Administration of Justice

Albania: A Country Study

The text aims to describe and analyse the political, economic, social, religion and education of Albania. A detailed country profile is followed by five chapters concerned with: historical setting, the society and its environment, the economy, government and politics and national security.

The World Factbook (CIA)

Provides a description of the geography, people, government, economy, communications, transportation, military and transnational issues of Albania. Other country descriptions are written to a common template so that comparisons of similar functions in different countries can be made easily.

Corruption & Fraud

Anti-Corruption Practitioners Network - Country Overview

Part of the United Nations Development Programme, this network overview presents information on Albania's anti-corruption institutions, anti-corruption strategy, and anti-corruption legal framework. Also available are links to related documents.

Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) - Council of Europe

GRECO evaluation procedures involve the collection of information through questionnaire(s), on-site country visits enabling evaluation teams to solicit further information during high-level discussions with domestic key players, and drafting of evaluation reports. These reports, which are examined and adopted by GRECO, contain recommendations to the evaluated countries in order to improve their level of compliance with the provisions under consideration. Measures taken to implement recommendations are subsequently assessed by GRECO under a separate compliance procedure (website).

The Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) has published its Third Round Evaluation Report on Albania. The report has been made public with the agreement of the country’s authorities. It focuses on two distinct themes: criminalization of corruption and transparency of party funding.

Human Rights

Amnesty International - International Report

An overview of the current human rights status of Albania as determined by the Amnesty International. In Arabic, English, French, and Spanish.

Annual Reports to Congress on Human Rights Practices - Albania
These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, to the U.S. Congress. The law provides that the Secretary of State shall transmit a "full and complete report regarding the status of internationally recognized human rights, within the meaning of subsection (A) in countries that receive assistance under this part, and (B) in all other foreign countries which are members of the United Nations and which are not otherwise the subject of a human rights report under this Act." Reports on several countries are included that do not fall into the categories established by these statutes and that thus are not covered by the congressional requirement. The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Univeral Declaration of Human Rights. (website).

Annual Reports to Congress on International Religious Freedom - Albania

These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, describe the status of religious freedom in Albania, government policies violating religious belief and practices of groups, religious denominations, and individuals, and U.S. policies to promote religious freedom around the world. It is submitted in compliance with the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998. (website)

Council of Europe - Commissioner of Human Rights Country Visit Reports

The Commissioner regularly conducts contact and assessment visits to help raise the standards of human rights protection in all Council of Europe member states, in accordance with his mandate. Contacts visits aim at strengthening the relationships with the authorities and looking into one or several specific issues, while the main goal of assessment visits is to give a comprehensive review of the effectiveness of human rights protection. Each assessment visit is completed by the publication of a report containing conclusions and relevant recommendations to help redress shortcomings. (website)

Freedom Watch - Political Rights and Civil Liberties

Country report including basis political, economic, and social data arranged in the following categories: population, gross national income per capita (GNI/per capita), life-expectancy, religious groups, ethnic groups, captial, political rights, civil liberties, status, and a ten-year ratings timeline. Includes reports from 2002 to present.

Research & Statistics

Albania in Numbers

These reports offer extensive statistical information on multiple facets Albania, including sections of social protection and justice.