Rutgers University Libraries The American Republic
The Basics: "Restricted Access;" Off-Campus Links; Finding Books: IRIS; Book Delivery; Finding Articles; Becoming an 'Expert' User Citing Your Sources
Getting Started: Basic Reference Works Core Documents Major Digital Collections Key Figues The Press
Religion and the Republic Women New Jersey Maps
RUL Home Page RUL Indexes Ask a Librarian

The Basics

Restricted Access

Some of the resources listed in the sections below are marked Restricted Access. You should have no problem connecting to these from any networked computer on campus. However, by contract, remote access to the Rutgers University Library's indexes, electronic journals, and electronic reserve articles is available only to current Rutgers students, faculty and staff. In order to use these from off-campus, you must log in with your Rutgers NetID. For instructions see the Libraries' Remote Access to Library Resources.

Off-Campus Links

Once you have gone to a Rutgers Libraries page and logged in with your NetID [your pegasus username and password] you can use the "Off-Campus Link" provided for each Rutgers-restricted resource below to connect to that database or article. These links will not work from a networked computer on-campus. Use the link embedded in the citation to access these resources on campus.

IRIS: Find Books

IRIS is the online catalog for all the Rutgers University Libraries except the Newark and Camden Law Libraries. Use IRIS to find out if the Rutgers Libraries have the specific books or journals that you need, or to locate books on topics that you're researching. Show Me How

Getting Books From Other Rutgers Libraries

If a book that you need is not available (not owned/checked out) at the Dana Library, but is available from another Rutgers Library, you can request delivery of that book to Dana by bringing up the record for the book in IRIS and clicking on tbe Deliver/Recall button. Show Me

Finding Articles plus

Humanities Full Text
The basic index for finding articles in the humanities disciplines, including history. Indexes over 550 of the core, English language journals in history, literature, art and music, philosophy and religion. Indexes many journals back to 1984 and, beginning with 1995, includes many full-text articles.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

Need More?

While Humanities Full Text will usually give you what you need for a basic research paper, if you're working on a more extensive project, or a more specialized topic, you may need to use the index that focuses exclusively on American history, America: History and Life.

America: History and Life
This is the most comprehensive index to American (U.S. and Canada) history. It indexes over 2000 journals worldwide, as well as book reviews and dissertations. Journals are indexed back to 1964.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

Becoming an 'Expert' User

Want to maximize your use of Library resources? Check out Searchpath, the Libraries' interactive tutorial.

Citing Your Sources

You will be using Chicago/Turabian style when citing the sources that you use in your research papers. The Chicago Manual of Style and Turabian's Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations are both available at the Dana Library Reference Desk. The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison also has a nice introduction to Chicago/Turabian Documentation that will give you the basic information you need to create bibliographic citations.

The above site does not, however, cover citing online resources. The Library of Congress has a guide on How to Cite Electronic Sources that show Turabian-style examples; the Bedford/St. Martin's site also offers useful information on Using Chicago Style to Cite and Document Sources

Not sure when you need to cite something? Check out the Plagiarism Guide

Basic Resources

Encyclopedia of the North American Colonies. New York, C.Scribner's Sons, 1993. 3 vols.
274 signed, scholarly essays, with bibliographies, on all aspects of colonial political, social, economic, and cultural life, including separate essays on various aspects of the British, French, Dutch, and Spanish colonies in America. Excellent resource for background material and bibliography.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E45 .E53 1993

American Foreign Relations Since 1600: A Guide to the Literature. 2d edition. Robert L. Beisner, editor. Santa Barbara, Calif., ABC-CLIO, 2003. 2 vols
The basic starting point for bibliography on American foreign relations. Chronological arrangement, with annotated entries. Chapter 3: The Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries before the Revolution; Chapter 4: The Diplomacy of the American Revolution; Chapter 5: From the Confederation through the Jeffersonian Era. There are entries on primary resources, reference works, bibliographies, books, journal articles, and dissertations.
Dana Call Numbr: Ref. E183.7 .A44 2003

The Emerging Nation: A Documentary History of the Foreign Relations of the United States Under the Articles of Confederation, 1780-1789. Mary A. Giunta, editor-in-chief. Washington, D.C., National Historical Publications and Records Commission, 1996. 3 vols.
Large collection of key documents from the Confederation including diplomatic despatches, treaties, and private letters. Each volume arranged chronologically; Volume 1: Recognition of Independence focuses on the peace negotiations leading to the Treaty of Paris in 1783; Volume 2: Trials and Tribulations, focuses on issues relating to the Confederation government's attempt to control commerce and foreign trade, to tax the states, and to enforce treaties; and Volume 3: Toward Federal Diplomacy focuses on national diplomacy and foreign policy, and domestic social and political factions as forces in foreign policy.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E303 .E44 1996

Cohen, Morris L. Bibliography of Early American Law. Buffalo, N.Y., William S. Hein, 1998. 6 vols
Extensive bibliography of books and trial literature relating to American law and legal development from the beginning of American history up to 1860.
Newark Law Library Call Number: Ref. KF1 .C58 1998

Core Documents

Core Documents of U.S. Democracy
Links to cornerstone (eg., The Constitution, the Federalist Papers) documents as well as to key congressional, presidential, judicial, and regulatory documents.

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873
Search or browse a linked set of published congressional records of the United States from the Continental Congress through the 43rd Congress, 1774-1875 including the Journals of the Continental Congress (1774-89); the Records of the Federal Convention of 1787, or Farrand's Records, and the Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution (1787-88), or Elliot's Debates; the Journals of the House of Representatives (1789-1875) and the Senate (1789-1875), the debates of Congress as published in the Annals of Congress (1789-1824), the Congressional Globe (1833-73), and Congressional Record (1873-75); the Statutes at Large (1789-1875); the American State Papers (1789-1838); and congressional bills and resolutions for selected sessions beginning with the 6th Congress (1799) in the House of Representatives and the 16th Congress (1819) in the Senate. From the Library of Congress American Memory project.

American Colonist's Library: A Treasury of Primary Documents
Links to a hugh collection of historical works which contributed to the formation of American politics, culture, and ideals.

Major Digital Collections

American Memory: Historical Collections for the National Digital Library
The Library of Congress site offers access to more than 9 million digital items from more than 100 historical collections of primary source materials relating to the history and culture of the United States. The collections include manuscripts, photographs, posters, maps, books, pamphlets, and sheet music, as well as sound recordings and motion pictures and can either be browsed or searched. Among the collections relevant to this course:

The Avalon Project: Eighteenth Century Documents
Digital collection of documents in American political and diplomatic history compiled by the Yale Law School. Documents are also arranged by major collections, including

American State Papers: 1789-1838
Over 6,000 digitized official political documents, including every extant legislative and executive document of the first 14 U.S. Congresses (1789-1838). Also includes the speeches and messages of Presidents Washington, Adams, Jefferson, and Madison.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Early American Imprints, Series I: Evans, 1639-1800
When completed, will make available every book, pamphlet, and broadside published in America between 1639 and 1800.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

The Foundersí Constitution
Sources for the Constitution, including the first Ten Amendments, arranged article by article.

Key Figures

John Adams

Adams Family Papers: An Electronic Archive
Selections from manuscripts held by the Massachusetts Historical Society. Includes the letters exchanged between John and Abigail Adams, John Adams's diary, and John Adams's autobiography.

Samuel Adams

Writings of Samuel Adams. Collected and edited by Harry Alonzo Cushing. New York, Octagon Books, 1968. 4 vols.
Dana Call Number: E302 .A31 1968
Volumes 2-4 (1770-1802) also available online.

Samuel Adams. The Rights of the Colonists. The Report of the Committee of Correspondence to the Boston Town Meeting, Nov. 20, 1772.

Benjamin Franklin

Writings of Benjamin Franklin
1722-1775 available online.

The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin
The 1909 edition edited by Charles W. Eliot. The Autobiography was originally published in Paris in 1791 and was translated and published in London in 1793.

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton and the Federalist Papers
From the Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia. Includes Hamilton's letters to Angelica Schuyler Church.

Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson: A Comprehensive, Annotated Bibliography of Writings About Him, 1826-1997. Edited by Frank Shuffelton.
Search, or browse by author or year.

Jefferson, Thomas. The Papers of Thomas Jefferson. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1950-
31 volumes published to date.
Dana Call Number: E302 .J463

Thomas Jefferson Digital Archive
The Library of America selection of Jefferson's writings, as well as additional resources, online at the University of Virginia

Papers of Thomas Jefferson [Selected]
An Avalon Project collection.

Thomas Jefferson Papers
Approximately 27,000 documents ranging in date from 1606 to 1827.

James Madison

Selected Works of James Madison
From the Constitution Society.

James Madison Papers
Approximately 12,000 items, including letters, personal notes, drafts of legislation, legal and financial documents, and an autobiography. Site also includes an essay on James Madison and the Federal Constitutional Convention of 1787.

Madison's Notes on the Debates in the Federal Convention of 1787

Thomas Paine

The Contents of Thomas Paine's Writings Containing the Major & Minor Works, and Letters of Thomas Paine
From the Thomas Paine National Historical Association.

George Washington

George Washington Papers
The online version of the George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress offers access to the complete collection (approximately 65,000 items) from the Library's Manuscript Division.

First Inaugural Address. April 30, 1789.

Second Inaugural Address of George Washington. March 4, 1793.

Farewell Address

The Press

The Press and the American Revolution. Edited by Bernard Bailyn and John B. Hench. Boston, Northeastern University Press, 1980.
Dana Call Number: PN4861 .P7 1981

The Pennsylvania Gazette, 1729-1800
Benjamin Franklinís newspaper, the major newspaper of the time. Searchable.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

American Periodicals Series Online 1740-1900
The full text of articles, advertisements, illustrations etc., from American popular and literary magazines and journals that began publication between 1741 and 1900. Search by author, title, article type, publication title, date, and keywords in the full-text.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

The Virginia Gazette
Browse the full run of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780)

Early American Newspapers
Microform (microcard and microfilm) collection of early American newspapers based on Clarence Brigham's History and Bibliography of American Newspapers, 1690-1820 (2 vols, Worchester, MA: American Antiquarian Society, 1947; additions and corrections, 1961). [DANA Ref Z6951 .B86 1962] Scope expanded to include some titles published up to 1900.

While the Dana Library does not own this collection, many of the titles are owned by the Rutgers Libraries and individual reels can be requested for delivery to Dana. A list of the titles available included in this series is available online. Individual titles can be located by searching IRIS, the Rutgers' online catalog. The collection includes fourteen 18th and 19th century New Jersey newspapers.

Religion and the Republic

Religion and the Founding of the American Republic
Explores the role of religion in shaping early American life and politics and forming the American Republic as illustrated by early American books, manuscripts, letters, art and music. Virtual exhibit from the Library of Congress.

Early Virginia Religious Petitions
Images of 423 petitions submitted to the Virginia legislature between 1774 and 1802.

Divining America: Religion and the National Culture: The Seventeenth and the Eighteenth Centuries
Scholarly essays, most with bibliography/links to resources.


While documents relating to women and women's issues in the early republic can be found scattered among other digital collections, somewhat surprisingly even the Library of Congress has yet to compile any discrete digital collections in this area. There are however, some useful printed collections, and well as microform collections, available.

Women, the Family, and Freedom: the Debate in Documents. Edited by Susan Groag Bell & Karen M. Offen. Stanford, Calif. : Stanford University Press, 1983. 2 vols.
Contents: v. 1. 1750-1880 -- v. 2. 1880-1950.
Dana Call Number: HQ1588.W645 1983

Women's Rights in the United States: A Documentary History. Edited by Winston E. Langley and Vivian C. Fox. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1994.
125 documents, each proceeded by an explanatory paragraph. Chronological arrangement; Part I: Colonial Period to the Adoption of the Constitution; Part II: The Republican Order and the Cracks in Its Design, 1790-1865.
Dana Call Number: Ref. HQ1236.5.U6W68 1994

Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000
Books, images, essays, and primary documents organized around "document projects" that pose a question relating to the role of women in U.S. social movements. Also allows you to go directly to documents relating to specific Social Movements, or you can view documents by date.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

History of Women, Guide to the Microfilm Collection. Woodbridge, CT : Research Publications, 1983.
Guide to 1248 reel collection owned by the Rutgers Alexander Library. The collection includes books, pamphlets, periodicals, manuscripts, and photographs produced up to 1920. Holdings primarily based on the Sophia Smith Collection at Smith College and the Schlesinger Library at Radcliffe, augmented by collections contributed by other institutions.
You can also browse through an Online Guide, or Search the collection guide. [Select History of Women as the "Collection Title." to be searched.]
Dana Call Number: Ref. HQ1121.R474 1983

Adams, Abigail. Letters of Mrs. Adams, the Wife of John Adams. 2d edition. Boston, C.C. Litle and J. Brown, 1840. 2 vols.
Dana Call Number: E322.2 .A31

Works by Judith Sargent Murray
Essays and articles, including On the Equality of the Sexes (1790).

Bennett, Rev. John. Strictures on Female Education. Worcester, Mass., Isaiah Thomas, 1795.

The Dolly Madison Project
From the Virginia Center for Digital History.

Muse and Confidante: The Angelica Schuyler Church Archive
Virtual exhibit from the University of Virginia Library.

Wright, Robert E. Women and Finance in the Early National U.S.. Essays in History 42 (2000).

New Jersey

New Jersey in the American Revolution: 1763-1783: A Documentary History

The Constitution of New Jersey (1776)


North American As Divided Among the European Powers. Samuel Dunn, 1774.

The American Revolution and Its Era: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750-1789
Over 2000 digitized cartographic items.

The Rochambeau Map Collection
40 manuscript and 20 printed maps, as well as a manuscript atlas, dating from 1717 to 1795. These maps were used by the Comte de Rochambeau, the commander in chief of the French expeditionary army, during the American Revolution.

The United States, 1783-1803
From Shepherd's Historical Atlas (1923).

Natalie Borisovets (
John Cotton Dana Library
October 4, 2005