Rutgers University Libraries History of African-American Education
Basic Resources Finding Books: Library Catalogs Finding Articles: Indexes Newspapers
Law and Legislation Urban Education Data New Jersey
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Basic Resources

Minter, Thomas K. and Alfred E Prettyman. "Education," Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. New York, Macmillan, 1996, vol. 2, pp. 846-876.
Overview of the history of African-American education from slavery thru current issues involving school choice. Includes a lengthy bibliography.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E185 .E54 1996.

Jackson, Cynthia L. African American Education: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, Calif., ABC-CLIO, 2001.
Focuses on schooling, higher education (specifically the black colleges), and the legal influence (e.g., executive orders, legislative acts, Supreme Court rulings) on African American education. Historical overview, with emphasis on the period since 1954. Includes an annotated bibliography.
Dana Call Number: Ref. LC2741 .J33 2001

Woodson, Carter G. The Education of the Negro Prior to 1861: A History of the Education of the Colored People from the Beginning of Slavery to the Civil War. Washington, D.C., 1919.
Carter Woodson's classic work.

Historical Publications of the United States Commission on Civl Rights: Education
Digital collection from the Thurgood Marshall Law Library at the University of Maryland.

Finding Books: Library Catalogs

IRIS The online catalog for the Rutgers University Libraries.

Newark Law
Camden Law
Law library materials are not listed in IRIS. Use the same subject headings you use in IRIS find relevant publications in the law collections.

Catalog of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture
Catalog of the New York Public research library "devoted to collecting, preserving and providing access to resources documenting the experiences of peoples of African descent throughout the world." The Schomburg Center contains over 5,000,000 items held in five divisions: Art and Artifacts Division, General Research and Reference Division, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, Moving Image and Recorded Sound Division, and Photographs and Prints Division.

Finding Articles: Indexes

ERIC - Educational Resources Information Center
The premier resource for educational research, the ERIC database contains more than one million abstracts covering research documents, journal articles, technical reports, program descriptions and evaluations, and curricular materials in the field of education. 1966+ Restricted Access.

America: History and Life 1964-
The most comprehensive index to American (U.S. and Canada) history. Indexes over 2000 journals worldwide, as well as book reviews and dissertations. Restricted Access.

SocioFile 1974-
Index to approximately 1900 journals in sociology and related disciplines. Restricted Access.

The Kaiser Index to Black Resources, 1948-1986. From the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture of the New York Public Library. Brooklyn, NY: Carlson, Pub., Inc. 1992. 5 volumes
Unique resource based on the collections of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture. Over 170,000 citations to journal and newspapers articles, books, pamphlets and reports dealing with black history and culture.
Dana Library Call Number: Ref E185.K25 1992


[Historical] New York Times Allows you to search and display the full image of articles published in the New York Times back to 1851. The two+ most recent years are not included; use LexisNexis Academic to find more recent articles. Restricted Access.

African American Newspapers: The 19th Century Restricted Access.
Search the full text of four major 19th century African American newspapers:

  • Freedom's Journal New York, 1827-1829
  • Colored American New York, 1837-1840
  • North Star Rochester, New York, 1847-1849
  • National Era Washington, D.C., 1847-1878

Ethnic NewsWatch A full-text collection of over 200 newspapers, magazines, and journals of the ethnic, minority, and native press. Complete articles dating back to 1960, in English and Spanish. Restricted Access.

Recent Newspapers

Factiva Restricted Access.
A vast archive which includes the full-text of 8,000 leading newspapers, magazines, trade journals, newsletters, and television and radio transcripts. Ten to twenty year+ backfile for many titles. Examples of newspapers covered include:

The Boston Globe beginning 1 January 1987.
The Chicago Tribune beginning 1 January 1985
The Detroit Free Press beginning 1 January 1994
The Richmond Times-Dispatch (Va.) beginning 1 January 1989
The Washington Post beginning 1 January 1984

LexisNexis Academic
"News" section indexes and provides access to a large collection of U.S. and international newspapers, newsletters, wire service reports, transcripts of television and radio news broadcasts, and student newspapers. Includes full-text coverage of the New York Times from June 1, 1980 to the present and the Washington Post back to 1977. Restricted Access.

Law and Legislation

Cohen, Morris L. Bibliography of Early American Law. Buffalo, N.Y., William S. Hein, 1998. 6 vols
Extensive bibliography of books and trial literature relating to American law and legal development from the beginning of American history up to 1860.
Newark Law Library Call Number: Ref. KF1 .C58 1998

Hein Online
Search or browse the backfiles of over 500 legal journals. Journals usually available back to the first volume published; most recent year may not be available for some titles. Restricted Access. On-Campus Access Only.

LexisNexis Academic
In addition to indexing and providing access to a large collection of U.S. and international newspapers, LexisNexis Academic also indexes and provides access to law reviews, case law, statutes and regulations, and legal news. Restricted Access.

THOMAS - Legislative Information on the Internet
Browse or search legislation from the 93d (1973) Congress to the present. A slightly dated but still valuable guide to Legislative Research with Thomas has been prepared by Larry Schankmann at Mansfield University.

New Jersey Legislature Home Page
Includes searchable index to New Jersey Statutes, as well as index to and legislative histories of bills in the current session.

Reviewing a Decade of School Desegregation 1966-1975
Report of a National Survey of School Superintendents. Washington, D.C., U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, January 1977.

In the Courts

Flicker, Douglas J. "From Roberts to Plessy: Educational Segregation and the 'Separate But Equal' Doctrine," The Journal of Negro History 84(4), Autumn 1999, 301-314.
Traces the history of legalized educational segregation. Restricted Access.

Brown vs. the Board of Education

Brown vs. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954)
Supreme Court Opinion. From Findlaw.

Brown vs. Board of Education
Overview, 'myths versus truths,' virtual exhibit, and research sources. From the Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research.

Jones, Leon. From Brown to Boston: Desegregation in Education 1954-1974. Metuchen, N.J., Scarecrow Press, 1979. 2 vols.
Extensive annotated bibliography.
Dana Call Number: Ref. LC214.2 J65 1979

Tatum, Gail. Brown v. Board of Education--Fifty Years
Partially annotated bibliography on Brown and its aftermath.

Orfield, Gary and Chungmei Lee. Brown at 50: King's Dream or Plessy's Nightmare?. Cambridge, Mass., The Civil Rights Project, Harvard University, January 2004.
Examines the decade of resegregation that began with the Supreme Court's 1991 Dowell decision, which authorized a return to neighborhood schools even if that would result in segregated schools.

"Segregation and Civil Rights
Brief audio clip of Justice Thurgood Marshall speaking in 1978 at Howard University Law School. From National Public Radio (NPR).

To find other materials on Brown v. The Board of Education in IRIS, use the Subject heading: Brown, Oliver, 1918 Trials, Litigation, etc.

Urban Education

Archive of ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education Publications
The ERIC Clearinghouse on Urban Education, a major source of information on urban education, closed on December 19, 2000 after 35 years. The Institute for Urban and Minority Education at Columbia Teachers College is now maintaining an archive of publications created by the clearinghouse, including:

  • The Urban Diversity Series. Monographs, literature and research reviews, and resource guides concerning educational, socioeconomic, and social/psychological issues involved in the development of diverse urban populations.
  • Trends and Issues Series. Resources on social and educational developments which are changing the nature of schooling for urban and minority students.
  • ERIC Digests. Compilations of information on educational issues.

See also Urban Education, a guide to Rutgers and online resources for research in urban education.


Digest of Education Statistics
Compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of education from prekindergarten through graduate school. Include: the number of schools and colleges; teachers; enrollments; graduates; educational attainment; finances; federal funds for education; employment and income of graduates; etc.

Brown v. Board of Education: 50th Anniversary Data assembled by the U.S. Census Bureau on the educational attainment and school enrollment of blacks in the early 1950s vs. 2002.


The New Jersey Municipal Data Book. Montclair, N.J., New Jersey Associates, 1981- Annual
One page summaries of the population, government, finances, schools, and other characterisitics of each of New Jersey's towns and cities.
Dana Call Number: REF HD4606.N49N5. Most recent volume at Reference Desk.

County and City Data Book. Washington, D.C., Bureau of the Census, 1949- .
Social, economic, and business statistics for all U.S. counties, cities of 25,000 or more, and places of 2500 or more.
Dana Call Number: Most recent volume at Reference Desk.

County and City Data Books
Select data elements and create your own data tables based on data reported in the 1988 and 1994 data books.

American FactFinder
Select query elements to create maps and view data tables based on Census 2000, the 1990 Census, the American Community Survey, and the Economic Census. See definitions of the major geographic units for which census data is available.

1980 and 1970 Census of Population are located in the Census area in the Dana Library Reference Room. Population characteristics for the nation and by state (including county, central city, and place data) are available in the General Social and Economic Characteristics volumes:

  • 1980 CENSUS OF POPULATION, General Social and Economic Characteristics, U.S. Summary (C3.223/7:980)
  • 1980 CENSUS OF POPULATION, General Social and Economic Characteristics, Pt. 32 New Jersey (C32.223/7:980/c32)
  • 1970 CENSUS OF POPULATION, General Soical and Economic Characteristics, New Jersey (C3.223/9:970/C32)

You will need to use the Table Finding Guide in the front of each volume to locate the data that you need.

New Jersey

Wright, Marion Manola Thompson. The Education of Negroes in New Jersey. New York, Arno Press, 1971.
Reprint of 1941 work.
Dana Call Number: LC2802 .N5W7 1971 [NEWARK and STACKS]

Anderson, John R. Negro Education in the Public Schools of Newark, New Jersey, During the Nineteenth Century. Ed.D. Thesis. Rutgers University, 1972.
Historical and sociological study of segregated public schools in Newark from 1828 to 1909. Extensive statistical tables.
Dana Call Number: NEWARK LC2803 .N6A5 1972

Anyon, Jean. "Race, Social Class, and Educational Reform in an Inner-City School, Teachers College Record 97(1), Fall 1995, 69-94.
Dana Call Number: Periodical, Shelved by Title. Also Electronic Access via Academic Search Premier Restricted Access.

Anyon, Jean. Ghetto Schooling: A Political Economy of Urban Educational Reform. New York, Teachers College Press, 1997.
Looks at an effort at educational reform in Newark in the early 90s and traces how past economic and political decisions have shaped Newark city schools. An important work on urban educational policy.
Dana Call Number: F144 .N69G76 2003 [NEWARK plus STACKS] also Electronic Access Restricted Access.

Natalie Borisovets (
John Cotton Dana Library
October 19, 2004