Administration of Justice

Crime and Criminal Justice in Europe and North America

This report is based on an analysis of national responses to the Fifth United Nations Survey. The report covers the years 1990 through 1994. The fifth United Nations Survey data have been supplemented by other information, including in particular the results of the International Crime (Victim) Survey. The report differs considerably from its predecessors. The data has been subjected to quantitative analysis in order to test whether a set of indicators can be developed that may help us to better understand differences between countries in the level and structure of crime, and in the operation of the criminal justice system.

Crime and Society: A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World
www-rohan.sdsu.edu/faculty/rwinslow/

This website presents basic criminal justice-related information about each country of the world.

International Center for Criminal Law Reform and Criminal Justice Policy
www.icclr.law.ubc.ca

Independent, non-profit institute, officially affiliated with the United Nations, dedicated to making  a substantial contribution to national and international efforts to reduce crime and improve justice.

Open Society Justice Initiative
www.justiceinitiative.org/

The Open Society Justice Initiative is an operational program of the Open Society Institute. This website gives details of work the Justice Initiative is engaged in including national criminal justice reform, international justice, freedom of information and expression, equality and citizenship, anti-corruption and legal capacity development.  Work is also detailed by region and country and publications produced by the Justice Initiative can be downloaded in full. 

Profiles of Criminal Justice Systems in Europe and North America, 1990-1994
www.heuni.fi/uploads/bz2x8.pdf

This report consists of national profiles of 51 European and North American countries. The profiles are based on an analysis of the responses to the Fifth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operation of Criminal Justice Systems (1990-1994). Each profile seeks to provide background information on the criminal justice system, trends in crime, criminal justice resources and the performance of the criminal justice system. Where possible, additional sources of information have been utilized.

The World Fact book of Criminal Justice Systems
bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/html/wfcj.cfm

This fact book provides narrative descriptions of the criminal justice systems of 45 countries around the world.


Corrections

Asian and Pacific Conference of Correctional Administrators
www.apcca.org

Includes a selection of the national background papers prepared for the Conference as well as regional correctional statistics.

Confèrence Permanente Europèenne de la Probation
www.cep-probation.org

The Conférence Permanente Européenne de la Probation works to promote the social inclusion of offenders through community sanctions and measures such as probation, community service, mediation and conciliation.

Global Detention Project
www.globaldetentionproject.org/

To assess the growth and evolution of detention institutions, project researchers at the Global Detention Project are creating a comprehensive database of detention sites that categorizes detention facilities along several dimensions, including security level, bureaucratic chain of command, facility type (is a given site an exposed camp, a dedicated migrant detention facility, or a common prison), spatial segregation (are there separate cells for criminals and administrative detainees, for women and men), and size.

Health in Prisons Project
www.euro.who.int/prisons

This project, initiated by the United Nations World Health Organization's Regional Office for Europe, provides information on the health conditions of prisons and correctional facilities in Europe.

International Centre for Prison Studies
www.kcl.ac.uk/schools/law/research/icps

The International Centre for Prison Studies seeks to assist governments and other relevant agencies to develop appropriate policies on prisons and the use of imprisonment. It carries out its work on a project or consultancy basis for international agencies, governmental and non-governmental organizations.

International Community Corrections Association
iccalive.org/

ICCA provides information, training, and other services to enhance the quality of services and supervision for offenders and to promote effective management practices.

International Corrections and Prisons Association
www.icpa.ca

International Corrections and Prisons Association provides a forum for criminal justice professionals to join in a dialogue and to share ideas and practices aimed at advancing professional corrections.

Penal Reform International
www.penalreform.org/

Penal Reform International (PRI) has four principal objectives: to promote humane treatment of offenders according to the international instruments; to eliminate racial, class and ethnic discrimination in penal measures; to reduce the use of prison throughout the world and to replace prison whenever possible by constructive alternatives that are meaningful to victims and; to abolish the death penalty.

PrisonReform.org
www.prisonreform.org

PrisonReform.org lists government sites and other organizations related to prisons and prison reform, chiefly within the United Kingdom. The homepage includes an alphabetical navigation toolbar, allowing rapid access to a large variety of sites. 


Corruption, Cybercrime, Money Laundering & Fraud

Anti-Corruption Network for Transition Economies
www.nobribes.org/

The Anti-Corruption Network for Transition Economies provides a forum for the exchange of concrete, action-oriented information between anti-corruption practitioners and analysts in Eastern Europe and Former Soviet Union.

Anti-Money Laudering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism
www.imf.org/external/np/leg/amlcft/eng/index.htm

The website includes publications regard anti-money laundering system and other measures which the International Monetary Fund has carried out.

Business Anti-Corruption Portal
www.business-anti-corruption.com/?L=0

The purpose of this portal is to support small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in avoiding and fighting corruption and creating a better business environment. Working actively against corruption will furthermore enable companies to adhere to the UN Global Compact Principle 10 on corruption. As small and medium sized companies typically possess fewer resources than larger companies, these tools have been developed to support them in fighting corruption.

Computer related crime: EU Cybercrime website
ec.europa.eu/dgs/home-affairs/what-we-do/policies/organized-crime-and-human-trafficking/cybercrime/index_en.htm

This website provides information of EU's initiative on cybercrime.

Corruption Prevention Network
www.corruptionprevention.net/

Oringally part of the Independent Commission Against Corruption, the CPN developed as an entity with the aim of sharing information and cooperating with members to prevent corruption. With an excellent e-Resources page featuring forum papers, hot topic papers, links and an e-Library including policy papers, strategy, presentations and cartoons.

Cybercrime: Center for Democracy & Technology
www.cdt.org/issue/international

"Several international initiatives on cyber-crime raise concerns for Internet freedom and threaten to result in government mandates on industry. One effort is being undertaken by the Council of Europe (COE), which is drafting a treaty on computer crime. The Group of Eight (G-8 - the seven major industrial nations plus Russia) have been discussing cyber-crime at the ministerial level. CDT here collects various materials on these initiatives, focusing on the COE proposal."

Cybercrime Law
www.cybercrimelaw.net/

Cybercrimelaw.net is a global information clearinghouse on cybercrime law.

Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering
www.fatf-gafi.org/pages/0,2987,en_32250379_32235720_1_1_1_1_1,00.html


The FATF is an inter-governmental body whose purpose is the development and promotion of national and international policies to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.

Global Integrity
www.globalintegrity.org/

Global Integrity generates, synthesizes, and disseminates credible, comprehensive and timely information on governance and corruption trends around the world. As an independent information provider employing on-the-ground expertise, we produce original reporting and quantitative analysis in the global public interest regarding accountable and democratic governance.

Global Organisation of Parlementarians against Corruption (GOPAC)
www.gopacnetwork.org/

The Global Organization Against Corruption (GOPAC) is an international network of parliamentarians dedicated to good governance and combating corruption throughout the world. This website is intended to be a portal for parliamentarians and others, interested in joining forces to fight corruption and promote good governance. In English, French, and Spanish.

Group of the States Against Corruption (GRECO)
www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/greco/default_en.asp

GRECO evaluates, through a dynamic process of peer pressure, the compliance with undertakings contained in the legal instruments of the Council of Europe in fighting against corruption.

International Association of Anti-Corruption Authorities (IAACA)
www.iaaca.org/

The official website of the International Association of Anti-Corruption Agencies(“IAACA”) provide all members with a platform of exchanging information, submitting reports, releasing anti-corruption news, events and conference activities, sharing anti-corruption laws and literatures etc.

International Center for Corruption Research
www.icgg.org/

This site was designed as an outlet for academic research in the field of corruption to the media and as a discussion forum for academic research on corruption.

International Compliance Association
www.int-comp.org

The International Compliance Association supports and educates compliance professionals in the fight against terrorist financing, corruption, money laundering, and financial crime through the provision of internationally recognized qualifications, member information exchange, and training.

International Group for Anti-corruption Coordination (IGAC)
www.karmayog.org/anticorruption/

IGAC provides a platform for the exchange of views, information, experiences, and best practices on anti-corruption activities for the purpose of enhancing the impact of these activities. It is uniquely composed of organizations, including NGOs, active internationally in anti-corruption policy, advocacy and enforcement. The webpage has links to numerous publications and a database..

International Money Laundering Information Network
www.imolin.org

IMoLIN is an Internet-based network assisting governments, organizations and individuals in the fight against  money laundering. The website includes a database on legislation and regulation throughout the world, an electronic library, and a calendar of events in the anti-money laundering field.

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
www.oecd.org/

The OECD is an organization that provides governments a setting in which to discuss, develop and perfect economic and social policy. They compare experiences, seek answers to common problems and work to co-ordinate domestic and international policies that increasingly in today's globalized world must form a web of even practice across nations.

Transparency International
www.transparency.org/
Transparency International is a civil society organization dedicated to curbing both international and national corruption.  Reports provide an overview on the state of corruption worldwide.  Reports may also be ordered from Transparency International in book format.

U.S. Agency for International Development - Handbook on Fighting Corruption
transition.usaid.gov/policy/ads/200/crpthdbk.pdf

Center for Democracy and Government’s Handbook on Fighting Corruption.

Utstein Anti-Corruption Resource Center
www.u4.no

The U4 Resource Centre is operated by the Chr. Michelsen Institute (CMI), Bergen, Norway - a private social science research foundation working on issues of development and human rights. Through this extensive online resource centre, we guide users to relevant anti-corruption resources, including our own applied research (Themes), and we communicate the work of the U4 partner agencies through a searchable database of projects and initiatives. We also offer a Help Desk service and provide online as well as in-country training on anti-corruption measures and strategies for partner agencies and their counterparts.


World Bank Institute – Governance and Anti-Corruption Resource Center

www.worldbank.org/wbi/governance/about.html


The Governance group of the World Bank Institute (WBI) facilitates action-oriented and participatory programs to promote good governance and to curb corruption in its client countries.


Crime Prevention

The Campbell Collaboration: Crime and Justice
www.campbellcollaboration.org/crime_and_justice/index.php

The Campbell Collaboration (C2) is an international group of researchers that prepare, update, and disseminate reviews of research conducted worldwide on effective methods of reducing crime and improving justice.

Crime Stoppers International
www.csiworld.org/

The role of Crime Stoppers International is to establish support through a worldwide network of Crime Stoppers programs, provide the forum for leadership and training, and to foster cooperation and encourage information exchange between local Crime Stopper programs world wide.

International Centre for the Prevention of Crime
www.crime-prevention-intl.org/

The ICPC was created for the purpose of assisting cities and countries to reduce delinquency, violence and insecurity in order to contribute to the resolution of local crime and insecurity problems.

International CPTED Association
www.cpted.net

Founded in 1996, the aim of this organization is "to create safer environments and improve the quality of life through the use of Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) principles and strategies."  Although many of the features of the website are for members only, back issues of the newsletter of the organization are available and one can search the library database.

Latin American Institute for the Prevention of Crime
and the Treatment of Offenders (ILANUD)

www.ilanud.or.cr

The ILANUD website outlines the form and function of the Institute and provides links to various publications and links to Latin American instutions of note. In Spanish.

Organization for Security and Co-Operation in Europe (OSCE)
www.osce.org/

OSCE is a large regional security organization with 55 participating states from Europe, Central Asia and North America. The organization's activities include: anti-trafficking, arms control, combating terrorism, human rights, policing, and more. The site contains a documents library with access to OSCE publications and also contains a searchable database of related links.

UN Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime
and Treatment of Offenders (UNAFEI)

www.unafei.or.jp/english/index.htm

The United Nations Asia and Far East Institute for the Prevention of Crime and Treatment of Offenders is a United Nations regional institute, aiming at promoting development of criminal justice systems and mutual cooperation in Asia and Pacific Region.

UN Centre for International Crime Prevention
www.uncjin.org/CICP/cicp.html

The Center for International Crime Prevention is the United Nations office responsible for crime prevention, criminal justice and criminal law reform. It pays special attention to combating transnational organized crime, corruption and illicit trafficking in human beings.

UN Congresses on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders
www.unis.unvienna.org/pdf/2010-Crime_Congress/English_Poster_Book.pdf

The United Nations convenes a crime congress every five years and the proceedings of those meetings are now available through the American Society of Criminology on the webpage of the Division of International Criminology. Many subjects have been addressed at the meetings, including: community policing, crime prevention, drugs and crime, human trafficking, juvenile justice, organized crime, terrorism, treatment of prisoners, victimology, and more. Proceedings from the First through the Tenth Congress are now available in PDF format.

UN Guidelines for the Prevention of Crime - 2010
www.erich-marks.de/Biografie/Media/HandbookCrimePrevention.pdf


Drugs & Alcohol

The Beckley Foundation: Drug Policy Programme
www.beckleyfoundation.org/category/policy/

The Beckley Foundation Drug Policy Programme (BFDPP) aims to promote objective debate on the effectiveness, direction and content of drug policies at national and international level.  This web site provides access to reports and briefing papers prepared by the BFDPP, as well as information on relevant events and seminars. It also provides links to other relevant websites, and to related drug policy initiatives, such as the International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC), and the International Society for the Study of Drug Policy (ISSDP).

Eurasian Harm Reduction Network - EHRN

www.harm-reduction.org/

"The Eurasian Harm Reduction Network (EHRN) is a regional network with a mission to support, develop, and advocate for harm reduction approaches in the field of drugs, HIV/AIDS, public health, and social exclusion by following the principles of humanism, tolerance, partnership, and respect for human rights and freedoms." The EHRN's geographical focus includes Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia (CEECA), which consists of 6 sub-regions: Balkans, the Baltics, Central Europe, European Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States, Caucasus and Central Asia. PDF versions (English and Russian) of major publications are available to download.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)
www.emcdda.europa.eu/

"The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction was set up to provide the Community and its Member States with 'objective, reliable and comparable information at European level concerning drugs and drug addiction and their consequences".

Institute on Global Drug Policy
www.dfaf.org/

The Institute is a subsidiary of The Drug Free America Foundation and consists of internationally recognized physicians, attorneys, drug prevention and drug policy experts.  Their goal is to provide accurate information on drug related issues as well as to promote drug policies which reduce drug use or will result in reductions in future drug use.

International Center for Alcohol Policies
www.icap.org

The International Center for Alcohol Policies (ICAP) was founded in 1995. Since then, it has established a reputation for innovation and objectivity. It has succeeded in developing effective partnerships involving governments, non-governmental organizations, the beverage alcohol industry and the scientific and public health communities.  It is now recognized as an important source of information and advice on the key alcohol policy questions of the day.

International Council on Alcohol and Addictions (ICAA)
www.icaa.ch/

The International Council on Alcohol and Addictions (ICAA) works to reduce and prevent the harmful effects of the use of alcohol and other drugs.

International Drug Policy Consortium
idpc.net/

The International Drug Policy Consortium (IDPC) is a global network of 24 national and international NGOs that specialise in issues related to illegal drug use. The Consortium aims to promote objective and open debate on the effectiveness, direction and content of drug policies at national and international level, and supports evidence-based policies that are effective in reducing drug-related harm. It disseminates the reports of its member organisations about particular drug-related matters as well as offers expert consultancy services to policymakers and officials around the world.

International Harm Reduction Association
www.ihra.net/

The IHRA is a leading organization in promoting evidence based harm reduction policies and practices on a global basis for all psychoactive substances (including illicit drugs, tobacco and alcohol). Users may download key publications, including fact sheets and briefings, and the 50 Best Collections Overviews.

International Narcotics Control Board (INCB)
www.incb.org/incb/index.html

INCB is the independent and quasi-judicial control organ for the implementation of the United Nations drug conventions.  It was established in 1968 by the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961. This home site provides access to a host of technical reports produced by the INCB.

The International Society for the Study of Drug Policy - ISSDP
www.issdp.org/

Recent years have seen a growing numbers of scientific analysts become interested in understanding the effects of drug policies.  The ISSDP aims to develop relations among these analysts; be a forum for high quality drug policy analysis; develop the scientific base for policy decision; and improve the interface between researchers and policy makers.  The website includes a very useful bibliography and a list of recent publications that have been added to the bibliography.

Mission Interministerielle de Lutte Contre la Drogue et la Toxicomanie
www.drogues.gouv.fr/fr/index.html

In French

Organization of American States
www.oas.org/

The Organization of American States works to promote good governance, strengthen human rights, foster peace and security, and address the complex problems caused by poverty, drugs, and corruption.

The Pompidou Group
www.coe.int/T/DG3/pompidou/Default_en.asp

In responding to the changing drug scene in Europe, Pompidou Group has assumed key roles: to promote innovative approaches, to act as a catalyst and to co-ordinate the exchange of knowledge and experience between policy-makers, professional groups and researchers on drug-related issues, policies and programmes.

Transnational Institute Drugs and Democracy Project
www.tni.org/work-area/drugs-and-democracy

An independent Dutch based organization that has produced a thorough analysis of international drug policy issues currently available. The website has a specific emphasis on the workings of the UN drug agencies and have a wide range of downloadable detailed policy analyses.

UN Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
www.unodc.org/unodc/index.html

UNODC is cooperating with the private sector, governments & countries, as well as business communities in order to put into effect to the United Nations drug control conventions.

Web of Addictions
www.well.com/user/woa

Site dedicated to providing information about alcohol and drug addictions.

World Health Organisation – Substance Abuse Department
www.who.int/substance_abuse/

"This website contains information pertaining to psychoactive substance use and abuse, and also information about the World Health Organization's projects and activities in the areas of substance use and substance dependence. "


Environmental Crime

Institute for Environmental Security
www.envirosecurity.org/

The Institute for Environmental Security (IES) is an international non-profit non-governmental organization established in 2002 in The Hague, in order to increase political attention to environmental security as a means to help safeguard essential conditions for peace and sustainable development. The website provides news, links, activites, and a library.


Firearms

GunPolicy.org
www.gunpolicy.org/

"The international bulletin of firearm injury prevention since 1997, Gun Policy News provides daily global and regional bulletins of small arms policy, armed violence prevention and gun control news published in mass media."


Hate Crimes & Extremism

Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism
California State University, San Bernardino
hatemonitor.csusb.edu/

This site includes a section on the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. It provides headline news, links, and photos.


Human Rights

Association for the Prevention of Torture
www.apt.ch


The APT is an international non-governmental organization based in Geneva operating globally to prevent torture and other ill-treatment.  The website includes numerous links to the full text documentation related to torture.


Amnesty International

www.amnesty.org/

Amnesty International works to promote the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international standards. In particular, Amnesty International campaigns to free all prisoners of conscience; ensure fair and prompt trials for political prisoners; abolish the death penalty, torture and other cruel treatment of prisoners; end political killings and "disappearances"; and oppose human rights abuses by opposition groups.

Coalition "All For Fair Trials"
www.all4fairtrials.org.mk/Site_Eng/index.html

Coalition "All For Fair Trials" represents a network of 22 independent NGOs. The coalition works towards increasing respect for human rights especially for the international standards for fair trial via various forms of acting and the intent to increase the level of their implementation, to initiate institutional and legal reforms as well as recover citizens' trust in the judiciary and other institutions of the system.

Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative
www.humanrightsinitiative.org/

The Initiative is an international NGO maintaining a website with numerous publications available to download on topics such as police reform, prison reform, right to information and human rights advocacy.

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, US State Department
www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/

This is a State Department site with reports on the human rights practices of nearly 200 countries. Many aspects of human rights policy are discussed, including democratization, political rights, press rights, religious freedom, and corporate social responsibility.

DIANA: An International Human Rights Database
avalon.law.yale.edu/subject_menus/diana.asp

This website is part of The Avalon Project at Yale Law School.  A vast array of documents relating to human rights, including United Nation documents, and the laws of war are available.

Helsinki Foundation for Human Rights
www.hfhrpol.waw.pl/en

Established in Poland in 1989 as a successor to the underground Helsinki Commission, the Helsinki Foundation works to educate and promote public interest activities. The site includes documentation on civil rights law and Foundation projects, as well as offering access to a large assortment of relevant international documents.

Human Rights Around the World
www.derechos.org/human-rights/world.html

This website is maintained by Derechos Human Rights, working for the respect and promotion of human rights throughout the world.  It facilitates the finding of human rights information on speicific regions or countries of the world.

Human Rights Internet
www.hri.ca/

A key objective of the organization is to support the work of the global non-governmental community in its struggle to obtain human rights for all. To this end, HRI promotes human rights education, stimulates research, encourages the sharing of information, and builds international solidarity among those committed to the principles enshrined in the International Bill of Human Rights.

Human Rights Research and Education Centre
www.cdp-hrc.uottawa.ca/eng/index.php

The Human Rights Research and Education Centre is an independent centre within the University of Ottawa. Users may access information on annual reports, publications, documentation centre, projects and research.

Human Rights Watch
www.hrw.org/

Human Rights Watch is dedicated to protecting the human rights of people around the world, preventing discrimination, upholding political freedom, protecting people from inhumane conduct in wartime, and to bringing offenders to justice.

International Centre on Human Rights and Drug Policy
www.humanrightsanddrugs.org/

The Centre is dedicated to developing and promoting innovative and high quality legal and human rights scholarship on issues related to drug laws, policy and enforcement. It pursues this mandate by publishing original, peer reviewed research on drug issues as they relate to international human rights law, international humanitarian law, international criminal law and public international law, and fostering research on drug policy issues among postgraduate law and human rights students at universities and colleges around the world.

International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH)
www.fidh.org/

The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) is an international non-governmental organization for the defense of human rights as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948. Created in 1922, FIDH brings together 141 human righrs organisations from 100 countries. The site includes press releases and reports, and users can subscribe to the newsletter of the organization. Avaliable in English, French, Spanish, and Arabic.

Moratorium 2000
www.santegidio.org/en/pdm/pdm_eng.htm

The website of a global petition drive calling for a moratorium on the death penalty worldwide.

Police & Human Rights Programme, Council of Europe
www.coe.int/t/dghl/cooperation/capacitybuilding/police_en.asp

Includes video clips and publications, and information about policing and human rights in Europe.

Raoul Wallenberg Institute
www.rwi.lu.se/index.shtml

The purpose of the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law is to promote research, training and academic education in the fields of human rights and humanitarian law.

United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
www.ohchr.org/EN/Pages/WelcomePage.aspx

The website of the High Commissioner contains numerous publications including human rights basics, fact sheets, special issues, reference and training and education. The site also lists numerous links to other human rights organizations.

World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT)
www.omct.org/index.php?&lang=eng

OMCT is the largest international coalition of NGOs fighting against torture, summary executions, forced disappearances and other form of cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment.


Human Trafficking

Anti-Trafficking in Persons Section
www.oas.org/atip/atip_reports.asp
The mission of the Section is to facilitate the exchange of information, provide training, and promote anti-trafficking policies in a way that assists the efforts of member states to prevent and combat trafficking in persons, especially women, adolescents, and children.  A number of relevant publications are available at this website.

Child trafficking.com
www.childtrafficking.com/

This is a digital library focusing on the trafficking of children.  It includes studies and reports on a variety of topics related to this topic.

Child trafficking Research Hub
www.childtrafficking.org/

Hosted by the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, this website is "dedicated to data collection, knowledge transfer and the development of methodologies related to research on child trafficking."  It contains a searchable database of documents, news items, and research projects related to child trafficking.

End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT) - International
www.ecpat.net/EI/index.asp

ECPAT is a network of organizations and individuals working together to eliminate the commercial sexual exploitation of children.  The website has a searchable database on the commercial sexual exploitation of children.

Group of Experts on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA)
www.coe.int/t/dghl/monitoring/trafficking/Docs/Monitoring/GRETA_en.asp

GRETA is responsible for monitoring implementation of the Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings by the Parties of the Council of Europe. GRETA will regularly publish reports evaluating the measures taken by the Parties and those Parties which do not fully respect the measures contained in the Convention will be required to step up their action. In English.

HumanTrafficking.org
www.humantrafficking.org

This website is primariliy focused on human trafficking in East Asia and the Pacific. It has country-specific information such as national laws and action plans as well as descriptions of NGO activities. Also available is a database of publications and related links.

Human Trafficking Search
www.humantraffickingsearch.net/

The Web.portal was created by the National MultiCultural Institute, and provides information, news, reports, and links on human trafficking, child labor, bonded labor, and sex slavery.  A world map allows the user to search an individual country.  Users may also search the database of information by words and phrases.

International Organization for Migration
www.iom.int/jahia/jsp/index.jsp

The International Organization (IOM) is an intergovernmental body to protect the interests of migrants, to encourage migration as a form of social and economic development, and to handle the organizational challenges of migration.  Its web site contains information about the organization, links to recent news releases concerning the IOM, statements made by IOM members, names and contact details for its field offices, and many full text press migration, trafficking in persons, refugee and asylum seeker migration.

Migration Policy Institute
www.migrationpolicy.org/

MPI provides analysis, development, and evaluation of migration and refugee policies at the local, national, and international levels. The website offers numerous portals to users for pursuing information of migration issues. Research programs include National Center for Immigration Integration Policy, US immigration, European migration, migration and development, and refugee protection. A database of searchable publications and factsheets is also available.

The Polaris Project to Combat the Trafficking in Women and Children
actioncenter.polarisproject.org/

The website includes a searchable database of sex trafficking issues, a database with detailed profiles of hundreds of global anti-trafficking organizations, an extensive online forum, and a legal database of trafficking cases and laws from around the world.

The Protection Project
www.protectionproject.org

The goal of the Protection Project is "to research and document the global scope of the problem of trafficking in persons, and through the dissemination of relevant and timely information, to influence policy and practice in the war against trafficking."  Country-specific reports are available, as well as other publications dealing with the issue of human trafficking.

Trafficking in Human Beings -  U.N.  Office on Drugs and Crime
www.unodc.org/unodc/en/human-trafficking/index.html?ref=menuside

This website provides information about the UN Global Programme against Trafficking in Human Beings of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.  The program "assists member states in their efforts to combat trafficking in human beings. It highlights the involvement of organized criminal groups in human trafficking and promotes the development of effective ways of cracking down on perpetrators."


Juvenile Justice

Child Center for Children at Risk in the Baltic Sea Region
www.childcentre.info/


The Child Centre is the web support of a regional cooperation to raise the level of knowledge and to coordinate the activities targeting children at risk in the Baltic Sea Region. The five areas prioritised in the co-operation are: Child sexual abuse and exploitation, children in the street, children in institutions, young perpetrators of crimes and child trafficking and unaccompanied children. The Child Centre is a part of the Children's Unit within the secretariat of the Council of the Baltic Sea States that includes Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, the Russian Federation and Sweden.

Child Rights Information Network -CRIN
www.crin.org/

The Child Rights Information Network (CRIN) is a global network that disseminates information about the Convention on the Rights of the Child and child rights amongst non-governmental organisations (NGOs), United Nations agencies, inter-governmental organisation (IGOs), educational institutions, and other child rights experts.  This site includes a searchable database of publications on a variety of related topics including children in conflict with the law, violence against children, and the sexual exploitation of children.

Consortium for Street Children
www.streetchildren.org.uk

The Consortium for Street Children consists of 57 United Kingdom based organizations, working in 89 countries, dedicated to the welfare and rights of street living and working children and children at risk of taking to street life. The website offers links to Frequently Asked Questions, a blog, information on advocacy projects, and research and publication libraries.

Defence for Children International
www.defenceforchildren.org/

Defence for Children International is an independent non-governmental organization established in 1979 and headquartered in Switzerland. The organization's goal is to work toward practical means of ensuring the welfare of children worldwide, including the field of juvenile justice.

Focal Point on Sexual Exploitation, Violence and Abuse of Children
www.crin.org/organisations/vieworg.asp?id=725

This website is part of the NGO Group for the Convention on the Rights of the Child which together brings intergovernmental organisations and regional governmental bodies with international, regional and local NGOs in order to facilitate new and broader partnerships. This website includes information on: Sexual abuse of children; Commercial sexual exploitation of children; International human rights instruments to combat the sexual exploitation, abuse and violence of children; Regional information; News; and Links.

International Bureau of Children's Rights
www.ibcr.org/

The International Bureau for Children's Rights (IBCR) is an international non-governmental organization (INGO) based in Montreal, Canada. IBCR's mission is to contribute to the promotion and protection of the rights of the Child as laid out in the Convention on the Rights of the Child, an international legal instrument adopted by the UN in 1989 and now ratified by 192 countries.  The website includes sections on child trafficking and children as victims.

International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO)
www.oijj.org/

The International Juvenile Justice Observatory (IJJO) is an organization that aims to help, and provide effective strategies, based on the Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN Resolution 44/25, 1989), in dealing with youths in conflict with law. The IJJO’s website will play a role as a meeting point for interested parties working on Juvenile Justice.


Law & The Courts

Avocats Sans Frontières
www.asf.be/

The primary goal of ASF is to contribute to the establishment of institutions and mechanisms that allow for access to independent and impartial justice, and which are capable of guaranteeing the protection of fundamental rights (civil and political, economic and social), including the right to a fair trial.

Coalition for an International Criminal Court (CICC)
www.iccnow.org/

The main purpose of the NGO Coalition for an International Criminal Court is to advocate for the creation of an effective, just and independent International Criminal Court.

Global Courts
www.globalcourts.com/

This website is a guide for researchers and legal practitioners seeking information on Supreme Court decisions from around the World. It will give you access to decisions in 129 countries, or a way of finding them.

Global Legal Information Network
glinfoundation.org/

"The Global Legal Information Network (GLIN) is a public database of laws, regulations, judicial decisions, and other complementary legal sources contributed by governmental agencies and international organizations.  GLIN members contribute the official full texts of published documents to the database in their original language. Each document is accompanied by a summary in English and subject terms selected from the multilingual index to GLIN. All summaries are available to the public, and public access to full texts is also available in participating jurisdictions."

International Association of Penal Law (IAPL)
www.penal.org

OA platform for the exchange of ideas at a global level, the International Association of Penal Law is the world's oldest association of specialists in penal law and one of the oldest scientific associations. The Association was established in 1924 to continue the activities of the International Union of Penal Law (1889), and our main fields of activity include: criminal policy and the codification of penal law, comparative criminal law, human rights in the administration of criminal justice, and international criminal law (and, in particular, international criminal justice).

International Association of Prosecutors
www.iap-association.org/

Objectives of the IAP are to promote the effective, fair, impartial and efficient prosecution of criminal offenses and to promote high standards and principles in the administration of criminal justice, including procedures to guard against or address miscarriages, in support of the rule of law.

International Constitutional Law
www.oefre.unibe.ch/law/icl/

Includes background and full text constitutions for over 50 countries.

International Court of Justice
www.icj-cij.org/homepage/

The Court has a dual role: to settle in accordance with international law the legal disputes submitted to it by States, and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by duly authorized international organs and agencies.

International Criminal Court
www.icc-cpi.int/

This is the website of the International Criminal Court (ICC), an international organization established by the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in 1998.  Its role is to promote the rule of law and deal with the most serious international crimes, such as genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.  The site provides background and historical information about the Court and details relating to its management, organization, and jurisdiction.  The Official Journal of the International Criminal Court contains documentation and legal texts relating to the ICC including a copy of the Rome Statute.  Both English and French.

International Law Association
www.ila-hq.org

The ILA was founded in Brussels in 1873. Its objectives include the "study, elucidation and advancement of international law, public and private, the study of comparative law, the making of proposals for the solution of conflicts of law and for the unification of law, and the furthering of international understanding and goodwill".

Paul Hensel's International Law Page
www.paulhensel.org/intllaw.html

The International Law Page provides A to Z information on International Law.  Includes information and links on human rights, warfare, law of the seas, etc.

World Legal Information Institute Catalog
www.worldlii.org/

Under each country there are standard headings for courts and case law, government, legislation, lawyers etc.  There are more detailed subject headings (for example, banking and finance law or intellectual property) which vary from country to country.  The site is in English, with Babel Fish Translation available.


Organized & Transnational Crime

CIROC - Centre for International and Research on Organized Crime
www.ciroc.org/

CIROC - Centre for Information and Research on Organised Crime, is een internationaal criminologisch kenniscentrum op het gebied van de georganiseerde misdaad en de bestrijding ervan. Het centrum is een initiatief van de secties Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam (EUR), de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (VU), de Universiteit Maastricht (UM) en het WODC, het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum van het Ministerie van Justitie.

The FLARE Network
flarenetwork.org/

"FLARE - Freedom, Legality And Rights in Europe is a network made of civil society organizations for the social struggle against mafias and transnational organized crime. By informing the European civil society abouth topics such as human trafficking, narcotrafficking, corruption and information, eco-crimes and illegal weapons trade and by involving the network members, FLARE’s aim is to promote an alternative – however complementary – modus operandi than the one implemented by national institutions for the fight against transnational organized crime."

ECPR Standing Group on Organised Crime
standinggroups.ecprnet.eu/crime/index.htm

Transnational organized crime is a growing problem. The Standing Group aims at facilitating the development of theoretical approaches and empirical research on the topic of transnational organized crime. The Standing Group also hopes to develop and facilitate interdisciplinary cooperation, increased communication of ideas and research, and to provide more formal information via a bi-annual newsletter.

Global Organized Crime Project
www.csis.org/

Under the auspices of the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), the Global Organized Crime project has been a leader in assessing the breadth, depth, and impact of transnational threats (crime, terrorism, information warfare, weapons of mass destruction proliferation etc.). This site offers access to many of their publications.

International Money Laundering Information Network (iMoLIN)
www.imolin.org/imolin/index.html

This multi-faceted website serves the global anti-money laundering community by providing information about national money laundering laws and regulations and contacts for inter-country assistance.  Inter alia, it identifies areas for improvement in domestic laws, countermeasures and international co-operation.  Policy practitioners, lawyers and law enforcement officers all regularly use IMoLIN as a key reference point in their daily work. The information on IMoLIN is freely available to all Internet users, with the exception of AMLID, which is a secure database.

The Nathanson Centre for the Study of Organized Crime and Corruption
www.yorku.ca/nathanson/

The Nathanson Centre facilitates a range of interdisciplinary research projects that will provide empirical information about, and analysis of, organized criminal and corruption activity in the world.  Includes links and bibliographies on organized crime and corruption.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
www.oecd.org/home/

The OECD is an organization that provides governments a setting in which to discuss, develop and perfect economic and social policy. They compare experiences, seek answers to common problems and work to co-ordinate domestic and international policies that increasingly in today's globalized world must form a web of even practice across nations.

TRANSCRIME
www.jus.unitn.it/

Research group on transnational crime, based out of the Department of Law at the University of Trento in Italy. TransCrime seeks to analyze trends and evaluate policies. Several of their publications are available through the site; most are in .pdf (Adobe Acrobat) format.

The Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC)
policy-traccc.gmu.edu/

TraCCC is an institute dedicated to the research of trends in organized crime and corruption. It provides information and facilitates discussion and cooperation among the international scholarly community, legislative and executive branches of government, non governmental organizations, law enforcement agencies, the business community, the media and the public. 


Police & Law Enforcement

International Association of Chiefs of Police
www.theiacp.org/

The association's goals are the advancement of the science and art of police services; to develop and disseminate improved administrative, technical and operational practices and promote their use in police work; to foster police cooperation and the exchange of information and experience among police administrators throughout the world; to bring about recruitment and training in the police profession of qualified persons; and to encourage adherence of all police officers to high professional standards of performance and conduct.

International Association of Women Police
www.iawp.org/

The International Association of Women Police strives to ensure equity for women in the criminal justice field, through utilizing, investing, and celebrating the individual strengths, talents, and skills of their members.

International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
www.interpol.int

The aim of the INTERPOL is to provide essential services for the law enforcement community to optimize the international effort to combat crime.  Interpol supports the exchange of information, facilitates international co-operation, and co-ordinates joint operational activities of member countries.

International Police Association
www.ipa-iac.org/

IPA is committed to the principles set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as adopted by the United Nations in 1948. Its’ aims include the development of cultural relations amongst it's members, a broadening of their general knowledge and an exchange of professional experience.

Officer.Com
www.officer.com/forlaw.htm

This site offers access to websites on police and law enforcement agencies around the world. Sites range from the German Supreme Court Cases to Australia's Police Law Bulletin to Italy's Observatory on Criminality.


Research & Statistics

Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook
www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html

"The World Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issus for 266 world entities."

Choike: A Portal on Southern Civil Societies
www.choike.org

Searchable website dedicated to improving the visibility of the work done by NGOs and social movements from the South. It includes a directory of NGOs, a selection of materials produced by NGOs which contain information of relevance to civil society, reports on key issues.

International Society of Criminology
www.internationalcriminology.com/

Provides links to publications, reports and sources of information and research.

Social Science Information Gateway is now Intute
www.intute.ac.uk/socialsciences/lost.html

Searchable collection of on-line reports.

Tourism and Crime in the Caribbean
www.popcenter.org/problems/crimes_against_tourists/PDFs/deAlbuquerque_McElroy_1999.pdf

This study reviews the general literature on tourism and crime and the recent history of violent and property crime in several Caribbean destinations. It highlights the failure of most previous research to discriminate crimes against visitors versus residents. Annual crime data (accumulated from 1989 to 1993) for Barbados are analyzed and reveal that overall visitor victimization rates are higher than resident rates. The paper concludes with a number of measures to enhance visitor safety.

UN Centre for International Crime Prevention
www.uncjin.org/

Center for International Crime Prevention is the United Nations office responsible for crime prevention, criminal justice and criminal law reform. It pays special attention to combating transnational organized crime, corruption and illicit trafficking in human beings.

UN Global Statistics: UN Statistics Division
unstats.un.org/unsd/default.htm

Includes links to the statistical websites of most countries in the world. Organized by continent.

UN Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute
(UNICRI)

www.unicri.it

The objective of the Institute is to contribute, through research, training, field activities and the collection, exchange and dissemination of information, to the formulation and implementation of improved policies in the field of crime prevention and control, due regard being paid to the integration of such policies within broader policies for socio-economic change and development, and to the protection of human rights.

UN Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of
Criminal Justice Systems

www.uncjin.org/Statistics/WCTS/wcts.html

The major goal of the United Nations Surveys on Crime Trends and the Operations of Criminal Justice Systems is to collect data on the  incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with  a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information  globally.

University of Leeds, Criminal Justice Web links
www.law.leeds.ac.uk/research/criminal-justice-studies/

Comprehensive collection of links to UK, European and International criminal justice websites.

WHO Mortality Database
www.ciesin.org/IC/who/MortalityDatabase.html

Contains the latest data from the World Health Organization's mortality database on causes of death, causes of infant death, life expectancy and age-standardized death rates.


Restorative Justice

Center for Justice & Reconciliation - Prison Fellowship International
www.pficjr.org

The Centre seeks to expand
the application of restorative justice around the world through (1) providing assistance for national Prison Fellowship organizations and (2) offering restorative justice expertise to governments, intergovernmental organizations, NGOs, and  the boarder restorative justice movement.  The website provides information on the programs of the Centre, publications, news items, events and so on.

International Institute for Restorative Justice

www.restorativepractices.org

The International Institute of Restorative Justice's website offers access to research in support of their goals: the development of restorative justice practices. The "Library" link permits access to a large number of publications, as well as the opportunity to join their ongoing "eForum" information service.

Restorative Justice Online
www.restorativejustice.org

This site is sponsored by the Prison Fellowship International. The "Resources" section offers links to sources from around the world, including Council of Europe and United Nations documents, while the "Web Tour" includes links to relevant websites. Most documents are in English; some are in Spanish, French, and Russian.

Victim Offender Mediation Association (VOMA)
www.voma.org

VOMA is an international membership association that "supports and assists people and communities working at restorative models of justice." The site provides a restorative justice bibliography and access to full-text publications.


Terrorism

Academic Info – Global Terrorism Digital Library
www.academicinfo.net/terrorismlibrary.html

This website includes links to several pages on terrorism, with several publications available for downloading, including CIA reports on terrorism, foreign policy impact reports, and more.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
www.carnegieendowment.org/topic/index.cfm?fa=viewTopic&topic=3000105

This site provides free access to the full text of a collection of articles, opinion pieces, working papers, and reports published by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.  They related to the 'war against terrorism,' the fight against Al-Qaeda, and US counter-terrorist policy.  Materials are available from 2001 to date.

Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism
California State University, San Bernardino
hatemonitor.csusb.edu/index.htm

This site includes a section on the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. It provides headline news, links, and photos.

Center on Global Counterterrorism Cooperation
www.globalct.org/index.php

The Center on Global Counterterrorism Cooperation, a project of the Fourth Freedom Forum, is a nonpartisan research and policy institute that works to improve coordination of the international community's response to terrorism by providing governments and international and regional organizations with timely, policy-relevant research, analysis, and recommendations. Users can find links to reports, policy briefs, articles, workshop/event summaries, discussion/background papers, and remarks by staff of the Center of Global Counterterrorism Cooperation.

Counter Terrorism Committee
www.un.org/Docs/sc/committees/1373/

The Counter Terrorism Committee (CTC) is a body of the United Nations, which is comprised of states on the U.N. Security Council. It seeks to promote national and international counter-terrorism actions and legislation. The website provides access to detailed membership and activities, press releases, full text reports, resolutions, and statements.

Criminal Justice Resources – Terrorism Groups and Related Issues
staff.lib.msu.edu/harris23/crimjust/terror.htm

Annotated links to terrorism related websites.

CSIS - Terrorism
csis.org/category/topics/defense-and-security/terrorism

The CSIS website provides access to a collection of papers, reports, and commentaries written by scholars from the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) on topics, including the role of the United Nations in the war against terrorism, rebuilding Afghanistan, improvements in American national defense, and whether the war on terrorism should be expanded to include Saddam Hussein and Iraq.

Human Security Centre
www.humansecuritycentre.org/

"The Human Security Centre's mission is to make human security-related research more accessible to the policy and research communities, the media, educators and the interested public."  This website is maintained by University of British Columbia, Canada.

International Centre for Political Violence and Terrorism Research
www.pvtr.org/

The International Centre for Political Violence and Terrorism Research is based at the Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.  The Centre's objective is to integrate academic research with practical knowledge, with a special focus on South Asia.  The site provides access to news updates, press release, some full-text papers and analysis of key terrorist attacks and incidents  in the region.  Key countries covered include: India, Pakistan, Bali, Thailand, and Indonesia.

International Instruments Related to the Prevention
and Suppression of International Terrorism
www.un.org/Pubs/whatsnew/e01028.htm
Presents a compilation of universal and regional instruments on terrorism

International Policy Institute for Counter-Terrorism
www.ict.org.il

This site offers several articles (available through the "Counter-Terrorism" link), along with databases describing terrorist group profiles and activities, plus news updates. The organization has separate subpages devoted to the terrorism aspects of the ongoing Arab-Israeli conflict. The site also includes a page of links to other relevant sites.

Legal resources on terrorism, provided by the American Society International Law Website
www.eisil.org/index.php?sid=828283902&cat=32&t=sub_pages

A collection of documents and compilation of links on international criminal law and terrorism, in the context of the terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC, on September 11, 2001. This service has been made freely available on the American Society of International Law website.

Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism (MIPT) - Lawson Information Center
www.mipt.org/Resources.aspx

MIPT (Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism) Board Member Rick Lawson has provided important funding to help build and maintain the foundation of the Lawson Terrorism Information Center which houses the MIPT's nearly 5,000 books on terrorism and special collections. Users may find articles and books, and utilize the law enforcement and terrorism resources guides for further information.

South Asia Terrorism Portal
www.satp.org/default.asp

The South Asia Terrorism Portal is an indispensable resource for all individuals and institutions the world over that seek information, data, commentary, research, critical assessment and analysis on terrorism, low intensity warfare and sectarian strife in South Asia. The South Asia Terrorism Portal website is a project created and executed by the Institute for Conflict Management.

Terrorism Intelligence Threats Assessment
www.fas.org/irp/threat/terror.htm

This site is maintained by the Federation of American Scientists, and features reports including Patterns of Global Terrorism, Significant Incidents of Political Violence Against Americans, and Terrorism in the United States, by the FBI.  Also includes links to a wide variety of terrorism sources.

Terrorism: Questions & Answers
Terrorist Group Profiles
: Naval Postgraduate School
www.nps.edu/Library/Research/SubjectGuides/SpecialTopics/TerroristProfile/TerroristGroupProfiles.html

This site links to the US State Department's Patterns of Global Terrorism publications, and presents chronologies of significant terrorist incidents and a listing and profiles of currently recognized terrorist groups.

Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center
policy-traccc.gmu.edu

The Terrorism, Transnational Crime and Corruption Center (TraCCC) is the first center in the United States devoted to understanding the links among terrorism, transnational crime and corruption, and to teach, research, train and help formulate policy on these critical issues. TraCCC is a research center within the School of Public Policy at George Mason University. The website provides numerous links and resources, as well as publications.

Transnational Crime and International Terrorism:
ASEAN Communiques and Publications
www.aseansec.org/4964.htm

This section of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) website provides information on measures to combat terrorism in Southeast Asia.  It includes the full text of joint communiques, press releases, declarations and other documents that have been published since the mid 1990s.

UN Action Against Terrorism
www.un.org/terrorism/

This website includes all United Nations links regarding terrorism.


Victims of Crime

International Victimology Website
www.victimology.nl/

The mission of the IVW is to facilitate implementation of the UN Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power by disseminating information about current victimology research and about what works, what doesn't, what's promising in victim services.


Violence

Statistics on Homicides, Suicides, Accidents, Injuries, & Attitudes towards Violence
www.paho.org/english/hcp/hcn/vio/violence-graphs.htm

This website, by the Pan American Health Organization of the World Health Organization, offers a series of graphs that on statistics on homicides, suicides, accidents, injuries and attitudes towards violence.