Administration of Justice

Country Profile 2003

Provides summary statistics on crime and drugs in the country.

Crime In India - Annual Publications

These reports contain national and state-level statistics on major cognizable crimes and Local Acts and Special Laws applicable in the country.  Besides reporting of crimes, the reports contain details on disposal of cases by police and court, age-wise details of offenders of crimes, Juvenile crimes, economic crimes, violent crimes, crimes in police custody, crimes against women, crimes against children, police strength, expenditure & infrastructure etc.

Crime Statistics in 2005

Provides summary statistics on crime India. This report has links to chapters of information and tables.

National Crime Records Bureau

Provides crime statistics.

Research Studies on Police and Prison Issues Compendium 1970 - 2007

This compiliation provides a summary of all research studies done by the Bureau of Police Research and Development from 1970 - 2007.

World Factbook of Criminal Justice Systems, India

Provides a narrative description of the criminal justice system of India. Forty-two other country descriptions are written with a common template so that comparisons of similar functions in different countries can be made easily.


Prison Statistics Report

Provides snapshot statistics on jails and inmates.

Human Rights

Annual Reports to Congress on Human Rights Practices - India
These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, to the U.S. Congress. The law provides that the Secretary of State shall transmit a "full and complete report regarding the status of internationally recognized human rights, within the meaning of subsection (A) in countries that receive assistance under this part, and (B) in all other foreign countries which are members of the United Nations and which are not otherwise the subject of a human rights report under this Act." Reports on several countries are included that do not fall into the categories established by these statutes and that thus are not covered by the congressional requirement. The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Univeral Declaration of Human Rights. (website).

Annual Reports to Congress on International Religious Freedom - India
These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, describe the status of religious freedom in India, government policies violating religious belief and practices of groups, religious denominations, and individuals, and U.S. policies to promote religious freedom around the world. It is submitted in compliance with the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998.

Human Rights Report - Asian Centre for Human Rights
Provides information on human rights by state in India (website).

The State of Death Penalty in India, 2013 - Asian Centre for Human Rights

This report, produced by the Asian Centre for Human Rights, this reports highlights that as per the records of the National Crimes Records Bureau (NCRB), Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, a total of 1,455 convicts or an average of 132.27 convicts per year were given death penalty during 2001 to 2011. The details the geographical incidence of the death penalty in India.

Torture in India, 2011 - Asian Centre for Human Rights

This report, produced by the Asian Centre for Human Rights with the assistance of the National Human Rights Commission, details the torture and death of Indian citizens in police and judicial custody.

Human Trafficking

A Report on Trafficking in Women and Children in India 2002-2003

This report provides information about the extent of human trafficking and anti-smuggling efforts of India.

Trafficking in India Report - 2004

Provides information about the extent of human trafficking and anti-smuggling efforts of India.

Police & Law Enforcement

Police Commission Reports

These reports provide information as to police structure and function, accountability of police, recruitment, women as police officers, corruption, modernization of the police forces and summaries of observations and recommendations.

Police Organisation in India - Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative

This report "gives basic information about the police forces in India. In brief, it explains the organisational structure of the police, the police hierarchy and badges of rank, the field establishment, the commissionarate system of policing and the dual system of control, the recruitment and training standards, the code of conduct and the duties of the police. Also, it provides a range of statistical information - the total strength of the civil as well as the armed police, strength per 10,000 of population and per 100 sq. kms. of area, growth of women police, police expenditure and police modernisation. The report discusses the role of the central government and provides some essential information about police organisations that exist at the centre - the central paramilitary forces as well as the non paramilitary organisations."

Violent Crime

India Armed Violence Assessment: India's States of Armed Violence: Assessing the Human Cost and Political Priorities

"Some forms of violence get more attention than others. Terrorism and insurgency have effects which go far beyond the direct deaths and injuries that they cause, undermining security and economic development. But for sheer numbers of lives destroyed, criminal violence and suicide deserve more attention. All forms of armed violence require more attention, and more holistic policy. Institutional cooperation - between ministries, the central and state government, and between government and civil society - is only beginning to occur."

India Armed Violence Assessment: Mapping Murder: The Geography of Indian Firearm Fatalities

"Rates of murder, and firearms murder in particular, vary dramatically across India's 28 states and seven union territories, as well as 35 cities with over one million residents. National statistics and autopsy findings reveal the range of variation between states and cities. Murder and firearms death are declining in many regions, but much of the country still faces extreme problems. This Issue Brief identifies those areas worst affected and those most immune. Access to illegal firearms is a major element in this variation."