Corrections

Female prisoners and their social integration - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime report
www.unodc.org/pdf/criminal_justice/Afghan_women_prison_web.pdf

The document aims to add to the existing knowledge on reasons for women’s imprisonment, types of crimes they commit, their treatment in the criminal justice system, their social backgrounds, education, job skills and prospects of return to their families on release, in order to determine the most appropriate way forward. The focus of the document is the social reintegration of female offenders, comprising rehabilitation during imprisonment and post-release support.nment authorities, scarcity of food grains, an effective pre-planting information campaign as well as higher prices for licit crops seem to have contributed to the decline.


Drugs & Alcohol

Afghan Opium Survey 2012 - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Report (UNODC)
www.unodc.org/documents/crop-monitoring/Afghanistan/Afghanistan_OS_2012_FINAL_web.pdf

"According to the findings of this survey, the total area under cultivation was estimated at 154,000 hectares, an 18 per cent increase from the previous year. Comparisons of the gross and net valueswith Afghan's licit GDP for 2012 also serve to highlight the opium economy's impact on the country. In 2012, net opium exports were worth some 10 per cent of licit GDP, while the farmgate value of the opium needed to produce those exports alone was equivalent to 4 per cent of licit GDP."

Afghan Opium Survey 2011 - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Report (UNODC)
www.unodc.org/documents/crop-monitoring/Afghanistan/Executive_Summary_2011_web.pdf

"The total area under opium poppy cultivation in Afghanistan in 2011 was estimated at 131,000 hectares (ha), a 7% increase compared to 2010. 95% of total cultivation took place in nine provinces in the Southern and Western regions6, which include the most insecure provinces in the country. This confirms the link between insecurity and opium cultivation observed since 2007."

Afghan Opium Survey 2010 - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Report (UNODC)
www.unodc.org/documents/crop-monitoring/Afghanistan/Afghanistan_Opium_Survey_2010_web.pdf

"This year's Afghanistan Opium Survey shows that while the total area under cultivation and the number of families growing opium poppy remained the same as in 2009, opium production fell drastically to roughly half of last year's levels. The cause of the decline in production was a naturally occurring plant disease that affected Afghanistan's major opium poppy-growing regions this year."

Afghan Opium Survey 2009 - United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime Report (UNODC)
www.unodc.org/documents/crop-monitoring/Afghanistan/Afghanistan_opium_survey_2009_summary.pdf

"In its Afghan Opium Survey 2009 (summary findings) released in Kabul on 2 September 2009, UNODC reports that 'the bottom is starting to fall out of the Afghan opium market.' Opium poppy cultivation is down by 22 per cent, opium production is down by 10 per cent and prices are at a 10-year low. The number of poppy-free provinces has increased from 18 to 20, and more drugs are being seized thanks to more robust counter-narcotics operations by Afghan and NATO forces." (website)

Afghan Opium Winter Assessment 2009 - UNODC
http://www.unodc.org/documents/crop-monitoring/ORA_report_2009.pdf

The 2009 Opium Winter Rapid Assessment is based on a small sample of villages and the results are meant to be indicative. A positive development is that opium cultivation is down, at least when measured in physical terms (hectares and tonnes). In the north, centre, and east of the country, pressure from government authorities, scarcity of food grains, an effective pre-planting information campaign as well as higher prices for licit crops seem to have contributed to the decline (website).

Afghanistan 2004 - Country Fact Sheet, Eurasian Narcotics
www.silkroadstudies.org/new/inside/research/narcotics_crime/FactSheet/2004/Afghanistan.pdf

This site provides information about drug production and smuggling and counter-narcotics efforts of Afghanistan.(website)

Afghanistan Drug Use Survey 2005 - UNODC
http://www.unodc.org/pdf/afg/2005AfghanistanDrugUseSurvey.pdf

"The Drug Use Survey 2005, conducted jointly by UNODC and the Ministry of Counter- Narcotics (MCN) of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, aims to provide the first nationwide profile of drug use in the country. For the survey, 1480 key informants were asked questions regarding the number of drug users in their communities, the drug types that were used and trends in the level of drug use. In addition, 1393 drug users were asked the same questions and also interviewed regarding their own drug use history. The answers given by these two groups provide the core of this report. It is anticipated that the report will provide accurate baseline information enabling relevant government agencies and NGOs to develop rational and realistic strategies for drug demand reduction interventions in Afghanistan." (website)

Opium Price Monitoring Reports - UNODC

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime reports opium prices collected from 15 of 34 provinces. The prices are collected for dry and fresh opium from traders (Trader prices) and farmers (farm gate prices). Heroin and cannabis resin prices are also collected from Afghanistan and Peshawar, the nearest town in Pakistan. (website)


Human Rights

Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission Annual Reports
These reports offer information as to the major activities and achievements of various project undertaken by the AIHRC in furtherance of human rights efforts of Afghanistan. (Website)

Annual Reports to Congress on Human Rights Practices - Afghanistan
These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, to the U.S. Congress. The law provides that the Secretary of State shall transmit a "full and complete report regarding the status of internationally recognized human rights, within the meaning of subsection (A) in countries that receive assistance under this part, and (B) in all other foreign countries which are members of the United Nations and which are not otherwise the subject of a human rights report under this Act." Reports on several countries are included that do not fall into the categories established by these statutes and that thus are not covered by the congressional requirement. The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Univeral Declaration of Human Rights. (website).

Annual Reports to Congress on International Religious Freedom - Afghanistan
These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, describe the status of religious freedom in Afghanistan, government policies violating religious belief and practices of groups, religious denominations, and individuals, and U.S. policies to promote religious freedom around the world. It is submitted in compliance with the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998.(website)


Juvenile Justice

An Assessment of Juvenile Justice in Afghanistan
www.childtrafficking.com/Docs/tdh_10_juvenile_0710.pdf

This report offers an assessment of juvenile justice in Afghanistan, and offers a series of recommendations.