Administration of Justice

Bank Crime Statistics - Federal Bureau of Investigation
These reports, produced by the FBI, offer statistics on the types of crime, the demographics of who commits them, and the type of material taken from banks in the United States.

Black Lives Matter: Eliminating Racial Inequity from the Criminal Justice System

From The Sentencing Project, "Black Lives Matter: Eliminating Racial Inequity in the Criminal Justice System provides a comprehensive review of programs and policies across the nation and identifies a broad range of initiatives that can address racial disparities at all levels of the criminal justice system. The report highlights initiatives in more than 20 states designed to address the criminal justice system’s high rate of contact with people of color."

Carjackings in the US, 1993-2002

The Bureau of Justice Statistics presents data from the National Crime Victimization Survey about carjackings that occurred during 1993-2002. Available in ASCII full-text or pdf file formats. Data and codebooks also available for download.

Comparing Case Processing Statistics
"This joint statement of four Federal criminal justice agencies (Executive Office For U.S. Attorneys, Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts, U.S. Sentencing Commission, and Federal Bureau of Prisons) identifies the primary differences in case processing statistics reported by the agencies and explains why reported statistics are not directly comparable across agencies."

Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics

This series presents national-level statistics describing all aspects of processing in the federal criminal justice system, including investigations by U.S. attorneys, prosecutions and declinations, pretrial release and detention, convictions and acquittals, sentencing, appeals, and corrections. Crime and Justice Atlas

The Atlas includes updated data on state and national trends in crime, sentencing and corrections, a series of graphs depicting long-term (30-100 year) trends in crime and sentencing, along with a series of policy papers on a variety of topics written by experts in sentencing and corrections.

Crime and Justice in the United States and in England and Wales, 1981-1996

Compares crime in the United States and England with respect to crime rates (as measured both by victimization surveys and police statistics), conviction rates, incarceration rates, and length of sentences.

Crime and the Nation's Households

Presents findings for the crimes measured by NCVS, including vandalism and intimate partner violence.
Measuring crime by counting the affected households gives an understanding of whether crime is concentrated in fewer households or spread among more households in the Nation. Estimates are from data collected in the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), an ongoing survey of households that interviews about 134,000 persons in 77,200 households annually. Violent crimes included in the report are rape, sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault and simple assault. Property crimes examined are burglary, motor vehicle theft, and property theft. The report includes estimates on households that experienced vandalism and intimate partner violence. Findings are presented by race and ethnicity; region; urban, suburban or rural location; and household size.

Crime in the United States (CUIS) - Federal Bureau of Investigation's Uniform Crime Reports
"The Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet a need for reliable, uniform crime statistics for the nation. In 1930, the FBI was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving those statistics. Today, several annual statistical publications, such as the comprehensive Crime in the United States, are produced from data provided by nearly 17,000 law enforcement agencies across the United States. Crime in the United States is an annual publication in which the FBI compiles volume and rate of crime offenses for the nation, the states, and individual agencies. These reports also include arrest, clearance, and law enforecment employee data." An annual publication in which the FBI compiles the volume and rate of violent and property crime offenses for the nation and by state. Individual law enforcement agency data are also provided for those contributors supplying 12 months complete offense data. This report also includes arrest, clearance, and law enforcement employee data. Use the new online UCR Data Tool to research crime statistics for the nation, by state, and by individual law enforcement agency.

Cross-National Studies in Crime and Justice

"Summarizes the results from a study that documents crime and criminal punishment trends from 1981 to 1999 in eight countries: Australia, Canada, England, the Netherlands, Scotland, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States."

County and City Data Book

Information in the County and City Data Book covers the following topical areas: age, agriculture, births, business establishments, climate, construction, crime, deaths, earnings, education, elections, employment, finance, government, health, households, housing, income, labor force, manufactures, population, poverty, race and Hispanic origin, social services, and water use.

The Infobase of State Activities and Research (ISAR)

Searchable database containing information on state Statistical Analysis Centers' (SACs) research, analyses, clearinghouse activities, and other projects, as well as SAC reports and publications from 52 states and territories. SAC activities and publications cover a broad range of state and federal criminal justice issues.

Federal Criminal Appeals, 1999, with Trends 1985-99

Describes the increase in the appellate caseload as a result of challenges to the sentence imposed.

Federal Criminal Case Processing Statistics

The Bureau of Justice Statistics, through its Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center (FJSRC), compiles comprehensive information describing suspects and defendants processed in the federal criminal justice system. The Federal Criminal Case Processing Statistics (FCCPS) tool is an interface that can be used to analyze federal case processing data. Users can generate various statistics in the areas of federal law enforcement, prosecution/courts and incarcerations, and based on title and section of the U.S. Criminal Code. Data are available for the years from 1998 to 2012. This tool includes offenders held for violating federal laws. It excludes commitments from the D.C. Superior Court.Downloadable in Adobe Acrobat or ASCII file formats.

Federal Criminal Justice Trends, 2003

"Presents data on Federal criminal justice trends from 1994-2003. This report summarizes the activities of agencies at each stage of the Federal criminal case process. It includes 10-year trend statistics on the number arrested (with detail on drug offenses); number and disposition of suspects investigated by U.S. attorneys; number of persons detained prior to trial; number of defendants in cases filed, convicted, and sentenced; and number of offenders under Federal correctional supervision (incarceration, supervised release, probation, and parole)."

Federal Justice Statistics

"Provides annual data on workload, activities, and outcomes associated with federal criminal cases. Information is acquired on all aspects of processing in the federal justice system, including the number of persons investigated, prosecuted, convicted, incarcerated, sentenced to probation, released pretrial, and under parole or other supervision; initial prosecution decisions, referrals to magistrates, court dispositions, sentencing outcomes, sentence length, and time served. The program collects data from the Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys (EOUSA), the Pretrial Services Agency (PSA), the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts (AO), the U.S. Sentencing Commission (USSC), and the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP)."

The Federal Justice Statistics Resource Center (FJSRC)

The Center maintains the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) Federal Justice Statistics Program (FJSP) database, which contains information about suspects and defendants processed in the federal criminal justice system. Find out more about the FJSP; use a Data Dictionary that describes each element in the FJSP database; Query/search the database to find data about specific events and outcomes, such as the number of defendants prosecuted, convicted, and sentenced in a given year; Download federal criminal justice datasets for more in-depth analysis; and access the BJS web site for editions of the Compendium of Federal Justice Statistics, a BJS annual report that describes suspects and defendants processed at each stage of the federal criminal justice system.

Focused Deterrence Initiatives: A Synopsis

The John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety, INC., has produced this brief that explains "[f]ocused deterrence – also known as 'lever-pulling' – is a matter of enhancing the threat of criminal sanctions for the highest-risk offenders and deliberately communicating that threat in order to maximize its impact on offenders’ behavior."

Governing's State & Local Sourcebook

This site contains information about the states and major municipalities in categories including revenue, spending, technology trends, employment, public works, public safety, and social services. Databases are searchable by region or topic, are customizable, and can be built into comparable formats.

Incorporating Racial Equity into Criminal Justice Reform

From The Sentencing Project:"There are few areas of American society where racial disparities are as profound and as troubling as in the criminal justice system. This briefing paper provides an overview of racial disparities in the criminal justice system and a framework for developing and implementing remedies for these disparities. We first describe the rationale for incorporating racial equity as a goal of an overall criminal justice reform strategy. Next, we document trends in racial disparity and assess the various causal factors that have produced these outcomes. Finally, we identify a selection of best practices for addressing disparities, along with recommendations for implementation, and provide a guide for establishing rigorous metrics for success."

Justice Expenditure and Employment in the U.S.

These reports from the Bureau of Justice Statistics provide overviews of expenditures at the federal and state levels for a multi-year period, as well as national trend data from 1980 to the latest released report. The reports also offer comparisons on criminal justice expenditures compared against those of other government agencies. Available in Spreadsheet or Acrobat (.pdf) formats. Listing of available publications:

National Archive of Criminal Justice Data

The National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD) is a branch of the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) at the University of Michigan. NACJD acquires, archives, processes, and provides access to computer-readable criminal justice data collections for research and instruction. The NACJD website provides downloadable access to over 550 criminal justice data collections free of charge including data from the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS).

Noncitizens in the Federal Criminal Justice, 1984-94

This report "describes noncitizens processed in the Federal justice system, including the number prosecuted and incarcerated from 1984 to 1994, the offenses for which they were prosecuted, and the sanctions imposed."

Performance Measures for the Criminal Justice System, 1993

"This compendium of Discussion Papers represents the work of the BJS-Princeton University Study Group on Criminal Justice Performance Measures."

Public Attitudes Toward Uses of Criminal History Information

"Presents the results of the first national survey of public attitudes towards use of criminal history information for a variety of purposes."

Race and Punishment: Racial Perceptions of Crime and Support for Punitive Policies

From The Sentencing Project, "This report examines how racial perceptions of crime are a key cause of the severity of punishment in the United States. Race and Punishment: Racial Perceptions of Crime and Support for Punitive Policies, authored by Nazgol Ghandnoosh, Ph.D., research analyst at The Sentencing Project, synthesizes two decades of research revealing that white Americans’ strong associations of crime with blacks and Latinos are related to their support for punitive policies that disproportionately impact people of color."

Reconciling Federal Criminal Case Processing: A Federal Justice Statistics Program Methodology Report

This report "Summarizes the technical work underlying the conclusions of the Interagency Working Group on Federal Criminal Case Processing Statistics"

A Resource Guide to Law Enforcment, Corrections and Forensic Technologies

This report, published by the Office of Justice Programs and the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, is a guide for practicioners in four parts: officer protection and crime prevention, public safety in critical incidents, communications and information technology, and investigative and forensic sciences.

Sourcebook of Criminal Justice Statistics
Presents a broad spectrum of criminal justice data from more than 100 sources in 6 sections, including: criminal justice characteristics, public opinion, crime victims, arrests/seizures, courts/prosecution/sentencing, parole/jails/prisons/death penalty. The links below open a zip file that contains .pdf files of each section.

Statistical Abstract of the United States

Print Statistical Abstract tables from this site using Adobe Acrobat. National and state statistics on population, vital statistics, law enforcement, courts and prisons, income, and more can be viewed online.

Use and Management of Criminal History Record Information: A Comprehensive Report
Presents a comprehensive description of all aspects of the Federal and State criminal history record information (CHRI) systems. Included are discussions of the structure of State systems, the uses of criminal history information for both criminal justice and noncriminal justice purposes, the current system for the exchange of criminal records among the States and the Federal Government, the technologies and policies associated with the FBI's Interstate Identification Index (III) and National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), and new technologies relating to positive identification.


The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco & Firearms Publications Home

This database presents guides, newsletters, and reports on a range of categories including firearms, explosives, arson, alcohol and tobacco, the Resource Center and careers with the ATF.

Presents arson and bombing incidents by type since 1991. Includes targets; injuries and fatalities; church bombings on a national level (from 1996 onward); and characteristics of perpetrators. 


Assessing the Accuracy of State Prisoner Statistics

This report investigates the extent to which prisoner characteristics from one source (state court records) match those from the other (state prison records).

A Broken System:
Error Rates in Capital Cases, 1973-1995

Report issued by the Columbia University Justice Project, known as the Liebman Study. Rates states on death penalty errors.

Capital Punishment in the United States - Bureau of Justice Statistics Annual Reports

This annual BJS Bulletin presents characteristics of persons under sentence of death and of persons executed. Summarizes the movement of prisoners into and out of death sentence status during the year. Available in .pdf (Adobe Acrobat) or ASCII format; some years paper copy only.

Census of Jails Archive - Bureau of Justice Statistics

Archive of intermitant BJS reports on census of jails in the United States. Available in .pdf (Adobe Acrobat) or ASCII format; some years paper copy only.

Census of Jails, Population Changes, 1999-2013 - Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Presents state-level estimates of the number of inmates confined in local jails at year end 2013, by sex, race, and Hispanic origin. This report provides information on changes in the incarceration rate, average daily population, admissions, expected length of stay, rated capacity, percent of capacity occupied, and inmate-to-correctional officer ratios. It also includes statistics, by jurisdiction size, on the number of inmates confined to jail and persons admitted to jail during 2013. It features a special section on the 12 facilities that functioned as jails for the Federal Bureau of Prisons. "

Census of State and Federal Correctional Facilities - Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Conducted approximately every five to seven years, the Census of State and Federal Adult Correctional Facilities provides detailed information on the types of inmates housed, facility age and type, building plans, security level, court orders, programs, facility operations and security conditions, confinement space, and staff characteristics. The Census furnishes the sampling frame for the nationwide Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities."

Characteristics of Adults on Probation, 1995

"Provides data from a nationally representative sample of official records of nearly 6,000 adults under probation supervision in 167 State and local probation offices nationwide. Includes detailed tables of persons under supervision by type and severity of offense, sex, race, Hispanic origin, and age."

Characteristics of State Parole Supervising Agencies - 2006

"Presents information for 52 state parole supervising agencies at midyear 2006, including the California Youth Authority and the District of Columbia. This report describes, by state, where these agencies were located in each state's administrative structure, the number of adult parolees, and probationers, if any, under supervision, and the number of separate offices the parole agency operated. National estimates are presented for the number and type of staff employed by parole supervising agencies and of parole supervision caseloads. Use of drug abuse testing, various treatment programs, and the availability of housing and employment assistance programs are documented."

Correctional Populations in the United States Series Reports - BJS

From the Bureau of Justice Statistics, this series presents data on the number of persons in the United States under some form of correctional supervision. Presents statistics on offenders supervised by adult correctional systems in the United States, including offenders supervised in the community on probation or parole and those incarcerated in prison or local jail. The reports provide the size and change in the total correctional population. Reports from 1985 to 2013 available.

The Culture of Prison Sexual Violence

This 2006 report offers both quantitative and qualitative data aroudn the culture of prison sexual violence, the history of such research and perceptions of prisoner's on sexual violence. "This study’s qualitative methodology involved collecting interview data in comprehensive, semi-structured interviews. These interviews allowed inmates to freely express their subjective perceptions on sexual violence."

Deaths in Custody Reporting Program (DCRP)

"Collects inmate death records from each of the nation's 50 state prison systems and approximately 2,800 local jail jurisdictions. In addition, this program collects records of all deaths occurring during the process of arrest. Data are collected directly from state and local law enforcement agencies. Death records include information on decedent personal characteristics (age, race or Hispanic origin, and sex), decedent criminal background (legal status, offense type, and time served), and the death itself (date, time, location, and cause of death, as well as information on the autopsy and medical treatment provided for any illness or disease). Data collections covering these populations were developed in annual phases: Annual collection of individual death records from local jail facilities began in 2000, followed by a separate collection for state prison facilities in 2001. Collection of state juvenile correctional agencies began in 2002 but was discontinued in 2006, and collection of arrest-related death records began in 2003. Datasets are produced in an annual format."

Death Penalty Information Center

Contains state-by-state death penalty information.

Death Penalty Information Center - Year End Reports

These annual reports highlight significant developments in capital punishment for the year, as well as extensive statistics about capital punishment. From 1995 to present.

Deterring Staff Sexual Abuse of Federal Inmates

"This report examines sexual abuse of federal inmates by correctional staff and the current law's impact on deterrence of staff sexual abuse." This report was published in April 2005.

Federal Bureau of Prisons - Quick Facts

Presents data extracted from Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) automated information systems. Data include the number of institutions; total population; number of inmates within demographic categories; sentences; and BOP staff. The most recent weekly populations are also available.

Federal Offenders Under Community Supervision, 1987-96

Describes trends in the composition of offenders under federal supervision between 1987 and 1996 since the implementation of the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984, which took effect on November 1, 1987.

Federal Pretrial Release and Detention, 1996

"Describes pretrial release and detention practices in the Federal criminal justice system."

HARD HIT: The Growth in the Imprisonment of Women, 1977-2004

This report takes an in-depth look at female prison population growth patterns and regional trends, and it provides state-by-state analysis of female imprisonment from 1977 to 2004 for all 50 states.

HIV Transmission among Male Inmates in a State Prison System - Georgia, 1992-2005

This Centers for Disease Control published report details the demographic characteristics and behavioral risk factors associated with HIV transmission in the Georgia State Prison system in the years 1992 to 2005.

HIV in Prisons and Jails Series Reports - Bureau of Justice Statistics

This annual report provides the number of HIV-positive and active AIDS cases among prisoners held in each State and the Federal prison system at yearend. From 1993 to 2010.

Incarcerated Parents and Their Children

Presents data from the 1997 Surveys of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities concerning inmates with minor children."

Jails and Jail Inmates, 1993-94

"Drawing on results from the Census of Jails, 1993, this Bulletin presents for each State and the District of Columbia the number of inmates, the incarceration rates, rated capacity, and percent of capacity occupied on June 30."

Jails in Indian Country - Bureau of Justice Statistics

"This annual report presents findings from surveys of Jails of Indian Country, an enumeration of all confinement facilities, detention centers, jails and other facilities operated by tribal authorities or the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Each report varies, but typically includes data on each facility, including rated capacity, number of adults and juveniles held, number of persons under community supervision, inmate characteristics, number of inmate deaths, facility crowding and jail staffing. Information is gathered on inmate counts, movements, facility operations, and staff. In selected years (1998, 2004, 2007, and 2011), additional information is collected on facility programs and services, such as medical assessments and mental health screening procedures, inmate work assignments, counseling, and educational programs.

Lifetime Likelihood of Going to State or Federal Prison

This Special Report presents lifetime chances of going to State or Federal prison by age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin."

Medical Causes of Death in State Prisons, 2001 - 2004

"Describes the specific medical conditions causing deaths in State prisons nationwide during a four-year period. For the leading medical causes of death, mortality rates are presented by gender, age, race and Hispanic origin, and the length of time served in prison. The report includes detailed statistics on cancer deaths. Mortality among older prisoners is examined in detail. Prisoner death rates are compared with rates in the general U.S. resident population. Data on medical treatments provided for these fatal illnesses are presented, along with findings on the presence of medical problems at time of admission to prison. State-by-state mortality rates are presented for the leading causes of illness deaths in appendix tables. Detailed data tables are included in the electronic version."

Mental Health and Treatment of Inmates and Probationers

"Presents survey data on offenders who were in prison or jail or on probation and who reported prior treatment for a mental or emotional problem. "

Mental Health Treatment in State Prisons, 2000

"Reports on facility policies related to screening of inmates at intake, conducting psychiatric or psychological evaluations, and providing treatment (including 24-hour mental health care, therapy/counseling, and use of psychotropic medications) in State prisons."

Multistate Criminal History Patterns of Prisoners Released in 30 States

"Examines the multistate criminal history patterns of persons released from prisons in 30 states in 2005 and the characteristics of released prisoners whose criminal careers are in one or multiple states. This report also discusses the differences between prisoner recidivism rates based on national criminal history records and those rates based only on criminal history records from within the state that released the prisoner. In addition, the report looks at factors affecting the likelihood of prisoners being arrested in another state following release. Findings are based on prisoner records from BJS's National Corrections Reporting Program and on criminal history records from the FBI and state repositories."

Offenders Returning to Federal Prison, 1986-97

Examines the impact of the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 on the rate of offenders returning to prison. Also presents other figures on return rates for non citizens, and differences in that rate depending on offense of conviction, time in prison, and supervision upon release.

Pretrial Release of Felony Defendants, 1992: National Pretrial Reporting Program

"Using data collected from a representative sample of felony cases filed in the 75 largest U.S. counties in May 1992, this BJS Bulletin focuses on the pretrial release phase of the criminal justice process. "

Prevalence of Imprisonment in the U.S. Population, 1974-2001

Presents estimates of the number of living persons in the United States who have ever been to State or Federal prison.  Information includes persons in prison and on parole, as well as those previously incarcerated but no longer under parole supervision.

Prior Abuse Reported by Inmates and Probationers

"Describes prior physical and sexual abuse reported by persons in prison, in jail, or on probation. The report examines type of abuse, age when the abuse occurred, age of the abuser, and the person's relationship with the abuser."

Prison and Jail Inmates at Midyear

Reports the number of inmates in state and federal prisons and local jails at midyear, the total incarceration rate per 100,000 residents in each state, the amount and percent change for the year and since 1990, and the direction of trends.

Prisoners in State and Federal Prisons

From the Bureau of Justice Statistics, these reports, found at the link, report on the total number of persons in state and federal prisons at yearend. Includes the number of male and female prisoners, incarceration rates for states, and data on prison capacities and use of local jails due to prison crowding. Part of BJS Prisoners Series of Reports. Years available: 1979-2013.

Prison Sentences and Time Served for Violence

"Presents the time served by violent offenders released from State prisons in 1992; estimates the hypothetical impact on time served of changing the percentage of sentence served; and discusses how the States differ in percentage of sentence served."

Prisoners Under Jurisdiction of Federal or State Correctional Authorities - Summary by State: 1990 to 2008

Table of rankings of state and federal prisoners and rate of prisoners per 100,000 population.

Probation and Parole in the United States Reports - Bureau of Justice Statistics

Reports on the number of persons on parole and probation year to year, comparing totals with the previous year's figures. This report also compares the relative percentages of offense convictions.

Probation and Parole Violators in State Prison, 1991

"Using data from the 1991 Survey of State Prison inmates, this report focuses on prisoners whose probation or parole was revoked."

Profile of Inmates in the U.S. and in England and Wales, 1991

"This report compares findings from the 1991 prison inmate survey in England and Wales with data from the BJS surveys of inmates in local jails and in State prisons and the U.S. Bureau of Prisons survey of Federal prisoners."

Profile of Jail Inmates

Presents data about local jail inmates: their demographic characteristics, offenses, conviction status, criminal histories, sentences, time served, drug and alcohol use and treatment, family background, physical and mental health care, and conditions of confinement.

Profile of Nonviolent Offenders Exiting State Prisons

"Provides a description of the general characteristics of prison populations serving time for nonviolent crimes as they exit State prisons."

Profile of State Prisoners under Age 18, 1985-97

"Presents trend data from 1985 to 1997 on persons under 18 in State prison, focusing primarily on persons admitted to prison under the age of 18: their demographic characteristics, offenses, average sentence length, and expected time served."

Recidivism of Prisoners Released

"Reports on the rearrest, reconviction, and reincarceration of former inmates who were tracked for 3 years after their release from prisons in 15 States"

Reentry Trends in the United States

This site "summarizes the latest BJS data concerning inmates returning to the community after serving time in State or Federal prison."

Sexual Violence in the Texas Prison System

This report was published in 2006. "[T]he study was designed to provide comprehensive assessment of nearly 2,000 officially reported sexual assaults that occurred in the Texas prison systems between 2002 and 2005. The research design attempts to describe the attributes of these incidents in terms of victim and perpetrator attributes and the time and location of such events. We also examined the influence of the “prison environment” on the prevalence and nature of prison violence, including sexual assault."

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities

Beginning in 2004, the Bureau of Justice Statistics completed the first-ever national survey of administrative records on sexual violence in adult and juvenile correctional facilities. Collection of victim self-reports began in 2006.

Staff Perspectives: Sexual Violence in Adult Prisons and Jails

"Staff Perspectives on Sexual Violence in Adult Prisons and Jails: Trends from Focus Group Interviews is an overview of this work and the first volume in a series of bulletins. In addition to key findings, it presents staff views on policy and training, inmate culture, causes and conditions, assault indicators, characteristics of victims and perpetrators, inmate orientation, investigations and prosecutions, and issues regarding responding to sexual violence."

State Prison Expenditures

Provides comparative data on the cost of operating the Nation's State prisons, including prison employee salaries and wages; employer contributions to employee benefits; supplies, contractual services, and other operating costs; and capital expenditures (e.g., building construction, renovations, major repairs, and land purchases).

Suicide and Homicide in State Prisons and Local Jails

"Describes historical trends in State prison and local jail inmate mortality rates based on inmate death records submitted by local jails (for 2000-2002) and State prisons (for 2001-2002)."

Survey of State Prison Inmates, 1991

"This study presents data about State prison inmates: their background and families, criminal histories, gang membership, drug and alcohol use, HIV/AIDS infection, gun use and possession, sentence, time served, and participation in prison programs."

Time Served in Prison by Federal Offenders, 1986-97

"Describes changes brought about by the Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 in sentences imposed and time served in prison by cohorts of offenders entering and exiting Federal prison between 1986 and 1997."

Trends in State Parole, 1990-2000

Offers a 10-year overview in parole at the state level, compiled by the Bureau of Justice Statistics. Significant developments are reviewed, with analyses of trends including reduced discretion of state parole boards.

Truth in Sentencing in State Prisons

"Describes the development and use of truth-in-sentencing (TIS) laws and presents data on the growing number of States that have adopted TIS and the increasing amount of time offenders are serving in State prisons."

Violent Offenders in State Prisons: Sentences and Time Served-State Inmates, 1992-94

"For the first time BJS reports jurisdiction-level data on sentence length and time served for violent prison inmates who were admitted or released in 1992, 1993, and 1994."

Women in Jail: Legal Issues

This report, developed with funding through the National Department of Corrections, offers an overview of the female inmate population, detailing inmate demographics and prison features, and most especially the female inmate and legal issues.

Women in Prison

This report examines "demographic characteristics, current offenses, criminal histories, and the victims of violent female inmates from the 1991 BJS survey of State prison inmates."

Corruption, Cybercrime & Fraud

Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) - Reports to the Nation on Occupational Fraud and Abuse

"The ACFE's Report to the Nation on Occupational Fraud & Abuse details the survey results of Certified Fraud Examiners (CFEs) throughout the U.S. who were asked to provide specific information on one fraud case he or she had personally investigated that met the following criteria: the case involved occupational fraud, the fraud occurred within the last two years, the investigation of the fraud was complete, and the CFE was reasonably sure that the perpetrator had been identified. The end result is a comprehensive report that sheds light on occupational fraud and abuse while offering stark lessons and valuable insights about its prevention and detection."

Consumer Fraud in the United States: a Federal Trade Commission Survey

Presents a statistical survey of fraud in the United States.

Cybercrime against Business: Pilot Testing Results, Computer Security Survey

Describes the history, development, and implementation of the pilot Computer Security Survey conducted during the last half of 2002. This technical report includes methodology, results, and issues relating to form design, sample selection, tabulations, data edits, and response rates.

Federal Bureau of Investigation - Mortgage Fraud Report

Mortgage fraud, as defined by the FBI, is the as the intentional misstatement, misrepresentation, or omission by an applicant or other interested parties, relied on by a lender or underwriter to provide funding for, to purchase, or to insure a mortgage loan. The purpose of this study is to provide insight into the breadth and depth of mortgage fraud crimes perpetrated against the United States and its citizens. Available years 2006-2010.

Federal Trade Commission - Identity Theft Survey Report

The study was conducted by Synovate, sponsored by the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), through telephone interviews using a Random-Digit-Dialing (RDD) sampling methodology. This system was designed to obtain a random sample of U.S. adults age 18 and older. The specific objectives of the survey are to estimate the prevalence of ID theft victimization, to measure the impacts of ID theft on the victims, to identify actions taken by victims, and to explore measures that may help victims of future cases of ID theft.

Financial Crimes Report to the Public - from the FBI

The FBI focuses its financial crimes investigation on such criminal activities as corporate fraud, securities and commodities fraud, health care fraud, financial institution fraud, mortgage fraud, insurance fraud, mass marketing fraud and money laundering. These are the identified priority crime problem areas of the Financial Crimes Section (FCS) of the FBI. The mission of the FCS is to oversee the investigation of financial fraud and to facilitate the forfeiture of assest from those engaging in federal crimes. The FCS is divided into three units: the Economic Crimes Unit - I, Economic Crimes Unit - II (formerly Finanacial Institution Fraud and Asset Forfeiture/Money Laundering Units), and the Health Care Fraud Unit. Available in html and pdf format.

Financial Institution Fraud and Failure Reports - from the FBI

The areas of primary investigative interest relative to FIF include bank failures, identity theft, check fraud, counterfeit negotiable instruments, check kiting, and mortgage and loan fraud. FIF investigations related to emerging technologies and computer-related banking are taking on added significance among the nation’s financial institutions. Available in html and pdf format.

Group of States against Corruption (GRECO) - Council of Europe

GRECO evaluation procedures involve the collection of information through questionnaire(s), on-site country visits enabling evaluation teams to solicit further information during high-level discussions with domestic key players, and drafting of evaluation reports. These reports, which are examined and adopted by GRECO, contain recommendations to the evaluated countries in order to improve their level of compliance with the provisions under consideration. Measures taken to implement recommendations are subsequently assessed by GRECO under a separate compliance procedure

Identity Fraud Survey Reports: Javelin Strategy & Research

"Javelin's 2011 Identity Fraud Survey Report: Consumer Version provides tips and recommendations to help consumers prevent, detect
and resolve identity theft and fraud. This study will assist consumers in lowering their risk of identity fraud by equipping them with the
tools and resources necessary to detect and resolve this crime. Over the past eight years, Javelin has surveyed approximately 35,000
adults to determine how consumers are being affected by identity fraud in the United States. The 2010 phone survey of 5,004 adults is
the largest, most accurate identity fraud study in the United States. Javelin's identity fraud study reaches an audience of 63 million and
is a factual resource for the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Better Business Bureau (BBB)."

Identity Theft: The Aftermath

The Identity Theft Resource Center Aftermath reports detail the economic impact of this crime on victims and the business community, responsiveness of entities with whom victim must interact, and the quantification of the emotional impact of this crime on its victims.

Identity Theft: Trends, Patterns, and Typologies Reported in Suspicious Activity Reports - FinCEN

This report from the Department of the Treasury's Financial Crimes Enforcement Network, details (as the title notes) the trends, patterns, and typologies of identity theft from data collected by depository institutions from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2009.

Intellectual Property Theft Statistics, 1994 - 2002

Presents statistics on both criminal and civil enforcement of Federal intellectual property laws for 1994-2002. Criminal intellectual property theft offenses include copyright and trademark infringement and theft of trade secrets. Civil intellectual property suits include copyright, trademark, and patent infringement. The report summarizes intellectual property legislation and nine-year trends. This Special Report presents intellectual property trends in the number of suspects (both individuals and organizations) referred to U.S. attorneys and defendants prosecuted, convicted, and sentenced. A numerical table sums up the types of sentences and penalties imposed across the period. The report also includes the number of civil intellectual property complaints filed and terminated, with information on plaintiff winners and monetary award amounts.

Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) Annual Report

IC3 was intended and continues to emphasize serving the broader law enforcement community, including federal, state and local agencies, which employ key participants in the growing number of Cyber Crime Task Forces. Since its inception, IC3 has received complaints across a wide variety of cyber crime matters, including online fraud (in its many forms), intellectual property rights (IPR) matters, computer intrusions (hacking), economic espionage (theft of trade secrets), child pornography, international money laundering, identity theft, and a growing list of additional criminal matters.

Key Findings from the 2013 US State of Cybercrime Survey - PWC

This assessment, co-sponsored by the Software Engineering Institute CERT Program at Carnegie Mellon University, CSO Magazine, and United States Secret Service, reveals the "cybercrime threat environment has become increasingly pervasive and hostile—and actions to stem the tide of attacks have had limited effect."

McAfee Virtual Criminology Report: North American Study into Organized Crime and the Internet

This assessment, commissioned by McAfee and authored by Dr. James A. Lewis, a Senior Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the McAfee Virtual Criminology Report reveals how organized crime and cybercrime are developing, and looks into the future at the threat this activity poses to home computers, as well as to government infrastructure, and to computer systems in the financial and health sectors.

Money Laundering in Digital Currencies

This assessment, produced by the National Drug Intelligence Center, describes "digital currencies and the digitial currency system and how they are used to launder and move funds."

National Money Laundering Strategy - 2007

The specific money laundering threats and vulnerabilities addressed by the 2007 Strategy were identified by an interagency working group in a year-long evaluation that culminated in the U.S. Money Laundering Threat Assessment. This report offers the strategy developed as a result of that assessment.

National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C) - Annual Reports

"The purpose of the Annual Report is to describe activities by the National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C) for all funding sources over the past fiscal year. The information in this report will summarize the type of work done by each division or section, and provide updates from each of NW3C’s divisions." 2005-2006 to present at link.

Prepaid Stored Value Cards: A Potential Alternative to Traditional Money Laundering Methods

This assessment, produced by the National Drug Intelligence Center, "provides a brief description of the use of stored value cards as a means to launder illicit drug proceeds. The bulletin further attempts to assess the effect stored value cards will have on the future of money laundering in the United States."

Second Annual Cost of Cyber Crime Study - Ponemon Institute

"This research culminated with the completion of case studies involving 50 organization. The focus of our project was the direct, indirect and opportunity costs that resulted from the loss or theft of information, disruption to business operations, revenue loss and destruction of property, plant and equipment. In addition to external consequences of cyber crime, the analysis attempted to capture the total cost spent on detection, investigation, containment, recovery and after-the-fact or "ex post" response."

Symantec Internet Security Threat Reports

Symantec, a software company, releases these reports on trends and developments in internet security threats. The Internet Security Threat Report provides an overview and analysis of the year in global threat activity. The report is based on data from the Symantec Global Intelligence Network, which Symantec's analysts use to identify, analyze, and provide commentary on emerging trends in the dynamic threat landscape. Most reports also offer appendices on methodology.

Victims of Identity Theft - NCVS

For the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), the definition of identity theft includes three general types of incidents: unauthorized use or attempted use of an existing account unauthorized use or attempted use of personal information to open a new account misuse of personal information for a fraudulent purpose. "Presents data on identity theft victimization and its consequences from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS)" (website)

Domestic Violence

Domestic and Sexual Violence Data Collection

This research report looks at how States and the Federal Government collect data on the incidence of sexual and domestic violence offenses.

Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances

"Compares family and nonfamily violence statistics from victimization through the different stages of the justice system."

Intimate Partner Violence Reports - Bureau of Justice Statistics

"Provides information on violence by intimates (current or former spouses, girlfriends, or boyfriends) since the redesign of the NCVS."

Murder in Families

This report is based on a survey of murder cases disposed in 1988 in the courts of large urban counties.

Profile of Intimate Partner Violence Cases in Large Urban Counties

"This report examines the characteristics and processing of 3,750 cases of intimate partner violence, filed in the state courts of 16 large urban counties in May 2002. Topics covered include the types of charges filed against defendants, incident-specific information such as victim injury, defendant weapon use, evidence obtained, adjudication outcomes, and sentences imposed on convicted defendants. The report also examines the impact of various case characteristics on the likelihood of conviction."

Spouse Murder Defendants in Large Urban Counties

This report "discusses how State prosecutors, judges, and juries handled two types of murder cases (husbands killing wives and wives killing husbands) and gives specific case histories, describing each case and its outcome."

State Court Processing of Domestic Violence Cases

"Examines the processing of domestic violence (DV) and non-domestic violence (non-DV) cases filed in May 2002 in 15 large urban counties. The study compares the domestic and non-domestic offenses of sexual and aggravated assault on 11 prosecution, conviction, and sentencing outcome measures. Data are also presented regarding court issued protection orders, guilty plea versus trial convictions, and the demographic characteristics of domestic violence defendants.

Violence by Intimates

"This report is a compilation of statistical data maintained by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the Federal Bureau of Investigation on violence between people who have an intimate relationship -- spouses, ex spouses, boyfriends, girlfriends, and former boyfriends and girlfriends."

Drugs & Alcohol

Alcohol and Crime

This report "provides an overview of national information on the role of alcohol in violent victimization and its use among those convicted of crimes."

ADAM - Annual Report on Drug Use Among Adult and Juvenile Arrestees

The Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program collected data about drug using, drug and alcohol dependency and treatment, and drug market participation among recently booked arrestees (within 48 hours) in 40 communities around the United States. The data and research findings that were derived from ADAM, and from the other research supported by this program, help policymakers and practitioners make decisions concerning the problems of drugs and crime.

ADAM II - Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring Program

The Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) II continues as a critical source of data for estimating trends in drug use in local areas, understanding the relationship between drugs and crime, and describing drug market activity in the adult male arrestee population. The program offers a unique advantage over many traditional surveys of drug use through its collection and testing1 of a urine sample from respondents to verify answers about recent drug use.

Cities in which Mexican DTOs Operate within the United States - Situation Report

"This situation report illustrates the principle cities/states in which Mexican drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) operate within the United States. This document was prepared using law enforcement reporting available to the National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC)."

Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA)

Find yearly national drug statistics; DEA staffing and appropriations; and an overview of drug use in the United States from the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse.

Drugs and Crime Facts

This booklet summarizes drug data published by BJS in 1994, supplemented with other data of interest to the criminal justice community. Topics include drug-related crime; drug use by offenders at the time of offense; drug law enforcement; pretrial release of drug defendants; prosecution and sentencing of drug offenders in both federal and state courts; recidivism of drug law violators; public opinion about drugs; drugs and juveniles; drugs and gangs; and drug use in the general population. Data is downloadable in Adobe Acrobat or ASCII file formats.

Drug-related Crime

"This Fact Sheet describes the various ways in which drugs and crime can be related and presents available statistics on drugs and crime from BJS and non-BJS sources. It discusses the methodological difficulties of estimating comprehensively the amount of crime that is related to drugs."

Drug Use, Testing, Treatment in Jails

"Describes the drug involvement of jail inmates and the level of drug use, testing, and treatment in jails."

DWI Offenders under Correctional Supervision

"Provides data on offenders in jail, in prison, or on probation for driving while intoxicated. The information was gathered from the 1995 Survey of Adults on Probation, the 1996 Survey of Inmates in Local Jails, and the 1997 Survey of Inmates in State and Federal Correctional Facilities."

Evaluation of Progress in Drug Control - Organization of American States' Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission
These reports, produced by the Organization of American States' Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD),  follows the progress of individual and collective efforts of all the countries participating in the Multilateral Evaluation Mechanism, indicating both results achieved as well as obstacles faced by the countries. Other objectives of the MEM are: identifies the strengths, weaknesses, progress, and setbacks in each member state and of the hemisphere, in order to help orientat policies and programs to confront more effectively the drug problem; assists countries in generating internal support to fight the drug problem and stimulating change and development of the systems in drug control; and offers countries the opportunity to request technical or financial assistance and training to implement assigned recommendations from evaluation rounds. (website).

Federal Drug Offenders, 1999 with Trends 1984-99

"Describes offenders investigated for and charged with Federal drug offenses during 1999. This report includes statistics describing type of drug involved in the offense, criminal history of defendants charged, demographic characteristics of defendants charged, defendants' role in the drug conspiracy, and sentences imposed."

Illicit Drug Use among Older Adults

"This issue of The NSDUH (National Survey on Drug Use and Health) Report examines the prevalence of any illicit drug use, marijuana use, and nonmedical use of prescription-type psychotherapeutic drugs among older adults (i.e., persons aged 50 or older). All findings are annual averages based on combined 2006 to 2008 NSDUH data."

Indian Country Drug Threat Assessment - 2008

"This report is a comprehensive, strategic assessment of the threat posed to Native American communities by drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) criminal groups, and gangs and the illicit drugs they distribute on reservations throughout the United States. This report examines the operations, capabilities, and vulnerabilities of drug traffickers who exploit Indian Country and the difficulties faced by federal, state, and tribal law enforcement official in combating drug trafficking in Native American communities.

Marijuana and Methamphetamine Trafficking on Federal Lands Threat Assessment

"This report provides and assessment of marijuana cultivation and methamphetamine production occurring on and transportation through public federal lands."

National Drug Control Strategy - ONDCP

These reports, produced by the Office of National Drug Control Policy at the White House, offer assessments as to the sitting Administration’s National Drug Control Strategy. The reports describe in detail what the current Administration has done to reduce drug use and its consequences, drug availability, assesses the costs of drug abuse to American society and outlines accomplishments of federal prevention, treatment, law enforcement, interdiction and international programs.

National Drug Threat Assessment - National Drug Intelligence Center

These reports, produced by the National Drug Intelligence Center of the Department of Justice, offer assessments as to "a strategic overview and predictive outlook of drug trafficking and abuse trends witing the United States. The assessment identifies the primary drug threats to the nation, tracks drug availability throughout the country, and analyzes trafficking and distribution patterns of illicit drugs within the United States. It evaluates the threat posed by illegal drugs by examining availability, production and cultivation, transportation, distribution, and demand."

National Estimates of Drug-Related Emergency Department Visits

These statistics are compiled by DAWN, the Drug Abuse Warning network.

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

Link to NIDA's Infofax Index to information on drugs and drug abuse. Just click on the drug/area of interest and access the latest national statistics and survey data.

National Methamphetamine Threat Assessment - National Drug Intelligence Center

These reports, produced by the National Drug Intelligence Center of the Department of Justice, offer national-level assessments relating to methamphetamine trafficking in the United States. This includes trends in production, transportation, distribution, and abuse. These reports also address such issues as methamphetamine production in Mexico and the impact of foreign and domestic amphetamine production trends on the availability of the drug in U.S. drug markets.These reports draw on data from the National Drug Threat Assessment and reporting from numerous federal, state and local law enforcement agencies.

National Survey on Drug Use & Health - Summary of National Findings

Formerly called the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA)Annual report on national trends in drug use by demographic characteristics.

Substance Abuse and Treatment of Adults on Probation, 1995

Presents data from the 1995 Survey of Adults on Probation concerning probationers' use of alcohol and illegal drugs and substance abuse treatment they received.

Substance Abuse and Treatment, State and Federal Prisoners, 1997

Presents data from the 1997 Survey of Inmates in Adult State and Federal Correctional Facilities concerning prisoners' use of alcohol and illegal drugs and the substance abuse treatment they received.

Substance Dependence, Abuse, and Treatment of Jail Inmates, 2002

"Presents data from the 2002 Survey of Inmates in Local Jails on inmates’ prior use, dependence, and abuse of alcohol and illegal drugs. The report also provides data on types of substance abuse treatment or other programs reported by jail inmates."

Female Offenders

Gendered Violence and Safety: A Contextual Approach to Improving Security in Women's Facilities

This report, published by the Department of Justice and the National Institute of Justice in 2008,"[I]n response to the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA), this project investigated the context of gendered violence and safety in women’s correctional facilities. Through a multi-method approach, including focus groups with female inmates and staff and survey development, we examined the context and correlates of both violence and safety in correctional facilities for women. The data support our original hypothesis that sexual violence is embedded in a broader context of violence and safety and that this context is gender-based."

The Gender Responsive Strategies Project: Jail Applications

This report was published in April 2005. "This bulletin informs jail administrators about current research regarding women offenders and introduces strategies for administrators to consider as they evaluate current operating procedures."

Incarcerated Women - The Sentencing Project

This report, provides data on the increase in the number of women in prison over time and highlights important differences between men and women in prison.

One of the Guys: Women as Aggressors and Torturers

This is an excerpt from the book edited by Tara McKelvey and published in 2007. The text in this excerpt mainly deals with the implications of Lyndie England and Abu Ghraib in Iraq.

Women and the Death Penalty

Presents brief facts and figures from the Death Penalty Information Center.

Women Offenders

Examines offending by adult women and their handling by the criminal justice system. 


Background Checks for Firearm Transfers - BJS Series Reports

"This annual report provides the number of applications checked by State points of contact, estimates of the number of applications checked by local agencies, the number of applications rejected, the reasons for rejection, and estimates of applications and rejections conducted by each type of approval system."

Gun Crime in the Age Group 18-20 (Department of the Treasury)

Short pdf report on gun possession, violent and non-violent crimes, time-to-crime, and illegal weapons by juveniles 18-20. Time series data and data for selected cities.

Federal Firearms-Related Offenses: Federal Offenses and Offenders

"The data brief notes the association between firearms involvement and an increased severity of sentence as well as a more extensive criminal history for Federal prisoners."

Federal Firearm Offenders 1992-98: With Preliminary Data for 1999

"Describes trends associated with the prosecution of firearm offenders in U.S. district courts between 1992 and 1999."

Firearm Injury and Death from Crime, 1993-97

"Reports on the incidence of fatal and nonfatal firearm injuries that result from crime."

Firearm Injury from Crime: Firearms, Crime, and Criminal Justice

This document reports available statistical information on fatal and nonfatal firearm injury that results from crime from a number of sources."

Firearm Use by Offenders, 2001 - BJS

"Describes firearm use of State and Federal prison inmates."

Firearm and Crimes of Violence, 1994 - BJS

"This report summarizes selected findings on trends in firearm use in serious violent crime, based on FBI data on homicide, BJS data on victimization and inmate firearm use, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention data on firearm ownership by high school students."

Firearms Stolen during Household Burglaries and and Other Property Crimes, 2005-2010 - BJS

"Presents findings on the theft of firearms during household burglaries and other property crimes from 2005 through 2010. The report examines the number of property crime victimizations involving the theft of one or more firearms, the number of firearms stolen each year, and the characteristics of property crimes involving stolen firearms. It presents data by the amount of loss, the percentage reported to police, the percentage of items recovered, and the characteristics of households experiencing the theft. The report also presents trends from 1994 through 2010 on the number of victimizations involving firearm theft. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons age 12 or older from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households."

Guns and Crime: Handgun Victimization, Firearm Self-Defense, and Firearm Theft, 1994 - BJS

"This report provides new estimates of the extent of handgun crime in the United States, as well as the first estimates from the National Crime Victimization Survey of thefts of firearms and the extent of firearm use for self-defense."

Guns Used in Crime: Firearms, Crime, and Criminal Justice

"The report covers how often guns are used in crime, what categories of firearms are most often used, and what type of guns is preferred by criminals."

Presale Handgun Checks Series Reports - BJS

"Provides a national estimate of handgun purchase applications, the number rejected, and the reasons for rejection during the interim period before the permanent provisions of the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act went into effect."

Survey of State Procedures Related to Firearm Sales Series Reports- BJS
"Provides an overview of the firearm check procedures in each State and State interaction with the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS), operated by the FBI. The report summarizes issues about State procedures, including persons prohibited from purchasing firearms, restoration of rights of purchase to prohibited persons, permits, prohibited firearms, waiting periods, fees, and appeals."

Survey of State Records Included in Presale Background Checks: Mental Health Records, Domestic Violence Misdemeanor Records, and Restraining Orders, 2003

Examines the quality and accessibility of certain criminal and noncriminal records when States conduct a firearm presale background check. The report covers State mental health records, domestic violence misdemeanor records, and restraining orders. It also describes impediments to access for these types of records during a firearm presale background check.

Violence Policy Center

Fact sheets on firearm violence and manufacturing. Includes firearms production in U.S. since 1899; deaths from firearms by demographic characteristics; and type (unintentional, suicide, homicide).

Weapons Offenders and Offenders-Firearms, Crime, and Criminal Justice

"This report presents data on how the criminal and juvenile justice systems deal with weapons offenses (violations of statutes or regulations that control deadly weapons) and offenders from arrest through incarceration."

Weapon Use and Violence Crime, 1993-2001

"Discusses the nature and prevalence of violent crime by armed offenders, and the consequences to the victims, age 12 or older, from 1993 through 2001."

Forensic Science

50 Largest Crime Labs, 2002

Reports on the workload, backlog, and estimated resources needed to meet the demand for forensic services in the Nation's 50 largest publicly funded crime labs.

Census of Publicly Funded Forensic Crime Laboratories Series Reports - BJS

"Reports on the organization, functions, budget and expenditures, staffing, workload, and forensic backlog in the Nation's numerous publicly funded crime labs."

Survey of DNA Crime Laboratories - BJS

"Reports findings from a survey of publicly operated forensic crime labs that perform Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) testing."

What Every Law Enforcement Officer Should Know About DNA Evidence

This brief report produced by the National Institute of Justice provides definitions and procedural tips to law enforcement officers about the DNA evidence, and the collection and examination of such evidence.

Hate Crimes & Extremism

Hate Crime Victimization, 2004-2012

"Presents counts and rates of hate crime victimization in 2012, using data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). The tables show change in the number and rate of hate crime victimizations since 2011 and during the 10-year period since 2003. They examine the perceived motivation for the hate crime, demographic characteristics of victims and offenders, and the percentage of hate crime reported to police. In addition, the tables compare characteristics of hate crime and nonhate crime victimization, and the NCVS and FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) hate crime statistics."

Hate Crime Victimization, 2003-2011

"Presents annual counts and rates of hate crime victimization that occurred from 2003 through 2011, using data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). The report examines changes over time in hate crime victimizations, including the type of bias that motivated the hate crime, the type of crime, whether the incident was reported to police, and characteristics of the incident, offender, and victim. In addition, the report compares characteristics of hate crime and nonhate crime victimization. NCVS estimates are supplemented by data from official police reports of hate crime from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Hate Crime Statistics Program."

Hate Crimes Reported in NIBRS, 1997-99

This report describes patterns of victimization in hate crimes from 1997 to 1999, using data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System. This data includes incidence of violence, characteristics of offenders and victims, victim-offender relationships, and more.

Hate Crimes Reported by Victims and Police

"Provides information on the number of hate crimes reported to the NCVS and their characteristics.  This report uses data from victims' reports to the NCVS from July 2000 through December 2003 and from police reports to the FBI's UCR in 2002 to describe characteristics of hate crimes."

Hate Crimes, 2003-2009

This report "presents annual counts and rates of hate crime victimizations that occurred between 2003 and 2009, using data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). This report examines the victim's suspicions about the type of bias that motivated the crime and the evidence that suggests the crime was motivated by hate. It compares hate crime victimizations to non-hate crime victimizations, with detailed information about the type of crime, whether the incident was reported to the police, and characteristics of the incident, offender, and victim. Estimates based upon the NCVS are supplemented by data from official police reports of hate crime from the FBI's Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Hate Crime Statistics Program."

Hate Crime Statistics - FBI

National data on bias-related crimes, complied from the Uniform Crime Reports.

Hate, Violence, And Death on Main Street USA: A Report on Hate Crimes and Violence Against People Experiencing Homelessness

Annual report from the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. View full-text report (or pdf file) with information on indicators of child well-being; education; economics; and drugs and crime.

National Hate Crimes Report (Anti-Lesbian, Gay, and Transgender Violence)

This annual report on violence against lesbian, gay, bisexual people, and transgender individuals is based upon data from  victim service organizations, and published by the National Coalition of Anti-violence Programs (NCAP).


Births and Deaths: Preliminary Data for 1998 (National Center for Health Statistics)

Rates for AIDS deaths, homicide, and teen births are published in this new report prepared by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS).

Black Homicide Victimization in the United States

This study analyzes unpublished Supplementary Homicide Report (SHR)1 data for black homicide submitted to the Federal Bureau of Investigation.  The information used for this report is for the year 2004 and is the most recent data available.

Homicide Trends in the United States, 1980-2008

Report contains a series of charts that describe homicide patterns and trends in the United States from 1980 to 2008. The charts and text are updated as new data become available.

Homicide Trends in the United States

Report contains a series of charts that describe homicide patterns and trends in the United States since 1976. The charts and text are updated as far as 2005.

Leading Causes of Death (National Center for Health Statistics)

A direct link to tables of deaths and death rates for the ten leading causes of death, including homicide.

Murder in Large Urban Counties, 1988

This report "represents almost 10,000 prosecuted murder defendants and more than 8,000 murder victims in the Nation's 75 most populous counties in 1988-- about half of the Nation's murder arrestees for that year and just under half of the murder victims."

Human Trafficking

Attorney General's Annual Report to Congress and Assessment of U.S. Governement Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons

"Trafficking in persons (TIP), or human trafficking, is a widespread form of modern-day slavery. Traffickers often prey on individuals who are poor and frequently unemployed or underemployed, and who may lack access to social safety nets. Victims are often lured by traffickers with false promises of good jobs and better lives, and then forced to work under brutal and inhumane conditions. Due to the lengths to which perpetrators go to keep their crimes hidden, it is difficult to accurately estimate the extent of victimization. Nonetheless, the United States (U.S.) has led the world in the campaign against this terrible crime, both at home and overseas." These reports detail the activities of the U.S. Government in combating human trafficking.

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2008-10

"Describes the characteristics of human trafficking investigations, suspects, and victims in cases opened by federally funded task forces between January 2008 and June 2010. This report provides information about investigations, persons involved in suspected and confirmed incidents of human trafficking, and case outcomes. Data are from the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS), which was created in response to a congressional mandate in the Traffikcing Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2005 for biennial reporting on the scope and characteristics of human trafficking. HTRS is currently the only system that captures information on human trafficking investigations conducted by state and local law enforcement agencies in the United States. The report also describes HTRS data collection procedures and data quality issues."

Characteristics of Suspected Human Trafficking Incidents, 2007-08

Presents findings from the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS). The HTRS was developed in 2007 to collect data on alleged human trafficking incidents from state and local law enforcement agencies. As of September 30, 2008, it had collected information on incident, suspect, and victim characteristics from 38 human trafficking task forces, funded by the Department of Justice. Incident data include the number of suspects and victims, number of agencies involved in the incident, confirmation of incident as human trafficking, and type of lead agency. Victim data include demographic characteristics such as age, race, gender, and citizenship status. In addition to demographic characteristics, suspect data include available arrest, adjudication, and sentencing information. This report covers incidents reported by task forces from January 1, 2007, to September 30, 2008.

Department of State: Trafficking in Persons Reports

"The Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It is also the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts and reflects the U.S. Government’s commitment to global leadership on this key human rights and law enforcement issue. It represents an updated, global look at the nature and scope of trafficking in persons and the broad range of government actions to confront and eliminate it. In the TIP Report, the Department of State places each country onto one of three tiers based on the extent of their governments’ efforts to comply with the “minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking” found in Section 108 of the TVPA."

Federal Prosecution of Human Trafficking, 2001-2005

This report presents Federal criminal case processing statistics on peonage and slavery statutes in the U.S. criminal code with a focus on human trafficking offenses created by Congress in the Trafficking in Victims Protection Act of 2000. The report includes national data on the number and type of human trafficking offenders referred to and prosecuted by U.S. attorneys. It describes human trafficking case processing, including number of convictions and types of sentences imposed. Data are presented on matters referred by investigating law enforcement agency and Federal judicial district.

National Human Trafficking Resource Center (NHTRC) - Hotline Statistics

"The NHTRC collects various types of information on hotline calls for the purposes of data tracking. These statistics can be useful in demonstrating awareness of human trafficking, hotline call volume, and the presence of human trafficking or particular trafficking trends occurring in a given state or region."

Juvenile Justice

American's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being

Annual report from the Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics. View full-text report (or pdf file) with information on indicators of child well-being; education; economics; and drugs and crime. Available from 1997 to present at current report and archive.

Children's Exposure to Violence: A Comprehensive National Survey

"This Bulletin discusses the National Survey of Children’s Exposure to Violence (NatSCEV), the most comprehensive nationwide survey of the incidence and prevalence of children’s exposure to violence to date, sponsored by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) and supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Conducted between January and May 2008, it measured the past-year and lifetime exposure to violence for children age 17 and younger across several major categories: conventional crime, child maltreatment, victimization by peers and siblings, sexual victimization, witnessing and indirect victimization (including exposure to community violence and family violence), school violence and threats, and Internet victimization."

Child Maltreatment Annual Reports

Child Maltreatment Annual Reports, produced by the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Administration on Children, Youth and Families, these reports from the States to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data Systems feature national statistics on child abuse and neglect. Available from 1995.

Child Support (Census Bureau)

Selected tables since 1994 on child support received and not paid by gender, race, and education of custodial parent in HTML and pdf formats.

Children's Defense Fund: Data

Links to data about American children, children and families in crisis, youth and crime, and child care.

Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Courts

Provides statistics on delinquency cases in U.S. juvenile courts, produced y the U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court

Presents estimates of the number of cases transferred from juvenile court to criminal court via judicial waiver.

Drug Offense Case in Juvenile Courts

Offers data on drug offense cases handled in juvenile courts.


Brief data on infanticide (children under 5) by race of the victim and perpetrator (mother, father, boyfriend, etc).

Juvenile Arrests - FBI

Provides an annual summary and analysis of national and state juvenile arrest data from the FBI's Crime in the United States.

Juvenile Court Statistics

This series profiles delinquency cases and status offense cases handled by the juvenile courts annually, and provides detailed information on offenses, referral sources, detention practices, and dispositions. Also includes demographic characteristics of juveniles and trends from 1995.

Juvenile Delinquency Probation Caseload

Presents statistics on delinquency cases resulting in probation.

Juvenile Delinquents in the Federal Criminal Justice System

Describes juvenile offenders processed in the federal criminal justice system, including the number of juveniles charged with acts of delinquency, the offenses for which they were charged, the proportion adjudicated delinquent, and the sanctions imposed.

Juvenile Felony Defendants in Criminal Courts: State Court Processing Statistics, 1990-1994

Presents findings from the 1990, 1992, and 1994 State Court Processing Statistics (SCPS) program, as well as juvenile court data collected by the National Center for Juvenile Justice (NCJJ).

Juvenile Felony Defendants in Criminal Courts: Survey of 40 Counties, 1998

"This report, using a unique dataset from 40 urban counties, describes the characteristics of more than 7,000 juveniles charged with felonies in State courts."

Juvenile Offenders and Victims

Presents comprehensive information on juvenile crime, violence, victimization and on the juvenile justice system.

Juvenile Residential Facility Census: Selected Findings

"OJJDP [Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Office of Justice Program, U.S. Department of Justice]developed the Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) to collect information about the facilities in which juvenile offenders are held. The census is designed to collect information on such facility characteristics as type, size, structure, security arrangements, and ownership."

Juvenile Victimization and Offending, 1993-2003

Presents findings about violent crime committed against or by juveniles from 1993 to 2003. Comparisons are made in the report between younger teens (ages 12-14), older teens (ages 15-17), and adults. Data are drawn from the National Crime Victimization Survey for nonfatal violent victimization and offending among those 12 years and older, and from the FBI's Supplemental Homicide Reports for fatal victimization and offending of the entire population. Analyses include characteristics of victim, offender, and of the criminal event such as weapons, location, and time of day.

Juveniles in Adult Prisons and Jails

This report, produced by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Assistance, presents major findings and recommendations, including sections on legal issues, general characteristics of juveniles incarcerated in adult facilities, management issues, and alternative strategies and technical assistance.

Juveniles in Corrections

Presents the biennial Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement (CJRP) with a detailed picture of juveniles in custody based on age, race, gender, offenses, adjudication status, and other information.  The CJRP is conducted by the U.S. Bureau of the Census for OJJDP, surveying both public and private juvenile residential placement facilities in every state.

Juveniles Prosecuted in State Criminal Court

Presents findings from the 1994 BJS National Survey of Prosecutors and other BJS statistical series, as well as data collected by the National Center for Juvenile Justice on juveniles proceeded against in State criminal courts.

Juveniles in Residential Placement Reports

These bulletins provide information about the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement, which focuses on juvenile detention, corrections, and placement.

Monitoring the Future - National Survey Results on Drug Use

Monitoring the Future is an ongoing study of the behaviors, attitudes, and values of American secondary school students, collete students and young adults in regards to drug use. Each year, a total of approximately 50,000 8th, 10th and 12th grade students are surveyed (12th graders since 1975, 8th and 10th graders since 1991). In addition, annual follow-up questionnaires are mailed to a sample of each graduating class for a number of years after their initial participation.

The National Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) Databook

The National Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) Databook is designed to give users an understanding of the Relative Rate Index (RRI) and an assessment of the levels of disproportionate minority contact at various stages of juvenile justice system processing at the national level

National Incidence Study of Child Abuse & Neglect - Fourth Annual (2010)

Summary statistics on the increase of child abuse, by the Department of Health and Human Services.

National Gang Reports

Presented by the FBI, these reports present an overview of current gang activities and trends in the United States. Intelligence in this report is derived primarily from a survey administered by the National Alliance of Gang Investigators’ Associations (NAGIA) and from a second survey on Safe Streets and Gang Task Forces administered by the FBI Safe Streets and Gang Unit (SSGU). The quantitative data herein is supplemented by qualitative open source reports and reporting from federal, state, local, and tribal law enforcement from across the nation.

National Youth Gang Survey

Presents statistics on prevalence of youth gangs, the number of jurisdictions with active youth gangs, the number of youth gangs and gang members, youth gangs and crime, youth gangs and drugs, youth gang migration, law enforcement responses, and perceptions of the gang problem.

Offenders in Juvenile Court

Annual report from Juvenile Court Statistics and U.S. courts with juvenile jurisdiction. These reports focus on disposition of cases and formally processed status offense cases. It includes detailed tables and figures on juvenile delinquency cases handled in U.S. courts.

Person Offense Cases in Juvenile Court

Presents statistics on person offense cases processed by juvenile courts for the time period noted.

Petitioned Status Offense Cases in Juvenile Courts

Reports on status offense cases processed in juvenile courts.

Profile of State Prisoners Under Age 18, 1985-97

Includes data on persons under 18 admitted to State prisons from 1985 to 1997. Includes demographic characteristics, offenses, average sentence length, and expected time served. 

Statistical Briefing Book

OJJDP has partnered with the National Center for Juvenile Justice to expand the content of the Statistical Briefing Book, which includes information on offending, victimization, and involvement in the juvenile justice system. Sections on juvenile justice system structure and process, juveniles on probation, and juvenile reentry and aftercare have been added.

Trends in Juvenile Violence and the 1997 Update

"This report discusses demographic trends and their impact on crime. It concludes that the growth in juvenile population in the next decade will cause a dramatic increase in the level of juvenile violence."

Youth Incarceration in the United States

"This infographic provides information on youth incarceration in the United States, visualizing the national and state drop in youth confinement, racial disparities within the juvenile justice system and they type of offenses committed by youth. In addition, the piece highlights five responses communities can take to support better services for these youth."

Law & the Courts

Contract Trials and Verdicts in Large Counties

Presents findings on contract cases disposed of by jury or bench trial in the Nation's 75 largest counties.

Examining the Work of State Courts

These reports, produced by the Court Statistics Project, are comprehensive analysis of the business of state trial and appellate courts in the United States.

Supplements to Examining the Work of State Courts - State Court Caseload Statistics

These are the supplements to the "Examining the Work of State Courts" report. These reports present the statistical information in tabular form.

Federal Court Management Statistics

Gives profiles for regional courts of appeals and district courts, plus national totals and rankings. Data are based on workload per three-judge panel in the appellate courts, workload per authorized judgeship in the district courts, and median times for court action on cases. Covers 12-month periods ending March 31, June 30, September 30, and December 31. Publications dating back to 1997 available at link.

Federal Criminal Appeals, 1999 with Trends 1985-99

A Bureau of Justice Statistics file (in PDF format) with statistical information on criminal appeals made in Federal courts.

Federal Criminal Case Processing

One in an annual series of reports on statistics describing defendants within the federal criminal justice system. These defendants were processed at different stages in the system during the preceding 12-month period.

Federal Criminal Case Processing, 1982-93
with Preliminary Data for 1994

The sixth annual report in the BJS series presents data describing federal criminal case prosecution, adjudication, and sentencing, as well as time served by federal offenders.

Federal Drug Offenders, 1999 With Trends 1984-99

A Bureau of Justice Statistics report on statistics for drug offenders.

Federal Sentencing Statistics by State, District, and Circuit

Archived at link are the U.S. Sentencing Commission's annual federal sentencing statistics by state, district, and circuit per fiscal year. Reports begin at 1997.

Felony Defendants in Large Urban counties

Bureau of Justice Statistics series presents data collected from a representative sample of felony cases filed in the nation's 75 largest counties.  Information on current arrest charges, demographic characteristics, prior arrests and convictions, criminal justice status at arrest, type of pretrial release or detention, bail amount, court appearance record, adjudication outcome, and sentence received if convicted available.

Felony Sentences in State Courts

Bureau of Justice Statistics series presents data from a nationally representative survey of around 300 counties on national conviction and sentencing statistics.

Felony Sentences in the United States

Bureau of Justice Statistics series presents figures for both state and federal sentencing. No longer updating.

Immigration Offenders in the Federal Criminal Justice System, 2000

Describes the number of immigration offenders prosecuted in the Federal court between 1985 and 2000. The report examines the impact of the enactment of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Responsibility Act of 1986 on prosecutions. This act authorized increases in INS law enforcement activities and personnel and required longer sentences for immigration offenders with serious criminal histories. The report includes the number of persons evaluated for prosecution by the U.S. Attorneys, the nationality of persons investigated, characteristics and criminal histories of defendants, trends in prosecutions of immigration offenders, defendants adjudicated, and immigration offenders under correctional supervision. The data in the report are from the BJS Federal Justice Statistics Program.

Indigent Defense - BJS

"This report presents selected findings drawn from various BJS surveys containing information related to the indigent defense for criminal defendants."

Indigent Defense Service in Large Counties, 1999

This report details the methods by which criminal indigent defense is delivered in the Nation's 100 most populous counties."

National Center for State Court's Caseload Highlights

Get updated information on court statistics. Other volumes can be downloaded in pdf format. national state court caseload trends; tort filings in national state courts; and DWI caseloads, arrests, and fatalities.

Prosecutors in State Courts - BJS

Bureau of Justice Statistics series presents findings from the National Survey of Prosecutors, a series of biennial sample surveys of the United States' 2,300 State court prosecutors.

Public Defender Offices, 2007 - Statistical Tables

This Bureau of Justice Statistics report examines offices that provide representation for indigent defendants through a salaried staff of full-time or part-time attorneys who are employed as direct government employees or through a public, nonprofit organization. Public defender offices are categorized according to whether they are principally funded and administered at the state government level, county level, or through a combination of county and state government. Topics include public defender office staffing, caseloads, expenditures, and standards and guidelines used by the nearly 1,000 public defender offices found across 49 states and the District of Columbia.

State Court Organization - BJS

Bureau of Justice Statistics series presents "the primary source for detailed information on the structure and framework of the nation's state trial and appellate courts. The SCO collects data on the overall number of courts and judges in the nation's state court system; the selection and service requirements of judges; the governance, funding, and administration of the judicial branch; and the jurisdiction, staffing, and procedures associated with the nation's appellate courts. This collection also describes the administration, procedures, and specialized jurisdiction of state trial courts; the composition and workings of state juries; the sentencing context; and the overall structure of appellate and trial courts in each state. In addition, the SCO series collects data on problem-solving courts, jury decisionmaking, judicial discipline, and the use of technology in courts."

State Court Prosecutors in Large Districts

This special report discusses prosecutors in 114 districts in the United States; the districts chosen represent those with over populations of 500,000 or more. The first report covers the year 2001.

State Court Prosecutors in Small Districts

"Presents results from the 2001 National Survey of Prosecutors (NSP), which collected data on all chief prosecutors that handled felony cases in State courts of general jurisdiction."

State Court Sentencing of Convicted Felons

Series that presents detailed findings from nationally representative sample surveys of adult felons convicted and sentenced in State courts in 300 counties. These electronic tables present the number of felony offenders in State courts, sentences received, demographic characteristics of convicted felons, and the types of convictions. The report also includes a comparison of felony sentences in State and Federal courts. Years available at link: 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2004.

State-Funded Indigent Defense Services, 1999

"Presents findings from data collected as part of the 1999 National Survey of Indigent Defense Systems in the 21 States where the State government provides virtually all of the funding for indigent defense services. It examines the type of defender programs used in the 21 States and how the programs are organized. State operating expenditures for criminal indigent services are presented in the aggregate and by program type."

Trends in State Courts 2014 - Special Focus Juvenile Justice and Elder Issues

"Trends in State Courts 2014 focuses on what courts can do, and are doing, to serve the needs of society’s most vulnerable groups:  juveniles and the elderly.  Articles in two special sections focus on many aspects of juvenile justice and elder issues, such as the Models for Change Juvenile Justice Initiative funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, judicial leadership in addressing juvenile mental health issues, elder courts, and Working Interdisciplinary Networks of Guardianship Stakeholders.

Tort Bench and Jury Trials in State Courts, 2005

"Discusses tort cases concluded by a bench or jury trial in a national sample of jurisdictions in 2005. Topics include the types of tort cases that proceed to trial, the differences between tort cases adjudicated by judges and juries, and the types of plaintiffs and defendants represented in tort trials. The report also covers plaintiff win rates, punitive damages, and the final award amounts generated in tort trial litigation. Lastly, trends are examined in tort trial litigation in the nation’s 75 most populous counties, based on comparable data in 1996, 2001, and 2005."

U.S. Sentencing Commission's Annual Reports

The Annual Reports present an overview of major Commission activities and accomplishments.  The reports consist of year in review, commission overview, sentencing guidelines, legal issues, guideline training and education, and research. Archived at link reports from 1995.

U.S. Sentencing Commission's Sourcebook of Federal Sentencing Statistics

The sourcebooks contain descriptive statistics on the application of the federal sentencing guidelines and provides selected district, circuit, and national sentencing data. Archived at link reports from 1995.

Wiretap Reports -

The Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 requires the Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AO) to report to Congress the number and nature of federal and state applications for orders authorizing or approving the interception of wire, oral, or electronic communications. The statute requires that specific information be provided to the AO, including the offense(s) under investigation, the location of the intercept, the cost of the surveillance, and the number of arrests, trials, and convictions that directly result from the surveillance. These reports cover intercepts and provides supplementary information on arrests and convictions resulting from intercepts concluded in prior years. Archived at link reports from 1997.

Organized Crime

Money Laundering Offenders, 1994-2001

"Describes the criminal case processing of money laundering defendants in the Federal criminal justice system. "

National Gang Threat Assessment Reports - FBI National Gang Center
"This intelligence assessment discusses the proliferation of gangs from urban areas to suburban and rural locations, estimates of the number of gangs and gang members in the United States, gang types, gang-related criminal activities, locations where specific gangs operate, and the relationships between gangs and other criminal organizations. It is a collaborative effort between the National Gang Intelligence Center (NGIC) and the National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC) to examine the threat posed to the United States by criminal gangs. The assessment is based on federal, state, and local law enforcement information and is supplemented by information retrieved from open sources."

Violence by Gang Members

"Provides estimates of the number and rate of violent crimes committed by offenders that victims perceived to be members of gangs based on the National Crime Victimization Survey data."

Police & Law Enforcement

Arrest in the United States

Based on data collected by the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program, these bulletins expand the FBI’s set of published arrest estimates to include offense-specific arrest estimates for various demographic subgroups. The detailed breakdown of arrests and arrest trends describes the flow of individuals into the criminal justice system over a long time period. The estimates by type of offense reveal similarities and differences among demographic subgroups that may provide policymakers, researchers, the media, and the public a greater understanding of the underlying causes for the observed arrest trends.

Arrest-Related Deaths in the United States

Bureau of Justice Statistics series provides data on the circumstances of deaths that occur during, or shortly after, state or local law enforcement officers engage in an arrest or restraint process.

By the Numbers: A Guide for Analyzing Race Data from Police Stops

Writen by Lorie A. Fridell, the topic of this report is the analysis and interpretation of the vehicle stop data collected by agency personnel.

CeaseFire-Chicago: A Synopsis

This report, produced by The John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety, INC., briefly describes the philosophy and theory behind CeaseFire-Chicago, describes the program components, and discusses the findings on its effectiveness.

Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies

Bureau of Justice Statistics series presents reports on the type and number of employees in the nation's state and local law enforcement agencies.

Characteristics of Drivers Stopped by Police

These reports provide statistics about various outcomes of traffic stops, including searches conducted by police, tickets issued to drivers stopped for speeding, arrests of stopped drivers, and police use of force during a traffic stop. They also discusses the relevance of the survey findings to the issue of racial profiling and provides comparative analysis with prior survey findings.

Community Policing in Local Police Departments, 1997 and 1999

"This report focuses on changes in the prevalence of community oriented policing policies, programs, and activities."

Contacts between Police and Public

"Presents data on the nature and characteristics of contacts between residents of the U.S. and the police over a 12-month period.  The report provides demographic characteristics of residents involved in traffic stops and use-of-force encounters and discusses the relevance of the survey findings to the issue of racial profiling."

Federal Law Enforcement Officers

Bureau of Justice Statistics series provides national data on federal officers with arrest and firearms authority based on a census of federal agencies.

Institute on Race and Justice at Northeastern University

This site contains links to reports on racial profiling, as well as information on current statistical research, community and civil rights initiatives, legislation and law, reporting and analysis, and links to the library at Northeastern University.

Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics

Presents agency-specific data collected from state and local agencies that employed 100 or more full-time sworn officers. No longer updated

Law Enforcement Officer Deaths in 2009 - Research bulletin, NLEOMF

This research report for 2009 was produced by the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund.

Law Enforcement Officer Deaths Fall Sharply in 2008 - Research bulletin, NLEOMF

This research report for 2008 was produced by the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund.

Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted - LEOKA - FBI

An annual publication in which the FBI provides data on officers feloniously or accidentally killed and officers that were assaulted while performing their duties. . Data is available in pdf format.

Local Police Departments       

Based on the LEMAS survey, these report presents data collected from a representative sample of the more than 13,000 general-purpose local police departments nationwide.

National Data Collection on Police Use of Force

This report "summarizes prior research on police use of force and lists the difficulties inherent in collecting use-of-force data, including definitional problems, reluctance of police agencies to provide reliable data, concerns about the misapplication of reported data, and the degree of detail needed on individual incidents."

Police Brutality (Human Rights Watch)

Descriptive report of policy brutality incidents in 12 large cities. Text includes data on the number of complaints, lawsuits, and financial consequences.

Police Departments in Large Cities, 1990-2000

This Bureau of Justice Statistics report tracks changes in large police departments, including crime trends and personnel levels, for the decade from 1990 to 2000.

Police Use of Force: Collection of National Data

"Reports the results of the Police-Public Contact Survey and describes a project to acquire use of force data from law enforcement agencies."

Policing and Homicide, 1976-98: Justifiable Homicide of Felons by Police and Murder of Police by Felons

"Reports the number and rate of justifiable homicide by police; demographic characteristics of officers who justifiably kill, and characteristics of felons who are justifiably killed (gender, race, and age)."

Reporting Crime to Police - 1992 to 2000

This report "presents the NCVS data from 1992 to 2000 on non-lethal crimes against persons age 12 or older that were reported to police."

Sheriffs' Offices

Reports produced by the Bureau of Justice Statistics on law enforcement management and administrative statistics for sheriffs' offices in the United States.

Survey of State Criminal History Information Systems

"Describes the status of State criminal history records systems at yearend. The data presented are used as the basis for estimating the percentage of total State records that are immediately available through the FBI's Interstate Identification Index and the percentage that include dispositions. "

Tactical Patrol: A Synopsis

From the John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety, INC., produced this report that "[t]actical patrol entails an increase in enforcement resources and activity, for a finite period of time, with a geographic focus – that is, targeting 'hot spots' of crime – and (typically) an offense focus. Sometimes called directed patrol and sometimes called a police crackdown, interventions based on one or another variation of this theme have enjoyed demonstrable effectiveness."

Traffic Stop Data Collection Policies for State Police, 2004

"Presents findings from survey of state police agencies which obtained data from State police agencies on their policies and procedures for collecting race and ethnicity data regarding motorists involved in traffic stops. "

Use of Force By Police: Overview of National and Local Data

This joint report "presents findings on the extent and nature of police use of force, discusses the difficulties in establishing measurement guidelines, illuminates circumstances under which force is applied, and provides a general framework for future research on excessive displays of force."

Women in Law Enforcement, 1987 - 2008

"This report presents data from the Law Enforcement Management and Administrative Statistics (LEMAS) surveys, covering 1987 to 2007, and from the Census of Federal Law Enforcement Officers (FLEO), from 1996 to 2008. This data brief presents trends in the percent of law enforcement officers at the local, state, and federal level who are women. It compares the percent of law enforcement officers in individual police departments with 2,000 or more sworn officers between 1997 and 2007. The report also provides the percent of female officers in 1998 and 2008 in specific federal agencies with 500 or more sworn officers. "

School Crime

Annual Report on School Safety

Report of the Department of Education on the number of reported high school students carrying weapons to school and threats made by high-risk states and cities.

Campus Law Enforcement Agencies

This report, based on a Bureau of Justice Statistics survey, presents data collected from nearly 600 campus law enforcement agencies serving 4-year colleges and universities with 2,500 or more students.

Crime, Violence, Discipline and Safety in U.S. Public Schools, Findings from the School Survey on Crime and Safety: 2007/08

"This First Look report uses data from the 2007-08 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS) to examine a range of issues dealing with school crime and safety, such as the frequency of school crime and violence, disciplinary actions, and school practices related to the prevention and reduction of crime."

Indicators of School Crime and Safety Series Report - BJS

"Presents data on crime and safety at school from the perspectives of students, teachers, and principals. This annual report, a joint effort by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), provides the most current statistical information on the nature of crime in schools. This report contains 23 indicators of crime and safety at school from a number of sources, including the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), the School Crime Supplement to the NCVS, the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, the School Survey on Crime and Safety, and the School and Staffing Survey. Topics covered include victimization at school, teacher injury, bullying and cyber-bullying, school conditions, fights, weapons, availability and student use of drugs and alcohol, student perceptions of personal safety at school, and crime at postsecondary institutions."

School-Associated Violent Deaths

A report by the National School Safety Center. List of individual school-associated murders since September 1992. Data includes date, name of school, name of victim, how victim killed, reason for incident, location of murder, and description of incident. Cumulative data on reasons for death, victims' gender, location, and state.

School Crime. 1991

This report "summarizes the responses collected by the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) in a special supplement during the first half of 1989."

Security on Campus, Inc.

Links directly to reports on college and campus crime statistics from the Chronicle on Higher Education, FBI, and institutional websites. 

Students' Report of School Crime: 1989 and 1995

This report is the first focusing on data collected in the 1995 School Crime Supplement (SCS), an enhancement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). It compares findings from the 1989 and 1995 SCS on student reports of victimization, drug availability, street gang presence, and gun presence at school.

Student Reports of Bullying and Cyber-bullying - National Center for Education Statistics

These Web Table reports use data from the School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) to show the relationship between bullying and cyber-bullying victimization and other variables of interest such as the reported presence of gangs, guns, drugs, and alcohol at school; select school security measures; student criminal victimization; and personal fear, avoidance behaviors, fighting, and weapon-carrying at school.

Students Victimization in U.S. Public Schools; Results from the 2009 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey

"This report uses data from the 2009 School Crime Supplement (SCS) to examine student criminal victimization and the characteristics of crime victims and nonvictims. It also provides findings on student reports of the presence of gangs and weapons and the availability of drugs and alcohol at school, student reports of bullying and cyberbullying, and fear and avoidance behaviors of crime victims and nonvictims at school."

Students Victimization in U.S. Public Schools; Results from the 2005 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey

This report provides estimates of student victimization as defined by the 2005 School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the 2005 National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS). This report incorporates findings from student respondents ages 12-18 in grades 6-12 that were interviewed during the 2005 school year. It shows that student victims of crime are more likely to report conditions of an unfavorable school climate, security measures at school, and exhibit fear and avoidance behaviors. Additional topics covered in this report include the prevalence and type of student victimization at school and selected characteristics of victims, including their demographic characteristics and school type; and victim and nonvictim reports of the presence of gangs and weapons and the availability of drugs.

Violence and Discipline Problems in U.S. Public Schools: 1996-97
(National Center for Education Statistics)

State and national data affecting health of young people. Includes eating habits, wearing motorcycle helmets, etc. Surveys include weapons brought to school, engaging in physical fights, and feeling unsafe in school.

Sex Crime

A Compendium of Sexual Assault Research

This report offers an overview of research on sexual assault.

Extent, Nature and Consequences of Rape Victimization

This report is based on data collected from the 1995 and 1996 cycles of the National Violence Against Women Survey (NVAWS). This report was published in January 2006.

Female Victims of Sexual Violence, 1994-2010

"Presents trends in the rate of completed or attempted rape or sexual assault against females from 1995 to 2010. The report examines demographic characteristics of female victims of sexual violence and characteristics of the offender and incident, including victim-offender relationship, whether the offender had a weapon, and the location of the victimization. The report also examines changes over time in the percentages of female victims of sexual violence who suffered an injury and received formal medical treatment, reported the victimization to the police, and received assistance from a victim service provider. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons age 12 or older from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households."

Rape and Sexual Assault: Reporting to Police and Medical Attention, 1992-2000

"Presents information on the consequences of rape and sexual assault for female victims."

Sex Offenses and Offenders

"Draws on more than two dozen statistical datasets maintained by the Bureau of Justice Statistics and on data from the UCR Program of the FBI to provide a comprehensive overview of current knowledge about the incidence and prevalence of violent victimization by sexual assault, the response of the criminal justice system to such crimes, and the characteristics of those who commit sexual assault or rape."

Sexual Assault of Young Children as Reported to Law Enforcement: Victim, Incident, and Offender Characteristics

"Presents findings from the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) regarding sexual assault, especially of young children."

Sexual Victimization in State and Federal Prisons Reported by Inmates, 2007

The report and appendix tables provide a listing of State and Federal prisons ranked according to the incidence of prison rape. Facilities are listed by the prevalence and incidence of sexual victimization in each facility, as reported by inmates during a personal interview and based on activity since admission to the facility or in the 12 months prior to the interview. The report includes national-level and facility-level estimates of nonconsensual sexual acts, abusive sexual contacts, inmate-on-inmate and staff-on-inmate victimization, and level of coercion.

Sexual Victimization of College Women

This report "explores the prevalence and nature of sexual assault occurring at colleges throughout the nation."

Sexual Violence Reported by Correctional Authorities

"Presents data from the Survey on Sexual Violence, an administrative records collection of incidents of inmate-on-inmate and staff-on-inmate sexual violence reported to correctional authorities."

Summary of State Sex Offender Registries Dissemination and Procedures

"It summarizes information on the status of sex offender registries in the 50 States and the District of Columbia as they operated in February 2001. Information is presented on the organizational location of the State registries, number of offenders in the registries; their level of automation and capability to receive, store, and transmit fingerprints; whether DNA samples are included in registration procedures; and community notification procedures including use of the Internet to post information on registered offenders."


Country Reports on Terrorism (Previous Patterns of Global Terrorism)

"The report covers developments in countries in which acts of terrorism occurred, countries that are state sponsors of terrorism, and countries determined by the Secretary to be of particular interest in the global war on terror. The report reviews major developments in bilateral and multilateral counterterrorism cooperation as well.  The report also provides information on terrorist groups responsible for the death, kidnapping, or injury of Americans, any umbrella groups to which they might belong, groups financed by state sponsors of terrorism, reports on all terrorist organizations on the Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) list, and other terrorist groups determined by the Secretary to be relevant to the report."

National Counterterrorism Center: 2008 Report on Terrorism

This report, published by the National Counterterrorism Center, offers statistical charts and graphs as well as comment on trends in terrorist activities around the globe. Speficially, sections of the report detail trends in person-borne improvised explosive devices versus suicide vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices, trends in Sunni high-fatality attacks, and a chronology of high-fatality terror attacks.

Reports on Terrorism - Federal Bureau of Investigation

This report provides an overview of the terrorist incidents and preventions designated by the FBI as having taken place in the United States and its territories and that are matters of public record. This publication does not include those incidents which the Bureau classifies under criminal rather than terrorism investigations. In addition, the report discusses major FBI investigations overseas and identifies significant events—including legislative actions, prosecutorial updates, and program develop- ments—relevant to U.S. counterterrorism efforts. Significant Terrorist Incidents, 1961-2003: A Brief Chronology

This chronological listing of significant terrorist incidents offers a brief summary. Produced by the U.S. Department of State.

Understanding 9/11: A Television News Archive

"The 9/11 Television News Archive is a library of news coverage of the events 9/11/2001 and their aftermath as presented by U.S. and international broadcasters. A resourse for scholars, journalists, and the public, it presents one week of news broadcasts for study, research and analysis."

Victims of Crime

Age Patterns of Victims of Serious Violent Crime

This report "presents data from the redesigned NCVS that examines violent crime across the general population, ages 12 or older. It compares teenagers and young adults to older persons and presents the high victimization rates of young people in the United States. "

Age Patterns in Violent Victimization, 1976-2000

This report "examines data from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and the FBI’s Supplementary Homicide Reports on trends in violent crime by age in the United States. Murder and nonfatal violent crimes, as an aggregate, are examined separately."

Campus Security Statistics - U.S. Office of Postsecondary Education

This site provides reported statistical on crimes at over 6000 postsecibdary education institutions in the United States. The statistics cover the most recent three years and are searchable by name of the institution, location, program, size and degree offerings.

Child Maltreatment Annual Reports

The Children’s Bureau develops these annual Child Maltreatment reports, which include data provided by the states to the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data Systems.

Child Victimizers: Violent Offenders and Their Victims

"This study presents findings on violence against children from two sources: a 1991 nationally representative sample of State prison inmates serving time for violent crimes against children and law enforcement records of nearly 37,000 child murder victims between 1976 and 1994."

Costs of Crime to Victims

"This data brief provides information on both the overall and the average cost of crime to victims. It also provides selected data on crime costs for different demographic groups in the U.S. population, by such variables as age, sex, and race."

Crime Against Persons with Disabilities - BJS

These reports, produced by the Bureau of Justice Statistics from National Criminal Victimzation Survey data, reports estimates of nonfatal violent victimization (rape, sexual assault, robbery, aggravated and simple assault) against persons age 12 or older with disabilities for multiple years.

Crime and Neighborhoods

"This brief uses data from a variety of sources to compare victimization levels and perceptions of neighborhood crime for the Nation's households. It also compares racial and residential subgroups in the population over a number of years."

Crime and Victimization in the Three Largest Metropolitan Areas, 1980-98

This report compares NCVS and police estimates of burglary, robbery, and aggravated assault for the country's three largest metropolitan areas - New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles - for 1980 through 1998.

Crimes Against Persons Age 65 or Older

Presents data from the National Crime Victimization Survey and the Uniform Crime Reports comparing crimes against persons age 65 or older with those in younger age groups.

Criminal Victimization in the United States

This series of reports summarizes criminal victimization levels and rates annually. It also includes other findings about the characteristics of victims and examines trends in victimization rates. Download in pdf (Adobe Acrobat) or ASCII file.

Criminal Victimization in the United States: Statistical Tables

The statistics from the Criminal Victimization in the United States are presented here in 110 tables with detailed data on major variables measured in the National Crimimal Victimization Survey (NCVS).

Topics covered include —

Tables are available for download in their entirety, one table at a time, or sections of tables. Those sections include: demography of victims, victims and offenders, geography, the crime event, victims and the criminal justice system, series victimizations and methodology. Available for download in PDF or spreadsheet in zip format.

Criminal Victimization and Perceptions of Community Safety in 12 Cities

Presents survey data from 12 cities regarding criminal victimization and residents' attitudes toward their neighborhood, their city, and the local policing services.

Female Victims of Violence

"Provides the current findings on nonfatal and fatal violent crimes committed against females. Data are from the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Uniform Crime Reporting Program's (UCR) Supplementary Homicide Reports (SHR). The report focuses on intimate partner violence and stalking. It includes estimates of the extent of crimes against females and the characteristics of crimes and victims. Crime trends are also presented, along with comparative estimates of crimes against males."

National Center for Victims of Crime - Crime Information and Statistics

"This center is to forge a national commitment to help victimes of crime rebuild their lives. The website provides crime information and statistics of victimization. "

Stalking Victimization in the United States

Presents findings on nonfatal stalking victimization in the U.S., based on the largest data collection of such behavior to date. Data were collected in a supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and sponsored by the Office on Violence Against Women (OVW). Topics covered in the report are stalking and harassment prevalence rates by demographic characteristics, offender characteristics, victim-offender relationship, duration of stalking, cyberstalking, protection measures, and emotional impact. The report also includes data on whether victim sought help from others, involvement of a weapon, injuries, other crimes perpetrated by the stalker, and response by the criminal justice system.

Victimizations Not Reported to the Police, 2006 - 2010

"Presents findings, for a five-year period from 2006 to 2010, on the characteristics of crime victimizations that went unreported to police, according to data from the National Crime Victimization Survey. The characteristics examined in this report include the type of crime, whether it involved a weapon or injury, the victim-offender relationship, and demographic characteristics of the victim. For each of the characteristics examined, the report also details victims' rationale for not reporting to the police, including beliefs that the police would not or could not help, that the crime was not important enough to report, or fear of reprisal or getting the offender into trouble. The report also examines trends from 1994 to 2010 in the types of crime not reported to the police and the reasons victimizations went unreported."

Violent Crime

Deaths from Violence: A Look at 17 States

"In 2002, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) began implementing the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS). The NVDRS is a state-based, epidemiologic reporting system that collects risk factor data on all deaths from violence, specifically homicides, suicides, unintentional deaths due to firearms, deaths due to legal intervention, deaths of undetermined intent and deaths due to acts of terrorism. Two-page summaries from each VDRS state describe the frequency, at-risk populations, circumstances and means or methods associated with deaths from violence. Each state summary also provides examples of how VDRS data are used to support state and local violence prevention efforts.Compared to national aggregate information, state-level data provide a more detailed picture that can better inform the choice of violence prevention measures most likely to be effective locally."

Hospital-Based Violence Prevention Programs: A Synopsis

From the John F. Finn Institute for Public Safety, this report examines "[s]ome violence prevention programs provide for interventions with victims of violence that commence at the point of their hospitalization. We might call these programs hospital-based, inasmuch as the hospital is the site at which would-be participants are identified and at which the intervention is initiated, even though many of the services that are provided are not delivered by or within the hospital. Research shows that patients admitted with intentionally inflicted injuries are at elevated risk of repeat violence, and one might speculate that they are also at elevated risk of perpetrating violence, in retaliation or more generally, and that in the immediate aftermath of a violent injury, victims would be especially receptive to behavioral change. Some programs that target this population for intervention have been effective in reducing their risk."

Surveillance for Violent Deaths - National Violent Death Reporting System (CDC)

This series of reports, published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, summarizes data from the National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) regarding violent death in the United States. Results are reported by sex, age group, race/ethnicity, marital status, locational of injury, method of injury, circumstances of injury, and other selected characteristics.

Violent Crime Against Youth, 1994 - 2010

"Presents patterns and trends in violent crime against youth ages 12 to 17 from 1994 to 2010. The report explores overall trends in violent crime against youth and examines patterns in serious violent crime and simple assault by the demographic characteristics of the victim, the location and time of the incident, weapon involvement and injury, the victim-offender relationship, and whether police were notified. Data are from the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons age 12 or older from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households. "

Violent Victimization Committed by Strangers, 1993 - 2010

"Presents findings on the rates and levels of violent victimization committed by offenders who were strangers to the victims, including homicide, rape or sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. The report presents annual trends and compares changes across three 6-year periods in the incidence and type of violence committed by strangers from 1993 through 2010. It describes the characteristics of victims and circumstances of the violent crime. The nonfatal violent victimization estimates were developed from the Bureau of Justice Statistics' National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), which collects information on nonfatal crimes, reported and not reported to the police, against persons age 12 or older from a nationally representative sample of U.S. households. The homicide data are from the FBI's Supplementary Homicide Reports (SHR) for 1993 through 2008. "

Workplace Violence, 1993 - 2009

"Presents information on violence in the workplace against employed persons based on the Bureau of Justice Statistics' National Crime Victimization Survey and the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. This report includes both nonfatal and fatal forms of violence. Comparisons are made with violence against unemployed persons and violence against employed persons outside of the workplace. Information on type of workplace violence is included. Also discussed is violence by occupation as well as information on victim and crime characteristics such as gender and race distribution, offender weapon use, police notification, and victim injury."

Workplace Violence Against Government Employees, 1994 - 2011

" Presents information on both nonfatal and fatal forms of violence in the workplace against government employees, based on the Bureau of Justice Statistics' National Crime Victimization Survey and the Bureau of Labor Statistics' Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries. This report describes violence against government employees and compares violence in the workplace against government and private-sector employees. It includes information on type of workplace violence, violence by occupation, and victim and crime characteristics, such as sex and race distribution, offender weapon use, police notification, and victim injury. "