Administration of Justice

Annual Report of the Prosecutor General
Annual reports from the Prosecutor General, from years 2000 to present. The annual report includes data on the prosecution officers, development and training, internaional affairs, expert tasks, statistical, and legislation of interest.

Crime and Criminal Justice in Finland
Publication about crime trends and the criminal justice system in Finland presented by the National Research Institute of Legal Policy.  Statistical information includes homicide trends; offense data; narcotics crimes; and juvenile crime.

The Crime Situation in Finland - 2007
www.optula.om.fi/44467.htm

An extensive statistical analysis of crime including data on the knowledge of police duties, as well as crimes in the general courts. In Finnish.

Criminality (Statistics Finland)
statfin.stat.fi/statweb/start.asp?LA=en&DM=SLEN&lp=catalog&clg=justice

Dataset of the StatFin database that contains statistics on justice and crimes. Provides data on the type and number of crimes recorded by the police . Provides offense figures since 1970 at varying intervals. Available in English, Finnish, French, German, and Swedish.

National Criminal Justice Profiles
www.heuni.fi/uploads/mw1ahyuvuylrx.pdf

Contains information on the criminal justice system of Finland.

World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems, Finland
http://bjs.ojp.usdoj.gov/content/pub/ascii/WFBCJFIN.TXT

Provides a narrative description of the criminal justice system of Finland. Forty-two other country descriptions are written with a common template so that comparisons of similar functions in different countries can be made easily.


Corrections

Prison Service in Finland
www.vankeinhoito.fi/14994.htm
 
Presents statistics related to prisoners and the correctional system in Finland (In both Finnish and English).

Short Term Prisoners in Finland: A Study of Their Living Conditions and Criminality
www.optula.om.fi/uploads/...
 
This study compares the life experiences of short term prisoners in Finland with men outside the correctional system in Finland (In Finnish).


Corruption & Fraud

Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) - Council of Europe
GRECO evaluation procedures involve the collection of information through questionnaire(s), on-site country visits enabling evaluation teams to solicit further information during high-level discussions with domestic key players, and drafting of evaluation reports. These reports, which are examined and adopted by GRECO, contain recommendations to the evaluated countries in order to improve their level of compliance with the provisions under consideration. Measures taken to implement recommendations are subsequently assessed by GRECO under a separate compliance procedure

The Council of Europe’s Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) has published its Third Round Evaluation Report on Finland. The report has been made public with the agreement of the country’s authorities. It focuses on two distinct themes: criminalization of corruption and transparency of party funding.


Drugs & Alcohol

Criminal Control of Drug Users
www.optula.om.fi/47575.htm

In Finnish.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) - Country Overview
www.emcdda.europa.eu/publications/country-overviews/fi

This overview presents a comprehensive overview of the drugs situation in Finland. Topics covered in the country overview include: drug use among the general population and young people, prevention, problem drug use, treatment demand, drug-related infectious diseases, drug-related deaths, treatment responses, harm reduction responses, drug markets and drug-related offences, national drug laws, national drug strategy, coordination mechanism in the field of drugs and drug-related research. Also included in the country report are key statistics on the drug situation and a barometer that indicates the prevalence profile and relative rating of the country.

European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) - National Reports
Commissioned each year by the EMCDDA and produced by the national focal points of the Reitox network, the National reports draw an overall picture of the drug phenomenon at national level in each EU Member state.

Sanction Practices in Drug Offences
www.optula.om.fi/uploads/jzi2v.pdf

"This study examines the effects the reform of penal sanctions for drug users has had on legal practices in drug offences. The study explores the frequency with which the police has fined users, as well as what kinds of changes have occurred in the practices of public prosecutors and judges." It presents statistics on the number of drug offenders brought to the attention of the police in 1985-2004.

Waiving of Measures for Drug Offences
www.om.fi/optula/4917.htm

The "waiving of measures" refers to cases where the authorities find that the suspect in an offence has in fact committed the offence, but refrain from taking further measures. This study examines the practice of waiving measures for drug offenses in Finland. The report includes data on decisions made by prosecutors to waive prosecution for drug offenses, as well their decisions to take cases to court.


Human Rights

Amnesty International - International Report
An overview of the current human rights status of Finland as determined by the Amnesty International Report. In Arabic, English, French, and Spanish.

Annual Reports to Congress on Human Rights Practices - Finland
These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, to the U.S. Congress. The law provides that the Secretary of State shall transmit a "full and complete report regarding the status of internationally recognized human rights, within the meaning of subsection (A) in countries that receive assistance under this part, and (B) in all other foreign countries which are members of the United Nations and which are not otherwise the subject of a human rights report under this Act." Reports on several countries are included that do not fall into the categories established by these statutes and that thus are not covered by the congressional requirement. The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Univeral Declaration of Human Rights. (website).

Annual Reports to Congress on International Religious Freedom - Finland
These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, describe the status of religious freedom in Finland, government policies violating religious belief and practices of groups, religious denominations, and individuals, and U.S. policies to promote religious freedom around the world. It is submitted in compliance with the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998 (website).

Freedom Watch - Political Rights and Civil Liberties
Country report including basis political, economic, and social data arranged in the following categories: population, gross national income per capita (GNI/per capita), life-expectancy, religious groups, ethnic groups, captial, political rights, civil liberties, status, and a ten-year ratings timeline. Includes reports from 2002-2008.


Juvenile Justice

Juvenile Crime in Finland: Trends, Causes and Control
www.optula.om.fi/uploads/d9yew6b3a6.pdf

"This anthology provides an overview of Finnish juvenile crime and its control. The book is divided into three sections. First, recent trends in Finnish juvenile crime are described. The second part takes a look at some
important factors that explain why juveniles commit crimes. These range from individual temperament and early environmental risk factors to broad social forces and cultural meanings. The third part focuses on how the Finnish society controls juvenile crime."

Self-Reported Juvenile Delinquency In Finland, 1995 - 2008
www.optula.om.fi/uploads/...

"The Finnish Self-Report Delinquency Study is a series of nationally representative self-report surveys of juvenile delinquency. The first sweep was conducted in 1995, the 6th and most recent one in 2008. This publication is the main report of the 6th FSRD sweep. It begins
with a chapter describing the main trends of delinquency in Finland during the period 1995–2008. Four chapters provide more in-depth analyses on topics of general criminological interest: internet piracy, the link between alcohol use and crime, the link between offending and victimization, and dating violence."

Self-Reported Delinquency Among Helsinki Adolescents, 2006
www.optula.om.fi/uploads/ycy72ar9mgcm0n.pdf

This report is baed on a self-report delinquency survey conducted in Helsinki in spring 2006. From grades 7 to 9 (mostly 13−16 year olds) 1,368 students responded to an anonymous survey.

Trends and Patterns of Self-Reported Delinquency in Finland
www.om.fi/optula/14438.htm


This report is based on the fourth sweep (2001) of the Finnish Self-Report Delinquency Study (FSRD).  The FSRD indicator system targets ninth-grade (15-16-year-old) students in Finnish-launguage schools.

Trends in Juvenile Delinquency in Finland, 1995 - 1998

www.om.fi/optula/4914.htm

This report (taken from the National Research Institute of Legal Policy website) is based on self-report surveys of Finnish ninth grade (15 and 16-year-old) pupils.  It reports on the prevalence, incidence, and variety of juvenile crime in Finland.

Trends of Self-Reported Juvenile Delinquency in Finland, 1995-2004
www.optula.om.fi/uploads/z24xbzh7y7zc.pdf

"This report draws on a series of nationally representative self-report surveys of juvenile delinquency. The first sweep of the Finnish Self-Report Delinquency Study (FSRD) was conducted in 1995, the 5th and most recent sweep was made in 2004."


Police & Law Enforcement

Sisäasiainministeriö. Poliisiosasto: Tilastot
(Ministry of the Interior: Police Department: Statistics)
www.poliisi.fi/poliisi/home.nsf
www.poliisi.fi/english/pi32en.htm

Presents offenses detected and recorded by the police including economic and traffic crimes (In both Finnish and English).


Victims of Crime

Victimisation and Fear in Finland 2003
 www.om.fi/optula/27338.htm

Interim report of the 2003 national survey of victimization, which includes data on accidents, violence, property crime, and fear.

Victimisation to Violence in Finland
www.optula.om.fi/uploads/...

"This anthology analyses exposure to violence in Finland based on national victim surveys. Most ”everyday” acts of violence are not accounted in official records or statistics. In Finland, five national victim surveys dealing with personal safety have been carried out in a uniform way since 1980, the last one dating from 2003."


Violent Victimisation and Delinquent Behaviour among Helsinki Adolescents, 2002

www.om.fi/optula/23741.htm

This report draws on a survey of adolescents living in Helsinki.  The survey was generated as a part of the cross-national Mare Balticum project initiated and coordinated by the Greifswald University in Germany.


Violent Crime

Homicide in Finland, 2002-2006
www.optula.om.fi/uploads/...

A description based on the Finnish Homicide Monitoring System (FHMS).

Homicide in Finland, the Netherlands and Sweden
http://www.bra.se/extra/measurepoint/?module_instance=4&name=2011_15_Homicide_webb.pdf...

"This report contains a comparative, descriptive analysis of the 1,577 homicide cases committed in Finland, Sweden and the Netherlands during the years 2003-2006. Differences and similarities have been studied with regards to rates and structural characteristics, giving answers to the questions of where, when and how homicide takes place as well as who the victims and perpetrators are.
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