Rutgers University Libraries Film & Popular Culture: Primary Sources


This guide focuses on resources for locating primary source materials relating to specific films from the first half of the twentieth century. For other resources see the Cinema Studies research guide.

Library Basics

Restricted Access

Many of the resources listed in the sections below are marked Restricted Access. You should have no problem connecting to these from any networked computer on campus. However, in order to use these from off-campus, you must log in with your Rutgers NetID. For instructions see the Libraries' Remote Access to Library Resources.

Off-Campus Links

Once you have gone to a Rutgers Libraries page and logged in with your NetID [your pegasus username and password] you can use the "Off-Campus Link" provided for each Rutgers-restricted resource below to connect to that database or article. Use the link embedded in the citation to access these resources on campus.

E-Reserves

To get to readings that your instructor may have placed on Reserve in the Library, click here. Once you get to the Lookup box, the easiest way to get to the right list is to search by the Instructor's name.

IRIS: Find Books

IRIS is the online catalog for all the Rutgers University Libraries except the Newark and Camden Law Libraries. Use IRIS to find out if the Rutgers Libraries have the specific books or journals that you need, or to locate books on topics that you're researching. Show Me How

Getting Books From Other Rutgers Libraries

If a book that you need is not available (not owned/checked out) at the Dana Library, but is available from another Rutgers Library, you can request delivery of that book to Dana by bringing up the record for the book in IRIS and clicking on tbe Deliver/Recall button. Show Me

Book Not Available/Not Owned by the Rutgers Libraries?

The fastest way to get a copy of a book that is not owned or not available (checked out/on Reserve/missing etc.) at the Rutgers Libraries is to request it through E-Z Borrow. E-Z Borrow books are normally received within about five working days. Tell Me More

If a book is not owned by the Rutgers Libraries and is not available via E-Z Borrow, you can place an Interlibrary Loan request. Tell Me More

Becoming an 'Expert' User

Want to maximize your use of Library resources? Check out Searchpath, the Libraries' interactive tutorial.

Citing Your Sources

You will most likely be using Chicago/Turabian style when citing the sources that you use in your research papers. The Chicago Manual of Style and Turabian's Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations are both available at the Dana Library Reference Desk. The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison also has a nice introduction to Chicago/Turabian Documentation that will give you the basic information you need to create bibliographic citations.

The above site does not, however, cover citing online resources. The Library of Congress has a guide on How to Cite Electronic Sources that show Turabian-style examples; the Bedford/St. Martin's site also offers useful information on Using Chicago Style to Cite and Document Sources

You can also import references from IRIS and many of the electronic databases into RefWorks, a web-based bibliography and database manager. RefWorks will build your bibliography for you based on whatever style sheet you specify (MLA, Chicago, etc.). For information on setting up your (free) RefWorks account see the RefWorks FAQ.

Not sure when you need to cite something? Check out the Plagiarism Guide

Remember that plagerism is a violation of the Rutgers University Policy on Academic Integrity for Undergraduate and Graduate Students and could result in your dismissal from the University!


The Films and Film Ephemera

The Sheik (1921)
Video. A better digitized version is available if you're willing to watch the film broken up into 9 segments: just go to Google Video and search: "the sheik" 1921.
Modern Times (1936)
1/9 part; 2/9 part
3/9 part; 4/9 part
5/9 part; 6/9 part
7/9 part; 8/9 part
9/9 part
Modern Times Trailer
A trailer used to promote the film.
Modern Times (1936)
The Virtual History Film site includes some stills from Modern Times.
Chaplin: Modern Times
July 14, 1936 review from The Guardian (London).
Casablanca Trailer
The trailer used to promote the film.
Casablanca Posters
Advertising posters.
Prelinger Archive
Online collection of some 2000 ephemeral (advertising, educational, industrial, and amateur) films produced since 1927.

Finding Early Film Reviews

  • Film Review Index. 2 vols
  • Patricia King Hanson & Stephen L. Hanson, editors. Phoenix, Ariz., Oryx Press, 1986-
    Dana Call Number: Ref. PN1995 .F513 1986
  • Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature. 1900- .
  • Dana Call Number: Ref. AI3. R48
  • Periodicals Index Online
  • Indexes many journals from the first half of the 20th century; includes a growing archive of full-text articles.
    Off-Campus Access Restricted Access
  • Historical New York Times
  • Allows you to search and display the full image of articles published in the New York Times back to 1851. You can search the New York Times for film and books reviews, ads, and news articles relating to relevant themes and issues.
    Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.
  • American Periodicals Series Online 1740-1900
  • The full text of articles, advertisements, illustrations etc., from American popular and literary magazines and journals that began publication between 1741 and 1900. If you wish you can limit your document type to "Review" or "Ad."
    Off-Campus Access Restricted Access
  • Variety Film Reviews, 1907-1984.. 19 vols.
  • New York, Garland Pub., 1983- .
    Reproduction of reviews published in Variety. Vol. 2: 1921-1925; Vol.5: 1934-1937; Vol.6: 1938-1942.
    Not in Dana Library. Available from Alexander and Kilmer: Ref. PN1995 .V34 1983

    Finding Topical Information

    Periodical Indexes

    Many of the resources that you can use to locate film reviews are also useful for locating articles that may relate to events, themes, or issues dealt within the film.

  • Readers' Guide to Periodical Literature. 1900- . Dana Call Number: Ref. AI3. R48
  • The Readers Guide is an excellent source for finding articles in general and popular magazines.
  • Periodicals Index Online
  • Indexes many journals from the first half of the 20th century; includes a growing archive of full-text articles.
    Off-Campus Access Restricted Access
  • Historical New York Times
  • Allows you to search and display the full image of articles published in the New York Times back to 1851.
    Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.
  • American Periodicals Series Online 1740-1900
  • The full text of articles, advertisements, illustrations etc., from American popular and literary magazines and journals that began publication between 1741 and 1900.
    Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

    Other Thematic Resources

  • Those "Foreigners"
  • Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930
    Online collection of approximately 1,800 books and pamphlets as well as 9,000 photographs, 200 maps and 13,000 pages from Harvard manuscript and archival collections. You can browse by topic or theme, or search by keyword or ethnic group.
    Ventures Among the Arabs in Desert, Tent, and Town: Thirteen Years of Pioneer Missionary Life With the Ishmaelites of Moab, Edom and Arabia
    Archibald Forder. New York, Gospel Publishing House, 1909.
    Behind the Veil in Persia and Turkish Arabia: An Account of an Englishwoman's Eight Years' Residence Amongst The Women of the East
    M.E. Hume-Griffith. Philadelphia, J.R. Lippincott Company, 1909.
    The Movies, Race, and Ethnicity: Images of Arabs and the Middle East
    Annotated filmography from the Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley. For some films includes selected reviews and articles.
    Eugenic Laws Restricting Immigration
    Virtual exhibit with accompanying essay by Paul Lombardo. From the Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement
    "Two Immigrants Out of Five Feebleminded," The Survey 38, September 14, 1917, 528-529.
    Report published in the leading social work journal of the day on a 1913 study by psychologists at the Training School in Vineland, N.J. who spent two and a half months at Ellis Island administering intelligence tests to immigrants ("35 Jews, 22 Hungarians, 50 Italians and 45 Russians"). The study concluded that two out of every five immigrants studied was feeblemined.
    Biological Aspects of Immigration
    Testimony of Harry L. Laughlin before the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, April 16-17, 1920.

  • African-Americans
  • The Movies, Race, and Ethnicity: African Americans
    Annotated filmography from the Media Resources Center, UC Berkeley. For some films includes selected reviews and articles.
    "Harlem: Mecca of the New Negro," Survey Graphic March 1925.
    Devoted to African-American arts and letters, this is probably the single most famous issue of Survey Graphic which began publication in 1921 as a companion to The Survey, the premier social work journal in the 1920s. Written in a stytle that was accessible to the general public, Survey Graphic focused on important social issues such as race, housing, labor, unemployment, education and healthcare, and had considerable influence on public policy.
    Barnett, Claude A. " The Role of the Press, Radio, and Motion Picture and Negro Morale," The Journal of Negro Education 12(3), Summer 1943, 474-489.
    Part of a special issue on "The American Negro in World War I and World War II."
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access
    The Black Worker: A Documentary History from Colonial Times to the Present
    Edited by Philip S. Foner and Ronald L. Lewis. Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1978-
    Currently eight volumes of primary documents.
    Dana Call Number: E185.B59

  • Manufacturing, Labor and the Great Depression
  • "Mass Production." 1926
    "In this Encyclopedia Britannica entry, Henry Ford discusses the origins, principles, and effects of mass production, specifying what mass production is and is not. He responds to criticism of the mass-production system on the assembly line, addressing charges that mass-production work is monotonous and places man under the command of machines."
    Milk Spray Aids Sun Tan
    Mass producing sun tans. Illustration from Popular Science (May, 1938).
    Guaranteed Parts in Seneca Falls. View of Assembly Line. 1940s?
    Valley Town
    Documentary that premiered at the 1940 Steel Workers' Organizing Committee convention. "This is the story of how machines made a "boom" town with factories running at top speed, stores crowded with shoppers, money flowing freely - and of how more machines broke it. It considers the problem of capable men thrown out of good jobs because of high-speed machinery. It gives an idea of what it does to the spirit of a man and of the effect on a family. Finally it offers as one solution the constant training of adults to keep them abreast of new developments ready for new and better jobs."

    Photojournalist Arthur Rothstein (1915-1985) worked for the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s, documenting the effects of the economic depression aroung the country.

    New York City Unemployment Line
    Free Coffee & Doughnuts For the Unemployed
    Cornell University's Kheel Center for Labor Management Documentation and Archives
    In addition to their famous online collection of documents relating at the 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, this site also has annotated guides to primary resources on Agricultural labor, Women and Work, Radicals and Reactionaries, African-American Labor, etc.
    The Black Worker: A Documentary History from Colonial Times to the Present
    Edited by Philip S. Foner and Ronald L. Lewis. Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 1978-
    Currently eight volumes of primary documents.
    Dana Call Number: E185.B59

  • The New Deal
  • New Deal Network
    Virtual library of over 20,000 photographs, political cartoons, and texts (articles, speeches, letters, and othe documents). Includes a Document Library organized by topic, a New Deal Photo Gallery, selections of the press conferences of the various New Deal Work Relief agencies, and a Labor in the 1930s Bibliography.
    A New Deal for the American Indian. Literary Digest April 7, 1938.

  • War
  • Hamilton, Alice. "Sound and Fury in Germany," Survey Graphic November 1933.
    Powers of Persuasion: Poster Art from World War II
    Online exhibit from the National Archives
    World War II Propaganda, Cartoons, Film, Music & Art
    Very useful collection of links.
    Government Information Manual for the Motion Picture Industry
    Washington, D.C., Office of War Information. Bureau of Motion Pictures, 1942.
    Historic Government Publications from World War II: A Digital Library
    Search or browse a collection of over 300 United States government documents produced during World War II. Emphasis on 'home-front' publications.Catalog records include extended description of contents; publications available as pdf or html (jpeg) files. Digital project from the Southern Methodist University Libraries.
    This Is Your Victory
    Winston Churchill. May 8, 1945 news broadcast.

    Finding Films

    Want to know if the Rutgers Libraries own a particular film?

    Select Advanced Search in IRIS, the Libraries' online catalog. Enter the title into the "TITLE" search box, and select Visual Materials from the format pull-down menu.
    Videos/DVDs owned by the Dana Library are available for viewing in the Media Center on the 4th floor of Dana Library.
    Videos that are only available from the Media Center in New Brunswick must be booked BY FACULTY for class viewing. All other users must view materials on-site at the Media Center on the Livingston Campus. Advance reservations for viewing rooms are recommended. Undergraduate students may make reservations no earlier than 24 hours in advance. To make a reservation, call 445-4980 (x155).

    Corrections?
    Natalie Borisovets (natalieb@andromeda.rutgers.edu)
    John Cotton Dana Library
    October 8, 2007