QUALITATIVE METHODS II
21:977:624:01 & 26:834:619:01, Fall 2009
Thursdays, 5:30 – 8:10, 148 Bradley Hall

Dr. Arthur B. Powell powellab@andromeda.rutgers.edu
156 Bradley Hall; Tel.: 973.353.3530
Office hours: Thursdays, 4 to 5 and by appointment
All course materials and assignments will be posted on Blackboard:
http://blackboard.newark.rutgers.edu (Rutgers Net Id needed for access)

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This doctoral course will concentrate on research design and methodologies of focus group, grounded theory, and discourse analysis and the use of electronic technologies in qualitative research. Through the course readings, assignments, and discussions, students will develop further their abilities to use new technologies to capture and analyze qualitative data and to report findings of qualitative studies. Students will design a qualitative research study–their own dissertation study or a hypothetical one.

Objectives: Students will
  1. design, implement, and analyze a focus group interview;
  2. understand and be able to develop theory from qualitative data;
  3. understand discourse analysis and be able to apply it to qualitative data;
  4. use a computer-based, qualitative analytic tool;
  5. understand and critique qualitative studies;
  6. develop an original qualitative research proposal: and
  7. complete IRB and ORSP Human Subjects Certification Program
Required Software:

Transana. Purchase from: http://www.transana.org/

Required Texts and Readings:

Berg, B. L. (2007). Focus group interviewing. In Qualitative research methods for the social sciences (pp. 144-170). Boston: Pearson.
Charmaz, K. (2006). Constructing grounded theory. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Creswell, J. W. (2009). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (3rd ed.). Los Angles: Sage.
Ernest, P. (1998). The epistemological basis of qualitative research in mathematics education: A postmodern perspective. In A. R. Teppo (Ed.), Qualitative research methods in mathematics education (pp. 22-39). Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
Gee, J. P. (2005). An introduction to discourse analysis: Theory and method (2nd. ed.). New York: Routledge.
Krueger, R. A. (2008). Focus group interviewing: Handouts: http://www.tc.umn.edu/~rkrueger/focus.html
Lambert, S. D., & Loiselle, C. G. (2008). Combining individual interviews and focus groups to enhance data richness. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 62(2), 228-237.
Lewins, A., & Silver, C. (2009). Choosing a CAQDAS Package. Retrieved from http://caqdas.soc.surrey.ac.uk/PDF/2009ChoosingaCAQDASPackage.pdf
Moore, J. L. (2006). A qualitative investigation of African American males' career trajectory in engineering: Implications for teachers, school counselors, and parents. Teachers College Record, 108(2), 246-266.
Mousley, J., Sullivan, P., & Waywood, A. (1998). Using a computer in synthesis of qualitative data. In A. R. Teppo (Ed.), Qualitative research methods in mathematics education (pp. 128-143). Reston, VA: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics.
Strauss, A. M., & Corbin, J. (1994). Grounded theory methodology: An overview. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 273-285). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Thomas, G. (1997). What's the use of theory? Harvard Educational Review, 67(1), 75-104.

Recommended Readings (You may have read some texts in Qualitative Method I.):

Corbin, J., & Strauss, A. (2003). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Krueger, R. A., & Casey, M. A. (2008). Focus groups: A practical guide for applied research (4th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Powell, A. B., Francisco, J. M., & Maher, C. A. (2003). An analytical model for studying the development of mathematical ideas and reasoning using videotape data. The Journal of Mathematical Behavior, 22(4), 405-435.
Punch, M. (1994). Politics and ethics in qualitative research. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 83-97). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Sadovnik, A. R. (2006). Qualitative research and public policy. In F. Fischer, G. J. Miller & M. S. Sidney (Eds.), Handbook of public policy analysis (pp. 417-427): CRC Press.

Assignments:
  1. Design and conduct a focus group interview, capturing the data with a video camera. (5%)
  2. Import data into Transana (5%)
  3. Analyze focus group data, transcribing critical events. (5%)
  4. Conduct second focus group or individual interview based on results of analysis of first focus group interview, capturing the data with a video camera. (10%)
  5. Import data into Transana (5%)
  6. Critical reading of a qualitative or mixed-method dissertation:
    1. A written critical evaluation of the study's methodology (15%)
    2. An oral presentation of your evaluation (15%)
  7. Fully developed research proposal (15%)
  8. Discourse analytic research report (15%)
  9. Participation (5%)
  10. Human Subjects Certification: http://orsp.rutgers.edu/Humans/hscp.php (5%)
Week-by-Week Reading and Discussion Outline

Apart from chapters in Charmaz (2006), Creswell (2009), and Gee (2005), you may electronically access all required readings and some recommended ones from the course's Blackboard site.

DateDiscussion TopicsReadings and Assignments
Week 1: 9/3
Introduction
What is and why theory?
A FGI experience
Discuss focus group interview assignment
Thomas (1997)
Week 2: 9/10
Focus Group Interviewing
Selecting a research design
Focus group methodology
Berg (2007), Chapter 5: "Focus group interviewing"
Creswell (2009), Chapter 1, Writing Exercise (WE) #2
First draft of protocol for your focus group interview
Week 3: 9/17
Literature review
Further review of FGI assignment
Discuss of dissertation reading assignment
Creswell (2009), Chapter 2, WE #3
Lambert & Loiselle (2008)
Krueger (2008)
Second draft of protocol for your focus group interview
Week 4: 9/24
Student lead class
Using theory;
Engaging focus group interviews
Creswell (2009), Chapter 3, WE #3: Email citation information of at least two of the three types of articles.
Mousley, Sullivan, & Waywood (1998)
Select and begin reading a qualitative or mixed-method dissertation.
Conduct videotaped, focus group interview.
Week 5: 10/1
Proposal writing and considering ethical issues
Epistemology
Grounded theory
Creswell (2009), Chapter 4, WE #1, 2 & 3
Ernest (1998)
Strauss & Corbin (1994)
Citation information of qualitative or mixed-method dissertation.
Week 6: 10/8
Introducing your dissertation study
Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis: Transana
Creswell (2009), Chapter 5, WE #1 & 2
Transana guided tour: http://www.transana.org/about/Tour/index.htm
Charmaz (2006), Chapters 1 and 2
Week 7: 10/15
Reasons for your dissertation study
Presenting your intended study
Creswell (2009), Chapter 6, WE #2
Charmaz (2006), Chapters 3 and 4
Present PowerPoint on Research Study
Read a qualitative or mixed method dissertation
Focus Group Interviewing
Week 8: 10/22
Your research questions
Transana: importing and creating transcription
Creswell (2009), Chapter 7, WE #1
Charmaz (2006), Chapters 5 and 6
Read a qualitative or mixed method dissertation
Focus Group Interviewing
Week 9: 10/29
Your methods
Grounded theory
Transana: importing and creating transcription
Discuss focus group interview assignment
Creswell (2009), Chapter 9, WE #1 & 2
Charmaz (2006), Chapters 7 and 8
Group oral reports on a qualitative or mixed method dissertation
Week 10: 11/16
Discourse analysis
Transana: coding
Moore (2006)
Gee (2005), Chapters 1-3
Group reports on a qualitative or mixed method dissertation and individual presentation of research proposal.
Week 11: 11/3
Discourse analysis
Transana: analyzing
Gee (2005), Chapters 4 and 5
Due: Your research proposal
Group reports on a qualitative or mixed method dissertation and individual presentation of research proposal.
Week 12: 11/20
Writing Qualitative Research Proposals and PapersGee (2005), Chapters 6 and 7
Group oral reports on a qualitative or mixed method dissertation and individual presentation of research proposal.
Week 13: 12/3
Qualitative Analysis ReportGee (2005), Chapters 8 and 9
Group oral reports on a qualitative or mixed method dissertation and individual presentation of research proposal.
Week 14: 12/10
Qualitative Analysis ReportLewins & Silver (2009)
Individual presentation of research proposal.
Due: Written qualitative analysis report on focus group and related individual interviews
Due: Proof of Human Subject Certification