Rutgers University Libraries Contemporary Social Welfare Policies

The Basics

This guide focuses on resources that you can use when seeking information on social welfare policies and issues since the 1930s. For resources on earlier periods see the History of Social Welfare Policies & Programs guide.

Restricted Access

Many of the resources listed in the sections below are marked Restricted Access. You should have no problem connecting to these from any networked computer on campus. However in order to use these from off-campus, you must log in with your Rutgers NetID. For instructions see the Libraries' Remote Access to Library Resources.

Off-Campus Links

Once you have gone to a Rutgers Libraries page and logged in with your NetID [your pegasus username and password] you can use the "Off-Campus Link" provided for each Rutgers-restricted resource below to connect to that database or article. Use the link embedded in the citation to access these resources on campus.

IRIS: Find Books

IRIS is the online catalog for all the Rutgers University Libraries except the Newark and Camden Law Libraries. Many of the sections below include suggestions for searching IRIS to locate other books on the topic(s) covered in that section. Show Me How

Getting Books From Other Rutgers Libraries

If a book that you need is not available (not owned/checked out) at the Dana Library, but is available from another Rutgers Library, you can request delivery of that book to Dana by bringing up the record for the book in IRIS and clicking on tbe Book Delivery/Recall button. Show Me

Book Not Available/Not Owned by the Rutgers Libraries?

The fastest way to get a copy of a book that is not owned or not available (checked out/on Reserve/missing etc.) at the Rutgers Libraries is to request it through E-Z Borrow. E-Z Borrow books are normally received within about five working days. Tell Me More

If a book is not owned by the Rutgers Libraries and is not available via E-Z Borrow, you can place an Interlibrary Loan request. Tell Me More

Finding Articles plus

Social Sciences Full Text
The basic index for finding articles in the social sciences. Indexes over 550 of the core, English language journals in social science disciplines including sociology and social work, public administration, political science, public welfare, and urban studies. Indexes many journals back to 1982 and, beginning with 1995, includes many full-text articles.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

Need More?

While Social Sciences Full Text will usually give you what you need for a basic research paper, if you're working on a more extensive project, or a more specialized topic, you will probably need to use an index that focuses on a specific discipline. You'll find links to some of these in the Finding Scholarly Articles section below.

Becoming an 'Expert' User

Want to maximize your use of Library resources? Check out Rutgers RIOT, the Libraries' online tutorial.

Citing Your Sources

You will be using MLA (Modern Language Association) style when citing the sources that you use in your research papers. The MLA Style Manual is available at the Dana Library Reference Desk. The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison also has a nice introduction to MLA Documentation that will give you the basic information you need to create MLA citations and a Works Cited list.

You can also import references from IRIS and many of the electronic databases into RefWorks, a web-based bibliography and database manager. RefWorks will build your bibliography for you based on whatever style sheet you specify (MLA, Chicago, etc.). For information on setting up your (free) RefWorks account see the RefWorks FAQ.

Not sure when you need to cite something? Check out the Plagiarism Guide

Getting Started: Basic Reference Works

Encyclopedia of Social Work. 20th edition. New York, National Association of Social Workers, 2008.
Almost always a good place to begin your research. About 400 lengthy signed articles with bibliographies on topics felt to be of particular relevance of social work, as well as 200 brief biographies of key figures in the history of social work. Many articles include a historical overview.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Encyclopedia of Social Welfare History in North America. John M. Herrick and Paul H. Stuart (eds.). Thousand Oakes, California: Sage Publications, 2005.
Another useful source. 180 essays, most signed, on the people, topics, and organizations that were important to the development of social welfare policies, services, and institutions in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. Most entries have suggestions for "Further Reading," and many include references to relevant primary source collections as well as to published primary sources.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access and Dana Call Number: Ref. HV12 .E497 2005

Social Welfare in America: An Annotated Bibliography. Walter I. Trattner and W. Andrew Achenbaum (eds.). Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press, 1983.
Annotated bibliography divided into chapters on: "The process and progress of social welfare;" "Caring for the infant and child;" "Addressing the problems of youth;" 'Relieving the domestic crises of adulthood;" and "Coping with the difficulties of old age." Each chapter includes a breakdown by historical period, as well as references categorized by "Racial/Ethnic;" "Gender-Specific;" and "Class."
Dana Call Number: Ref. HV91 .S6 1983

Overview of Entitlement Programs: 2004 Green Book
Biennial publication of data as well as the history and description of the social and economic programs including Social Security, employment, welfare, child support, the elderly, and families with children, under the jurisdiction of the House Committee on Ways and Means.

2008 Green Book
Almost complete; individual sections of the latest Green Book are being posted to the House Ways and Means site prior to full publication.

Social Welfare Policy: How We Got Here

The Depression, the New Deal, and World War II

The Historical Development of the Social Security Act
By Dr. Abe Bortz, the first historian of the Social Security Administration. Overview of social policy developments from the Elizabethan Poor Laws to the passage of the Social Security Act of 1935.

Why Social Security?
Booklet published by the Social Security Board in 1937 to explain the rationale underlying the new Social Security program.

Survey Graphic
Survey Graphic began publication in 1921 as a companion to The Survey, the premier social work journal in the 1920s. Written in a stytle that was accessible to the general public, Survey Graphic focused on important social issues such as race, housing, labor, unemployment, education and healthcare, and had considerable influence on public policy.
Dana Library has volumes 16-37, 1929-1948, of Survey Graphic downstairs in the Lower Level (Shelved by Title).

Volumes 22 to 37 (1933-1948) of the Survey Graphic are available online from the Internet Archive.

Selections from Survey Graphic are also available at the following sites:

New Deal Network
Virtual library of over 20,000 photographs, political cartoons, and texts (articles, speeches, letters, and othe documents). Includes a Document Library organized by topic, a New Deal Photo Gallery, selections of the press conferences of the various New Deal Work Relief agencies, and a Labor in the 1930s Bibliography.

Gerber, Larry G. "World War II and the Expansion of Government in America," National Forum 75(4), Fall 1995, 30-33.
Essay on the impact of World War II on the growth of the federal government, and its new iniatives in the areas of health, education, welfare, and civil rights.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Knapp, Gretchen. " Experimental Social Policymaking During World War II: The United Service Organizations (USO) and American War-Community Services (AWCS)," Journal of Policy History 12(3), 2000, 321-338.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

The 1950s and 1960s

Reese, Ellen. "The Politics of Motherhood: The Restriction of Poor Mothers' Welfare Rights in the United States, 1949-1960," Social Politics 8(1), 2001, pp.65-112.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Proposal for a Nationwide War on the Sources of Poverty
Lyndon B. Johnson's Special Message to Congress, March 16, 1964. From the Modern History Sourcebook.

The War on Poverty
Overview. Kent B. Germany, the University of Virginia.

Aleshire, Robert A. "Power to the People: An Assessment of the Community Action and Model Cities Experience," Public Administration Review 32 (Special Issue), September 1972, 428-443.
Dana Call Number: Periodical, Shelved by Title

Flanagan, R. M. " Lyndon Johnson, Community Action, and the Management of the Administrative State," Presidential Studies Quarterly 31 (4), December 2001, 585-608.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

The War on Poverty: Unfinished Business
New England Journal of Public Policy, 20(1), Fall 2004/Winter 2005, Entire Issue.
Forty years later, the successes and failures of the War on Poverty.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

The 1970s and 1980s

King, Desmond. "Sectionalism and Policy Formation in the United States: Presdent Carter's Welfare Initiatives," British Journal of Political Science 26(3), July 1996, 337-367.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

O'Connor, John. "U.S. Social Welfare Policy: The Reagan Record and Legacy, Journal of Social Policy 27(1), January 1998, 37-61.
Off-Campus Access

Thomas, Alexander R. "Ronald Reagan and the Commitment of the Mentally Ill: Capital, Interest Groups, and the Eclipse of Social Policy," Electronic Journal of Sociology, 1998.

The Reagan Record: An Assessment of America's Changing Domestic Priorities. Edited by John L. Palmer and Isabel V. Sawhill. Cambridge, Mass., Ballinger Pub., 1984.
Dana Call Number: HC106.8 .R42 1984

The 90s and Beyond

Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996: Summary of Provisions. August 1996.
From the National "Association of Social Workers.

Weil, Alan and Finegold, Kenneth. "Introduction," IN Welfare Reform: The Next Act. Washington, D.C., Urban Institute Press, 2002.

Assessing the New Federalism
For over a decade this Urban Institute policy center tracked "how children and families are faring and how program structure, financing, and administration are changing as the federal government transfers authority for health and social welfare programs to states." The ANF project has changed focus to become Low Income Working Families project, with a new emphasize on "the private and public sector context for families' success or failure." You can browse reports by issues, sectors, places, or affected populations.

Whitener, Leslie A., Weber, Bruce A., and Duncan, Greg J. "Introduction: As the Dust Settles: Welfare Reform and Rural America," IN Rural Dimensions of Welfare Reform. Kalamazoo, MI, 2002.

The Obama Agenda
The Obama Administration's position on the social and political issues facing the U.S.

Public Policy and Public Opinion

National Association of Social Workers. Social Work Speaks: National Association of Social Workers Policy Statements: 2009-2012. 8th edition. Washington, D.C., 2009.
64 policy statements, including 25 new/revised statements approved by the 2008 NASW Delegate Assembly, designed to guide policy advocacy and legal action. Topic areas include adolescents, aging, behavioral health, child welfare, community, discrimination and equity issues, education, employment, ethnicity and race, families and children, family planning, gender issues, health, 'macro issues,' political action, social work professional statements, substance abuse, and violence. Each statement includes background information, a statement of issues, the policy statement, its legislative history, and a list of references.
Dana Call Number: Ref HV85 .N33a 2009

NASW Policy Statements Absracts
Brief summaries of the above.

CQ Researcher
Extensive collection of weekly reports from Congressional Quarterly. Each report offers data, a variety of opinion, and a bibliography on a specific 'hot' issue.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

Almanac of Policy Issues
Background information, archived documents, and links on major U.S. public policy issues.

Public Agenda Online
A nonpartisan, nonprofit public opinion research and citizen education organization, Public Agenda offers background information, in-depth analyses and opinion studies on a variety of public policy issues.

New Jersey Public Policy Research Institute
"The New Jersey Public Policy Research Institute, (NJPPRI) identifies, analyzes and disseminates information critical to informed public policy development in and for the African-American community in New Jersey and the region."

Getting the News

Today's News

Many newspapers allow you to register and receive free access to at least a portion of that day's published articles.

The New York Times
The Washington Post
The Star-Ledger

Contemporary Accounts

Access World News
Access to the full text of over 600 U.S. and over 700 international newspapers. Includes access to the Newark Star-Ledger back to 1989.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

A vast archive which includes the full-text of 8,000 leading newspapers, magazines, trade journals, newsletters, and television and radio transcripts. Ten to twenty year+ backfile for many titles.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

Historical Accounts

Historical New York Times
Allows you to search and display the full image of articles published in the New York Times back to 1851. The two+ most recent years are not included; use Access World News to find more recent articles.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

Historical Washington Post
Search and display the full image of articles published in the Washington Post between 1877 and 1993.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access.

Finding Scholarly Articles plus: Indexes

This is a selected list of databases that you may find useful. There are many other indexes that may focus more specifically on the particular topic that you are researching. Check out the complete list of Rutgers online indexes and databases.

Social Sciences Full Text
Social Sciences Full Text is the basic index for finding articles in the social sciences. SSI indexes over 550 of the core, English language journals in social science disciplines including sociology and social work, public administration, political science, public welfare, and urban studies. It indexes many journals back to 1982 and, beginning with 1995, includes many full-text articles.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

Social Services Abstracts
Index to research relating to social work, human services, and relating areas. Social Services Abstracts indexes over 1300 journals as well as dissertations.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access

Social Work Abstracts 1977-
Abstracts of over 35,000 articles and dissertations in the field of social work. Also includes the NASW Register of Clinical Social Workers, which lists registered social workers, their addresses and phone numbers, education and specialization, type of practice and license information.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

Sociologial Abstracts 1963-
Index to approximately 1800 scholarly and professional journals in sociology and related disciplines, as well as to books reviews, books, book chapters, dissertations and conference papers.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

There are also two other indexes that may be especially useful when dealing with public policy issues.

Public Affairs Information Service
1915- Index to books, reports, government documents, and journals dealing with political, social, and public policy issues.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access

Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
1975- Index to over 1,300 journals in political science, international relations, public policy and related fields.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access

Target Populations

Platt, Anthony M. and Cooreman, Jenifer L. " A Multicultural Chronology of Welfare Policy and Social Work in the United States," Social Justice 28(1), Spring 2001, 91-137.
"This chronology is designed to introduce future social workers to significant events, policies, people, and publications in the history of welfare policy and social work in the United States...Issues of race and racism, ethnicity, class, gender, and sexuality are central to the chronology's perspective." Includes a extensive bibliography.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access

Women and Children


Women's Rights in the United States : A Documentary History / edited by Winston E. Langley and Vivian C. Fox. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1994.
Key primary documents including speeches and letters, congressional testimony, court decisions, government reports, position papers, statutes, and news stories. From the Colonial period through 1993.
Dana Call Number: Ref. HQ1236.5.U6W68 1994

Huls, Mary Ellen. United States Government Documents on Women, 1800-1990 : A Comprehensive Bibliography. Westport, Conn. : Greenwood Press, 1993. 2 v.
Almost 7,000 entries, many with short annotations, of reports produced by U.S. agencies, commissions, and Congress "on women or on topics directly affecting women's health and welfare" published between 1800 and 1990. Topical arrangement: "Suffrage and Political Participation," "Education," "Violence Against Women," "Female Offenders," "Pay Equity," "The Women's Bureau," etc.
Dana Call Number: Ref HQ1410.H85 1993

Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000
Books, images, essays, and primary documents organized around "document projects" that pose a question relating to the role of women in U.S. social movements. Also allows you to go directly to documents relating to specific Social Movements.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

Violence Against Women - Federal Legislation and Regulations
From the Justice Department's Office on Violence Against Women.

Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003


The State of America's Children 2010
"A compilation of the most recent and reliable national and state-by-state data on poverty, health, child welfare, youth at risk, early childhood development, education, family income and gun violence." From the Children's Defense Fund.

Child Welfare in New Jersey
Data from the Children's Defense Fund.

State Child Welfare Legislation 2007-2008. June 2009.
"The legislation described here reflects emerging issues and key legislative trends related to child welfare... The report also discusses new laws that address important issues in the child welfare field or institute substantial changes in child welfare practice or administration." From the National Conference of State Legislatures

America's Children 2010. Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office.
Annual reports from the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics.

Kids Count 2010
Project of the Annie E. Casey Foundation, annually tracks the status of children in the U.S., nationally and state-by-state. New Jersey Profile. Also includes 2000 Census Data on children.

National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW) 1997-2010.
Survey mandated by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Looks at the characterisitcs of the children and families that come into contact with the child welfare system; the pathways and services they experience while in the system; and the short and longer-term effects of the experience for these children and families.

Scarcella, Cynthia Andrews et. al. The Cost of Protecting Vulnerable Children IV: How Child Welfare Funding Fared During the Recession. Washington, D.C., The Urban Institute, 2004.
Examines "the amount states spent on child welfare activities in state fiscal year (SFY) 2002, the funding sources they used, how funds were used, and how funding has shifted since federal welfare reform and ASFA."

Adoption and Foster

Adoption History Project
Rich collection of primary and secondary sources relating to the history of adoption in the United States. Includes a timeline, a section on important individuals and organizations, and essays, documents, and suggestions for further reading organized by Topics in Adoption History. Site maintained by Ellen Herman in the Department of History at the University of Oregon.

Adoption and Foster Care Statistics
From the Children's Bureau (CB), one of the bureaus within the Administration for Children and Families, of the Department of Health and Human Services.

Federal Foster Care Financing: How and Why the Current Funding Structure Fails to Meet the Needs of the Child Welfare Field. ASPE Issue Brief. Updated August 2005.

Frame, Laura. "Suitable Homes Revisited: An Historical Look at Child Protection and Welfare Reform," Children and Youth Services Review 21(9/10), 1999, 719-754.
"A review of selected events highlights the problems encountered when welfare-based social services attempt to perform a child protection function, problems that are particularly relevant given current concerns that welfare reform will intensify the poverty experienced by already precarious families."
Off-Campus Link

The Elderly

Some relevant subject headings that you can use in IRIS include:

Older People United States
Older People Services For United States
Aging United States
Older Americans 2010: Key Indicators of Well-Being
Washington, D.C., Federal Interagency Forum on Aging-Related Statistics. July 2010.
Chartbook relating to the health and well-being of Americans 65 and older.
A Profile of Older Americans, 2009
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Administration on Aging.
Innovation in the Aging Network: The Future of Social Services for Older Americans
Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office, 2006.
Hearing before the Special Committee on Aging, United States Senate, 109th Congress, 2d session, Washington, D.C., May 3, 2006.

Issues in Focus: Social Security Reform
Findings and links from the Urban Institute.

Gratton, Brian. " The Poverty of Impoverishment Theory: The Economic Well-Being of the Elderly, 1890-1950," Journal of Economic History 56(1), 1996, 39-61.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

" Bush's House of Cards: The Privatization Fraud [Special section]," American Prospect 16(2), February 2005, p. A1-A23
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Hudson, Robert B. " The New Political Environment in Aging: Challenges to Policy and Practice," Families in Society 86(3). July/September 2005, 321-7.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Data Sources on Older Americans 2009
"Highlights the contents of government-sponsored surveys and products containing statistical information about the older population."


Some relevant subject headings that you can use in IRIS include:

African Americans Social Conditions
African Americans Civil Rights History
Segregation in Education United States
Discrimination in Employment United States History

Murray, Charles A. Losing Ground: American Social Policy, 1950-1980. New York, Basic Books, 1984.
Dana Call Number: HN59 .M87 1984

Bane, Mary Jo. Race, Poverty and Public Policy. March 2005

Alston, Reginald J. "African Americans with Disabilities and the Social Security Administration's Return-to-Work Incentives," Journal of Disability Policy Studies 14(4), Spring 2004, 216-221.
Review of SSCI policies and the cultural variables specific to African Americans that may negate return-to-work incentives.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Quadagno, Jill. " Race and American Social Policy," National Forum 76(3), Summer 1996, 35-38.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Williams, David R. and Jackson, Pamela Braboy. "Social Sources of Racial Disparities in Health," Health Affairs 24(2), March/April 2005, 325-334.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access
Minter, Thomas K. and Alfred E Prettyman. "Education," Encyclopedia of African-American Culture and History. New York, Macmillan, 1996, vol. 2, pp. 846-876.
Overview of the history of African-American education from slavery thru current issues involving school choice. Includes a lengthy bibliography.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E185 .E54 1996.


Latino Encyclopedia. Richard and Rafael Chabran, editors. New York, Marshall Cavendish, 1996. 6 vols.
More than 1900 entries ranging from several paragraphs to signed full-length articles with annotated bibliographies relating to the Latino experience in the United States.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E184 .S75L57 1996.

Latinos in the United States: A Historical Bibliography. Albert Camarillo (ed.), Santa Barbara, Calif., ABC-Clio, 1986.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E184 .S75L38 1986

Chicano Database
c. 1960- . Index to some 130 journals, as well as books, book chapters, popular magazines, and newspapers relating to Chicanos/Chicanas and Mexican Americans. From 1992 forward, includes records for material on the broader Latino experience, including Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans, and Central American immigrants.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Martinez-Ebers, Valerie et at. "Latino Interests in Education, Health, and Criminal Justice Policy," PS: Political Science and Politics 33(3), September 2000, 547-554.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

The Social Security Program and Reform: A Latino Perspective. June 2005
From the National Council of La Raza.

Canino-Arroyo, Maria Josefa. "Reflections on Latino Advocacy and Welfare Reform in New Jersey," Centro Journal 15(1), Spring 2003, 176-195.


To find books on immigrants in the United States search IRIS, the Rutgers online catalog. Some relevant subject headings include:

Immigrants United States
Immigrants United States Social Conditions
United States Emigration and Immigration
United States Emigration and Immigration Government Policy

Encyclopedia of American Immigration. James Ciment, Immanuel Ness, editors. Armonk, N.Y., M.E. Sharpe, 2000. 4 vols.
Immigration history; immigration issues (causes, demographics, acculturation, laws and legislation, politics, economics, etc.); and immigration documents (laws, treaties, court cases, reports, etc.).Volumes 3 and 4 contain articles on specific immigrant groups in America.
Dana Call Number: Ref. JV6465.E53 2000

Padilla, Yolanda C. " Immigrant Policy: Issues for Social Work Practice," Social Work 42(6), November 1997, 595-606.
Off-Campus Access Rutgers-restricted Access

Executive Summary: U.S. Immigration: A Legislative History
"Highlights the history of U.S. immigration legislation and the parallel rise and fall in numbers and changing ethnic makeup." From the Population Resource Center.

S.2611: Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2006: Summary
Summary of the bill passed by the U.S. Senate on May 25, 2006.

2007 Enacted State Legislation Related to Immigrants and Immigration. August 6, 2007
"As of July 2, 2007, no fewer than 1404 pieces of legislation related to immigrants and immigration had been introduced among the 50 state legislatures. From January to July 2nd 2007, 170 bills became law in 41 states." From the National Conference of State Legislatures.

Summary of the Comprehensive Immigration Reform for America's Security and Prosperity Act of 2009 (CIR ASAP)
December 15, 2009

Historical Census Statistics on the Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 1850 to 1990
22 Detailed tables.

Barry, Tom. Immigration Debate: Politics, Ideologies of Anti-Immigration Forces. June 17, 2005.
An Interhemispheric Resource Center (IRC) Americas Program Special Report.


Veteran Data & Information
From the Department of Veterans Affairs.

Veterans Benefit History
Brief overview of benefits from the Revolutionary era to Vietnam. From PBS.

Veterans Benefits and Services
From the 2008 Green Book.

What VA Social Workers Do

Wheeler, Darrell P. and Martha Bragin. Bringing It All Back Home: Social Work and the Challenge of Returning Veterans," Health & Social Work 32(4), November 2007, pp.297-300.

The Mentally Ill

To find books on the treatment of the mentally ill search IRIS, the Rutgers online catalog. Some relevant subject headings include:

"History of Mental Health Services," IN Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, Md., National Institute of Mental Health, 1999. Chapter 2, pp. 75; 78-80.

Grob, Gerald N. " The Transformation of the Mental Hospital in the United States," American Behavioral Scientist 28(5), May/June 1985, 639-654.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

The Mentally Disabled

To find books on the treatment of the mentally disabled search IRIS, the Rutgers online catalog. Some relevant subject headings include:

Goode, David. "A Short History of the Treatment of Persons With Mental Retardation," IN "And Now Let's Build a Better World": The Story of the Association for the Help of Retarded Children, New York City 1948-1998. New York, AHRC, 1998. Chapter 1, pp.6-17.

Finding Data

The New Jersey Municipal Data Book. Montclair, N.J., New Jersey Associates, 1981- Annual
One page summaries [sample] of the population, government, finances, schools, and other characterisitics of each of New Jersey's towns and cities.
Dana Call Number: REF HD4606.N49N5. Most recent volume at Reference Desk.

Statistical Abstract of the United States
The basic annual U.S. statistical compilation. Earlier editions (back to 1878!) are also available.

American FactFinder
Select query elements to create maps and view data tables based on Census 2000, the 1990 Census, the American Community Survey, and the Economic Census. See definitions of the major geographic units for which census data is available.

1980 and 1970 Census of Population are located in the Census area in the Dana Library Reference Room. Population characteristics for the nation and by state (including county, central city, and place data) are available in the General Social and Economic Characteristics volumes:

You will need to use the Table Finding Guide in the front of each volume to locate the data that you need.

Current Population Reports: Special Studies, P-23
From the U.S. Census Bureau. Includes occasional reports on special populations (elderly, foreign-born populations, minorities, women), family life, marriage, fertility, etc. Full-text beginning with no. 188; earlier and paper copies may be found in Dana's Government Documents/Census section.

Current Population Reports: Consumer Income, P-60
From the U.S. Census Bureau. Includes reports on money income, poverty levels, health insurance coverage, and child support. Full-text beginning with no. 187 (1995); earlier and paper copies may be found in Dana's Government Documents/Census section.

Current Population Reports: Household Economic Studies, P-70
From the U.S. Census Bureau. Reports on the economic status of households and its relationship to social characteristics and to benefits received. Based on the monthly Survey of Income and Program Participation. Full-text beginning with no. 43 (1995); earlier and paper copies may be found in Dana's Government Documents/Census section.

Historical Census Browser
Generate selected characteristics of the population down to the state and county level from 1790 to 1960.

Natalie Borisovets (
John Cotton Dana Library
January 21, 2006
rev. August 10, 2010