Administration of Justice

Pakistan - A Country Study

This site includes a section on internal security.

Pakistan: Country of Origin Information Report and Bulletin

Presents detailed summaries about Pakistan which have been compiled from material produced by a wide range of reliable external information sources. Especially, the report focuses on the main asylum and human rights issues in the country, but also provides background information on geography, economy and history.

Human Rights

Annual Reports to Congress on Human Rights Practices - Pakistan
These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, to the U.S. Congress. The law provides that the Secretary of State shall transmit a "full and complete report regarding the status of internationally recognized human rights, within the meaning of subsection (A) in countries that receive assistance under this part, and (B) in all other foreign countries which are members of the United Nations and which are not otherwise the subject of a human rights report under this Act." Reports on several countries are included that do not fall into the categories established by these statutes and that thus are not covered by the congressional requirement. The reports cover internationally recognized individual, civil, political, and worker rights, as set forth in the Univeral Declaration of Human Rights. (website).

Annual Reports to Congress on International Religious Freedom - Pakistan

These reports, produced by the U.S. Department of State, describe the status of religious freedom in Pakistan, government policies violating religious belief and practices of groups, religious denominations, and individuals, and U.S. policies to promote religious freedom around the world. It is submitted in compliance with the International Religious Freedom Act of 1998.

Juvenile Justice

Pakistan: Children Excluded from Juvenile Justice Reform (2004)

From the Organisation mondiale contra la torture (OMCT), "[t]he document entitled, 'Pakistan: Children excluded from juvenile justice reform,' is the World Organisation Against Torture's Press release published in Geneva, June 16th 2004. It's about the lack of application of the JJSO to the tribal areas of Pakistan."

Rights of the Child in Pakistan (2003)

From the Organisation mondiale contra la torture (OMCT), "[t]he document entitled, 'Rights of the Child in Pakistan', is an Alternative report presented by the World Organization Against Torture (OMCT) to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (34th session - Geneva September 2003). In its country reports OMCT analyses national law in accordance with the international commitments made by the government. The legal analysis is supported, where possible, by urgent appeals on the torture of children documented by OMCT. The reports include meaningful and feasible recommendations for legal reform aimed at reducing the incidence of torture."

South Asia and the Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility (2005)

From UNICEF, "[t]he report entitled 'South Asia and the minimum age of criminal responsibility: raising the standard of protection for children’s rights' was published by UNICEF Regional Office for South Asia (Nepal) in 2005. It gives an overview of the issue of the MACR (Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility) in various South-Asian countries such as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. It also explores the challenges resulting from this issue, provides some examples of good practices and formulates recommendations aiming at a reform of the MACR system so that it complies with the Convention on the Rights of the Child."

The State of Pakistan's Children: Chapter on Juvenile Justice (2010)

"The Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child (SPARC) in Pakistan, has launched its flagship publication on the State of Pakistan’s Children in 2010. The launch took place at the end of September in Geneva, and the report aims to give a candid picture on the current state of child rights in the country, covering vital issues such as health, education, child labour, juvenile justice, violence against children and child suicide."

The State of Pakistan's Children: Chapter on Juvenile Justice (2009)

From the Society for the Protection of the Rights of the Child (SPARC), "[t]his document contains the fifth chapter of 'The State of Pakistan’s Children' 2009 report dedicated to juvenile justice. This annual report is intended to present a broad picture of how children are being looked after in Pakistan. It charts the progress made in the legislative and policy environment and the various steps taken by the government and non-governmental organizations to strengthen the child rights environment in the country. The part dedicated to juvenile justice assesses the progress in the implementation of the Juvenile Justice System Ordinance (2000). It concludes with several recommendations."

Street Children and Juvenile Justice in Pakistan (2004)

From AMAL Human Development Network and Consortium for Street Children (CSC), "[t]his paper is part of a two-year research and advocacy project examining the situation of the human rights abuses of street children in juvenile justice systems in six countries: Kenya, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, the Philippines and Romania. The study used research and national, cross-sectoral workshops involving street children, civil society organisations, the police, judiciary, social and probation services and other stakeholders. This report examines the reasons behind children ending up in the street as well as the offences they commonly commit or are accused of committing. It explores the socio-cultural factors behind the commission of crimes, and also features their resilience. The report documents the experiences of street children themselves from the point they had left their homes to the time of arrest, detention, prosecution and the conduct of post-trial processes. The report also looks into Pakistan’s juvenile justice system, reviews the existing responses and projects by the government, NGOs and other institutions and presents proposals for the improvement of mechanisms at the legislative, administrative, judicial and policy levels."

Violence Against Girls in Detention (2005)

"This report is a submission from the Quaker UN Office to the UN Secretary General's Study on Violence Against Children. The study identifies key issues of concern including: the widespread practice of detaining girls with adults, and their vulnerability to violence in this situation; the lack of attention paid to the particular needs of girls in prison policies, procedures and facilities, for example in relation to decisions on pre-trial detention, opportunities for education and employment, healthcare and family contact. The study recommends that: girl detainees are held separately from adult detainees and from male juvenile detainees states develop and implement policies and programmes concerning girls in detention that implement international human rights standards, in particular, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, taking a child rights perspective, as well as other standards on juvenile justice. Global relevance with specific reference to/ examples from Mozambique, UK, Spain, Albania, Russian Federation and Pakistan."

Police & Law Enforcement

Police Organisation in Pakistan - Human Rights Commission of Pakistan/Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative

"The purpose of this publication is twofold: first, to serve as a resource for people to better understand the roles
and responsibilities of the police and secondly, to offer practical benefit for people in their interactions with the police."

Research & Statistics

Expanding Criminology to Pakistan: A Proposal for MSc Criminology and an Institute of Criminology, Research, & Criminal Justice in Pakistan

This proposal includes statitical tables, as well as interviews with Pakistani criminal justice leaders, about various aspects of criminal justice issues in Pakistan.

Overseas Security Advisory Council - Crime & Safety Reports

This Crime & Safety Report is an annual report written by United States Regional Security Officers about the current environment in Pakistan.

Pakistan Statistical Yearbook

This publication includes data for last ten years related to climate, population, labor, education, health and other socio-cultural sectors and economic data, such as national accounts, agriculture, engery and mining, manufacturing, transport and communications, public finance, trade, foreign economic assistance, and development planning. Section 19, social & culture, contains information on crime.

Social Indicators of Pakistan

This report from 2008 -2009 includes a section on public safety.