Rutgers University Libraries Sociology of Urban Education
The Basics: "Restricted Access;" Off-Campus Links; Finding Books: IRIS; Book Delivery; Finding Articles; Becoming an 'Expert' User Citing Your Sources
Getting Started: Basic Resources Finding Books: Library Catalogs Finding Articles: Indexes
Urban Education: Trends & Issues Cultural Foundations Special Education
Bilingual Education Class in the Classroom Student Achievement
Politics, Policy, & Education School Reform Efforts Education & the Economy Data
RUL Home Page IRIS RUL Indexes Ask a Librarian

The Basics

Restricted Access

Many of the resources listed in the sections below are marked Restricted Access. You should have no problem connecting to these from any networked computer on campus. However, by contract, remote access to the Rutgers University Library's indexes, electronic journals, and electronic reserve articles is available only to current Rutgers students, faculty and staff. In order to use these from off-campus, you must log in with your Rutgers NetID. For instructions see the Libraries' Remote Access to Library Resources.

Off-Campus Links

Once you have gone to a Rutgers Libraries page and logged in with your NetID [your pegasus username and password] you can use the "Off-Campus Link" provided for each Rutgers-restricted resource below to connect to that database or article. These links will not work from a networked computer on-campus. Use the link embedded in the citation to access these resources on campus.

IRIS: Find Books

IRIS is the online catalog for all the Rutgers University Libraries except the Newark and Camden Law Libraries. Some sections include specific suggestions for searching IRIS to locate other books on the topic(s) covered in that section.

Getting Books From Other Rutgers Libraries

If a book that you need is not available (not owned/checked out) at the Dana Library, but is available from another Rutgers Library, you can request delivery of that book to Dana by bringing up the record for the book in IRIS and clicking on tbe Deliver/Recall button. Show Me

Book Not Available/Not Owned by the Rutgers Libraries?

The fastest way to get a copy of a book that is not owned or not available (checked out/on Reserve/missing etc.) at the Rutgers Libraries is to request it through E-Z Borrow. E-Z Borrow books are normally received within about five working days. Tell Me More

If a book is not owned by the Rutgers Libraries and is not available via E-Z Borrow, you can place an Interlibrary Loan request. Tell Me More

Finding Articles

Social Sciences Full Text
The basic index for finding articles in the social sciences. Indexes over 550 of the core, English language journals in social science disciplines including sociology and social work, education, public administration, political science, public welfare, urban studies, and women's studies. Indexes many journals back to 1982 and, beginning with 1995, includes many full-text articles.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

Need More?

While Social Sciences Full Text will usually give you what you need for a basic research paper, indexes that focus specifically on education or sociology may considerably expand your research base. You'll find links to these in the Finding Articles section below.

Becoming an 'Expert' User

Want to maximize your use of Library resources? Check out Searchpath, the Libraries' interactive tutorial.

Citing Your Sources

You will be using APA (American Psychological Association) style when citing the sources that you use in your research papers. The APA Publication Manual is available at the Dana Library Reference Desk. The Writing Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison also has an excellent introduction to APA Documentation that will give you the basic information you need to create APA citations and reference lists.

Not sure when you need to cite something? Check out the Plagiarism Guide

Getting Started: Basic Resources

Scholarly encyclopedias can give you an overview of a topic as well as some basic bibliography

Education and Sociology: An Encyclopedia. Edited by David L. Levinson, Peter W. Cookson, Jr., and Alan R. Sadovnik. New York, RoutledgeFalmer, 2002.
Signed scholarly essays with bibliographies on a wide array of topics relating to education and sociology. A good starting point for research!
Table of Contents
Dana Call Number: Ref. LC189.95 .E38 2002

Bibliographies are great for finding out what has been written/is available on a specific topic.

Dreeben, Robert. Sociology of Education Bibliography. Revised July 2003
Extensive (215 pages) bibliography on the sociology of education. You can browse alphabetically by author or download the entire [Word] file. To make it easier for you to search, I've converted this to a PDF Version.

Sociology of Education Bibliography
From the Center for Education & Society at Indiana University. Arranged by topic (schools as social institutions, tracking, social class reproduction, etc.). Most recent citations appear to be from 2000. Not as extensive or current as the Dreeben bibliography, but the topical arrangement makes it much easier to deal with.

Finding Books: Library Catalogs

IRIS The online catalog for the Rutgers University Libraries.

Some relevant subject headings that you can use to search IRIS include:

Newark Law
Camden Law
Rutgers Law library materials are not listed in IRIS. So if your project is in some way law-related, be sure and use the Law library catalogs.

Search across the collections of a large number of research libraries; identify relevant works and the best subject headings to use to find books on specific topics; and find out if an item is available in a nearby library. Based on the over 120 million items found in the collections of the Research Libraries Group (RLG).

Finding Articles: Indexes

Social Sciences Full Text
The basic index for finding articles in the social sciences. Indexes over 550 of the core, English language journals in social science disciplines including sociology and social work, education, public administration, political science, public welfare, urban studies, and women's studies. Indexes many journals back to 1982 and, beginning with 1995, includes many full-text articles.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

Google Scholar
Use the Google search engine to search specifically for scholarly literature including books, peer-reviewed articles, theses, preprints, and technical reports. Links to the full-text of articles from open access (available without a subscription) journals and preprint repositories.


Education Abstracts/Full Text
The basic index for finding articles relating specifically to the applied and theoretical aspects of education. Indexes over 500 English language journals in education. Indexes many journals back to 1983, and, beginning with 1994, includes many full text articles.
Off Campus Access Restricted Access

ERIC - Educational Resources Information Center
The premier resource for educational research, the ERIC database contains more than one million abstracts covering research documents, journal articles, technical reports, program descriptions and evaluations, and curricular materials in the field of education. 1966+
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access


Sociologial Abstracts
1963- Index to approximately 1800 scholarly and professional journals in sociology and related disciplines, as well as to books reviews, books, book chapters, dissertations and conference papers.
Off-Campus Link Restricted Access.

Sociology of Education Abstracts 1995-
Selected abstracts. Part of Educational Research Abstracts Online.
Off-Campus Access

Gender Studies

Women's Studies International
1972- Women's Studies International is the most comprehensive index to women's studies resources. Incorporates citations from Women Studies Abstracts, Women's Studies Bibliography Database, and the Women's Studies Database, among others.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

Contemporary Women's Issues
Full-text access to global information on women found in journals, research reports, newspapers, pamphlets, and fact sheets.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Urban Education: Trends and Issues

Flaxman, Erwin et al. Trends and Issues in Urban Education, 1998 October 1998.
Examines important trends and issues in urban and minority education. Focuses on practice, local policy, and implementation. Includes sections on multicultural education, school reform, school choice, charter schools, smaller schools, schools with a focus, school desegregation, after-school programs, parent involvement, language minority students, and violence prevention.

Critical Trends in Urban Education: Fifth Biennial Survey of America's Great City Schools. October 2002.
Fifth in a series of polls that survey the leadership of America's major urban public school systems about the challenges they face and their expectations for the future. Poll surveys board members, superintendents, and other leadership staff. Trend data compares 2001/2002 data with the results, where appropriate, of the four previous polls.

Ten Year Trends in Urban Education: 1987-1997
Brief highlights followed by tables and figures.

The Urban Diversity Series. Monographs, literature and research reviews, and resource guides concerning educational, socioeconomic, and social/psychological issues involved in the development of diverse urban populations.

Cultural Foundations

Ballesteros, Octavio A. Bilingual-Bicultural Education: An Annotated Bibliography 1936-1982. Jefferson, N.C., MacFarland, 1983.
Dana Call Number: Ref. LC3719.B34 1983

Jackson, Cynthia L. African American Education: A Reference Handbook. Santa Barbara, Calif., ABC-CLIO, 2001.
Focuses on schooling, higher education (specifically the black colleges), and the legal influence (e.g., executive orders, legislative acts, Supreme Court rulings) on African American education. Historical overview, with emphasis on the period since 1954. Includes an annotated bibliography.
Dana Call Number: Ref. LC2741 .J33 2001

Asian American Encyclopedia. Franklin Ny, editor. New York, Marshall Cavendish, 1995. 6 vols.
Signed entries on topics dealing with various Asian groups in the U.S. Especially strong on cultural aspects and issues. Bibliographic references. An outstanding resource.
Dana Call Number: Ref. E184 .O6A827 1995.

Reference Library of European America. Detroit, Gale Research, 1999. 4 vols.
Vols 1 and 2 consist of essays describing the experiences of European immigrant groups in America (settlement patterns, acculturation and assimilation, language, family and community dynamics, and religion).
Dana Call Number: Ref. E184.E95398 1999

Latino Encyclopedia. Richard and Rafael Chabran, editors. New York, Marshall Cavendish, 1996. 6 vols.
More than 1900 entries ranging from several paragraphs to signed full-length articles with annotated bibliographies relating to the Latino experience in the United States .
Dana Call Number: Ref. E184 .S75L57 1996.

Chicano Database
c. 1960- . Index to some 130 journals, as well as books, book chapters, popular magazines, and newspapers relating to Chicanos/Chicanas and Mexican Americans. From 1992 forward, includes records for material on the broader Latino experience, including Puerto Ricans, Cuban Americans, and Central American immigrants.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access.

Special Education

On the Nexus of Race, Disability and Overrepresentation: What Do We Know? Where Do We Go? December 2001.
From the National Institute for Urban School Improvement. Includes an excellent bibliography.

Civil Rights in Brief: Discrimination in Special Education
From the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University.

Racial Disparities in Special Education: National Trends
Six charts illustrating the racial disparities within special education. From the Civil Rights Project at Harvard University.

Limited English Proficient Students and Special Education
"Some school districts have at times confused the educational needs of limited English proficient (LEP) students with the special education services required by students with disabilities."

Minority Students in Special and Gifted Education. M. Suzanne Donovan and Christopher T. Cross, editors. National Research Council, Committee on Minority Representation in Special Education, Washington, D.C., National Academy Press, 2002.
Considers possible contributors to the disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic minority students in special education and gifted and talented programs.

The Role of Reading Instruction in Addressing the Overrepresentation of Minority Children in Special Education in the United States
Position statement of the International Reading Association.
"IRA is concerned that lack of appropriate reading instruction and early interventions among low-performing minority children contributes to their overrepresentation in special education programs."

Skiba, Russel J. The Context of Minority Disproportionality: Local Perspectives on Special Education Referral. A Status Report. Indiana University, Indiana Education Policy Center, June 2003.
Study based on interviews with 66 educators (teachers, principals, school psychologists, and special education directors) in 14 Indiana schools with a high percentage of minority students in their special education programs.

Need more?

Check IRIS, the Rutgers Libraries online catalog. Some relevant subject searches you can try include:

Bilingual Education

Encyclopedia of Bilingualism and Bilingual Education. Edited by Colin Baker and Sylvia Prys Jones. Philadelphia, PA., Multilingual Matters, 1998.
Ref. LC3707 .E53 1998

Anstrom, Kris. "Defining the Limited-English Proficient Student Population," Directions in Language and Education 1(9), Summer 1996.

Moss, Marc, and Puma, Michael. Prospects: The Congressionally Mandated Study of Educational Growth and Opportunity: First Year Report on Language Minority and Limited English Proficient Students. Cambridge, MA., ABT Associates, 1995. (ERIC Document: ED394334)

Antunez, Beth and Casserly, Michael. Title III of No Child Left Behind: A Status Report from the Great City Schools. Council of the Great City Schools, Fall 2004.
Title III of the No Child Left Behind act made substantial changes in the the bilingual education programming of the federal government.

Thomas, Wayne P. and Collier, Virginia P. A National Study of School Effectiveness for Language Minority Students' Long-Term Academic Achievement. Center for Research on Education, Diversity, and Excellence, 2001.
Results of a five-year study of five urban and rural research sites, looking at the long-term academic achievement of all minority language students in those districts.

Resources About Secondary English Language Learner Outcomes
From the National Clearinghouse for English Language Acquisition (NCELA).

Limited English Proficient Students and Special Education
"Some school districts have at times confused the educational needs of limited English proficient (LEP) students with the special education services required by students with disabilities."

Need more?

Check IRIS, the Rutgers Libraries online catalog. Some relevant subject searches you can try include:

Class in the Classroom

Rist, Ray C. "Student Social Class and Teacher Expectations: The Self-Fulfilling Prophecy in Ghetto Education," Harvard Educational Review 70(3), Fall 2000, 257-301.
Reprint of Rist's classic 1970 article (Harvard Educational Review 40(3), 1970, 411-451) with a new Introduction by the author.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Panofsky, Carolyn P. The Relations of Learning and Student Social Class: Toward "Re-"Socializing" Sociocultural Learning Theory
Draft of article published in Vygotsky's Educational Theory in Cultural Context. Edited by Alex Kozulin et al., New York, Cambridge University Press, 2003, pp. 411-431.

Need more?

Check IRIS, the Rutgers Libraries online catalog. Some relevant subject searches you can try include:

Student Achievement

Hope for Urban Education: A Study of Nine High-Performing, High-Poverty Urban Elementary Schools. Washington, D.C., U.S. Department of Education, 1999.
Study of nine urban schools that used federal Title I dollars to create Title I schoolwide programs Student achievement in mathematics and reading at these schools was higher than the average of all schools in their state Report prepared by the Charles A. Dana Center, University of Texas at Austin.

National Assessment of Educational Progress: The Nation's Report Card
Perodic reports on subject-matter (reading, mathematics, science, writing, U.S. history, civics, geography, and the arts) achievement, instructional experiences, and school environment for populations of students and subgroups of those populations. The National NAEP reports information for the nation and specific geographic regions of the country and reports student achievement at grades 4, 8, and 12.

Beating the Odds VI: A City-By-City Analysis of Student Performance and Achievement Gap on State Assessments Results from 2004-2005 School Year. March 2006.
6th annual report on student achievement in major city school systems in math and reading. Report plus separate City by City Analysis, data on 61 city school systems from 37 states. From the Council of the Great City Schools.

Policy, Politics and Education

Education Commission of the States
ECS is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization which works to improve public education by facilitating the exchange of information, ideas and experiences among state policymakers and education leaders. The ECS Education Issues section offers reports, information, and links about a wide array of current and emerging issues, trends and innovations in state education policy.

Public Agenda Issues: Education
A nonpartisan, nonprofit public opinion research and citizen education organization, Public Agenda offers background information, in-depth analyses and opinion studies on a variety of public policy issues.

CQ Researcher
Extensive collection of weekly reports from Congressional Quarterly. Each report offers data, a variety of opinion, and a bibliography on a specific 'hot' issue.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

School Reform Efforts

Brown v. Board of Education

BROWN ET AL. v. BOARD OF EDUCATION OF TOPEKA ET AL. No. 1 Appeal From the United States District Court for the District of Kansas
Argued December 9, 1952; Decided May 17, 1954.

Brown vs. Board of Education
Overview, 'myths versus truths,' virtual exhibit, and research sources. From the Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research.

Tatum, Gail. Brown v. Board of Education--Fifty Years
Partially annotated bibliography on Brown and its aftermath.

Orfield, Gary and Chungmei Lee. Brown at 50: King's Dream or Plessy's Nightmare?. Cambridge, Mass., The Civil Rights Project, Harvard University, January 2004.
Examines the decade of resegregation that began with the Supreme Court's 1991 Dowell decision, which authorized a return to neighborhood schools even if that would result in segregated schools.

Need more?

To find other materials on Brown v. The Board of Education in IRIS, use the subject heading: Brown, Oliver, 1918 Trials, Litigation, etc.

Need articles?

In ERIC, and in Education Abstracts/Full Text, if you are searching for, or combining terms with, specific legal cases search the case name as a keyword. In this case, use "brown v board of education" as your search term. Show Me

In Sociological Abstracts, in "Advanced Search" combine brown as your first keyword AND "board of education" as your second keyword.

School Choice

Bielick, Stacey and Champman, Christopher. Trends in the Use of School Choice, 1993 to 1999. Washington, DC, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003.

The U.S. Department of Education sponsored a 4-year National Study of Charter Schools:

Frankenberg, Erica and Lee, Chungmei. Charter Schools and Race: A Lost Opportunity for Integrated Education. Education Policy Analysis Archives 11(32), September 5, 2003.
Looks at segregation patterns in the nation's charter schools.

Charter School Operations and Performance: Evidence from California. RAND Report MR-1700, 2003.
Examines accessibility, student achievement, governance, and operation of California charter schools. Concludes that as there is no single charter school approach there is no single charter school effect.

Visconti, Louisa et al. Charter Schools and Urban Education Improvement: Newark and New Jersey's Charter Schools National Conference on Charter Schools: Trends and Policy Issues. Sacramento, CA, March 27-28, 2004.

Callahan, Kathe, Sadovnik, Alan, and Visconti, Louisa. Performance-Based Accountability: Newark's Charter School Experience. Newark, Cornwall Center for Metropolitan Studies, June 2002 (revised December 2002).

Evaluation of New Jersey Charter Schools
Highlights of the 2001 report, report on charter school hearings, and the Commissioners recommendations.

Need more?

To find other books on school choice in IRIS, use the subject headings:

No Child Left Behind

No Child Left Behind: A Desktop Reference

Education Commission of the States. ECS Report to the Nation: State Implementation of the No Child Left Behind Act. July 2004.
Analysis of NCLB implementation.

Serving Those Most In Need or Not? A Report on the Implementation of the NCLB's Supplemental Education Services in New York City. New York, Advocates for Children of New York, Inc., October 2003.
Report assessing the implementation and effectiveness of the Supplemental Education Services program (SES) required under the No Child Left Behind Act.

No Child Left Behind Penn GSE Perspectives in Urban Eduation 3(3), 2006.
Issue devoted to implications and effects of the No Child Left Behind Act on urban education.

Need more?

To find other books relating to NCLB in IRIS, use the subject headings:

Abbott Reform Models

Abbott v Burke
Education Law Center site includes the texts of the Abbott IV - Abbott X decisions, a chronology, profiles of the New Jersey Abbott districts, news stories, etc.

Gewertz, Catherine. "A Level Playing Field," Education Week 24(17), January 6, 2005, pp.40-42, 44, 47-48.

Goertz, Margaret E., et. al. In Search of Excellence for All: The Courts and New Jersey School Finance Reform. Journal of Education Finance 25 (1), Summer 1999, pp. 5-31.
Off-Campus Access Restricted Access

Need More?

To find other books relating to Abbott v. Burke in IRIS, use the keywords: abbott and burke.

Need some articles?

In ERIC, if you are searching for, or combining terms with, specific legal cases search the case name as a keyword. In this case, you can use "abbott v burke" as a search term. Show Me

In Education Abstracts/Full Text, enter abbott as your first search term, and combine that with "new jersey" as your second search term.

Education and the Economy

Columbia University's Institute on Education and the Economy conducts research on the implications of changes in the economy and labor markets for all levels of education and training systems. Areas of research focus include school-to-work, skill standards, reorganization of the workplace, and labor markets. In addition to their published books and reports the Institute also makes available

An Economic Perspective on Urban Education. A Brookings Institution Policy Brief. June 2003.
Summary of papers presented at the annual Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs Symposium in October 2002 and published in the Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs 4 (2003). Restricted Access

Need more?

Check IRIS, the Rutgers Libraries online catalog. Some relevant subject searches you can try include:


Digest of Education Statistics
The primary annual resource from the National Center for Education Statistics. National and state-level data on all levels of U.S. education, including schools, teachers, enrollments, graduates, educational attainment, finances, employment and income of graduates, and libraries. Also includes information on population trends, attitutdes toward education, educational characteristics of the labor force, government finances, and economic trends. 1990- availale online.

Condition of Education
Summary information about educational conditions, functioning, performance and trends presented in an indicator format. Indicators grouped by participation in education; learner outcomes; student effort and academic progress; contexts of elementary and secondary education; contexts of postsecondary education; and societal support for learning. Indicators compiled from the 2001-2005 print editions of the Condition of Education [Dana L112 .N377a]

Status and Trends in the Education of Blacks. Washington, DC, National Center for Education Statistics, September 2003.
Report examining "the mix of progress on key education indicators of Black children and adults in the United States." Covers preprimary through postsecondary education. Includes labor markets and social outcomes of education.

Status and Treands in the Education of Hispanics. Washington, DC, National Center for Education Statistics, April 2003.
Report examining the current condition and recent trends in the educational status of Hispanics in the United States. Covers preprimary through postsecondary education. Includes labor markets and social outcomes of education.

Freeman, Catherine E. Trends in Educational Equity of Girls & Women: 2004. Washington, DC, National Center for Education Statistics, November 2004.
Report on the educational status of women and girls in the United States. Looks at "indicators that examine the extent to which males and females have access to the same educational opportunities, avail themselves equally of these opportunities, perform at similar levels throughout schooling, succeed at similar rates, and reap the same benefits from their educaitonal experiences."

Common Core of Data

The National Center for Education Statistics annually collects data about all public elementary and secondary schools, all local education agencies (school districts), and all state education agencies. This information then become part of the Common Core of Data (CCD) database. NCES uses CCD data to produce reports; they also make the database available to those researching American education.

Council of the Great City Schools

Council of the Great City Schools
The CGCS is a coalition of 64 of the nation's largest urban school districts. The Council regularly prepares reports and compiles data on U.S. urban school systems.

International Archive of Education Data

International Archive of Education Data
A large collection of downloadable national and international data sets on education. This is a new venture between NCES and ICPSR; currently the data consists primarily of that collected by the Natational Center for Education Statistics, although the intention is to add data from other sources.


ICPSR Data Access & Analysis
Rutgers is a member of the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, a hugh social sciences data archive hosted at the University of Michigan. Rutgers users can download ICPSR data sets and use them to generate charts, graphs, or other statistical reports. If you run into a problem downloading ICPSR data, contact the Rutgers ICPSR Representative, Ron Jantz (
Off-Campus Access Note: If you're a Rutgers user connecting from off-campus you must use the off-campus link if you're plannig on downloading data.

Census Data

American FactFinder
Select query elements to create maps and view data tables based on Census 2000, the 1990 Census, the American Community Survey, and the Economic Census. See definitions of the major geographic units for which census data is available.

1980 and 1970 Census of Population are located in the Census area in the Dana Library Reference Room. Population characteristics for the nation and by state (including county, central city, and place data) are available in the General Social and Economic Characteristics volumes:

You will need to use the Table Finding Guide in the front of each volume to locate the data that you need.

2002 Census of Governments: Public Education Finances
Revenues, expenditures, debt, and assets of elementary and secondary public school systems.

School District Demographics
Census 2000 demographic data about children and their living environment, by school district. Also includes school district maps, as well as population and poverty estimites for school districts.

Natalie Borisovets (
John Cotton Dana Library
Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey
March 27, 2006