Rutgers University Libraries American Immigration History

  • Countries/Cultures
  • Other Resources

  • The Basics

    Restricted Access

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    IRIS: Find Books

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    Getting Started: Basic Reference Works

    Martin, Philip and Midgley, Elizabeth, "Immigration: Shaping and Reshaping America". Population Bulletin 58(2), June, 2003. [Entire Issue].
    Immigration and Asylum: From 1900 to the Present
    Matthew J. Gibney and Randall Hansen, editors. Santa Barbara, Calif., ABC-CLIO, 2005.
    Almost 200 signed entries on diasporas, countries (sending & receiving), issues, themes, laws, and processes. International in scope, but with a strong emphasis on the U.S. Includes an extensive compilation of documents relating to immigration and asylum.
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access
    Harvard Encyclopedia of American Ethnic Groups
    Edited by Stephan Thernstrom. Cambridge, Mass., Belnap Press, 1980.
    "A guide to the history, culture, and distinctive characteristics of the more than 100 ethnic groups who live in the United States."
    ALEXANDER E184 .A1H35 [REF plus STACKS]; CAMDEN, DANA, DOUGLSS, KILMER REF E184 .A1H35
    American Immigrant Cultures: Builders of a Nation
    David Levinson and Melvin Ember. New York, Macmillan Reference USA, 1997. 2 vols.
    Signed articles with bibliographies on 161 "nonindigenous cultural groups" in the U.S. Groups may be defined by nationality, language, culture, physical features or religion. Includes articles on groups that may not usually be treated as a separate ethnic group.
    ALEXANDER, DANA, KILMER REF. E184 .A1A63448 1997
    Encyclopedia of American Immigration
    James Ciment, Immanuel Ness, editors. Armonk, N.Y., M.E. Sharpe, 2000. 4 vols.
    Immigration history; immigration issues (causes, demographics, acculturation, laws and legislation, politics, economics, etc.); and immigration documents (laws, treaties, court cases, reports, etc.).Volumes 3 and 4 contain articles on specific immigrant groups in America.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN, DANA, KILMER REF JV6465 .E53 2000
    Immigration in U.S. History
    Edited by Carl L. Bankston, III and Danielle Antoinette Hidalgo. Pasadena, Calif., Salem Press, 2006. 2 vols.
    193 signed entries with selective bibliography on groups, incidents, issues, people, court cases, laws and treaties relating to U.S. immigration history. Appendices include an annotated bibliography as well as a timeline of U.S. immigration history through 2005.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN JV6450 .I565 2006; DANA, KILMER REF JV6450 .I565 2006
    New Americans: A Guide to Immigration Since 1965
    Edited by Mary C. Waters and Reed Ueda. Cambridge, Mass., Harvard Universtiy Press, 2007.
    Account of changes in American demographics since the major changes in immigation law after 1965, including the new waves of immigrants from non-European countries. Chapters on immigration law and policy, refugees, unauthorized migrants, racial and ethnic identity, assimilation, nationalization, economy, politics, religion, education, family relations, and immigration from specific countries and areas.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN, DANA [REF plus STACKS] JV6455 .N49 2007
    Illegal Immigration: A Reference Handbook
    Michael C. LeMay. Santa Barbara, Calif., ABC-CLIO, 2007.
    History, issues, laws, legislation, and proposed solutions to unauthorized immigration. Emphasis on 1965 to the present. Includes statistical tables, charts, information on key figures, and an extensive annotated bibliography.
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restrocted Access
    We the People: An Atlas of America's Ethnic Diversity
    James Paul Allen and Eugene James Turner. New York, Macmillan, 1988.
    Data based on the 1980 Census, this atlas maps the geographical patterns of 67 ethnic and racial groups in the US.
    ALEXANDER FOLIO E184 .A1A479 1988; CAMDEN, DANA, KILMER REF E184 .A1A479 1988; DOUGLASS REF-FO E184 .A1A479 1988
    Executive Summary: U.S. Immigration: A Legislative History
    "Highlights the history of U.S. immigration legislation and the parallel rise and fall in numbers and changing ethnic makeup" up to 2004. From the Population Resource Center.
    Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 1850 to 1990
    22 Detailed tables.

    Bibliographies

    American Ethnic Geography: A Selected Bibliography of the Ethnic and Cultural Geography of the United States and Canada
    Kilpinen, Jan T.
    Immigration Issues: A Bibliography
    Topical list of books and government documents dealing with American immigration issues.

    Immigration to New Jersey

    S-No. 16. Revision. State of New Jersey. An Act to Authorize Aliens to Purchase and Hold Real Estate, In This State. 1846.
    Immigration and Ethnicity in New Jersey History
    Douglas V. Shaw. Trenton, N.J., New Jersey Historical Commission, Dept. of State, c1994.
    ALEXANDER, DANA DocNJ JV7037.S53 1994; CAMDEN, DOUGLASS, KILMER JV7037.S53 1994
    The New Jersey Ethnic Experience
    Edited by Barbara Cunningham. Union City, N.J. : W. H. Wise, 1977.
    Essays on 31 ethnic groups in New Jersey.
    ALEXANDER, DANA, KILMER F145.A1N47; CAMDEN F145 .A1N47 [REF plus STACKS]; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F145 .A1N47
    Cohen, David Steven. New Jersey Ethnic History : A Bibliography
    Trenton, NJ : New Jersey Historical Commission, Dept. of State, 1986.
    Unannotated bibliography of English-language books, articles, master's theses and doctoral dissertations dealing with ethnicity in New Jersey.
    ALEXANDER, DocNJ Z1313.C63 1986; CAMDEN REF F145 .A1C63 1986; DANA REF Z1313.C63 1986; KILMER Z1313.C63 1986; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F145 .A1C63 1986

    How They Saw It: Historical Documents

    Immigration to the United States, 1789-1930
    Online collection of approximately 1,800 books and pamphlets as well as 9,000 photographs, 200 maps and 13,000 pages from Harvard manuscript and archival collections. Emphasis on 19th century materials. An amazing resource!
    How the Other Half Lives: Studies Among the Tenements of New York
    Jacob Riis. New York, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1890.
    Emigrants [i.e. Immigrants] Landing at Ellis Island
    Thomas A. Edison, Inc. 1903.
    Film clip. "Shows a large open barge loaded with people of every nationality, who have just arrived from Europe, disembarking at Ellis Island, N.Y." Photographed July 9, 1903.
    On the Lower East Side: Observations of Life in Lower Manhattan at the Turn of the Century
    A collection of turn of the century articles and other documentary sources accompanied by introductory materials.
    Claghorn, Kate Holladay. " The Foreign Immigrant in New York City," Reports of the Industrial Commission 15, 1901, 465-492.
    Eugenic Laws Restricting Immigration
    Virtual exhibit with accompanying essay by Paul Lombardo. From the Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement
    "Two Immigrants Out of Five Feebleminded," The Survey 38, September 14, 1917, 528-529.
    Report published in the leading social work journal of the day on a 1913 study by psychologists at the Training School in Vineland, N.J. who spent two and a half months at Ellis Island administering intelligence tests to immigrants ("35 Jews, 22 Hungarians, 50 Italians and 45 Russians"). The study concluded that two out of every five immigrants studied was feeblemined.
    Biological Aspects of Immigration
    Testimony of Harry L. Laughlin before the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, April 16-17, 1920.

    Finding Books: Library Catalogs

    IRIS The online catalog for the Rutgers University Libraries.
    Rutgers Newark Law Library
    Rutgers Camden Law Library
    Materials held by the Rutgers law libraries are not listed in IRIS. The law library collections include materials relating to the public policy and legislative history of American immigration. Use the above subject headings, as well as the subject heading Emigration and Immigration Law United States to find relevant publications.
    Newark Public Library
    Newark Public has an excellent collection of materials relating to ethnic and immigrant communities, especially those of European or Hispanic origin, in the U.S. and New Jersey. Anyone who lives, works, attends school, or owns property in the City of Newark is entitled to a free Newark Public Library card.
    Center for Migration Studies Library
    A major collection devoted to the worldwide movement of peoples. The Center Library has excellent resources for the study of ethnic groups, particularly those in the United States. This Staten Island library is open to the public. Library Hours.

    Finding Articles: Indexes

    Social Sciences Full Text
    The basic index for finding articles in the social sciences. Indexes over 550 of the core, English language journals in social science disciplines including sociology, anthropology, political science, public welfare, and urban studies. Indexes many journals back to 1982 and, beginning with 1995, includes many full-text articles. Hint: Try [Group] United States or [Group] Americans as your search term. For example: "salvadorans united states," or "east indian americans."
    Off-Campus Link Rutgers-restricted Access
    Humanities Full Text
    The basic index for finding articles in the humanities. Indexes over 550 of the core, English language journals in the humanities disciplines including history, literature, folklore, literary criticism, art and music, philosophy and religion. Indexes many journals back to 1984 and, beginning with 1995, includes many full-text articles. Especially useful for locating articles relating to the literature of immigrant groups. Hint: Try [Group] United States or [Group] Americans as your search term. For example: "salvadorans united states," or "east indian americans."
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access
    America: History and Life 1964- .
    The most comprehensive index to American (U.S. and Canada) history. Indexes over 2000 journals worldwide, as well as book reviews and dissertations.
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access
    Historical Abstracts 1955- .
    The most comprehensive index to world history (excluding that of the U.S. and Canada) from 1450 to the present. Indexes over 2,000 history and history-related journals worldwide, as well as book reviews and dissertations.
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

    Indexes to Newspapers

    [Historical] New York Times
    Allows you to search and display the full image of articles published in the New York Times back to 1851. The two+ most recent years are not included; use Access World News to find more recent articles.
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

    Ethnic Newspapers

    Ethnic newspapers are a valuable source of information on the lives and concerns of immigrant and ethnic groups. You can search for ethnic newspapers held by the Rutgers Libraries in IRIS, our online catalog. As your search terms, use the name of the group in which you are interested followed by the word "newspapers;" search this as a SUBJECT Keyword.

    Ethnic NewsWatch
    A full-text collection of over 200 newspapers, magazines, and journals of the ethnic (including Arab and Middle Eastern, Asian-American, European, and Jewish), minority, and native press. Complete articles dating back to 1960, in English and Spanish.
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access
    U.S. Ethnic Press
    Newspapers and periodicals published by various North American ethnic groups and held by the Center for Research Libraries (Chicago). These are available to Rutgers users via Interlibrary Loan. Searchable by ethnic group.

    The New Jersey Information Center in the Newark Public Library has a large collection of New Jersey Newspapers on Microfilm which includes a number of ethnic New Jersey newspapers.


    Immigrant Groups

    Interviews With Today's Immigrants
    Summaries of interviews conducted by students 2004-2006 primarily of individuals who had immigrated into the U.S. in the later part of the 20th century. Interviews organized by region of emigration. A project of the Library of Congress.

    African

    Subject headings that you can use to search IRIS include:

    Africa Emigration and Immigration
    Africans United States
    Africans Migrations
    African Diaspora
    Black Immigration and Ethnicity in the United States: An Annotated Bibliography
    Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1985.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .N39B553 1985; CAMDEN, KILMER E185 .B553 1985; DANA REF E185 .B553 1985; DOUGLASS REF Z1361 .N39B553 1985

    Asian

    Subject headings that you can use to search IRIS include:

    [Country Name] Emigration and Immigration Example: Philippines Emigration and Immigration
    [Country Name] Americans Example: East Indian Americans
    [Group] United States Example: Filipinos United States
    Asian American Encyclopedia
    Franklin Ny, editor. New York, Marshall Cavendish, 1995. 6 vols.
    Signed entries on topics dealing with various Asian groups in the U.S. Especially strong on cultural aspects and issues. Bibliographic references. An outstanding resource.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN, DANA, KILMER REF E184 .O6A827 1995.
    Racism, Dissent, and Asian Americans From 1850 to the Present: A Documentary History
    Edited by Philip S. Foner and Daniel Rosenberg. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1993.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN, DANA E184 .O6R33 1993
    Asian American Chronology From the 1600s to 1989.

    Chinese

    China and America: A Bibliography of Interactions, Foreign and Domestic
    James M. McCutcheon. Honolulu, University Press of Hawaii, 1972.
    Selective bibliography of English-language materials. Includes sections on Chinese immigration and exclusion, and on the Chinese community in the U.S.
    ALEXANDER, DOUGLASS REF Z6465 .U5M33; CAMDEN, DANA, KILMER Z6465 .U5M33

    East Indians

    South Asian American Studies: A Working Bibliography 1975-1994
    Rosane Rocher. "The present bibliography was designed to help students explore their identity as Americans of South Asian ethnicity born and/or raised in the United States." Extensive list of books, articles, and book chapters.
    Sikhs in North America: An Annotated Bibliography
    Darshan Singh Tatla. New York, Greenwood Press, 1991.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .S47T37 1991; CAMDEN, DANA, KILMER E184 .S55T38 1991
    South Asian Diaspora Bibliographic Guide: Immigration
    List of articles, books, and videos. From the UC Berkeley Library.
    Coming From India: Part 1
    Coming From India: Part 2
    Radio documentary on the East Indian community in New Jersey. Co-production of NJN Radio and the New Jersey Historical Commission. 1998

    Filipinos

    Chronology of Filipinos in America Pre-1898
    Eloisa Gomez Borah. Chronology with links where available.
    Filipino Migration to the Unites States: Bibliography
    Annotated list of books, articles, and videos relating to the Filipino migration.

    Japanese

    Encyclopedia of Japanese American History: An A-to-Z Reference From 1868 to the Present
    Brian Niiya, editor. Updated edition. New York, Facts on File, 2001.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN REF E184 .J3E53 2001

    Koreans

    Koreans in America, 1882-1974: A Chronology & Fact Book
    Hyung-chan Kim. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y., Oceana Publications, 1974.
    DANA, KILMER E184 .K6K48
    Korean American History
    Overview from 1904 to the present. A project of the Korean American Museum.
    Koreans in America Bibliography
    Use the pull-down menu to select the section (e.g., "Immigration - Issues"; "Acculturation") that you'd like to browse. Part of the Korean Heritage Library at the University of Southern California.

    Vietnamese

    Socio-Cultural Adaptation of the Vietnamese Diaspora
    Mark E. Pfeifer. Bibliography. One of a series of Vietnamese Studies Bibliographies.
    Van Do, Peter. "Between Two Cultures: Struggles of Vietnamese American Adolescents," Review of Vietnamese Studies 2(1), 2002.
    Vietnamese Exile Narratives
    Annotated bibliography of narratives written by Vietnamese in the West.

    Middle Eastern

    Subject headings that you can use to search IRIS:

    Arab Americans
    Iranian Americans
    Lebanese Americans
    Syrian Americans
    [Country Name] Emigration and Immigration Example: Lebanon Emigration and Immigration
    [Group] United States Example: Israelis United States
    Arab American Encyclopedia
    Anan Ameri and Dawn Ramey, editors. Detroit, MI., Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services, 1999.
    ALEXANDER REF. E184 .A65A48 1999
    A Complete Bibliography of Selected References on Arab Americans
    Compiled by the Arab American Institute Foundation.
    Sawaie, Mohammed. "A Select Bibliography on Arab-American Immigration and Settlement," IN Arabs in the New World: Studies on Arab-American Communities. Edited by Sameer Y. Abraham and Nabeel Abraham. Detroit, Mich., Wayne State University Center for Urban Studies, 1983, pp. 187-199.
    DOUGLASS E184 .A65A73 1983
    We the People of Arab Ancestry in the United States
    Angela Brittingham and G. Patricia de la Cruz. Census 2000 Special Report. March 2005.
    "This report provides a portrait of the Arab population in the United States, and discusses some of the largest groups within this population at the national level."
    Exiled Memories: Stories of Iranian Diaspora
    Zohreh T. Sullivan. Philadelphia, Temple University Press, 2001.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN E184 .I5S85 2001
    The personal stories of 45 Iranian men and women all of whom now live in the U.S.

    European

    Subject headings that you can use to search IRIS include:

    [Country Name] Emigration and Immigration Example: Ireland Emigration and Immigration
    [Country Name] Americans Example: Polish Americans
    [Group] United States Example: Poles United States
    Reference Library of European America
    Detroit, Gale Research, 1999. 4 vols.
    Vols 1 and 2 consist of essays describing the experiences of European immigrant groups in America (settlement patterns, acculturation and assimilation, language, family and community dynamics, and religion). Vols 3 and 4 describe the homeland countries.
    DANA REF. E184.E95398 1999
    European Immigration and Ethnicity in the United States and Canada: A Historical Bibliography
    David L. Brye, editor. Santa Barbara, Calif., ABC-Clio Information Service, 1983.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .E439 1983

    Western Europeans

    Irish

    Views of the Famine
    Contemporary newspaper accounts, a published account of a journey to Ireland, and an database of contemporary illustrations relating to life in Ireland during the mid-19th century.
    Irish Immigration to America
    Overview of the history of Irish immigrants in the U.S. From the Library of Congress.
    Irish Immigration in the United States: Immigrant Interviews
    Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa. New York, Arno Press, 1969.
    Reprint of the 1864 edition published under the title A Brief Account of the Author's Interview with His Countrymen.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN E184 .I6O4 1969
    A Comparative Study of Emigration to the United States from Ireland and Poland
    Tadeusz Paleczny. Comparison of causes and course of emigration, and the level of national assimilation.
    The Encyclopedia of the Irish in America
    Michael Glazier, editor. Notre Dame, Ind., University of Notre Dame Press, 1999.
    Some 1,000 biographical and topical entries, with brief bibliographies, relating to the Irish experience in America. Includes entries for every state.
    ALEXANDER REF. E184 .I6353 1999
    The Irish in America: A Guide to the Literature and the Manuscript Collections
    Patrick J. Blessing. Washington, D.C., Catholic University of America Press, 1992.
    ALEXANDER E184 .I6B54 1992; CAMDEN REF. E184 .I6B54 1992
    Immigrants from Great Britain and Ireland: A Guide to Archival and Manuscript Sources in North America
    Jack W. Weaver and DeeGee Lester. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1986.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .B74W43 1986
    The Irish-American Experience: A Guide to the Literature
    Seamus P. Metress. Washington, D.C., University Press of America, 1981.
    CAMDEN REF. E184 .I6M47
    The Irish Experience in New York City: A Select Bibliography
    Ann M. Shea. New York, New York Irish History Roundtable, 1995.
    ALEXANDER Z1318 .N5S54 1995
    The Irish in New Jersey: Four Centuries of American Life.
    Dermot Quinn. New Brunswick, N.J., Rutgers University Press, 2004.
    ALEXANDER, DANA F145 .I6Q56 2004; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F145 .I6Q56 2004
    The Irish in Newark and New Jersey: Exhibition at the Newark Public Library
    Exhibition catalog. Includes an essay by Dermot Quinn on the Irish in Newark and New Jersey prepared for the exhibit held at the Newark Public Library March 14-May 19, 2007, and the exhibit bibliography.

    Italians

    Italian American Timeline
    1492-1998.
    Annotated Bibliography of the Italian American Experience
    Fred Gardaphe, SUNY Stony Brook.
    Note: This is a multi-page bibliography; to browse the bibliography, click on the "Next page" link at the bottom of each page.
    The Italian American Experience: An Encyclopedia
    Salvatore J. GaGumina. New York, Garland Pub., 2000.
    Over 400 biographical and topical entries with brief bibliographies.
    ALEXADNER E184 .I8I673 2000; CAMDEN, DANA REF. E184 .I8I673 2000
    Italians in the United States
    From the 1910 Catholic Encyclopedia.
    The Italian Emigration to the United States, 1880-1930: A Bibliographic Register of Italian Views, Including Selected Numbers from the Italian Commissariat of Emigration, 'Bollettino dell' emigrazione'
    Francesco Cordasco and Michael Vaughn Cordasco. Fairview, N.J., Junius-Vaughn Press, 1990.
    Contemporary Italian response to mass migration to the U.S. as well as excerpts of articles (in Italian) describing immigrant life in the U.S. in the first quarter of the 20th century.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .I8C6594 1990; DANA E184 .I8C64 1990
    Wop!: A Documentary History of Anti-Italian Discrimination in the United States
    Salvatore J. LaGumina. Buffalo, Guernica, 1999.
    ALEXANDER E184 .I8L35 1999
    The Italians of New Jersey: A Historical Introduction and Bibliography
    Dennis J. Starr. Newark, New Jersey Historical Society, 1985.
    ALEXANDER F131 .N62 V.20; CAMDEN, DANA REF. F131 .N62 V.20; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F131 .N532HC V.20
    Americans of Italian descent in New Jersey.
    Joseph William Carlevale. Foreword by Robert C. Clothier. Clifton, N. J., Printed by North Jersey Press [1950].
    ALEXANDER F145 ,U8C3; DANA Ref. F145.I8C3; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F145 .I8C3
    Between Peasant and Urban Villager : Italian Americans of New Jersey and New York, 1880-1980: The structure of counter-discourse
    Michael J. Eula. New York, P.Lang, 1993.
    A cultural history of the Italian-American working class.
    DANA NEWARK F145.I8E9 1993; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F145 .I8E9 1993
    Newark's Little Italy : The Vanished First Ward.
    Michael Immerso. New Brunswick, N.J., Rutgers University Press c1997.
    "Traces the history of the First Ward from the arrival of the first Italian in the 1870s until 1953 when the district was uprooted to make way for urban renewal."
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN, DOUGLASS F144 .N66L55 1997; DANA F144.N66L55 1997 [NEWARK plus STACKS]; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F144 .N66L55 1997
    The Italians of Newark, A Community Study.
    Charles Wesley Churchill. New York, Arno Press, 1975.
    Reprint of the author's 1942 thesis (New York University). Based on interviews with about 700 Italians, approximately half of whom were born in Italy, between March 1938 and August 1939. Focus on Italian-American family and community life in Newark during this period.
    CAMDEN, KILMER F144 .N6C5 1975; DANA F144.N6C5 1975[NEWARK plus STACKS]; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F144 .N6C56
    Vibrant Life 1886-1942: Trenton's Italian Americans
    Erasmo S. Ciccolella. Staten Island, N.Y., Center for Migration Studies, 1986.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN, DANA F144 .T79I83 1986; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F144 .T79I83 1986

    Portuguese

    The Portuguese in America, 590 B.C.-1974: A Chronology & Fact Book
    Manoel Cardoza. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y., Oceana Publications, 1976.
    ALEXANDER E184 .P8C36; KILMER REF. E184 .P8C36
    Portuguese Immigrants in the United States
    A bibliography from the Library of Congress.
    The Portuguese in the United States: A Bibliography
    Leo Pap. Staten Island, N.Y., Center for Migration Studies, 1976.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .P65P36
    Portuguese Migration
    Part of the Lisbon Pages Bibliography on Portugal.
    Portuguese Immigration to the United States: Its distribution and Status.
    Christian John Bannick. Thesis (A.B.), Stanford University, 1916.
    Portions of this thesis are also available online.
    Portuguese Emigration to the United States, 1820-1930
    Maria Ioannis Benis Baganha. New York, Garland Pub., 1990.
    ALEXANDER E184 .P8B29 1990
    The Portuguese-American.
    Leo Pap. Boston : Twayne Publishers, 1981.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN, DANA E184 .P8P34
    Stephens, Thomas M. "Language Maintenance and Ethnic Survival: The Portuguese in New Jersey," Hispania 72 (3), September 1989, 716-20.
    Looks at Portuguese language maintenance and ethnicity in and around Newark, and the role played by education, the Church, the media, and the social clubs.
    Dana Call Number: Periodical, Shelved by Title.
    Celebrating the Portuguese Communities in America: A Cartographic Perspective
    Online exhibit from the Library of Congress. Includes a section on Twentieth-Century Arrivals in Newark.

    Eastern Europeans

    Immigration: Polish/Russian
    History of the immigration of Russians, Poles, and Jews to the United States. From the Library of Congress.

    Polish

    Poles in America: Pathfinder
    Selected annotated bibliography. From the Chicago Public Library.
    Polish Farmers and Workers in the United States to 1914
    Sister Lucille, C.R. Polish American Historical Association Archives.
    Silverman, Deborah Anders. "The Old Neighborhood Isn't the Same Any More": The Evolution of Polish-American Ethnicity. IN Polish-American Folklore. Urbana, University of Illinois Press, 2000. Chapter 2.
    Traces the evolution of the sense of Polish ethnic identity beginning with the immigrants that arrived in the last quarter of the 19th century.
    Note: Book available from Alexander and Camden (GR111.P65S55 2000), see also Chapter 1: "Life in the Old Country and the Mass Migration to America."
    The Poles in Philadelphia to 1914
    Sister M. Theodosetta, C.S.F.N. Polish American Historical Association Archives.
    The Polish People of Passaic
    Sister M. Gaudentia, Fel. Polish American Historical Association Archives.
    A Comparative Study of Emigration to the United States from Ireland and Poland
    Tadeusz Paleczny. Comparison of causes and course of emigration, and the level of national assimilation.
    Polish Americans and Their Communities of Cleveland
    John J. Grabowski et.al. Cleveland, Cleveland State University, 1976.
    Warsaw: Life and Death in the Ghetto Which the Germans Established There During WWII
    On line exhibit on life and death in the ghetto in which 550,000 Polish Jews were confined during World War II.
    Judaica: The History of Jewish Poland
    Links, primarily to online essays and documents relating to the history of Jews in Poland. From the Polish Academic Information Center at the University of Buffalo.

    Russians

    Beyond the Pale: The History of Jews in Russia
    Virtual exhibit.
    The Russians in America: A Chronology & Fact Book
    Vladimir Wertsman, compiler. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y., Oceana Publications, 1977.
    KILMER E184 .R9R79
    The Russian Immigrant
    Jerome Davis. New York, The Macmillan Company, 1922.
    Sociological study. Includes an early Bibliography on The Russians in America
    Memoirs of Life in Old Russia, World War I, Revolution, and In Emigration: Oral History Transcript
    Ivan Stenbock-Fermor. Berkeley Calif., University of California, 1976.
    Russian Emigre Recollections: Life in Russia and California: Oral History Transcript/1979-1983
    Berkeley Calif., University of California, 1986.
    Transcriptons of interviews with seven subjects, most of whom had left Russia around the time of the Russian Revolution.
    Roucek, Joseph S. "The Image of the Slav in U.S. History and in Immigration Policy," American Journal of Economics & Sociology 28(1), January 1969, 29-48.
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

    Serbs

    Serbs in the United States and Canada: A Comprehensive Bibliography
    Robert P. Gakovich. Minneapolis, Immigration History Research Center, University of Minnesoat, 1977.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .S4G34

    Ukrainians

    Ukrainians in the United States
    George A. Miziuk. Overview up to the mid-1990s.
    The Ukrainians in America, 1608-1975: A Chronology & Fact Book
    Vladimir Wertsman. Dobbs Ferry, N.Y., Oceana Publications, 1976.
    ALEXANDER E184 .U5U485
    Ukrainian-Americans: An Ethnic Portrait
    Donald P. Lokuta. Trenton, New Jersey Historical Commission, 1982.
    ALEXANDER, DANA DOCNJ F145 .U5L64 1982; CAMDEN F145 .U5L64 1982; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLY3 F145 .U5L74 1982

    Jews

    Subject headings that you can use to search IRIS include:

    Jews United States
    Jews New Jersey
    Jews [Country of Origin]
    Example: Jews Poland
    Jewish-Americn History and Culture: An Encyclopedia
    Jack Fischel and Sanford Pinsker. New York, Garland, 1992.
    ALEXANDER E184 .J5J48 1992; DANA REF. E184 .J5J48 1992
    The Jewish Experience in America: A Historical Bibliography
    Santa Barbara, Calif., ABC-Clio, 1983.
    ALEXANDER, DOUGLASS, KILMER E184 .J5J555 1983; DANA REF. E184 .J5J555 1983
    Jews in American Agriculture: An Annotated Bibliography
    Irwin Weintraub. Jefferson, N.C., McFarland & Co., 2007.
    ALEXANDER REF. Z5075 .U5J49 2007; CHANG Z5075 .U5J49 2007
    Judaica Americana: A Bibliography of Publications to 1900
    Robert Singerman. New York, Greenwood Press, 1990. 2 vols.
    ALEXANDER REF. Z6373 .U5S58 1990
    Jewish Immigrants of the Nazi Period in the USA
    Herbert A. Strauss, editor. New York, K.G. Saur, 1978- . 7 vols.
    vol. 1: Archival Resources; vol. 2: Classified and Annotated Bibliography of Books and Articles on the Immigration and Acculturation of Jews from Central Europe to the USA since 1933; vol. 3(1): Guide to the Oral History Collection of the Research Foundation for Jewish Immigration, New York; vol. 3(2): Classified List of Articles Concerning Emigration from Germany; vol. 4(1) Jewish Emigration from Germany 1933-1942, A Documentary History; vol. 5: The Individual and Collective Experience of German-Jewish Immigrants, 1933-1984; vol. 6: Essays on the History, Persecution, and Emigration of German Jews.
    ALEXANDER REF. E184 .J5J558 1981
    New Jersey Jewish History: A Bibliographic Guide.
    Ruth Marcus Patt. New Brunswick, N.J., Jewish Historical Society of Central Jersey, 1987.
    CAMDEN, DOUGLASS REF. F145.J5.P32 1987; DANA, KILMER F145.J5.P32 1987
    The Jews of New Jersey : A Pictorial History.
    Patricia M. Ard and Michael Aaron Rockland. New Brunswick, N.J. : Rutgers University Press, c2002.
    ALEXANDER, DANA F145.J5.A74 2002; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS F145 .J5 .A74 2002
    The Enduring Community : the Jews of Newark and MetroWest.
    William B. Helmreich. New Brunswick, N.J., Transaction Publishers, c1999.
    ALEXANDER F144.N69J54 1999; DANA F144.N69J54 1999 [NEWARK plus STACKS]; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F144.N69J54 1999
    The Jewish Scene in New Jersey's Raritan Valley, 1698-1948
    Ruth Marcus Patt. New Brunswick, N.J., Jewish Historical Society of Raritan Valley, 1978.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN F145 .J5P37; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F145 .J5P3 plus 1980 supplement SNCLNJ F145 .J5P3 Supp. 1980

    Latino

    Subject headings that you can use to search IRIS include:

    [Country Name] Emigration and Immigration Example: Cuba Emigration and Immigration
    [Country Name] Americans Example: Ecuadorian Americans
    [Group] United States Example: Mexicans United States
    Hispanic Americans
    University of Texas at Austin Libraries
    Includes the holdings of the Nettie Lee Benson Latin American Collection, one of the major collections of Latin American materials in the world. Special emphasis on Mexico, Brazil, the Río de la Plata countries, and U.S. Latino culture

    Encyclopedias

    Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States
    Suzanne Oboler and Deena J. Gonzalez, editors. New York, Oxford University Press, 2005. 4 vols.
    Over a 1000 signed, scholarly topical and biographical articles with bibliography relating to the history of Latino/as in the U.S. Especially good coverage of the larger Latino groups (Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, and Dominican). Includes entries for each state in the U.S.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN, DOUGLASS REF. E184 .S75O97 2005
    Encyclopedia Latina : History, Culture, and Society in the United States
    Ilan Stavans, editor. Danbury, CT, Grolier Academic Reference, 2005. 4 vols.
    Fewer articles (about 650) than the Oxford Encyclopedia, but includes full entries on smaller Latino groups and appendices include texts of historic (primarily political) documents as well as statistical tables.
    ALEXANDER, DANA, KILMER REF. E184 .S75E587 2005
    Latino Encyclopedia.
    Richard and Rafael Chabran, editors. New York, Marshall Cavendish, 1996. 6 vols.
    More than 1900 entries ranging from several paragraphs to signed full-length articles with annotated bibliographies relating to the Latino experience in the United States.
    ALEXANDER, DANA, KILMER E184 .S75L57 1996.

    Bibliographies

    Latinos in the United States: A Historical Bibliography
    Albert Camarillo, editor. Santa Barbara, Calif., ABC-Clio, 1986.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .S7L37 1986; DANA REF. E184 .S75L38 1986; KILMER E184 .S75L38 1986
    Hispanic Periodicals in the United States Origins to 1960: A Brief History and Comprehensive Bibliography
    Nicolas Kanellos. Houston, Tex., Arte Publico Press, 2000.
    Includes the history of the Hispanic press in exile, the immigrant press, and the nativist press. Bibliography lists over 1700 titles.
    ALEXANDER, DANA REF. Z6953.5 .S66K36 2000; CAMDEN REF. PN4885 .S75K35 2000

    Databases

    Chicano Database
    c. 1960- . Index to some 130 journals, as well as books, book chapters, popular magazines, and newspapers relating to Chicanos/Chicanas and Mexican Americans. From 1992 forward, includes records for material on the broader Latino experience, including Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans, and Central American immigrants.
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access
    Hispanic-American Periodical Index [HAPI]
    1970- . The major multidisciplinary periodical index for Latin American Studies. Indexes over 500 scholarly journals published in the U.S. and Latin America.
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access
    Handbook of Latin American Studies
    1935- . Selective, annotated bibliography of books, book chapters, articles, and conference papers published in the field of Latin American studies. Coverage alternates between social sciences and the humanities on a biennial basis.

    Cubans

    A Demographic Profile of Cuban Americans
    Thomas D. Boswell. Miami, Fl., Cuban American National Council, 2002.
    Cubans in the United States: A Bibliography for Research in the Social and Behavioral Sciences, 1960-1983
    Lyn MacCorkle. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1984.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .C85M32 1984; DOUGLASS E184 .C97M32 1984
    The New Cuban Immigration in Context.
    Max J. Castro. North-South Agenda Papers Number 58l. University of Miami, October 2002.
    Looks at the new wave of Cuban immigration since the early 1990s.

    Mexicans

    The Mexican American Experience: An Encyclopedia
    Matt S. Meier. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 2003.
    More than 800 topical and biographical entries, with short bibliographies, on the history of Mexicans in the U.S. Emphasis on the Southwest.
    ALEXANDER REF. E184 .M5M4535 2003
    Mexican Americans in Urban Society: A Selected Bibliography
    Albert Camarillo. Berkeley, CA, Floricanto Press, 1986.
    E184 .M5C38 1986
    Bibliography of Mexican American History
    Matt S. Meier. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1984.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .M4M414 1984; KILMER E185 .M5M414 1984
    Mexican Americans: A Research Bibliography
    Frank Pino. East Lansing, Michigan, Latin American Studies Center Michigan State University, 1974. 2 vols.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .M4 P55
    Apuntes Tejanos
    Arnoldo De Leon. Ann Arbor, Mich., University Microfilms, 1978. 2 vols.
    Index to items related to Mexican Americans in Texas extracted from 19th century Texas newspapers.
    ALEXANDER Z1339 .D4
    Katz, Michael, Stern, Mark J., and Fader, Jamie J. " The Mexican Immigration Debate: The View From History," Social Science History 31(2), Summer 2007, 157-189.
    Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access
    The New Era of Mexican Migration to the United States
    Jorge Durand, Douglas S. Massey, and Emilio A. Parrado. Part of the a special issue (September 1999) of the Journal of American History.
    The Evolution of the Mexican-Born Workforce in the United States
    George J. Borjas and Lawrence F. Katz. March 2006.
    "Examines the evolution of the Mexican-born workforce in the United States using data drawn from the decennial Censuses throughout the entire 20th century."
    Mexican Assimilation in the United States
    Edward P. Lazear. March 2005.
    Mexican New York: Transnational Lives of New Immigrants
    Robert C. Smith. Berkeley, University of California Press, 2006.
    ALEXANDER, DANA F128.9 .M5S64 2006

    Puerto Ricans

    Puerto Ricans and Other Minority Groups in the Continental United States: An Annotated Bibliography
    Dianne Herrera. Detroit, B.Ethridge Books, 1979.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .E4H42; DOUGLASS REF. Z1361 .E4H42
    Puerto Ricans on the United States Mainland: A Bibliography of Reports, Texts, Critical Studies and Related Materials.
    Francesco Cordasco. Totowa, New Jersey, Rowman and Littlefield, 1972.
    Annotated bibliography.
    ALEXANDER Z1361 .P8C67; DANA, DOUGLASS REF. Z1361 .P8C67
    The Puerto Ricans: Migration and General Bibliography.
    New York, Arno Press, 1975.
    Reprint of nine bibliographies.
    ALEXANDER, DANA REF. Z1551 .P86
    Index to Articles in the New York Times Relating to Puerto Rico and Puerto Ricans Between 1899 and 1930
    New York, CUNY Centro de Estudios Puertorriquenos, 1981.
    ALEXANDER Z1551 .I5 1981; KILMER FOLIO F1958 .I5 1981
    Organizing Puerto Rican Migrant Farmworkers: The Experience of Puerto Ricans in New Jersey
    Gloria Bonilla-Santiago. New York, P. Lang, 1988.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN HD6515 .A292N53 1988; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ HD6515 .A292N53 1988
    The Puerto Ricans in Newark, N.J..
    Hilda A. Hidalgo. Newark, Aspira, 1971.
    DANA F145 .P85H5 [NEWARK plus STACKS]; SPECIAL COLLECTIONS SNCLNJ F144 .N6H63
    Evaluating Compnents of International Migration: Migration Between Puerto Rico and the United States
    Matthew Christenson. Washington, D.C., U.S. Census Bureau Population Division, 2001.
    "Specifically, the review process evaluated and critiqued the previous estimates of net migration from Puerto Rico to the U.S. in the 1980s and created an estimate for the 1990s."

    Caribbean

    Subject headings that you can use to search IRIS:

    Caribbean Americans
    Haitian Americans
    West Indian Americans
    [Country Name] Emigration and Immigration Example: West Indies Emigration and Immigration
    [Group] United States Example: Haitians United States
    A Bibliography of Caribbean Migration and Caribbean Immigrant Communites.
    Rosemary Brana-Shute. Gainesville, FL., University of Florida Libraries, 1983.
    ALEXANDER Z7164 .I3B7 1983; DANA REF. JV7322 .B72 1983
    West Indian Americans: A Research Guide.
    Guy T. Westmoreland, Jr. Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 2001.
    ALEXADER, KILMER E184 .W54W47 2001; CAMDEN REF. E184 .W54247 2001

    Countries and Cultures

    Subject heading that you can use to search IRIS:

    [Country Name] History
    Country Studies
    Online versions of the Country Studies/Area Handbooks series published by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. A basic resource for an overview of a particular country. Note: The Handbooks found here are electronic versions of studies published between 1988 and 1998, when Congress withdrew funding for this program. Funding was restored for 2004 and work continues on several new editions as well as updated Country Profiles. However, no new funding has been allocated.
    Portals to the World
    The Library of Congress's excellent collection of selected links to in-depth information about the nations and areas of the world. Arranged by country or area, then by categories such as "History;" "Government, Politics, and Law;" "Science and Technology;" "Society," etc.
    Encyclopedia of World Cultures.
    David Levinson, ed. 10 vols. Boston: G.K. Hall, 1991-1996.
    Each volume is devoted to a geographic area and includes a cultural map for that area. There is an entry for each cultural group including information on location, linguistic affiliation, history and cultural relations, settlements, economy, kinship, marriage and family, sociopolitical organization, religion and expressive culture, as well as a list of publications about both the traditional and current culture.
    ALEXANDER, CAMDEN, DANA REF. GN550 .E53 1991.

    Other Resources

    US Immigration: Migration Facts, Stats, and Maps
    Part of the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) Data Hub.
    Ethnicity and Migration Links
    "Links to web resources that provide on-line materials for teaching and research in ethnic and immigration history."

    Corrections?
    Natalie Borisovets (natalieb@andromeda.rutgers.edu)
    John Cotton Dana Library
    September 15, 2004 rev. August 5, 2008