Administration of Justice

Australian Crime - Facts And Figures
Presents information on crime throughout Australia. It covers the number of different types of recorded crimes, their place of occurrence, victim details, responses of criminal justice agencies, and the government resources directed to deal with crime.

Australian Social Trends
"Presents statistical analysis and commentary on a wide range of social issues. Articles are organized into eight chapters, representing the following broad areas of interest: population, family and community; health; education and training, work; economic resources; and housing. Each chapter is supported by a set of summary tables including key social indicators which provide an overview of social change over the past decade, as well as how social conditions differ across Australian states and territories."

Crime and Justice In South Australia
www.ocsar.sa.gov.au/publications_statistics.html

The South Australian Office of Crime Statistics and Research (OCSAR) has an annual three part publication "Crime and Justice in South Australia."  The first volume entitled, "Offences reported to Police, the Victims and Alleged Perpetrators," the second volume, "Adult Courts and Corrections," and the third volume, "Juvenile Justice" provide comprehensive statistics.  The publication is available from 1997 - present.

Crime and Justice Queensland Statistics
www.oesr.qld.gov.au/queensland_by_theme/society/crime_justice/index.shtml

This website presents an overview of crime and justice statistics for Queensland, including estimated crime levels, police records, and demographics of offenders, victims, and prisoners. Court and corrections statistics are also included.

Crime & Justice Statistics for Western Australia
The Crime Research Centre publishes annual statistical reports that describe crime and justice activities in Western Australia. Data for the reports are collected routinely from the police, courts and correctional services. Earlier years can be found at www.crc.law.uwa.edu.au/

Crime in Australia: A State-by-State Comparison
www.ag.gov.au/agd/www/rwpattach.nsf/viewasattachmentPersonal/0C0E69DB0701184BCA256B43001B9484/$file/Crime.pdf

This report draws on data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, Australian Institute of Criminology and the Productivity Commission.  It includes rates for homicide, assault, sexual assault, armed and unarmed robbery, burglary, and motor vehicle theft.  It also shows information on changes in crime over the past four years, clearance and prosecution rates, and imprisonment.  Victimization rates by age and sex are also provided.

Crime and Safety, Australia
This publication presents the results of the sixth national Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) household survey of crime and safety. (website)

Key Trends in Crime and Justice (New South Wales)
This report provided by the Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research is one in a series designed to provide an annual synthesis of the key trends in the NSW criminal justice system. The trends extend over a five-year period. In addition to trends in recorded criminal incidents, this report contains key trends in criminal court processes, juvenile justice, and correctional processes. The full text of this publication is available online in Adobe Acrobat format. (website)

Law and Justice Statistics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People
This snapshot presents an overview of Indigenous peoples' experiences of law and justice as reported in the 2002 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS) as well as data from other relevant Australian Bureau of Statistics collections. Unless otherwise specified, data relate to Indigenous people aged 15 years and over.

Long-term Trends in Property and Violent Crime in New South Wales
This bulletin describes trends in the recorded incidence of major categories of property and violent crime n New South Wales.(website)

Mental Health
www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/subscriber.nsf/LookupAttach/4102.0Publication25.03.094/$File/41020_Mentalhealth.pdf

Mental health may affect a person's ability to interact successfully with their family, friends, work-mates and the broader community. It can cause significant distress and disability, and can lead to isolation of, and discrimination against, those affected. This report focuses on on people who had experienced mental illness in the 12 months prior to being surveyed in 2007.

Money laundering in and through Australia, 2004
www.aic.gov.au/documents/6/4/2/%7B6427C6F9-BDE8-462E-A3AC-F68DB2C6505D%7Dtandi342.pdf

The changing international financial environment and increasing sophistication of offenders mean that opportunities for new ways of money laundering continue to develop. Its potential to fund terrorist activities makes its identification and control even more pressing. This research updates estimates of the cost of money laundering undertaken in t1995 and identifies risk areas for money laundering in and through Australia. It confirms that fraud constitutes the greatest source of laundered funds, followed by the illegal drug trade. The sectors that the survey respondents identified as most likely to be utilized to launder money were banking, casinos, real estate and accounting. The mechanisms identified as most commonly used to launder money were cash and wire transfers, credit cards and "payable through" accounts.

New South Wales Crime Statistics
Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research publishes statistical reports.

New South Wales Recorded Crime Statistics
This report, provided by the Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research, presents data on crime reported to, or detected by, NSW police from 1998 to the present. The report includes an overview of trends over the most recent two-year period for a selection of serious offence categories.

Organised Crime in Australia 2011
www.crimecommission.gov.au/publications/oca/_files/2011/oca2011.pdf

"The Organised Crime in Australia 2011 report is the third and largest report of its kind that the Australian Crime Commission has produced since 2008. The latest edition provides the most comprehensive unclassified profile of organised crime in Australia, including the characteristics of those involved, what drives them, the activities they are involved in and the extent and impact of organised crime."

Organised Crime in Australia 2009
www.crimecommission.gov.au/publications/oca/_files/2009/2009_oca_complete.pdf

"The Organised Crime in Australia 2009 report endeavours to provide a current picture of organised crime in Australia, including the key issues influencing change and the extent and impact of organised crime. This report also describes the efforts being made by law enforcement agencies in disrupting and dismantling organised crime groups."

Recorded Crime - Offenders, Selected States and Territories
"Offender statistics provide data relating to the number and characteristics of alleged offenders who have been proceeded against by police during the 12 month reference period. This publication provides a profile of alleged offenders, including their age, sex, Indigenous status, principal offence, how often they have been proceeded against by police within the reference period, as well as a count of proceedings that may result in court actions. Data are available for selected states and territories."

Recorded Crime - Victims, Australia
The above link provides a summary and some tables from this report, which is available for purchase at the Australian Bureau of Statistics website.  AusStats subscribers may download the full report free of charge.  The report describes victim characteristics, investigation outcomes, weapons use, and much more. (website)

Report on Government Services - Australian Productivity Commission
(Part C: Justice: Police Services, Court Administration, and Corrective Services)

These reports examine the effectiveness, equity and efficiency of police, courts, and corrective services across Australia. A range of indicators are used to measure performance including community perceptions of safety, recorded crime rates, case processing time, recidivism rates and the cost of justice services. Tribunals, specialist courts, legal aid, alternative dispute resolution services and community organizations assisting prisoners are not included.

Statistical Profile of Crime in Australia
www.aic.gov.au/documents/8/C/D/%7B8CDE7EA6-7019-40D3-BAFA-DA1040BE608C%7DRPP07.pdf

The Australian Institute of Criminology provides this collection of statistical tables prepared for the Second National Outlook Symposium on Crime in Australia, held in Canberra in March 1997. The volume details the level of crime in all Australian jurisdictions; the place of occurrence of crime by type of crime; offenders, charges and arrests; responses to crime in terms of cost, personnel and case loads; and an international perspective on crime in selected countries and major regions.

Year Book Australia
Year Book Australia is the principal reference work produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics. It provides a comprehensive statistical picture of the economy and social conditions in Australia. In addition, it contains descriptive matter dealing with Australia's geography and climate, its population, the environment, government, international relations, defence, education, health, income and welfare, housing and crime and justice. (website)

World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems, Australia
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/ascii/WFBCJAUS.TXT

Provides a narrative description of the criminal justice system of Australia. Forty-two other country descriptions are written to a common template so that comparisons of similar functions in different countries can be made easily.


Computer Crime

Australian Computer Crime and Security Survey
Provides the most up-to-date and authoritative analysis of computer network attacks and computer misuse trends in Australia.
Cyber Crime & Security Survey Report
The inaugural Survey was designed to obtain a better understanding of how cyber incidents are affecting the businesses that form part of Australia’s systems of national interest – the businesses that partner with CERT Australia.The findings from the survey provide a picture of the current cyber security measures these businesses have in place; the recent cyber incidents they have experienced; and their reporting of them.

Corrections

Aboriginal Deaths in Custody
This report presents a statistical summary of basic facts surrounding the deaths in custody cases which have been identified, including the cause of death, the circumstances giving rise to detention, and various demographic characteristics. It also summaries options which could significantly lower the risk of deaths in custody.

Aboriginal Deaths in Prison 1980 to 1998: National Overview
(Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 131)
www.aic.gov.au/documents/6/D/A/%7B6DA1CCFF-DFA7-40CA-8AA6-D033BC6A703C%7Dti131.pdf

This paper draws on data from the Deaths in Custody Monitoring Program of the Australian Institute of Criminology and summaries Aboriginal custodial mortality since 1980.

Adults Under Supervision and Detention Orders
(Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 14)
www.aic.gov.au/documents/9/2/9/%7B9296F6C2-FE18-448A-A996-E9B37CB0D7B2%7Dti14.pdf

Data from the 1982 National Prison Census and the 1985-86 National Census of Community-Based Corrections are used to present some of the salient facts about adults under supervision and detention orders in Australia. Topics include: differences between states; how Australia compares with other countries; types of offences committed; demographic characteristics of offenders; and the cost to the community.

Australian Corrections: Main Demographic Characteristics of Prison Population
(Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 150)
www.aic.gov.au/documents/4/9/9/%7B499D072B-66F5-4975-A2E1-463B8B5CEB60%7Dti150.pdf

This paper published by the Australian Institute of Criminology presents the demographic composition of the prison population and its changes over the ten years between 1988 and 1998.

Australian Deaths in Custody: 1990 - 2004
www.aic.gov.au/documents/9/0/8/%7B908B727F-2100-4B21-B21F-763107032FD3%7Dtandi309.pdf

Contains statistical tables and graphs derived from a wide range of sources.

Australian Deaths in Custody Updates:

Australian Deaths in Custody & Custody-Related Police Operations
These papers, published by the Australian Institute of Criminology, update information on the previous year's deaths and longer-term custodial death trends, and highlight some of the changes that have occurred in the present year.

Corrective Services, Australia
This publication presents statistics on persons held in either adult corrective services custody or who are serving adult community-based orders in Australia. It contains data on the number of persons by their sex, Indigenous status, type of custody, legal status and sentence type; the number of sentenced persons received into corrective services custody each month; and the number of federal prisoners. (website)

Imprisonment in Australia: The Offence Composition of Australian Correctional Populations, 1988 and 1998
(Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 164)

www.aic.gov.au/documents/F/8/8/%7BF8895AD1-3358-4BF1-B936-B262A1A768D3%7Dti164.pdf

This is a quick link to all correction statistics for which people were imprisoned in 1988 and 1998.

Imprisonment in Australia: The Remand Population
(Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 172)

www.aic.gov.au/documents/1/D/8/%7B1D8FA7F8-EC35-4353-9A65-355715E2A622%7Dti172.pdf

This paper examines trends and characteristics associated with the remand phenomenon, using 17 years of data from the National Census.  The main issues of interest are the proportion of remand prisoners to the total prison population and its evolution over time.  It also discusses the main characteristics of Australian remand prison populations in order to identify major changes over the period from 1982 to 1998.

Imprisonment in Australia: The Sentenced Populations
(Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 174)

www.aic.gov.au/documents/5/5/A/%7B55A478DE-F989-48B2-B914-812BDDC669A0%7Dti174.pdf

Using data from the National Prison Census, this paper examines trends and characteristics associated with sentenced prison populations.  Interest focuses on the proportion of sentenced prisoners in the total prison population and its evolution over time.

Imprisonment in Australia: Trends in Prison Populations & Imprisonment Rates 1982-1998
(Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 130)
www.aic.gov.au/documents/C/C/1/%7BCC182C2A-81F8-4242-9A11-A9A0E97B919D%7Dti130.pdf

This paper examines changes in Australia's rates of imprisonment over the a period of 17 years.

Prison Deaths 1980-97: National Overview and State Trends
(Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 81)
www.aic.gov.au/documents/8/9/1/%7B89182A93-79B8-4C77-AC56-99311149A599%7Dti81.pdf

Data presented in this Trends and Issues paper highlight some of the notable jurisdictional differences, including comparisons between death rates for both indigenous and non-indigenous people.

Prisoners in Australia
This publication presents national statistics on prisoners. These statistics describe the characteristics of prisoners, sentence lengths, and offences for which offenders are imprisoned, and provide a basis for measuring change over time.  Since 2001, this site provides annual data cubes (Excel files). (website)

Review of Periodic Detention: NSW Sentencing Council, Sydney. 2007
www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/scouncil/ll_scouncil.nsf/vwFiles/Periodic_Detention_Report.pdf/$file/ Periodic_Detention_Report.pdf

In this report, the NSW Sentencing Council examines the extent to which periodic detention has been available and used in New South Wales in relation to State and Federal offences. Additionally, it examines its requirements and administration, particularly in relation to breach proceedings, and gives consideration to its perceived advantages and disadvantages.

Sentencing Advisory Council Annual Reports
The Council's annual reports provide an account of the work throughout the year and include reports on performance, delivery of outputs and financial management. (website)

Prisons in Victoria
There are 14 prisons across Victoria including two privately-operated prisons (Fulham Correctional Centre and Port Phillip Prison) and 12 publicly-operated prisons. These prisons provide a range of correctional services from maximum security detention to reparation and treatment programs.

This section profiles all 14 Victorian prisons, including brief histories and an overview of prison facilities and services, including information about the operator, security level and capacity, an accommodation description and location details.

Suicide in Prison 1980 to 1998: National Overview (Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice No. 126)
www.aic.gov.au/documents/A/4/4/%7BA4430E8D-8F5D-4056-9B17-C2F95D22FC32%7Dti126.pdf

This paper contains preliminary analysis of suicide in Australia's prisons over the past 19 years using data collected by the National Deaths in Custody Monitoring and Research Program at the Australian Institute of Criminology.

Trends in Sentencing in the New South Wales Criminal Courts: 1990-2000
www.lawlink.new.gov.au/lawlink/bocsar/11_bocsar.nsf/vwFiles/cjb62.pdf/$file/cjb62.pdf

This report (from November 2001) updates previous information from the NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research.

Trends in the Imprisonment of Indigenous People in Australia
www.aic.gov.au/documents/5/1/4/%7B514A1BEC-D92E-4D66-B4BB-84D68BF4CF2E%7Dti137.pdf

This report offers statistics and charts on the number of indigenous prisoners and indigenous imprisonment; average annual growth of indigenous and non-indigenous prison populations; and comparisons across different demographic groups.

Trends in the Use of Full-time Imprisonment 2006-2007
www.judcom.nsw.gov.au/publications/st/st36/st36.pdf/at_download/file

This report looks at how sentencing patterns in NSW compare with other jurisdictions. Findings include: the use of full-time imprisonment in Australia remains at historically high levels; comparing imprisonment rates per 100,000, NSW remains higher than the Australian average as well as some overseas jurisdictions, and NSW continues to report the highest imprisonment rates in Australia for a number of specific offences.

Victoria's Prison Population: 2001 to 2006
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/victorias_prison_population_2001_to_2006.pdf

The paper examines trends in data from prisons, the courts and police in order to identify key contributors to Victoria’s rising prison population over this period.

Western Australia: Prison and Community Corrections
www.crc.law.uwa.edu.au/__data/page/50334/ch5.pdf

Describes adult offenders who are serving sentences of imprisonment or who are serving non-custodial orders and are subject to supervision in the community. Includes information about offenders held in police custody.


Corruption & Fraud

Fraud and Misconduct Survey 2010: Australia and New Zealand
www.kpmg.com/AU/en/IssuesAndInsights/ArticlesPublications/Fraud-Survey/Documents/Fraud-and-Misconduct-Survey-2010.pdf

"The KPMG Fraud and Misconduct Survey 2010, Australia and New Zealand discusses the extent and nature of fraud. This Survey reveals that the total amount reported as having been lost to fraud has increased from $301.1 million to $345.4 million."

Fraud and Misconduct Survey 2008: Australia and New Zealand
www.kpmg.com/AU/en/IssuesAndInsights/ArticlesPublications/Documents/Fraud-Survey-2008.pdf

"KPMG's 2008 Fraud Survey researches fraud in Australia and New Zealand. The survey found that the total fraud reported was $301.1 million, with each organisation experiencing an average loss from fraud of $1.5 million."

A Survey of Fraud, Bribery and Corruption in Australia & New Zealand - 2012
www.kpmg.com/AU/en/IssuesAndInsights/ArticlesPublications/Fraud-Survey/Documents/fraud-bribery-corruption-survey-2012v2.pdf

"Given the high cost of fraud to public and private sector organisations in Australia and New Zealand, it is imperative to bring some clarity to a problem that tends to flourish in business cultures where transparency is poor. In profiling the victims, villains and heroes of fraud, the report provides Australian and New Zealand-based businesses with an opportunity to understand not only the impact of fraud, but how it takes root in organisations that are not prepared to battle it."

Targeting Scams: Report of the ACCC on scam activity 2010
www.accc.gov.au/content/item.phtml?itemId=972476&nodeId=82520eb0bf4bef0d78873f4f0680557a&fn=Targeting%20Scams%20Report%202010.pdf

"This report explains key trends in scam activity and highlights the impact of scams on the community. It highlights the cooperative work of the ACCC, other regulators and law enforcement agencies to disrupt scams and educate consumers. "


Crime Prevention

Home Safety and Security, Western Australia, Oct 2004
www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/subscriber.nsf/0/00F885D0961ACB50CA256FDB00759056/$File/4526555001_oct%202004.pdf

This publication contains results from the Home Safety and Security Survey conducted in Western Australia (WA) in October 2004. It presents information on safety measures, security features, break-ins and attempted break-ins in Western Australian households. The topics covered include whether smoke alarms are installed, whether the dwelling has security features installed (e.g. security screens, door deadlocks, window locks, security alarm) and whether the household experienced a break-in or attempted break-in. For households which have experienced a break-in or attempted break-in, information is also presented on the security features of the household and characteristics of that event (e.g. point of entry, whether point of entry was locked, whether the incident was reported to police).


Domestic Violence

Domestic Homicide in New South Wales, January 2003 - June 2008
www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/bocsar/ll_bocsar.nsf/vwFiles/BB42.pdf/$file/BB42.pdf

This brief examines the different circumstances and characteristics of domestic homicide over the period January 2003 to June 2008.

Family Homicide in Australia
www.aic.gov.au/documents/9/C/B/%7B9CBFDFE5-F9B2-4FEB-A14A-3166810B564F%7Dtandi255.pdf

This report examines the different circumstances and characteristics of family homicide over the period July 1989 to June 2002.


Western Australia - About Domestic Violence

www.crc.law.uwa.edu.au/publications/domestic_violence/domestic_violence__media_release/about_domestic_violence

Presents five major findings from the Crime Research Centre's study, which looked into the measurement of the extent of domestic violence (Ferrante et al, Measuring the Extent of Domestic Violence).


Drugs & Alcohol

Adult CARDS: Final Evaluation Report
www.ocsar.sa.gov.au/docs/evaluation_reports/AdultCARDSFinalEvaluationReport2007.pdf

This is the final evaluation report of the South Australian Court Assessment and Referral Drug Scheme (CARDS) pilot which operated from 2004 to 2006. Overall the available evidence indicates that the objectives of CARDS are being achieved. The main issues to be addressed are the levels of take-up in the scheme, its appropriateness of Aboriginal defendants given the low completion rate in this group, and issues regarding the treatment regime.

Australian Capital Territory Drug Trends - Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS)
In 1998, the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (AGDH&A) commissioned the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) to implement a national Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), aimed at monitoring emerging trends related to the use of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and cannabis. The IDRS study provides nationally comparable data with respect to patterns of illicit drug use and related harms and provides a basis for better informing future policy and research initiatives.(website)

Australian Drug Trends
The Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS) is intended to serve as a strategic early warning system, identifying emerging trends of local and national concern in illicit drug markets. The IDRS consists of three components: interviews with injecting drug users (IDU); interviews with key experts (KE), professionals who have regular contact with illicit drug users through their work; and analysis and examination of indicator data sources related to illicit drugs. (website)

Drug Use Monitoring in Australia: Annual Reports on Drug Use Among Police Detainees
The Drug Use Monitoring in Australia (DUMA) project has been in operation since 1999.  Over the years it has provided police, policy-makers, criminal justice practitioners and other professionals with systematic empirical data on illegal drug use among people detained and brought to a police station or watchhouse.  The project currently operates at seven sites throughout Australia.  It provides an overview of the characteristics of the detainees at each site, including self-reported drug use, prior criminal behavior and treatment history.  In addition to this kind of paper, the DUMA provides a variety of statistical papers at its website.

Evidence Supporting Treatment
www.ancd.org.au/images/PDF/Researchpapers/rp3_evidence_supporting.pdf?phpMyAdmin=rGQ2XkOOsKjMp24r2sFwuVc5ibb

This report commissioned by the Australian National Council on Drugs reviews research evidence on the effectiveness of interventions for illicit drug use.  The report also discusses the prevalence of and trends in illicit drug use.

Heroin Overdose: Prevalence, Correlates, Consequences, and Interventions
www.ancd.org.au/images/PDF/Researchpapers/rp1_heroin_overdose.pdf

This report discusses the prevalence of heroin use and dependence in Australia, provides an overview of the epidemiology and circumstances of heroin overdose, and interventions that may potentially reduce mortality from overdose.

Illicit Drug Data Report
This report is produced by the Australian Crime Commission (ACC). The data contained in this report provide law enforcement, decision-makers, National Illicit Drug Strategy stakeholders and research bodies with a national overview of the illicit drug situation in Australia.

Illicit Drug Use in Queensland - A Survey of Household 2002-2005
www.cmc.qld.gov.au/data/portal/00000005/content/87421001161922260587.pdf

This report has provided the results of the Queensland Household Illicit Drug Use Survey, a statewide telephone survey on illicit drug use conducted annually by the OESR. More than 13 000 Queenslanders participated in the survey between 2002 and 2005. While it is likely that the responses are a significant underestimate of the true prevalence of illicit drug use, this report provides: (1) important information about the nature and extent of illicit drug use across a random sample of Queensland householders, (2) an opportunity to regularly track illicit drug use among the general population — the information collected in this study is derived from a broader range of people than the samples employed in other studies (e.g. patients in emergency departments and watch-house detainees), and therefore better represents Queensland’s general population.

Illicit Drug Markets in Queensland - A Strategic Assessment
www.cmc.qld.gov.au/data/portal/00000005/content/05472001268613924685.pdf

"This strategic intelligence assessment presents a marketbased analysis of the risk posed by illicit drug markets in Queensland, with a particular focus on organised criminal involvement in those markets. By examining aspects such as demand and supply, price and purity, market drivers, and the harms associated with particular illicit drugs, we can identify key trends and determine the extent to which there has been any change in the risk associated with each market."

Illicit Drug Use, Sources of Australian Data, 2001
www.ausstats.abs.gov.au/ausstats/free.nsf/0/98D51DF7A8241A70CA256B1200010389/$File/48080_2001.pdf

Provides a comprehensive overview of sources of national data measuring the impact of illicit drug use in Australia. The publication examines data available on economic, social, crime and health impacts of illicit drug use on the community. Gaps in current data collections are also identified.

National Drug Strategy Household Survey
National Drug Strategy Household Survey presents summary data collected in Australia's most comprehensive national survey of drug use and related issues.

New South Wales Drug Trends - Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS)
In 1998, the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (AGDH&A) commissioned the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) to implement a national Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), aimed at monitoring emerging trends related to the use of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and cannabis. The IDRS study provides nationally comparable data with respect to patterns of illicit drug use and related harms and provides a basis for better informing future policy and research initiatives.(website)

Northern Territory Drug Trends - Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS)
In 1998, the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (AGDH&A) commissioned the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) to implement a national Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), aimed at monitoring emerging trends related to the use of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and cannabis. The IDRS study provides nationally comparable data with respect to patterns of illicit drug use and related harms and provides a basis for better informing future policy and research initiatives.(website)

Queensland Drug Trends - Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS)
In 1998, the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (AGDH&A) commissioned the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) to implement a national Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), aimed at monitoring emerging trends related to the use of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and cannabis. The IDRS study provides nationally comparable data with respect to patterns of illicit drug use and related harms and provides a basis for better informing future policy and research initiatives.(website)

Safer Injecting Centre - Drug and Alcohol Findings 2006 Report
findings.org.uk/count/downloads/download.php?file=nug_14_4.pdf

This report presents findings on feared increase in criminal activity around the only safer injection facility in Sydney, Australia. This brief presents findings, places the analysis in context, and presents practice implications.

South Australia Drug Trends - Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS)
In 1998, the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (AGDH&A) commissioned the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) to implement a national Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), aimed at monitoring emerging trends related to the use of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and cannabis. The IDRS study provides nationally comparable data with respect to patterns of illicit drug use and related harms and provides a basis for better informing future policy and research initiatives.(website)

Statistics on Drug Use in Australia
This report provides a comprehensive summary of major drug use statistical collections, with references to sources of more detailed information.  Data are presented on patterns of drug use, international comparisons, drugs and health, special population groups, crime and law enforcement, polydrug use and drug avoidance and moderation.  In addition, this report includes material presented on ecstasy and related drugs, patterns of substance use and psychological wellbeing, closed treatment episodes in alcohol and other drug treatment services, and females incarcerated in Australian prisons.(website)

Tasmanian Drug Trends - Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS)
In 1998, the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (AGDH&A) commissioned the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) to implement a national Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), aimed at monitoring emerging trends related to the use of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and cannabis. The IDRS study provides nationally comparable data with respect to patterns of illicit drug use and related harms and provides a basis for better informing future policy and research initiatives.(website)

Victorian Drug Statistics Handbook: Patterns of Drug Use & Related Harm in Victoria

On behalf of the Drugs Policy and Services Branch, Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre produces an annual Victorian Drug Statistics Handbook. The first edition of the Handbook was compiled from 1999 data, which has been updated and built upon in subsequent editions.  The aim of the Victorian Drug Statistics Handbook is to describe the major patterns of drug use and associated harm experienced in Victoria. This is achieved by collating information from an extensive range of existing data sources and condensing it into an easily readable format.  The substances covered in the Handbook are: alcohol, amphetamines and other stimulants, benzodiazepines and other minor tranquillisers, cannabis, hallucinogens, heroin and opioids, inhalants, steroids, and tobacco.

Victorian Drug Trends - Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS)
In 1998, the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (AGDH&A) commissioned the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) to implement a national Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), aimed at monitoring emerging trends related to the use of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and cannabis. The IDRS study provides nationally comparable data with respect to patterns of illicit drug use and related harms and provides a basis for better informing future policy and research initiatives.(website)

Western Australia Drug Trends - Findings from the Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS)
In 1998, the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (AGDH&A) commissioned the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC) to implement a national Illicit Drug Reporting System (IDRS), aimed at monitoring emerging trends related to the use of heroin, methamphetamine, cocaine and cannabis. The IDRS study provides nationally comparable data with respect to patterns of illicit drug use and related harms and provides a basis for better informing future policy and research initiatives.(website)


Firearms

Australia, Deaths Caused by Firearms
www.aic.gov.au/documents/B/7/F/%7BB7F97201-1FCA-4183-8997-DAAB2B87EA62%7Dtandi269.pdf

Provides a chart of statistics on deaths caused by firearms from 1991-2001.

Injury by Firearms Australia 1994
www.nisu.flinders.edu.au/data/phonebook/queries/guninjuries94.php

Reports from the National Injury Surveillance Unit on Australian injury by firearms.

Violent Deaths and Firearms in Australia: Data and Trends
www.aic.gov.au/documents/9/F/A/%7B9FA6CABC-D79E-4F31-B600-F327E8148596%7DRPP04.pdf

This publication presents data about firearms deaths and violent deaths, and examines some trends over the past eighty years. It aims to assist in the better understanding of the relationship between violent death and use of firearms in Australia. Statistical information is collated from a number of sources including the Australian Bureau of Statistics, Police Service annual reports, and the Australian Institute of Criminology's National Homicide Monitoring program.


Human Rights

Annual Reports to Congress on Human Rights Practices - Australia
These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, to the U.S. Congress. The law provides that the Secretary of State shall transmit a "full and complete report regarding the status of internationally recognized human rights, within the meaning of subsection (A) in countries that receive assistance under this part, and (B) in all other foreign countries which are members of the United Nations and which are not otherwise the subject of a human rights report under this Act." Reports on several countries are included that do not fall into the categories established by these statutes and that thus are not covered by the congressional requirement. The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Univeral Declaration of Human Rights. (website).

Annual Reports to Congress on International Religious Freedom - Australia
These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, describe the status of religious freedom in Australia, government policies violating religious belief and practices of groups, religious denominations, and individuals, and U.S. policies to promote religious freedom around the world. It is submitted in compliance with the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998.
(website)


Juvenile Justice

Child Protection Australia

Child protection Australia provides comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services. These reports contains trend data on child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations, children on care and protection orders and children in out-of-home care. (website)

Crime and Justice in South Australia
Crime and Justice in South Australia is published annually by the Office of Crime Statistics and Research as a three volume set. This particular volume deals exclusively with young offenders and the juvenile justice system.

Indigenous Young People in the Juvenile Justice System

Although only about 5% of young Australians are Indigenous, almost 2 in 5 (39%) of those under juvenile justice supervision on an average day in 2010-11 were Indigenous. There were 2,820 Indigenous young people under supervision on an average day and 5,195 during the year. Indigenous young people first entered supervision at younger ages than non-Indigenous young people, on average, and spent longer under supervision during the year. (website)

Juvenile Crime and Justice: Australia 1997
www.aic.gov.au/documents/C/1/0/%7BC107C651-277D-4C1B-B025-6C70F040538E%7DRPP11.pdf

Australian Institute of Criminology's Research and Public Policy Series brings together data from different sources. It covers those issues that are raised most frequently, and particularly highlights differences across jurisdictions.

Juvenile Justice in Australia
The report provides information on juveniles in detention and community-based supervision, justice episodes and juvenile justice centres.

Juveniles in Detention in Australia, 1981-2006
www.aic.gov.au/documents/C/1/E/%7BC1E86C17-E74D-4376-9479-0E3E136762A3%7Dtbp026.pdf

This paper provides an overview of juveniles in detention in Australia. It contributes to knowledge about the numbers and rates of Indigenous young people placed into detention, a concern stemming from the Royal Commission into Aboriginal Deaths in Custody. The Australian Institute of Criminology Juveniles in Detention Monitoring Program contains census data on the numbers of young people placed into detention on a quarterly basis from 1981 through to 2006. This report tracks changes over time and also provides a statistical overview of the financial year 2005-06.

Juveniles in Detention in Australia, 1981-2008
www.aic.gov.au/documents/A/E/7/%7BAE78B0BB-3C6F-450D-9950-BE22DDEB9972%7Dmr12_001.pdf

This report provides an overview of the numbers and rates of juveniles in detention in Australia since 1981 and juveniles in detention for the financial year 2007–08. As with the AIC’s previous report on juveniles in detention (Taylor 2009), it also provides contextual information on young people sentenced in the children’s courts. The collation of data for these reports is supported by statutory juvenile justice agencies in each of Australia’s jurisdictions, as well as the NSW Department of Corrective Services.

Persons in Juvenile Corrective Institutions 1981-2000
www.aic.gov.au/documents/4/9/1/%7B491855D6-4027-4254-9712-24D0ED247219%7Dtbp001.pdf

These figures refer to persons aged 10 to 17 in juvenile corrective institutions. Data is derived from statistics provided by the relevant juvenile justice authorities of each state and territory. These statistics are also available in pdf format.

Statistics on Juvenile Detention in Australia
This publication, from the Technical and Background Paper Series published by the Australian Institute of Criminology, provides statistics derived from quarterly reports from authorities in each Australian jurisdiction. Numbers in custody, demographic information, and trends are available. This is the first of a projected series of web-based publications from the AIC.(website)

Western Australia - Children's Court Appearances
www.crc.law.uwa.edu.au/facts__and__figures/statistical_report_1997/childrens_court_appearences

Information about the Children's Court and related juvenile justice is presented. This includes information about the age, sex and ethnicity of juvenile offenders; offences charged; court location; outcome of charges and penalties (if any); and details about plea, legal representation, access to bail, results other than conviction (e.g., acquittals) and intermediate decisions of cases not yet finalised.

Youth Detention Population in Australia - 2013
www.aihw.gov.au/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=60129545393

"This report presents information on the youth detention population in Australia, focusing on quarterly trends from June 2009 to June 2013. On an average night, there were about 1,000 young people in detention, about half of whom were unsentenced. Numbers and rates of young people in detention remained relatively stable over the 4 years nationally; however, this trend varied between different states and territories. Around half of all young people in detention on an average night were Indigenous."

Youth Justice in Australia 2011-12: An Overview
www.aihw.gov.au/WorkArea/DownloadAsset.aspx?id=60129543208

"The overview presents figures on the number of young people that were under juvenile justice supervision in 2011-12. The overview provides a breakdown on the number of young people who were supervised in the community and those in detention it also provides Indigenous rates."


Law & the Courts

Common Offences in the New South Wales Local Court: 2007
www.judcom.nsw.gov.au/publications/st/sentencing-trends-and-issues-no-37/st37.pdf/at_download/file

"This publication reports on the 20 most common offences proven in the NSW local courts for 2007. It also provides a descriptive analysis of how the various options available to the court were used to deal with the most common offences."

Criminal Court Statistics
This publication presents nationally comparable statistics relating to the criminal jurisdiction of the Higher (Supreme and Intermediate) and Magistrates' Courts across Australia, Children's Criminal Courts data are also provided on an experimental basis. The statistics describe the characteristics of defendants, including information on the offences and sentences associated with those defendants.(website)

Federal Defendants, Selected States and Territories, 2008-09
www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4515.0Main+Features12008-09?OpenDocument

"The aim of this collection is to provide nationally comparable statistics relating to federal defendants heard in the criminal jurisdiction of the higher (supreme and intermediate), magistrates' and children's courts across Australia for the period of July 1, 2008 to June 30, 2009. The statistics describe the characteristics of defendant with finalised federal offences, including information about their offences and sentences outcomes. Data for Tasmania were not available for this issue."

New South Wales Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research
www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/bocsar/ll_bocsar.nsf/pages/bocsar_court_stats

Access statistics on trends in court processes; trends in appearances; penalties; and apprehended violence orders for local and higher courts. Includes statistics on children's court appearances by offence type.

New South Wales Criminal Court Statistics
This series deals with criminal cases finalized by the NSW Local, District, and Supreme Courts and in Children's Courts. The reports provide statistical information on all criminal matters finalized by the District and Supreme Courts. These reports are downloadable in Adobe Acrobat. Earlier reports can be ordered through the Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research.

People Sentenced in Victorian Courts - Higher Courts, Magistrates' Courts and Children's Courts
This website presents information and links on people sentenced in Victoria by court level 1999-00 to 2007-08 and Annual percentage change in people sentenced by court level 2000-01 to 2007-08, present the numbers and annual percentage change in people sentenced by court level from 1999-00 to 2007-08.

Provocation in Sentencing - Sentencing Advisory Council
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/provocation_in_sentencing_research_report_second_edition.pdf
This paper is intended as an examination of some of the sentencing policy issues and principles raised by the abolition of the partial defence of provocation in light of the VLRC Homicide Report.

Report on Sentencing Trends and Practices 2005-2006
www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/scouncil/ll_scouncil.nsf/vwFiles/Annual_Report_2005-2006.pdf/$file/Annual_Report_2005-2006.pdf

The NSW Sentencing Council presented a report on sentencing trends and practices, and this report covers the period July 2005-August 2006.5.  Part 1 of this Report details changes to the membership of the Council and reports on activities the Council has engaged in.  Part 2 provides an update of the projects the Council has completed in 2005-06 and those it continues to work on.  Part 3 gives consideration to the standard non-parole period scheme.

Sentencing for Sexual Penetration Offences: A Statistical Report
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/wps/wcm/connect/Sentencing+Council/resources/file/ebc35e4ca664195/Sentencing_For_Sexual_Penetration_Offences.pdf

This statistical report examines sentencing outcomes in Victoria between July 2006 and June 2008 for five sexual penetration offences.

Sentencing Trends for Possessing Amphetamines in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/snapshot_64_sentencing_trends_for_possessing_amphetamines_in_the_magistrates_court_of_victoria_february_2009.pdf

This statistical snapshot describes the sentencing outcomes for Possessing Amphetamines and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria between July 2004 and June 2008.

Sentencing Trends for Trafficking Amphetamines in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/snapshot_68_sentencing_trends_for_trafficking_amphetamines__in_the_magistrates_court_of_victoria_february_2009.pdf

This statistical snapshot describes the sentencing outcomes for Trafficking Amphetamines and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria.

Sentencing Trends for Possessing Cannabis in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/snapshot_65_sentencing_trends_for_possessing_cannabis_in_the_magistrates_court_of_victoria_february_2009.pdf

This statistical snapshot describes the sentencing outcomes for Possessing Cannabis and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria between July 2004 and June 2008.

Sentencing Trends for Trafficking Cannabis in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/snapshot_69_sentencing_trends_for_trafficking_cannabis__in_the_magistrates_court_of_victoria_february_2009.pdf

This statistical snapshot describes the sentencing outcomes for Trafficking Cannabis and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria between July 2004 and June 2008.

Sentencing Trends for Possessing Ecstasy in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/snapshot_66_sentencing_trends_for_possessing_ecstasy_in_the_magistrates_court_of_victoria_february_2009.pdf

This statistical snapshot describes the sentencing outcomes for Possessing Ecstasy and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria between July 2004 and June 2008.

Sentencing Trends for Trafficking Ecstasy in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/snapshot_70_sentencing_trends_for_trafficking_ecstasy_in_the_magistrates_court_of_victoria__february_2009.pdf

This statistical snapshot describes the sentencing outcomes for Trafficking Ecstasy and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria between July 2004 and June 2008.

Sentencing Trends for Possessing Heroin in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/snapshot_67_sentencing_trends_for_possessing_heroin_in_the_magistrates_court_of_victoria_february_2009.pdf

This statistical snapshot describes the sentencing outcomes for Possessing Heroin and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria between July 2004 and June 2008.

Sentencing Trends for Trafficking Heroin in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria
www.sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/sites/sentencingcouncil.vic.gov.au/files/snapshot_71_sentencing_trends_for_trafficking_heroin_in_the_magistrates_court_of_victoria__february_2009.pdf

This statistical snapshot describes the sentencing outcomes for Trafficking Heroin and details the age and gender of people sentenced for this offence in the Magistrates' Court of Victoria between July 2004 and June 2008.

Trends in Sentencing in the New South Wales Criminal Courts: 1990-2000
www.lawlink.nsw.gov.au/lawlink/bocsar/ll_bocsar.nsf/vwFiles/cjb62.pdf/$file/cjb62.pdf

This online research bulletin offers information on sentencing trends in New South Wales over the course of the past decade. Both violent and nonviolent crimes are considered in this bulletin.

Victorian Supreme and County Courts
This report presents statistics on criminal matters dealt with by the Victorian Higher (Supreme and County) Courts for the five years from 2001/02 to 2005/06.  Statistics on case flow, type of matters finalised in the Higher Courts, sentences imposed and lengths of sentences imposed are included in this publication.

Western Australia - Adult Court Records
www.crc.law.uwa.edu.au/facts__and__figures/statistical_report_1997/adult_court_records

Data presented here relate to 1997 Higher Court (Supreme and District Court) criminal cases in Western Australia. Some summary statistics describing the lower courts (Courts of Petty Sessions) have also been included.


Police & Law Enforcement

Australian Deaths in Custody
www.aic.gov.au/publications/previous%20series/dic.aspx

Contains statistical tables and graphs derived from a wide range of sources.

Composition of Australia's Police Services
Information on numbers of police service employees in Australia; both sworn and public service personnel, by rank and gender. (website)

Crime Statistics - Victoria Police
IVictoria Police Crime Statistics Official Release includes statistical summaries of offences recorded by police in Victoria for the previous financial year. (website)

NSW Police Annual Report - Archive
www.police.nsw.gov.au/about_us/publications/annual_report/annual_report_archive

The NSW (New South Wales) Police presents annual reports from 1999 to the present, covering various subjects.  In both PDF and ZIP file.

Police in Australia
http://www.aic.gov.au/criminal_justice_system/policing.aspx

Contains statistical tables on a variety of data pertaining to police officers and the policing services in Australia.

Western Australia - Police Apprehensions and Cautions
www.crc.law.uwa.edu.au/facts__and__figures/statistical_report_1997/police_apprehensions_and_cautions

Describes data about apprehensions or offences charged by police during 1997. Also described are data about juvenile cautioning.


Sex Crime

Sexual Assault in Australia: A Statistical Overview
www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/subscriber.nsf/log?openagent&45230_2004.pdf&4523.0&Publication&C41F8B2864D42333CA256F070079CBD4&0&2004&07.09.2004&Latest

This publication presents statistics which provide a broad overview of sexual assault in Australia. It describes the prevalence and incidence of sexual assault, individual experiences, responses provided and resultant outcomes. It also highlights the potential of data currently available, through their compilation in this form, and draws attention to the gaps in data and issues relating to the data currently available.

Sexual harassment: serious business. Results of the 2008 Sexual Harassment National Telephone Survey
www.humanrights.gov.au/sexualharassment/serious_business/SHSB_Report2008.pdf


The national telephone survey of 2,005 people investigated the nature and extent of sexual harassment in Australian workplaces.


Victims of Crime

The Australian Component of the 2004 International Crime Victimization Survey
www.aic.gov.au/documents/E/6/5/%7BE65A19D7-F467-4CA8-B3A6-1FE9F3E32461%7Dtbp016.pdf

This report covers the technical details, data collection and methodology of the Australian component of the 2004 International Crime Victimisation Survey (ICVS).

Crime Victimisation, Australia, 2009 - 10

www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/subscriber.nsf/log?openagent&45300_2009_10.pdf&4530.0&Publication&96D24600F95E026ACA257839000E060C&&200910&17.02.2011&Latest

This report contains information on crime victimization in Australia including a snapshot of crime victimization, personal crime, household crime, reporting to police, and feelings of safety.

Crime Victimisation, Australia, 2008 - 09
www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/subscriber.nsf/log?openagent&45300_2008-09.pdf&4530.0&Publication&C153E64EDD32A47DCA2576CD00184756&&2008-09&18.02.2010&Latest

This report contains information on crime victimization in Australia including a snapshot of crime victimization, personal crime, household crime, reporting to police, and feelings of safety.

Crime Victimization in Australia - Key Results of the 2004 International Crime Victimisation Survey
www.aic.gov.au/documents/9/D/F/%7B9DFFC106-12D6-4576-9D51-045C9BD39BEC%7Drpp64.pdf

This report contains many interesting findings. Of particular note is the decline in the percentage of people who reported being a recent victim of crime in 2004 as compared to 2000. This finding is consistent with police data and follows trends that have been observed in other countries. Also of note is that few socio-demographic characteristics were predictors of experiencing crime more than once.

Effects of Personal Victimisation of Perceptions of Social Disorder, December 2011
www.abs.gov.au/ausstats/abs@.nsf/Lookup/4524.0Chapter800December%202011

Persons that experienced at least one incident of assault (physical, threatened, or sexual) or robbery in the 12 months preceding the survey perceived significantly higher levels of social disorder in their local area than persons not experiencing these offences.

Homicide in Australia
Statistics and charts on homicide provided by the Australian Institute of Criminology's National Homicide Monitoring Program. It provides an analysis of the homicide incidents in Australia, with the initial range of years from 1990-1998. It covers: the relationships between the victim and the accused; characteristics of the incident (e.g. location, method, time of day); and victim and offender characteristics.

Injury Deaths Australia 1979-1998
www.nisu.flinders.edu.au/data/phonebook/phbkmain.php

Reports from the National Injury Surveillance Unit on Australian injury related deaths from 1979 onwards.

National Homicide Monitoring Program
www.aic.gov.au/about_aic/research_programs/nmp/0001.aspx

Includes statistics and breakdown by age and gender of victims and trends in victim-offender relationships.

Recorded Crime - Victims
"These publications present national crime statistics relating to victims of a selected range of offences that have been recorded by police. These statistics provide indicators of the level and nature of recorded crime victimisation in Australia and a basis for measuring change over time. As not all crimes are reported to or recorded by police, other data sources can assist in providing a more comprehensive view of crime levels in society." (website)


Violent Crime

Armed Robbery in Australia: National Armed Robbery Monitoring Program annual reports
The National Armed Robbery Monitoring Program (NARMP) was established to filll an information gap on trends and patterns of armed robbery in Australia, especially in relation to changes over time in the use of specific weapons.

Knives and Armed Robbery
Knives and Armed Robbery paper brings together new data on robbery, and noting the strong presence of knives, is a springboard for the analysis of containment strategiess.