mitchell, Brian R. International Historical Statistics: Africa, Asia & Oceania, 1750-1993. New York, Stockton Press, 1998.
Dana Call Number: Ref. HA4675 .M552 1998
Finding Books: Library Catalogs
The online catalog for the Rutgers University Libraries. IRIS is not a restricted database, anyone can access it from anywhere. However if you're coming in from off-campus and trying to connect to electronic journals or e-reserves from within IRIS you will need to be logged in. So you might find it less frustrating to use the off-campus version.
Subject headings that you can use to find materials in IRIS include:
Africa History 1884-1918
Africa History 1884-1960
Africa East Colonization
Africa West Colonization
Africa Sub-Saharan Colonization
Europe Colonies Africa
British Africa History
Belgium Colonies Africa
France Colonies Africa
Germany Colonies Africa
Great Britain Colonies Africa
Portugal Colonies Africa
Search across the collections of a large number of research libraries; identify relevant works and the best subject headings to use to find books on specific topics; and find out if an item is available at Rutgers or another library. Based on the over 120 million items found in the collections of the Research Libraries Group (RLG).
Center for Research Libraries
CRL is consortium of North American university and independent research libraries that acquires and preserves newspapers, journals, documents, foreign dissertations, archives, and other expensive or hard to find materials. As Rutgers is a CRL member, these materials are considered part of Rutgers' collections and can be borrowed via Interlibrary Loan. In addition to the materials listed in their catalog, CRL also supports and provides access to special collections such as the Cooperative Africana Microform Project (CAMP), International Disserations, and Global Newspapers
Among the CAMP collections available from CRL are
- Documents on African Political History, 1938-1970
23 microfilm reels comprising source materials compiled by Dr. Ruth Schachter Morgenthau, author of Political Parties in French-Speaking West Africa (Oxford, 1970 Dana Call Number: DT532 .M61)
- Documents relatifs a l'histoire de la Belgique et du Congo conservés au “Public Record Office” a Londres, 1866-1903
- Zaire Colonial Documents : De Ryck Collection of Material on General Administration, Equateur, Kivu, and Ruanda-Urundi
- Boer War: Miscellaneous Pamphlets Published in Great Britain and the United States, 1899-1902
- Nigerian Pamphlets on Microfilm
Finding Articles plus: Indexes
1955- . The most comprehensive index to world history (excluding that of the U.S. and Canada) from 1450 to the present. Indexes over 2,000 history and history-related journals worldwide, as well as book reviews and dissertations.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.
Search across 30 databases providing access to multi-disciplinary information on Africa. Indexes books, journals, newspapers, government publications, and popular magazines.
Off-Campus Access (Restricted Access)
Bibliography of Africana Periodical Literature Database
Index to over 55,000 articles from 462 journals that specialize in African Studies or consistently cover the African continent. Journals indexed in their entirety.
Historical New York Times
Allows you to search and display the full image of articles published in the New York Times back to 1851. The two+ most recent years are not included.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.
Dana Library has the London Times on microfilm back to 1785. To find articles on specific topics or events use:
- 1785-1905: Palmer's Index to the Times Newspaper. Dana Ref. AI21 .T52
- 1906-present: The Times Index. Dana Ref. AI21 .T47
Union lists identify where runs of specific newspapers are physically held; newspapers on microform may be requested on Interlibrary Loan.
African Newspapers Union List (AFRINUL)
Database of holdings information for newspapers (current and retrospective) published in sub-Saharan Africa. Holdings currently only reflect North American collections. Project administered by the Center for Research Libraries.
Newspapers in Microform. Foreign Countries. Washington : Library of Congress, 2 vols.
Lists newspapers by country, city, and title. Indicates which libraries have microform holdings of those titles.
Dana Call Number: Ref. Z6945.U515a yr.1948/83
Foreign Newspapers at the Center for Research Libraries
Database of more than 6000 titles of non-U.S. newspapers (current and restrospective) held by CRL.
Foreign Newspapers at the Library of Congress
Newspapers currently received and permanently retained on microfilm.
Other Primary Sources
Don't forget the CAMP Collections at the Center for Research Libraries!
Bibliography of Published Primary Sources in African History (English Language)
From the Roots Institute at the University of Virginia.
Clark, Leon E. Through African Eyes: Cultures in Change. New York, Praeger, 1969-
Selections from African autobiographies, fiction, poetry, newspaper articles, magazines, radio broadcasts, letters and diaries, speeches, and historical documents.
Dana Call Number: DT14 .C55
Internet African History Sourcebook.
Paul Halsall's (Fordham University) compilation of prmary texts. See sections on European Imperialism, The Fight for Independence, and Modern Africa.
Voyages en Afrique
Part of the French National Library Gallica site, Voyages en Afrique offers an incredible collection of online primary source materials including books, journals, maps, and photographs accessible by geography or theme, as well as chronologies and an extensive bibliography.
Maji Maji Bibliography Project
Project of the African Studies Department of Humboldt-University at Berlin under the direction of Dr. Jan-Georg Deutsch. Bibliography with annotations of 67 articles from contemporary German newspapers, journals, and books from observers to the Maji Maji rebellion in Southern Tanzania in 1905. English-language annotations with links to transcriptions of the original German texts. Annotations include indexes to persons, groups, and places.
British Imperialism in Nigeria: Colonial Rule in Western Niger Delta
From the Urhobo Historical Society. Article texts and primary documents, including the British Colonial 'Treaties of Protection."
Selected SourcesLivingston, David. Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa. London, 1857.
Off-Campus AccessRestricted Access
Plaatje, Sol. Native Life in South Africa. London, 1916.
"[W]ritten as a work of impassioned political propaganda, exposing the plight of black South Africans under the whites-only government of newly unified South Africa. It focuses on the effects of the 1913 Natives' Land Act which introduced a uniform system of land segregation between the races." [Neil Parsons, Introduction.]
Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness. London, 1902.
See Chinua Achebe's reading of Heart of Darkness in "An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrad's 'Heart of Darkness," Massachusetts Review 18, 1977, 782-794.
Ferry, Jules. On French Colonial Expansion
Speech delivered before the French Chamber of Deputies on March 28, 1884. Part of Paul Halsall's Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
Earl of Cromer. Why Britain Acquired Egypt in 1882 1908
From the Internet Modern History Sourcebook.
Hake, Alfred Egmont. The Death of General Gordon at Khartoum, 1885 1914
From the Internet Islamic History Sourcebook.
Rhodesia: Unilateral Declaration of Independence Documents, 1965
From the Internet Islamic History Sourcebook.
Freeman-Grenville, G.S.P. The New Atlas of African History. New York, Simon & Schuster, 1991.
Dana Call Number: Ref. G2446 .S1F73 1991
Historical Atlas of Africa. J.F. Ade Ajayi and Michael Crowder, general editors. New York, Cambridge University Press, 1985.
Dana Call Number: Ref. G2446 .S1H5 1985
Historical Maps of Africa
Part of the extensive Perry-Castañeda Library (University of Texas at Austin) Map Collection.
Colonial Africa c. 1800s
Maps of Liberia 1830-1870
From the Library of Congress.
Historical Atlas of the Twentieth Century
Compiled by Matthew White. Includes: a map of Africa in the Early Twentieth Century, as well as a series of smaller maps documenting social and political changes during the 20th century.
African National Independence
The showing the 48 nations of the African continent plus Madagascar including the year each became independent.
Boer War in Botswana
Overview and resources from Neil Parsons, University of Botswana History Department.
Barnes, Andrew E. "Aryanizing Projects: African Collaborators and Colonial Transcripts," Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 17(2), 46-60.
Looks at the characteristics Europeans in colonial Northern Nigeria imparted to the Africans with whom they sought of collaborate.
Greer, Scott. Chacun pour soi: Africa and the French state 1958-1998. PAS Working Paper no. 6. 2000
Kodesh, Neil. Reimagining Tradition: The Politics of Succession in Colonial Buganda. PAS Working Paper no. 9. 2000The Story of Africa
30 minute audio files from the BBC World Services' two major series on African history, Africa in History and The Story of Africa. See especially Africa in History: Pt. 5: Colonialism, and the Story of Africa Pt. 18 The Mfecane, Pt. 19 Partition & Resistance, Pt. 20 Life Under Colonialism, Pt. 21 The Challenges to Colonialism, and Pt. 22 Independence.
Natalie Borisovets (email@example.com)
John Cotton Dana Library
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
February 17, 2006