Rutgers University Libraries Social Welfare Policy and Services

The Basics

Rutgers-restricted Access

Many of the resources listed in the sections below are marked Rutgers-restricted Access. You should have no problem connecting to these from any networked computer on campus. However, in order to use these resources from off-campus, you must log in with your Rutgers NetID. For instructions see the Libraries' Remote Access to Library Resources.

Off-Campus Access

When working from home or some other off-campus locations, you can use the "Off-Campus Link" provided for each Rutgers-restricted resource below to login with your Rutgers NetID and connect to that database or article. Use the link embedded in the citation to access these resources on campus.

IRIS: Find Books

IRIS is the online catalog for all the Rutgers University Libraries except the Newark and Camden Law Libraries. Many of the sections below include suggestions for searching IRIS to locate other books on the topic(s) covered in that section. Show Me How

Getting Books From Other Rutgers Libraries

If a book that you need is not available (not owned/checked out) at the Dana Library, but is available from another Rutgers Library, you can request delivery of that book to Dana by bringing up the record for the book in IRIS and clicking on tbe Deliver/Recall button. Show Me

Book Not Available/Not Owned by the Rutgers Libraries?

The fastest way to get a copy of a book that is not owned or not available (checked out/on Reserve/missing etc.) at the Rutgers Libraries is to request it through E-Z Borrow. E-Z Borrow books are normally received within about five working days. Tell Me More

If a book is not owned by the Rutgers Libraries and is not available via E-Z Borrow, you can place an Interlibrary Loan request. Tell Me More

Finding Articles plus

Social Sciences Full Text
The basic index for finding articles in the social sciences. Indexes over 550 of the core, English language journals in social science disciplines including sociology and social work, public administration, political science, public welfare, and urban studies. Indexes many journals back to 1982 and, beginning with 1995, includes many full-text articles.
Off-Campus Link Rutgers-restricted Access.

Need More?

While Social Sciences Full Text will usually give you what you need for a basic research paper, if you're working on a more extensive project, or a more specialized topic, you will probably need to use an index that focuses on a specific discipline. You'll find links to some of these in the Finding Articles section below.

Becoming an 'Expert' User

Want to maximize your use of Library resources? Check out Searchpath, the Libraries' interactive tutorial.

Citing Your Sources

You must use the APA (American Psychological Association) style when citing the sources you used for your research paper. The APA Publication Manual is available at the Dana Library Reference Desk. The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison also has an excellent introduction to APA Documentation that will give you the basic information you need to create APA citations and reference lists.

The APA Style Guide to Electronic References is also available online from the Rutgers University Libraries.

You can also import references from IRIS and many of the electronic databases into RefWorks, a web-based bibliography and database manager. RefWorks will build your bibliography for you based on whatever style sheet you specify (MLA, Chicago, etc.). For information on setting up your (free) RefWorks account see the RefWorks FAQ.

Not sure when you need to cite something? Check out the Plagiarism Guide

Remember that plagerism is a violation of the Rutgers University Policy on Academic Integrity for Undergraduate and Graduate Students and could result in your dismissal from the University!

Getting Started: Basic Reference Works

Encyclopedia of Social Work. 20th edition. New York, National Association of Social Workers, 2008.
Almost always a good place to begin your research. About 400 lengthy signed articles with bibliographies on topics felt to be of particular relevance of social work, as well as 200 brief biographies of key figures in the history of social work. Many articles include a historical overview.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Encyclopedia of Social Welfare History in North America. John M. Herrick and Paul H. Stuart (eds.). Thousand Oakes, California: Sage Publications, 2005.
Another useful source. 180 essays, most signed, on the people, topics, and organizations that were important to the development of social welfare policies, services, and institutions in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Most entries have suggestions for "Further Reading," and many include references to relevant primary source collections as well as to published primary sources. A "Reader's Guide" (pp. x to xvi) lists entries by country and category.
Dana Call Number: Ref. HV12 .E497 2005

Social Welfare in America: An Annotated Bibliography. Walter I. Trattner and W. Andrew Achenbaum (eds.). Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1983.
Annotated bibliography divided into chapters on: "The process and progress of social welfare;" "Caring for the infant and child;" "Addressing the problems of youth;" 'Relieving the domestic crises of adulthood;" and "Coping with the difficulties of old age." Each chapter includes a breakdown by historical period, as well as references categorized by "Racial/Ethnic;" "Gender-Specific;" and "Class."
Dana Call Number: Ref. HV91 .S6 1983

Overview of Entitlement Programs: 2004 Green Book
Biennial publication of data as well as the history and description of the social and economic programs including Social Security, employment, welfare, child support, the elderly, and families with children, under the jurisdiction of the House Committee on Ways and Means.

2008 Green Book
Individual sections of the latest Green Book are being posted to the House Ways and Means site prior to full publication.

Platt, Anthony M. and Cooreman, Jenifer L. " A Multicultural Chronology of Welfare Policy and Social Work in the United States," Social Justice 28(1), Spring 2001, 91-137.
"This chronology is designed to introduce future social workers to significant events, policies, people, and publications in the history of welfare policy and social work in the United States...Issues of race and racism, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexuality are central to the chronology's perspective." Includes a extensive bibliography.
Off-Campus Link Rutgers-restricted Access

Social Welfare Policy: How We Got Here

Origins and Development

The Poor Laws
Origins and evolution of the Poor Laws, with links to the full texts of the Acts. Note: Select "Poor Laws" from the left-hand menu. Part of Peter Higginbotham's site on The Workhouse.

Quigley, William P. Five Hundred Years of English Poor Laws, 1349-1834: Regulating the Working and Nonworking Poor," Akron Law Review 30(1), Fall 1996, 73-128.
"English poor laws have been a major influence on subsequent social legislation and regulation of the working poor in the United States...This article will review how the working and the nonworking poor were regulated by 500 years of English poor laws. It will conclude with ideas about the principles which have since evolved to regulate the working and nonworking poor." Includes a discussion of the role of the Church--and Biblical precepts--in the development of the poor laws.

The Historical Development of the Social Security Act
By Dr. Abe Bortz, the first historian of the Social Security Administration. Overview of social policy developments from the Elizabethan Poor Laws to the passage of the Social Security Act of 1935.

The 20th Century: How They Saw It

Brace, Charles Loring. The Dangerous Classes of New York and Twenty Years' Work Among Them. New York, 1872.
"My great object in the present work is to prove to society...that the cheapest and most efficacious way of dealing with the 'Dangerous Classes' of large cities, is not to punish them, but to prevent their growth; to throw the influences of education and discipline and religion about the abandoned and destitute youth of our largest towns; to so change their material circumstances, and draw them under the influence of the moral and fortunate classes, that they shall grow up as useful producers and members of society, able and inclined to aid it in its progress."

Riis, Jacob. How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York. New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1890.

On the Lower East Side: Observations of Life in Lower Manhattan at the Turn of the Century
A collection of turn of the century articles and other documentary sources accompanied by introductory materials.

Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York, Doubleday, 1906.
Novel focusing on the Chicago stockyards at the turn of the 20th century and often credited with being the catalyst for the establishment of the Food and Drug Administration and the subsequent meat industry inspection standards. An audio version also available.

Addams, Jane. Twenty Years at Hull-House with Autobiographical Notes. New York, Macmillan Company, 1911.

Addams, Jane. The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets. New York, The Macmillan Company, 1912.

Survey Graphic
Survey Graphic began publication in 1921 as a companion to The Survey, the premier social work journal in the 1920s. Written in a stytle that was accessible to the general public, Survey Graphic focused on important social issues such as race, housing, labor, unemployment, education and healthcare, and had considerable influence on public policy.
Dana Library has volumes 16-37, 1929-1948, of Survey Graphic downstairs in the Lower Level (Shelved by Title).

Volumes 22 to 37 (1933-1948) of the Survey Graphic are available online from the Internet Archive.

Selections from Survey Graphic are also available at the following sites:

The New Deal & the World War II Era

New Deal Network
Virtual library of over 20,000 photographs, political cartoons, and texts (articles, speeches, letters, and othe documents). Includes a Document Library organized by topic, a New Deal Photo Gallery, selections of the press conferences of the various New Deal Work Relief agencies, and a Labor in the 1930s Bibliography.

Why Social Security?
Booklet published by the Social Security Board in 1937 to explain the rationale underlying the new Social Security program.

Gerber, Larry G. "World War II and the Expansion of Government in America," National Forum 75(4), Fall 1995, 30-33.
Essay on the impact of World War II on the growth of the federal government, and its new iniatives in the areas of health, education, welfare, and civil rights.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Knapp, Gretchen. " Experimental Social Policymaking During World War II: The United Service Organizations (USO) and American War-Community Services (AWCS)," Journal of Policy History 12(3), 2000, 321-338.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

The 1950s and 1960s

Reese, Ellen. "The Politics of Motherhood: The Restriction of Poor Mothers' Welfare Rights in the United States, 1949-1960," Social Politics 8(1), 2001, pp.65-112.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Proposal for a Nationwide War on the Sources of Poverty
Lyndon B. Johnson's Special Message to Congress, March 16, 1964. From the Modern History Sourcebook.

The War on Poverty
Overview. Kent B. Germany, the University of Virginia.

Aleshire, Robert A. "Power to the People: An Assessment of the Community Action and Model Cities Experience," Public Administration Review 32 (Special Issue), September 1972, 428-443.
Dana Call Number: Periodical, Shelved by Title

Flanagan, R. M. " Lyndon Johnson, Community Action, and the Management of the Administrative State," Presidential Studies Quarterly 31 (4), December 2001, 585-608.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

The War on Poverty: Unfinished Business
New England Journal of Public Policy, 20(1), Fall 2004/Winter 2005, Entire Issue.
Forty years later, the successes and failures of the War on Poverty.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

The Civil Rights Act of 1964

The 1970s and 1980s

Danzinger, Sheldon. Welfare Reform Policy From Nixon to Clinton: What Role for Social Science?
1998 conference paper; revised December 1999.

King, Desmond. "Sectionalism and Policy Formation in the United States: Presdent Carter's Welfare Initiatives," British Journal of Political Science 26(3), July 1996, 337-367.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

O'Connor, John. "U.S. Social Welfare Policy: The Reagan Record and Legacy, Journal of Social Policy 27(1), January 1998, 37-61.
Off-Campus Access

Thomas, Alexander R. "Ronald Reagan and the Commitment of the Mentally Ill: Capital, Interest Groups, and the Eclipse of Social Policy," Electronic Journal of Sociology, 1998.

The Reagan Record: An Assessment of America's Changing Domestic Priorities. Edited by John L. Palmer and Isabel V. Sawhill. Cambridge, Mass., Ballinger Pub., 1984.
Dana Call Number: HC106.8 .R42 1984

The 90s and Beyond

Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996: Summary of Provisions. August 1996.
From the National Association of Social Workers.

Weil, Alan and Finegold, Kenneth. "Introduction," IN Welfare Reform: The Next Act. Washington, D.C., Urban Institute Press, 2002.

Assessing the New Federalism
For over a decade this Urban Institute policy center tracked "how children and families are faring and how program structure, financing, and administration are changing as the federal government transfers authority for health and social welfare programs to states." The ANF project has changed focus to become Low Income Working Families project, with a new emphasize on "the private and public sector context for families' success or failure." You can browse reports by issues, sectors, places, or affected populations.

Linhorst, Donald M. " Federalism and Social Justice: Implications for Social Work," Social Work 47(3), July 2002, 201-208.

Whitener, Leslie A., Weber, Bruce A., and Duncan, Greg J. "Introduction: As the Dust Settles: Welfare Reform and Rural America," IN Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform. Kalamazoo, MI, 2002.

The Obama Agenda
The Obama Administration's position on the social and political issues facing the U.S.

Public Policy Issues

Social Work Speaks: National Association of Social Workers Policy Statements: 2006-2009. National Association of Social Workers. 7th edition. Washington, D.C., 2006.
64 policy statements, including 22 new statements approved by the 2005 NASW Delegate Assembly, designed to guide policy advocacy and legal action. Topic areas include adolescents, aging, behavioral health, child welfare, community, discrimination and equity issues, education, employment, ethnicity and race, families and children, family planning, gender issues, health, 'macro issues,' political action, social work professional statements, substance abuse, and violence. Each statement includes background information, a statement of issues, the policy statement, and a list of references.
Dana Call Number: Ref HV88 .N686 2006

NASW Policy Statements Abstracts
Brief summanries of the Social Work Speaks policy statements.

CQ Researcher
Extensive collection of weekly reports from Congressional Quarterly. Each report offers data, a variety of opinion, and a bibliography on a specific 'hot' issue.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access.

Almanac of Policy Issues
Background information, archived documents, and links on major U.S. public policy issues.

Public Agenda Online
A nonpartisan, nonprofit public opinion research and citizen education organization, Public Agenda offers background information, in-depth analyses and opinion studies on a variety of public policy issues.

New Jersey Public Policy Research Institute
"The New Jersey Public Policy Research Institute, (NJPPRI) identifies, analyzes and disseminates information critical to informed public policy development in and for the African-American community in New Jersey and the region."

Keeping Up With the News

Today's News

Many newspapers allow you to register and receive free access to at least a portion of that day's published articles.

The New York Times
The Washington Post
The Star-Ledger

All the News

Access World News
Access to the full text of over 600 U.S. and over 700 international newspapers. Includes access to the Newark Star-Ledger back to 1989.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Historical Accounts

Historical New York Times
Allows you to search and display the full image of articles published in the New York Times back to 1851. The two+ most recent years are not included; use Access World News to find more recent articles.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

Finding Scholarly Articles plus: Indexes

This is a selected list of databases that you may find useful. There are many other indexes that may focus more specifically on the particular topic that you are researching. Check out the complete list of Rutgers online indexes and databases.

There are also two other indexes that may be especially useful when dealing with public policy issues.

And if you're looking for articles relating to the history of social welfare services and policies, you'll want to use America: History and Life, the premier index to American history:

Target Populations

Women and Children

Women and Children in the Labor Force

Alexander Hamilton. Report on Manufactures. December 5, 1791.
Excerpt from Secretary of the Treasury Hamilton's report to the House of Representatives on how he thinks industries should operate in the new nation. Section 3 ("As to the additional employment of classes of the community not originally engaged in the particular business") encourages the employment in manufacturing of women and children "who are rendered more useful...than they would otherwise be."

The Triangle Factory Fire
Cornell University Kheel Center's virtual exhibit of photographs, primary documents, and oral histories relating to the 1911 fire in a New York City sweatshop.

"Child Labor Laws," IN Growth of Labor Law in the United States. U.S. Department of Labor, 1967, pp.7-58.
Historical development and evolution of federal and state child labor legislation.
Dana Call Number: SuDocs L1.2:L41/967

McGill, Nettie. Child Labor in New Jersey: Part 3: The Working Children of Newark and Paterson. Washington, DC, Children's Bureau, 1931
One of a series of studies of child welfare in New Jersey by the Children's Bureau in 1925. According to the 1920 census, 25 percent of Newark's 14 and 15 year-olds were in the work force. Looks at data relating to termination of school life, occupations, wages, unemployment and steadiness at work.

Moehling, Carolyn M. "State Child Labor Laws and the Decline of Child Labor," Explorations in Economic History 36(1), 1999, 72-106.
"Between 1880 and 1930, the occupation rate of children age 10 to 15 fell by over 75%. This paper examines whether state laws restricting the employment of child labor contributed to this decline."
Off-Campus Link Rutgers-restricted Access

Child Labor Reform Exhibit
From the Wirtz Labor Library at the U.S. Department of Labor.

Stadum, Beverly. "The Dilemma in Saving Children From Child Labor: Reform and Casework at Odds With Families' Needs (1900-1938)," Child Welfare 74(1), January/February 1995, 33-55.
"This article...[examines] the role of social workers in implementing the new reforms and the reactions of parents and children in low-income households who were affected by the legislative changes."
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

Kleinberg, S.J. " Children's and Mothers' Wage Labor in Three Eastern U.S. Cities, 1880-1920," Social Science History 29(1), 2005, 45-76.
"Explores the variations in children's and mothers' labor...between 1880 and 1920. It finds that child labor and education legislation resulted in a decrease in children's employment and increased the likelihood that mothers would take paid jobs."
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.


Women's Rights in the United States : A Documentary History / edited by Winston E. Langley and Vivian C. Fox. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1994.
Key primary documents including speeches and letters, congressional testimony, court decisions, government reports, position papers, statutes, and news stories. From the Colonial period through 1993.
Dana Call Number: Ref. HQ1236.5.U6W68 1994

Huls, Mary Ellen. United States Government Documents on Women, 1800-1990 : A Comprehensive Bibliography. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1993. 2 v.
Almost 7,000 entries, many with short annotations, of reports produced by U.S. agencies, commissions, and Congress "on women or on topics directly affecting women's health and welfare" published between 1800 and 1990. Topical arrangement: "Suffrage and Political Participation," "Education," "Violence Against Women," "Female Offenders," "Pay Equity," "The Women's Bureau," etc.
Dana Call Number: Ref HQ1410.H85 1993

Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000
Books, images, essays, and primary documents organized around "document projects" that pose a question relating to the role of women in U.S. social movements. Also allows you to go directly to documents relating to specific Social Movements.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

Violence Against Women - Federal Legislation and Regulations
From the Justice Department's Office on Violence Against Women.

Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003


Orphans, Adoption and Foster Care

Olasky, Marvin. The Rise and Fall of American Orphanages
Chapter 5 of Rethinking Orphanages for the 21st Century. Richard B. McKenzie, editor. Thousand Oaks, Calif., Sage, 1999.

Brace, Charles Loring. "The Life of the Street Rats," Excerpt from The Dangerous Classes of New York and Twenty Years Work Among Them. New York, Wynkoop & Hallenbeck, 1872.
Founder of New York City's Children's Aid Society, Brace began the "orphan trains" program that sent thousands of New York area "orphans" to families in the Mid-West.

Cook, Jeanne F. "A History of Placing-Out: The Orphan Trains," Child Welfare 74(1), January/February 1995, 181-197.
"Between 1854 and 1930, the placing-out or orphan train strategy, considered to be the forerunner of modern family foster care, relocated approximately 150,000 children and youths from the city of New York to families in the Midwest."
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Adoption History Project
Rich collection of primary and secondary sources relating to the history of adoption in the United States. Includes a timeline, a section on important individuals and organizations, and essays, documents, and suggestions for further reading organized by Topics in Adoption History. Site maintained by Ellen Herman in the Department of History at the University of Oregon.

Adoption and Foster Care Statistics
From the Children's Bureau (CB), one of the bureaus within the Administration for Children and Families, of the Department of Health and Human Services.

Federal Foster Care Financing: How and Why the Current Funding Structure Fails to Meet the Needs of the Child Welfare Field. ASPE Issue Brief. Updated August 2005.

Frame, Laura. "Suitable Homes Revisited: An Historical Look at Child Protection and Welfare Reform," Children and Youth Services Review 21(9/10), 1999, 719-754.
"A review of selected events highlights the problems encountered when welfare-based social services attempt to perform a child protection function, problems that are particularly relevant given current concerns that welfare reform will intensify the poverty experienced by already precarious families."
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Today's Children

The State of America's Children 2008
"In-depth analyses of the current status of family income, child health, child care and early childhood development, education, child welfare, and youth development." From the Children's Defense Fund.

Children in New Jersey
Data from the Children's Defense Fund.

State Child Welfare Legislation 2006. December 2007.
"The legislation described here reflects emerging issues and key legislative trends related to child welfare... The report also discusses new laws that address important issues in the child welfare field or institute substantial changes in child welfare practice or administration." From the National Conference of State Legislatures

America's Children 2009. Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office.
Annual reports from the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics.

Kids Count 2009
Project of the Annie E. Casey Foundation, annually tracks the status of children in the U.S., nationally and state-by-state. New Jersey Profile. Also includes Right Start data on newborns by city and state and 2000 Census Data on children.

National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW) 1997-2010.
Survey mandated by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Looks at the characterisitcs of the children and families that come into contact with the child welfare system; the pathways and services they experience while in the system; and the short and longer-term effects of the experience for these children and families.

Scarcella, Cynthia Andrews et. al. The Cost of Protecting Vulnerable Children IV: How Child Welfare Funding Fared During the Recession. Washington, D.C., The Urban Institute, 2004.
Examines "the amount states spent on child welfare activities in state fiscal year (SFY) 2002, the funding sources they used, how funds were used, and how funding has shifted since federal welfare reform and ASFA."

The Elderly

Some relevant subject headings that you can use in IRIS include:

Older People United States
Older People Services For United States
Aging United States

Thomas Paine. Agrarian Justice. 1797.
Paine advocated the creation of a national fund, financed by a tax on inherited property, that would pay every person 10 Pounds annually once they reached the age of 50.

Williamson, John B. " Old Age Relief Policy Prior to 1900," American Journal of Economics and Sociology 43(3), July 1984, 369-384.
"Between the 17th and the 19th centuries old age relief policy in America became increasingly restrictive."
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Gratton, Brian. " The Poverty of Impoverishment Theory: The Economic Well-Being of the Elderly, 1890-1950," Journal of Economic History 56(1), 1996, 39-61.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Older Americans 2008: Key Indicators of Well-Being Washington, D.C., Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics. 2008.
Chartbook relating to the health and well-being of Americans 65 and older.

Innovation in the Aging Network: The Future of Social Services for Older Americans. Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2006.
Hearing before the Special Committee on Aging, United States Senate, 109th Congress, 2d session, Washington, D.C., May 3, 2006.

Issues in Focus: Social Security Reform
Findings and links from the Urban Institute.

" Bush's House of Cards: The Privatization Fraud [Special section]," American Prospect 16(2), February 2005, p. A1-A23
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Hudson, Robert B. " The New Political Environment in Aging: Challenges to Policy and Practice," Families in Society 86(3). July/September 2005, 321-7.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access


Some relevant subject headings that you can use in IRIS include:

Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. New York, Macmillan, 1996. 5 vols plus Supplement (2001).
Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History: The Black Experience in the Americas. 2nd edition. Detroit, Macmillan, 2006. 6 vols.
Signed entries covering all aspects of African-American history and life. While the 2d edition expands the scope of the work beyond North America, it has only a little more than half of the number of entries found in the first edition. Many of the U.S.-centered articles (for example, entries on states and major cities) are not available in the 2d edition. About half of the articles that appear in both have been updated in the 2d edition. Bibliographic references. Together, a good starting point for research.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E185 .E54 1996.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E185 .E54 2006. Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Dictionary of Afro-American Slavery. Edited by John Randall Miller and John David Smith. New York, Greenwood, 1988.
Extensive collection of articles relating to slavery in the U.S. Bibliographic references.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E441 .D53 1988

Slavery in New York
New York Historical Society exhibit. Looks at slavery in New York from the 1600s to 1827 when it was legally abolished in New York State.

Aptheker, Herbert. A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States. 3 vols. New York, 1969.
Compilation of documents, including petitions, speeches, testimonies, reports, letters, and other writings, covering the years 1661 to 1945.
Dana Call Number: E185. A58

Carlton-LaNey, Iris. " African American Social Work Pioneers' Response to Need," Social Work 44(4), July 1999, 311-321.
"Discusses the fundamental values and principles that guided African American social work practice at the beginning of the century."
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access.

O'Donnell, Sandra M. "The Care of Dependent African-American Children in Chicago: The Struggle Between Black Self-Help and Professionalism," Journal of Social History 27, Summer 1994, 763-776.
"The African-American self-help tradition of caring for dependent children in Chicago was undermined by the increased organization and professionalization of social welfare provisions during the Progressive and the post-World War I eras."
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access.

Minter, Thomas K. and Alfred E Prettyman. "Education," Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. New York, Macmillan, 1996, vol. 2, pp. 846-876.
Overview of the history of African-American education from slavery thru current issues involving school choice. Includes a lengthy bibliography.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E185 .E54 1996.

Flicker, Douglas J. "From Roberts to Plessy: Educational Segregation and the 'Separate But Equal' Doctrine," The Journal of Negro History 84(4), Autumn 1999, 301-314.
Traces the history of legalized educational segregation.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access.

Murray, Charles A. Losing Ground: American Social Policy, 1950-1980. New York, Basic Books, 1984.
Dana Call Number: HN59 .M87 1984

Bane, Mary Jo. Race, Poverty and Public Policy. March 2005

Alston, Reginald J. "African Americans with Disabilities and the Social Security Administration's Return-to-Work Incentives," Journal of Disability Policy Studies 14(4), Spring 2004, 216-221.
Review of SSCI policies and the cultural variables specific to African Americans that may negate return-to-work incentives.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Quadagno, Jill. " Race and American Social Policy," National Forum 76(3), Summer 1996, 35-38.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Williams, David R. and Jackson, Pamela Braboy. "Social Sources of Racial Disparities in Health," Health Affairs 24(2), March/April 2005, 325-334.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Waites, Cheryl, ed. Social Work Practicw with African-American Families: An Intergenerational Perspective. New York, Routledge, 2008.
Dana Call Number: HV3181 .S613 2008


Latino Encyclopedia. Richard and Rafael Chabran, editors. New York, Marshall Cavendish, 1996. 6 vols.
More than 1900 entries ranging from several paragraphs to signed full-length articles with annotated bibliographies relating to the Latino experience in the United States.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E184 .S75L57 1996.

Latinos in the United States: A Historical Bibliography. Albert Camarillo (ed.), Santa Barbara, Calif., ABC-Clio, 1986.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E184 .S75L38 1986

Chicano Database
c. 1960- . Index to some 130 journals, as well as books, book chapters, popular magazines, and newspapers relating to Chicanos/Chicanas and Mexican Americans. From 1992 forward, includes records for material on the broader Latino experience, including Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans, and Central American immigrants.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Gutmann, Myron P. "A New Look at the Hispanic Population of the United States in 1910", Historical Methods 32(1), Winter 1999, 5-19.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

"From Exclusion to Expulsion: Mexicans and Tuberculosis in Los Angeles, 1914-1940," Bulletin of the History of Medicine 77(4), 2003, 823-849.
"The identification of tuberculosis with Mexicans during the 1920s...figured prominently in efforts to restrict their immigration in the 1920s, and in the deportation and repatriation drives of the 1930s."
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

Excerpt from California Mexican Fact-Finding Committee, Mexicans in California. Report of Governor C C Young's Mexican Fact-Finding Committee. Sacramento: State Printing Office, 1930.

McKay, Robert R. Mexican Americans and Repatriation
From the Handbook of Texas Online.

Martinez-Ebers, Valerie et at. "Latino Interests in Education, Health, and Criminal Justice Policy," PS: Political Science and Politics 33(3), September 2000, 547-554.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

The Social Security Program and Reform: A Latino Perspective. June 2005
From the National Council of La Raza.

Canino-Arroyo, Maria Josefa. "Reflections on Latino Advocacy and Welfare Reform in New Jersey," Centro Journal 15(1), Spring 2003, 176-195.


To find books on immigrants in the United States search IRIS, the Rutgers online catalog. Some relevant subject headings include:

Encyclopedia of American Immigration. James Ciment, Immanuel Ness, editors. Armonk, N.Y., M.E. Sharpe, 2000. 4 vols.
Immigration history; immigration issues (causes, demographics, acculturation, laws and legislation, politics, economics, etc.); and immigration documents (laws, treaties, court cases, reports, etc.).Volumes 3 and 4 contain articles on specific immigrant groups in America.
Dana Call Number: Ref. JV6465.E53 2000

Padilla, Yolanda C. " Immigrant Policy: Issues for Social Work Practice," Social Work 42(6), November 1997, 595-606.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 1850 to 1990
22 Detailed tables.

Claghorn, Kate Holladay. " The Foreign Immigrant in New York City," Reports of the Industrial Commission 15, 1901, 465-492.

"Biological Aspects of Immigration," Testimony of Harry L. Laughlin before the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, April 16-17, 1920.

Park, Yoosun and Kemp, Susan P. "'Little Alien Colonies': Representations of Immigrants and Their Neighborhoods in Social Work Discourse, 1875-1924," Social Service Review 80, 2006, 705-734.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Barry, Tom. Immigration Debate: Politics, Ideologies of Anti-Immigration Forces. June 17, 2005.
An Interhemispheric Resource Center (IRC) Americas Program Special Report.

Katz, Michael, Stern, Mark J., and Fader, Jamie J. " The Mexican Immigration Debate: The View From History," Social Science History 31(2), Summer 2007, 157-189.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Mexican Assimilation in the United States
Edward P. Lazear. March 2005.

Legislating Immigration

Eugenic Laws Restricting Immigration
Virtual exhibit with accompanying essay by Paul Lombardo. From the Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement

Executive Summary: U.S. Immigration: A Legislative History
"Highlights the history of U.S. immigration legislation and the parallel rise and fall in numbers and changing ethnic makeup." From the Population Resource Center.

Federal Immigration Reform Bills. August 1, 2005.
"In this Congress, more than fifty bills on immigration reform have been introduced to date."

S.2611: Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2006: Summary
Summary of the bill passed by the U.S. Senate on May 25, 2006.

2007 Enacted State Legislation Related to Immigrants and Immigration. August 6, 2006
"As of July 2, 2007, no fewer than 1404 pieces of legislation related to immigrants and immigration had been introduced among the 50 state legislatures. From January to July 2nd 2007, 170 bills became law in 41 states." From the National Conference of State Legislatures.


To find books on U.S. veterans search IRIS, the Rutgers online catalog. Some relevant subject headings include:

Veteran Data & Information
From the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Veterans Benefit History
Brief overview of benefits from the Revolutionary era to Vietnam. From PBS.

Skocpol, Theda. "American's First Social Security System: The Expansion of Benefits for Civil War Veterans," Political Science Quarterly 108(1), Spring 1993, 85-116.
"Between 1880 and 1910, the U.S. federal government devoted over a quarter of its expenditure to pensions distributed among the populace...This article analyzes the political forces behind the growth of federal Civil War pensions...."
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access.

Holcombe, Randall G. " Veterans Interests and the Transition to Government Growth: 1870-1915," Public Choice 99 (3-4), June 1999, 311-326.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access.

Wallerstein, Mitchel B. " Terminating Entitlements: Veterans' Disability Denefits in the Depression," Policy Sciences 7(2), June 1976, 173-182.
Examines "a short-lived attempt to reduce entitlement benefits for veterans during the era of the Depression."
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access.

Bonus March, 1932
Newspaper clippings, correspondance, photographs, and other materials relating to the military dispersal of World War I veterans and their families who had set up an encampment in Washington in an attempt to pressure the government to redeem their bonus certificates.

United States. President's Task Force to Improve Health Care Delivery for Our Nation's Veterans. Final Report. Arlington, Va., May 2003.

United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Veterans' Affairs. Jobs for Veterans Act Three Years Later: Are Yets' Employment Programs Working for Veterans?. Hearings before the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, February 2, 2006. Washington, D.C., G.P.O., 2006.

"This research Web page provides links to the Veterans Affairs network and highlights the broad spectrum of social work research wherein veterans are the study population." From the National Association of Social Workers (NASW).

The Homeless

To find books and reports on homelessness and the homeless check IRIS, the Rutgers Libraries online catalog. Some relevant subject searches you can try include:

Rossi, Peter H. Down and Out in America: The Origins of Homelessness. Chicago, University of Chicago Press, 1989.
Dana Call Number: HV4504 .R67 1989

Wayland, Francis. Papers on Out-Door Relief and Tramps
Read at the Saratoga Meeting of the American Social Science Association, before the Conference of State Charities, September 5th & 6th, 1877.

Kelly, Edmond. The Elimination of the Tramp by the Introduction into America of the Labour Colony System Already Proved Effective in Holland, Belgium, and Switerland, With the Modifications Thereof Necessary to Adapt This System to American Conditions. New York, G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1908.

Solenberger, Alice Willard. One Thousand Homeless Men: A Study of Original Records. New York, Russell Sage Foundation, 1911.
"One thousand records of homeless men have been carefully analyzed for all that they have to show as to the causes of homelessness, the characteristics of the homeless, their individual treatment, their environment, and the social remedies."

Jenkins, Herbert C. "The Negro Transient," Opportunity: Journal of Negro Life 13(1), January 1935, 13.

Western Regional Advocacy Project (WRAP). Without Housing: Decades of Federal Housing Cutbacks, Massive Homelessness, and Policy Failures. San Francisco, Calif., WRAP, 2006.

A Dream Denied: The Criminalization of Homelessness in U.S. Cities. 2006
A report by the National Coalition for the Homeless and the National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty.

Blueprint for Change: Ending Chronic Homelessness for Persons with Serious Mental Illnesses and/or Co-occuring Substance Use Disorders. Rockville, MD., Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Center for Mental Health Services, 2003.

Shinn, Marybeth "Predictors of Homelessness Among Families in New York City: From Shelter Request to Housing Stability, " American Journal of Public Health 88(11), November 1998, 1651-1657.
Five-year study of a cohort of families receiving public assistance in New York City found that receipt of subsidized hoursing was the primary predictor of housing stability among formerly homeless families. Concluded that housing subsidies are critical to ending homelessness among families.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

Mulroy, Elizabeth A. and Helenann Lauber. "A User-Friendly Approach to Progarm Evaluation and Effective Community Intervention for Families at Risk of Homelessness," Social Work 49(4), 573-586.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

What New Jersey Needs to Know About Family Homelessness. July 2002
Fact Sheet from the Institute for Children and Poverty.

Homeless Families Today: Our Challenge Tomorrow: A Regional Perspective
Report based on data collected in 1997 from 743 homeless heads-of-household residing in family shelters located throughout New York City and northern New Jersey.

The Mentally Ill

To find books on the treatment of the mentally ill search IRIS, the Rutgers online catalog. Some relevant subject headings include:

"History of Mental Health Services," IN Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, Md., National Institute of Mental Health, 1999. Chapter 2, pp. 75; 78-80.

Luchins, Abraham S. Moral Treatment in Asylums and General Hospitals in 19th-Century America," Journal of Psychology 123(6), November 1989, 585-607.
"Moral treatment, a therapeutic approach that emphasized character and spiritual development, and called for kindness on the part of all who came in contact with the patient, flourished in American mental hospitals during the first half of the 19th century...Changing social and welfare services and advances in scientific medicine contributed to a subsequent decline in moral treatment...."
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access.

Bly, Nellie. Ten Days in a Mad-House New York, Ian L. Munro, 1888.
In 1888 New York World journalist Nellie Bly (Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman) allowed herself to be committed to New York City's most notorious insane asylum.

Beers, Clifford W. A Mind That Found Itself: An Autobiography. New York, Longmans, Green and Co., 1908.
Beers account of his struggle with mental illness and the deplorable state of mental health care in the U.S. had a profound effect on mental health care reform.

Grob, Gerald N. " The Transformation of the Mental Hospital in the United States," American Behavioral Scientist 28(5), May/June 1985, 639-654.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access.

United States. President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America: Final Report. Rockville, MD., 2003.

Transforming Mental Health Care in America: The Federal Action Agenda: First Steps. 2005

The Mentally Disabled

To find books on the treatment of the mentally disabled search IRIS, the Rutgers online catalog. Some relevant subject headings include:

Goode, David. "A Short History of the Treatment of Persons With Mental Retardation," IN "And Now Let's Build a Better World": The Story of the Association for the Help of Retarded Children, New York City 1948-1998. New York, AHRC, 1998. Chapter 1, pp.6-17.

[Articles Relating to the Mentally Disabled]
Seven articles on "feeblemindedness" published in The Survey between 1912 and 1922.

Johnstone, E. R. Excerpt from "Committee Report: Stimulating Public Interest in the Feeble-Minded," Proceedings of National Conference Charities and Correction 1916, 205-215.

Ochsner, Albert J. "The Surgical Treatment of Habitual Criminals, Imbeciles, Perverts, Paupers, Morons, Epileptics, and Degenerates," Annals of Surgery 82(3), September 1925, 321-325.
The Presidential Address delivered before the American Surgical Association, May 4, 1925.

United States. President's Committee for People with Intellectual Disabilities. A Charge We Have to Keep: A Road Map to Personal and Economic Freedom for People with Intellectual Disabilities in the 21st Century. Washington, D.C., 2004.

Social Work & Social Workers

Flexner, Abraham. "Is Social Work a Profession?," Research on Social Work Practice 11(2), March 2001, 152-165.
Reprint of the essay originally published in the 1915 Proceedings of the National Conference of Charities and Corrections.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Lubove, Roy. The Professional Altruist: The Emergence of Social Work as a Career, 1880-1930. New York, Atheneum, 1977.
Dana Call Number: HV91 .L8 1977

Kunzel, Regina G. "The Professionalization of Benevolence: Evangelicals and Social Workers in the Florence Crittenton Homes, 1915 to 1945," Journal of Social History 22(1), Fall 1988, 21-43.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Lowe, Gary R. and Reid, P. Nelson. The Professionalization of Poverty: Social Work and the Poor in the Twentieth Century. New York, Aldine de Gruyter, 1999.
Dana Call Number: HV40.8 .U6P76 1999

"The Top 5 Social Justice Issues Facing Social Workers Today," Social Work Today 7(2), March/April 2007, p.24
Essays on the five issues identified in an informal survey of social workers.

Natalie Borisovets (
John Cotton Dana Library
September 23, 2007
Revised September 27, 2009