Administration of Justice

Crime and Criminal Justice
The topics covered include crimes recorded by the police (total crime, homicide, violent crime, robbery, domestic burglary, motor vehicle theft and drug trafficking), the prison population and the number of police officers (website).

European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics
The first European Sourcebook project started in 1996. In that year the Council of Europe established a committee to prepare a compendium of crime and criminal justice data for its member states. It included both statistical data and information on the statistical rules and the definitions behind these figures.

Eurostat - Europe in Figures
These yearbooks present a comprehensive selection of statistical data on the EU, its Member States and candidate countries. With just over 500 statistical tables, graphs and maps, the yearbook treats the following areas: the economy, education, health, living conditions and welfare, the labor market, industry and services, agriculture, forestry and fisheries, international trade, transport, the environment, energy, science and technology and European regions (website).

Key Figures on Europe - Eurostat
"Key figures on Europe presents a selection of statistical data on Europe. Most data cover the European Union and its Member States, while some indicators are provided for other countries, such as members of EFTA, candidate countries to the European Union, Japan or the United States. The pocketbook treats the following areas: economy and finance; population; health; education and training; the labour market; living conditions and social protection; industry, trade and services; agriculture, forestry and fisheries; international trade; transport; the environment; energy; and science and technology."


Annual Penal Statistics of the Council of Europe = SPACE I
Created by the Council of Europe, the SPACE I project exists since 1983. Its goal is to present comparable data on the populations of penal institutions within all the Member States of the Council of Europe. The SPACE I data was obtained by means of questionnaires.  They relate to situation of the prison population at September 1st of each year, prison entry flows, the length of imprisonment, and annual incidents.

Annual Penal Statistics of the Council of Europe = SPACE II
The SPACE II project, created by the Council of Europe in 1992, collects information on persons serving non-custodial and semi-custodial sanctions and measures. These sanctions and measures are frequently referred to as alternatives to imprisonment. The survey is not designed to cover all the existing non-custodial and semi-custodial sanctions and measures. The ones included are those on prison overcrowding and prison population inflation, on improving the implementation of the European rules on community sanctions and measures. SPACE II covers only those measures and sanctions applied in the community, as defined by the Council of Europe.

Correctional Statistics of Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden, 2001-05

This report provides correctional statistics of five Nordic countries.

EU crime statistics 2005-2007: Around 600,000 prisoners in the EU27

Between 2005 and 2007, there were on average 607,000 people in prison in the EU27, equivalent to about 123 prisoners per 100,000 inhabitants. This PDF file presents a table detailing the information on prisoner populations in each EU27 country per year.

Prisons and Alternatives
This bulletin includes short articles as well as summaries of Annual Penal Statistics of the Council of Europe.

Women in Prison - Quaker Council for European Affairs
Part I of the report is a comparative review of conditions for women in prison in the member states of the Council of Europe – based on 3 years of questionnaire and desk-based research via governments, prison staff and prisoners, and through prison visits. Part II of the Women in Prison Report comprises country reports which look in detail at the situation for women in prison in thirteen Council of Europe member states.

Corruption & Fraud

Association of Certified Fraud Examiners: Report to Nations on Occupational Fraud and Abuse

"The European edition of the Report to the Nations on Occupational Fraud & Abuse focuses exclusively on the 157 cases of occupational fraud from Europe that were included in the global study. This document is intended as a companion to the global study. The goal of the European report is to provide greater focus and detail on the costs and methods of fraud that occurred in Europe, as well as information about the victims and perpetrators of those frauds. Readers should note that our global survey asked respondents to provide loss figures in U.S. dollars. However, for purposes of this report, we have converted the loss figures to euros for the convenience of the reader."

Drugs & Alcohol

Annual Report on the State of the Drugs Problems in Europe - (EMCDDA)
Provides a detailed description and analysis of the drugs phenomenon from the member states.

Drugs 2006

This brief report produced by Europol outlines the drug situation in Europe in 2006.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA)

The EMCDDA is the central source of comprehensive information on drugs and drug addiction in Europe. Research and statistical reports on a number of issues relating to drugs and addiction in Europe are available.

EMCDDA-Europol Joint Publication: Methamphetamine, A European Union perspective in the global context

This study focuses on the supply and use of methamphetamine in Europe, set in a global context. Sections on the global context of this report include: historical background, global methamphetamine production, and the methamphetamine precursors. Sections on methamphetamine issues in the European context include problem methamphetamine use, methamphetamine production, and trafficking in methamphetamine and its precursors. The report concludes by discussing European and international initiatives and offering conclusions.

EMCDDA - Statistical Bulletins

ESPAD (European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs) Reports
The reports detail the trends in alcohol and drug use among students aged 15-16 in 30 European countries.

Substance Use in Central and Eastern Europe

The Global Initiative on Primary Prevention of Substance Abuse (Global Initiative) is a five-year project that is jointly executed by the United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP) and the World Health Organization (WHO). This report summarizes the key results of the first phase of the project (baseline assessment) in the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation, and proposes key interventions based on the findings in the selected sites. It is derived from a comprehensive and integrated regional report compiled by WHO.

Hate Crime

Comparative Report: Racist Violence in 15 EU Member States
This report is based on national reports and includes available data for the period 2001-2004. The focus of the report is on the extent and nature of, and policy responses to, racist violence and associated activities in the EU 15 (website).

Hate Crimes in the OSCE Region - Incidents and Responses
OSCE, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, produces these annual reports detailing hate crimes in Europe and governmental responses to such crime (website).

Human Rights First - Hate Crime Survey
Hate crimes have occurred at alarmingly high levels throughout much of Europe and North America. The Hate Crime Survey documents dozens of hate crime cases, analyzes trends, and discusses the causes and consequences of hate crime violence (website).

Observatory on Intolerance and Discrimination against Christians in Europe
This report portrays the most important developments with regard to freedom of religion, the most striking cases of intolerance and discrimination throughout Europe – and what individuals and institutions say about it. The report includes several statistics as well as analysis of the meaning of freedom of religion in the European context. (website).

Situation Regarding Racism and Xenophobia in the Member States of the EU
This annual report analyzes the situation regarding racisim and exnophobia in the 25 European Member States. It presents an overview in five key areas - racist violence and crime, employment, education, housing and legislation (website).

Human Rights

Recent Migration of Roma in Europe

On the occasion of the International Roma Day, on 8 April, the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights and the OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities released a study on recent migration of Roma in Europe. The study provides an analysis of the existing human rights standards concerning migration in Europe and highlights discriminatory practices that Roma migrants still face. The study concludes with a set of recommendations for action by states in order to enhance effective protection of the human rights of Roma migrants in Europe.

Human Smuggling & Trafficking

Annual Report on Victims of Trafficking in South Eastern Europe
The Regional Clearing Point (RCP), working within the framework of the Stability Pack Task Force on Trafficking Human Being (SPTF), has produced for the first time concete data of the number of trafficking victims assisted in South Eastern Europe. The project highlights the most detailed information to date profiling the characteristics of these victims in categories such as age, educational level, marital status, and reasons for leaving their country of origin. (website)

Eurostat - Trafficking in Human Beings
"This publication presents the first report at the EU level on statistics on trafficking in human beings. It includes data for the years 2008, 2009, and 2010, from all 27 EU Member States, Croatia and the following EU Candidate and EFTA/EEA countries: Iceland, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia, Switzerland and Turkey. This report includes statistics on the total number of identified and presumed victims disaggregated by gender, age and form of exploitation, and also contains statistics on victims' citizenship and type of assistance and protection received. The data have been collected from different authorities working in the field of trafficking in human beings, including civil society organisations. Moreover, the report also includes statistics on suspected, prosecuted and convicted traffickers disaggregated by gender, citizenship and form of exploitation. Althougth the report focuses on statistical data from the registration systems in the respective organisations, Member States were encouraged to also send in metadata from other sources such as projects, studies and reports."

International Centre for Migration Policy Development - Yearbook on Illegal Migration, Human Smuggling and Trafficking in Central and Eastern Europe
This volume reports on trends in “irregular migration” as derived from data collected from the border services of 20 countries. The report begins with an overview of illegal migration in the Central and Eastern European region as a whole. Information on occurrences of illegal migration, human smuggling, and human trafficking, legislative developments, and statistical data are presented in the individual country profiles. (website)

United Nations Office on Drug and Crime - Trafficking in Persons; Analysis EuropeEurope
"The information in Trafficking in Persons: Analysis on Europe shows that a great deal of people are being trafficked within the European Union, both domestically and regionally (predominantly from South-Eastern Europe to Western Europe). European victims represent just a fraction of the total number of victims detected in Europe. Recent trends show a marked increase in victims from China and countries in Central Asia." (website)

Juvenile Justice

Delinquent Behavior in Nordic Capital Cities
This report describes findings of a self-report delinquency study which was conducted in all Nordic countries in 2006. This comparative work is based on a wider international co-operation in the context of the International Self-Report Delinquency Study Project (ISRD) which comprises most European nations and the United States. In the Nordic area, the measurements were financed and co-ordinated by the Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology.

Law & the Courts

European Judicial Systems
This report is used to obtain and disseminate information about organized crime in the EU and assess the threat of organized crime. The report focuses more on a European perspective than on individual national findings (Archive).

Evaluation of European Judicial Systems - Council of Europe
"The statute of the CEPEJ (European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice) emphasizes the comparison of judicial systems and the exchange of knowledge on their functioning. The scope of this comparison is broader than 'just' efficiency in a narrow sense: it also emphasizes the quality and the effectiveness of justice. In order to fulfill these tasks, the CEPEJ has undertaken a regular process of evaluating judicial systems of the Council of Europe's member states."

Organized Crime

European Organized Crime Threat Assessment (OCTA) - the European Police Office
These reports are used to obtain and disseminate information about organized crime in the EU and assess the threat of organized crime. The reports focus more on a European perspective than on individual national findings. (Archive)

European Union Serious Organized Crime Threat Assessment (SOCTA) - the European Police Office
The EU Serious and Organised Crime Threat Assessment (SOCTA) is the product of systematic analysis of law enforcement information on criminal activities and groups affecting the EU. The SOCTA is designed to assist strategic decision-makers in the prioritisation of organised crime threats. (2013)

Reports on OSCE Activities in the Fight Against Organized Crime - Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
These reports present an overview of all organized crime-related activities of the OSCE and provides an update on OSCE’s activities in support of the UNTOC as well as the current status of ratification of the UNTOC convention among the participating States.


Europol - European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Reports
These reports present an overview of the phenomenon of terrorism in the European Union. From the website: "The fight against terrorism remains a top priority for the European Union and for Europol. The TE-SAT is one of Europol’s most significant strategic analysis products. It offers law enforcement officials, policymakers and the general public facts and figures regarding terrorism in the EU while, at the same time, seeking to identify developing trends in this phenomenon. It is a public document produced  annually and is based on information provided and verified by the competent authorities of the EU Member States." Annual reports from 2008 to present.

Victims of Crime

Criminal Victimisation in Urban Europe
Key Findings of the 2000 International Crime Victim Surveys

This report provides key findings from the 2000 International Crime Victims Surveys (ICVS) about victimization in Urban Europe. Data were collected from 16 cities and 9 countries/regions among Council of Europe members, thus providing the opportunity to analyze results from 25 different urban contexts in Europe. (website)